• Title, Summary, Keyword: radiography

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Absorbed Dose in the Full-mouth Periapical Radiography, Panoramic Radiography, and Zonography (전악치근단방사선사진촬영, 파노라마방사선사진촬영 및 협각단층촬영시의 흡수선량)

  • Choi Soon-Chul;Choi Hang-Moon
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.255-260
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    • 1999
  • Purpose: The objective of this study was to evaluate the possibility of substitution of the zonography for the full-mouth periapical radiography in aspect of radiation protection. Materials and Methods: Rando phantom and LiF TLD chips were used for dosimetry. The absorbed doses at brain, skin above the TMJ. parotid gland. bone marrow in the mandibular body. and thyroid gland during the full-mouth periapical radiography. panoramic radiography. and zonography were measured. Resul ts: From the zonography. the absorbed doses to the brain. the skin over the TMJ. and the parotid gland were relatively high. but the absorbed doses to the bone marrow in the mandibular body and. especially. the thyroid gland were very low. Conclusion: The zonography can be an alternative to the full-mouth periapical radiography in aspect of radiation protection.

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The Study on Image Sensitivity Evaluation For Digital Radiography Image (디지털 방사선 투과영상의 식별도 평가 연구)

  • Park, S.K.;Lee, Y.H.
    • Journal of Power System Engineering
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.70-77
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to compare the quality of digital radiography image with that of classical film images for welded structure in power plants. The CMOS(Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) flat panel detecter and Agfa D5 film are used to image flaw specimens respectively. In the test, CMOS flat panel detector has been determined to have a better image than that of film image. In the IQI(Image Quality Indicator) transmission test, one or two more line can be seen in digital image than in film image. Digital Radiography Test enabled to successfully detect all defects on the weld specimens fabricated with real reheat stem pipe and boiler tube as well. In the specific comparison test, Digital radiography test detected micro flaws in the size of 0.5 mm in length by 0.5 mm in depth. However, film test has limited it to 1.0 mm in length by 1.0 mm in depth. As a result of this study, digital radiography technology is estimated well enough to perform the inspection in the industry with far more cost effective way, compared to the classical film test.

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The Experiment of Grid Characteristics for High-voltage Radiography of Chest (흉부촬영시 관전압과 선질에 따른 적절한 격자의 선택을 위한 실험)

  • Kim, Jung-Min;Ahn, Bong-Seon
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.31-36
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    • 1992
  • Grids can improve the diagnostic quality of chest radiography by trapping the greater part of scattered radiation thus providing more detailed. chest radiographic images. It is most effective mathod of reduce the scatter ratio but must increase the expour factor. The benefit of use of grid is improve the contrast and the loss is increase of patient dose. In chest radiography especially hard quality high voltage radiography it will have to be considered to select the optimum grid with view point of benefit and loss. In this experiment, author got some result of characteristics about 4 different grids with film method. 1. There was no difference the scatter ratio in case of no grid and the scatter ratio was about 60%. 2. 16 : 1 grid was excellent of scatter reduction factor in high voltage chest radiography, next was 10 : 1, CROSS, MICRO FINE grid have low scatter reduction rate compare to 16:1, 10:1 grid. 3. The bucky factor of CROSS grid in accordance of kVp was find out the highest in 4 grids, on the contraly 10 : 1 grid was profitable to the exposure does. 4. With careful consideration in the point of scatter reducion rate and bucky factor, author suggest the 10 : 1 linear grid on the use of chest radiography in $80{\sim}120\;kVp$, 16 : 1 grid in $120{\sim}140\;kVp$.

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Radiologic study of intraosseous path of the inferior alveolar cantal, mental canal, and mental foramen for endosseous implants (인공치아 매식술을 위한 하악관, 이관, 이공의 골내 주행에 관한 방사선학적 연구)

