• Title, Summary, Keyword: productivity

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A Study on the Use of Results and Measurement Case of Productivity of the Public Organization (공공조직 생산성 측정사례 및 결과 활용에 관한 연구 : 지방자치단체 생산성지수 중심)

  • Kim, Wan Pyong
    • Journal of Korea Society of Digital Industry and Information Management
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.225-236
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    • 2014
  • Productivity of public organizations was far older due to issue more difficult to measure than private organizations. Unlike the private sector, the public sector is a diverse and sometimes conflicting objectives (efficiency, effectiveness, equity, democracy, etc.) exist, it is difficult to measure productivity in a single index. Many departments of government is intricately interrelated and sometimes produced by the joint efforts, it is difficult to allocate performance, incentives and accountability to among departments. And there is the difficulty of collecting data on the productivity indicators of public organizations. Despite these difficulties, we developed a productivity index system and measuring method to systematically introduce the concept of productivity in the local administration. In this paper, the productivity and the productivity index measurement practices of local governments conducted annually from 2011 on was deep into research. First, the report found examples of the governments of the developed countries, productivity measurement, then the way MOPAS(Ministry of Public Administration and Security) measure productivity index of local governments, success factors, the implications were in-depth analysis. Finally, in order to enhance productivity and competitiveness municipalities studied ways to take advantage of the productivity index.

Measuring Korea's Industry-level Productivity Change Due to Tariff Cuts using a CGE Model

  • Roh, Jaewhak;Roh, Jaeyoun
    • Journal of Korea Trade
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.48-64
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    • 2021
  • Purpose - This study examined the effect of tariff cuts on productivity in Korea's manufacturing industries and the effect of initial productivity level before tariff cuts on productivity improvement after tariff cuts. We also attempted to identify whether import-driven or export-driven factors are more important for productivity improvement, especially in low productivity industries. Design/methodology - Since tariff reduction is a policy decision that can affect cross-industry, its impact is spread across all industries beyond the scope of a single firm through the input and output network of industry structure. Accordingly, we proposed a new method to measure the change in productivity to reflect the impact of tariff cuts across industries. Through an Armington CGE analysis, changes in endogenous variables can be directly measured after the exogenous shock of tariff reduction, and the amount of movements in productivity triggered by tariff cuts can also be calculated. We can thus assess the effectiveness of exogenous policy, such as tariff cuts, through the difference between the benchmark and counterfactual values of endogenous variables. Findings - This study confirmed that tariff reduction positively affected productivity improvement in Korea's manufacturing industries. It also confirmed that productivity gains occur in Korea's leading export industries. Finally, greater productivity gains were recorded in the group with additional high-export-share or high-import-share conditions for low productivity industries. These results are, in a limited sense, consistent with the existing studies that emphasize the importance of exports and imports on productivity improvement, especially for low productivity industries. Originality/value - The results of our experiments are different from those of non-CGE studies, which measure the industry-level change in productivity with dummy coefficients, in terms of directly calculating the amount of change in productivity. In addition, we propose that the Armington CGE model is more appropriate than the Melitz CGE model to directly measure the productivity after tariff cuts. This is because the Melitz CGE model assumes the given specific productivity density, which does not change after an overall drop of tariffs. To the best of our knowledge, this approach to directly calculating productivity by reflecting the impact of tariff reduction across industries through CGE analysis, is unprecedented in this literature.

Analysis of Productivity by Environmental Factors in Regional Base Public Hospitals (지역거점 공공병원의 환경적 요인에 따른 생산성 분석)

  • Lee, Jinwoo
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.46-60
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the difference of productivity according to environmental factors among 25 Regional base public hospitals. Also this study is to propose a method to improve the productivity of Regional base public hospitals in the future by improving the public performance and stable management performance by studying the productivity variables affecting profitability. The survey period was based on the last three years, and 25 Regional base public hospitals were selected for the survey. The dependent variable is the total capital medical marginal profitability and the medical profit marginal profitability which are the indicators of profitability. The independent variable, productivity, is classified into three indicators: capital productivity, labor productivity, and value added productivity. The ANOVA analysis method was used to analyze the productivity difference according to the frequency factor and the environmental factors of the Regional base public hospitals. Finally, we conducted a hierarchical regression analysis to examine the productivity variables affecting profitability. The results of this study showed that there were differences in productivity due to environmental factors such as hospital size, competition in the local medical market, and differences in management performance. The difference in productivity and profitability depending on the environmental factors suggests that it is difficult for Regional base public hospitals in each regional base to perform a balanced public service. In order to overcome this, it is necessary to provide balanced medical services such as government financial support expansion, regional medical demand forecasting and facility infrastructure construction.

The Impacts of Technology Transfer on Productivity Growth of Firms based on Malmquist Productivity Index

  • Han, Jaeseung;Kwon, Youngkwan;Lee, Sang-Yong Tom
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.542-560
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    • 2016
  • This study determines whether or not firms can achieve high productivity growth through external technology acquisition. It also identifies the key factors affecting adopting firms' productivity growth by employing the Malmquist productivity index (MPI) methodology, which features computational ease, low data dependency, and decomposition of productivity growth into technical efficiency change and technical change. Results showed that the effects of productivity growth arising from technology transfer became stronger over time. Moreover, patent transfer guaranteed firms' productivity growth, but no evidence was found that factors such as age and size could increase productivity. Finally, cultural similarity could be another factor conditioning the effectiveness of technology transfer in the productivity of adopting firms.