  • Hong, So-Mi;Kwon, Young-Hyuk;Park, Joon-Bong;Herr, Yeek;Lee, Man-Sup
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.933-948
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the anatomic structures of the mandible-inferior alveolar canal, mental foramen, mental canal-with panoramic radiography and conventional tomography and to compare both radiographic techniques in conjunction with endosseous implants. In this study 14 adult dentulous mandibles -27 cases of right and left side of mandibles- were examined and the results were as follows. 1. The distance between superior border of the inferior alveolar canal and the alveolar ridge crest showed a decreasing tendency from the mental foramen to 4cm posterior to the mental foramen. 2. The mean diameter of the inferior alveolar canal was $4.11{\pm}0.50mm$ with panoramic radiography and $3.29{\pm}0.59mm$ with conventional tomography. 3. The inferior border of the inferior alveolar canal and inferior border of the mandible was closest at 2cm posterior to the mental foramen but it was not statistically significant. the mean distance was $1l.64{\pm}2.95mm$ in panoramic radiography and $1l.68{\pm} 2.91mm$ in conventional tomography. 4. The inferior alveolar canal located lingually in bucco-lingual direction 16%(mental foramen), 54%(lcm posterior to the mental foramen), 68%(2cm posterior to the mental foramen), 50%(3cm posterior to mental foramen), 55%(4cm posterior to the mental foramen). 5. Mean length of the anterior loop of the mental canal was 2.73mm, and the loop below 2mm was 35% and 15% of mental canal was invisible in panoramic radiography. 6. The minimum interforaminal distance was 56.7mm, the maximum distance was 73.2mm and the mean distance was 66.42mm in panoramic radiography. 7. The mean distance between midpoint of the mental canal and alveolar ridge crest was 16.24mm and the mean buccolingual angulation of the mental canal was $52.98^{\circ}$ in conventional tomography. 8. In comparison of panoramic radiography and conventional tomography, inferior alveolar canal is better visualized with conventional tomography than panoramic radiography from the mental foramen to the 2cm posterior to the mental foramen, while visiblity of conventional tomography prominently decreased in 4cm posterior to the mental foramen and alveolar ridge crest is better visualized with panoramic radiography than conventional radiography at the mental foramen and at 4cm posterior to the mental foramen. In radiologic examination of anatomic structures of the mandible for endosseous implants, panoramic radiography and conventional tomography can be effectively used when it is used to overcome the anatomic limitations.

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Evaluation of the Patient Dose in Case of Standard Radiographic Examinations Using CR and DR (표준영상의학검사를 대상으로 한 CR과 DR에서의 환자선량평가)

  • Kim, Sang-Tae;Han, Beom-Hui
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.173-178
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    • 2010
  • In projection radiography, two types of digital imaging systems are currently available, computed radiography (CR) and digital radiography (DR): a difference between them can be stated in terms of dose and image quality. In the Department of Radiology our hospital, a flat-panel DR equipment (Digital diagnost, Philips) and two CR systems (ADC Compact plus digitizer, AGFA) are employed. Eight standard radiographic examinations (Skull AP, Skull LAT, Chest PA, Chest LAT, Abdomen AP, L-spine AP, L-spine LAT, Pelvis AP) were considered: doses delivered to patients in terms of both entrance skin dose (ESD) were calculated and compared in order to study the dosimetric discrepancies between CR and DR. Assessment of image quality is undertaken by Consultant Radiologists to ensure that the quality criteria for diagnostic radiographic images of the European guidelines were met. Results showed that both ESD in DR are lower than that in CR; all images met the criteria in the European Guidelines for both modalities and were used for reporting by the radiologists. Since the operators are the same and the image quality is comparable in both modalities, this study shows that in the considered examinations, DR can perform better than CR from a dosimetric point of view.

Bacteriological Research for the Contamination of Equipment in Chest Radiography (영상의학과 흉부 엑스선 촬영 기기의 세균 오염도)

  • Choi, Seung Gu;Song, Woon Heung;Kweon, Dae Cheol
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.395-401
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    • 2015
  • The purpose is to determine the degree of contamination of the equipment for infection control in chest radiography of the radiology department. We confirmed by chemical and bacterial identification of bacteria of the equipment and established a preventive maintenance plan. Chest X-ray radiography contact area on the instrument patients shoulder, hand, chin, chest lateral radiography patient contact areas with a 70% isopropyl alcohol cotton swab were compared to identify the bacteria before and after sterilization on the patient contact area in the chest radiography equipment of the department. The gram positive Staphylococcus was isolated from side shoots handle before disinfection in the chest radiography equipment. For the final identification of antibiotic tested that it was determined by performing the nobobiocin to the sensitive Staphylococcus epidermidis. Chest radiography equipment before disinfecting the handle side of Staphylococcus epidermidis bacteria were detected using a disinfectant should be to prevent hospital infections.

Diagnostic reference levels in intraoral dental radiography in Korea

  • Kim, Eun-Kyung;Han, Won-Jeong;Choi, Jin-Woo;Jung, Yun-Hoa;Yoon, Suk-Ja;Lee, Jae-Seo
    • Imaging Science in Dentistry
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.237-242
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The objectives of this study were to survey the radiographic exposure parameters, to measure the patient doses for intraoral dental radiography nationwide, and thus to establish the diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) in intraoral dental X-ray examination in Korea. Materials and Methods: One hundred two intraoral dental radiographic machines from all regions of South Korea were selected for this study. Radiographic exposure parameters, size of hospital, type of image receptor system, installation duration of machine, and type of dental X-ray machine were documented. Patient entrance doses (PED) and dose-area products (DAP) were measured three times at the end of the exit cone of the X-ray unit with a DAP meter (DIAMENTOR M4-KDK, PTW, Freiburg, Germany) for adult mandibular molar intraoral dental radiography, and corrections were made for room temperature and pressure. Measured PED and DAP were averaged and compared according to the size of hospital, type of image receptor system, installation duration, and type of dental X-ray machine. Results: The mean exposure parameters were 62.6 kVp, 7.9 mA, and 0.5 second for adult mandibular molar intraoral dental radiography. The mean patient dose was 2.11 mGy (PED) and 59.4 $mGycm^2$ (DAP) and the third quartile one 3.07 mGy (PED) and 87.4 $mGycm^2$ (DAP). Doses at university dental hospitals were lower than those at dental clinics (p<0.05). Doses of digital radiography (DR) type were lower than those of film-based type (p<0.05). Conclusion: We recommend 3.1 mGy (PED), 87.4 $mGycm^2$ (DAP) as the DRLs in adult mandibular molar intraoral dental radiography in Korea.

Comparison of Quality Control for Chest Radiography between Special Examination and Medical Institution for Pneumoconiosis (진폐 정밀/요양기관과 요양기관의 흉부 방사선분야 정도관리 비교)

  • Lee, Won-Jeong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.322-330
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    • 2011
  • To compare of quality control for chest radiography between special examination (SEP) and medical institution for pneumoconiosis (MIP). For the first time, we had visited at 33 institutions (SEP; 17 institutions, MIP; 16 institutions) to evaluate the quality control of chest radiography which is used in diagnosis of patients with pneumoconiotic complications. Image quality was rated by two experienced chest radiologists, and evaluated for radiological technique (RT), reading environment (RE) and image quality (IQ) between SEP and MIP according to the guideline published by OSHRI. Generator capacity, used duration and modality of chest radiography equipment were not signigicant difference between SEP and MIP, but there were signigicant difference in tube voltage and grid ratio used for chest radiography except to tube current and exposure time. SEP was statistically significant higher in RT (71.2 vs. 54.5, p=0.015), RE (78.8 vs. 51.5, p=0.007) to MIP, but not significant difference in IQ (64.8 vs. 59.3, p=0.180). For reliable and precisional diagnosis of patients with pneumoconiotic complications, the MIP requires the evaluation and education of quality control for improving chest radiography.

Comparison of cone-beam computed tomography and panoramic radiography in the evaluation of maxillary sinus pathology related to maxillary posterior teeth: Do apical lesions increase the risk of maxillary sinus pathology?

  • Terlemez, Arslan;Tassoker, Melek;Kizilcakaya, Makbule;Gulec, Melike
    • Imaging Science in Dentistry
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    • v.49 no.2
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The aims of this study were first, to compare panoramic radiography with cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) for evaluating topographic relationships, such as the classification of maxillary posterior teeth and their distance to the maxillary sinus floor; and second, to determine the relationship between maxillary sinus pathology and the presence of apical lesions. Materials and Methods: In total, 285 paired CBCT and panoramic radiography records of patients (570 maxillary sinuses) were retrospectively analyzed. Both imaging modalities were used to determine the topographic relationship of the maxillary posterior teeth to the sinus floor. Mucosal thickening >2 mm was considered a pathological state. Data were analyzed using the chi-square, Wilcoxon, and Mann-Whitney U tests. Odds ratios (ORs) and confidence intervals(CIs) were calculated. Results: The closest vertical distance measurements made between posterior maxillary teeth roots and the maxillary sinus on panoramic radiography and CBCT scans showed statistically significant differences from each other(P<0.05). Compared to panoramic radiography, CBCT showed higher mean values for the distance between the maxillary sinus floor and maxillary posterior teeth roots. The CBCT images showed that at least 1 apical lesion adjacent to the right maxillary sinus increased the risk of maxillary sinus pathology by 2.37 times(OR, 2.37; 95% CI, 1.58-3.55, P<0.05). Conclusion: Panoramic radiography might lead to unreliable diagnoses when evaluating the distance between the sinus floor and posterior roots of the maxillary teeth. Periapical lesions anatomically associated with maxillary sinuses were a risk factor for sinus mucosal thickening.