종합생산성모델(TPM)을 사용한 생산성 측정

  • 박광태;김민철
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • pp.197-200
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    • 1997
  • Each company is more interested in the productivity to achieve cost reduction and profit maximization through productivity improvement. With this trend, we show the method to measure productivity using TPM(Total Productivity Model) which considers all the input factors of the company instead of using partial productivity such as labor and/or capital productivity We also examine the relation of productivity versus output, profit versus output and profit versus productivity of the case company by actually applying the TPM and suggest the optimal level of profit and output for this company.

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Analysis on the Factors Influencing Construction Productivity for Management of Construction Productivity Information (건설 생산성 정보 관리를 위한 생산성 영향요인 분석)

  • Moon, Woo-Kyoung;Han, Sung-Hun;Kim, Yea-Sang;Kim, Young-Suk;Kim, Sang-Bum
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute Of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • pp.422-426
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    • 2006
  • Productivity is one of the very important index that measures efficiency of production activities in industry, enterprises and the building industry as well. None the less, the concept of construction productivity is not so clear that productivity management in the building industry have been performed by experience or intuition, productivity related data have not been analyzed through effective productivity management, because structured definition and classification of factors influencing construction productivity did not exist so that it has not been known what information explain each of them. In order to solve this problem, at first construction productivity and factors influencing construction productivity are defined and classified into three groups; (1)Project factors influencing construction productivity (2)Management factors influencing construction productivity (3)Activity factors influencing construction productivity. To find out relation between construction productivity and factors influencing construction productivity, a questionnaire survey for construction managers in the building industry has been conducted.

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The Study on the Analysis of Factors Decreasing Construction Labor-Productivity Using AHP Method (AHP기법을 이용한 건설노동생산성 저하요인 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Pyo Young-Min;Bae Soo-Yong;Ryu Hyoung-Han;Lee Sang-Beom
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Building Construction Conference
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    • pp.141-147
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    • 2005
  • Usually, processing whole project or a part of frame work delays due to acceleration, changing orders, management, characters of project. overtime, worker crowding, early occupation in the field of construction. Through a whole project, these factors cause decreasing construction labor-productivity which is the most dependent in business of construction. These kind of decreasing of construction labor-productivity cause many negative effects, just as extension of time, increasing cost in project of construction. Regardless of characters of construction or decreasing labor-productivity, extension of time is a incident which needs acceleration, also it cause a high possibility of claim and dispute. The productivity has just a broad meaning in business of construction. That's why it's difficult to apply in the field of construction. Especially, factors increasing or decreasing labor-productivity is defined by analysis of working as qualitative and outlined evaluation. However, study of the each factor decreasing construction labor-productivity analysis has not researched, because of difficulty of systematic measurement and management. The existed studies about management of productivity are just focused on estimation of productivity, not on evaluation of productivity. It was true that I couldn't examine clearly about the analysis of how much important per each the factor which have influence on labor-productivity because of the characteristic as qualitative that the labor productivity have On this study, i tried to get the factors decreasing of labor- productivity with gathering opinions of panels of expert's studies about the factors decreasing of labor-productivity on project of construction through Delphi method and i evaluated the result factors as quantitatively and subjectively about importance of factors decreasing construction labor-productivity Analysis, using AHP Method by Saaty. Also, using Delphi and AHP method, 1 suggest substantiated method qualitative factors are measured by quantitative criteria.

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A Fundamental Study on International Comparison of Labor Productivity in Construction Industry (건설업 노동생산성의 국제비교에 관한 기초 연구)

  • Park, Hwan-Pyo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Building Construction Conference
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    • pp.310-311
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    • 2018
  • This study compared the labor productivity of the construction industry to the manufacturing and service industries. In addition, It analyzed the construction labor productivity gap of the G7 countries based on data from the Korean Productivity Center. A comparative analysis of construction labor productivity between manufacturing and service industries, based on statistics from the National Statistical Office, revealed a relatively low level and trend of continued decline. In addition, a comparative analysis of the productivity of construction workers in the major G7 countries found that the difference in productivity is very large, with an average of 65.3 %. Therefore, domestic construction companies and the government should prepare Improvement measures to improve productivity by investing in technology development to increase labor productivity and improving the production system of the construction industry.

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Union Effects on Productivity : Literature Survey (노동조합의 생산성효과(I))

  • 남상섭
    • The Journal of Information Technology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.15-34
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this paper is to survey existing literature and empirical studies about the effect of unions on productivity and productivity growth in US and British. Evidence regarding union effects on productivity is incomplete in the studies surveyed in this paper. Unions have a positive effect on productivity in US, but the most of studies in British show that unions have a negative effect. But the direction and magnitude of union effects on productivity growth cannot be predicted from economic theory. It may be that there is no unitary relationship between unions and productivity growth. The comprehensive conclusion about the effects of unions on productivity growth cannot be drawn from the studies surveyed in this paper. The question of whether unions have a positive effect or negative effect on productivity and productivity growth is an empirical issue.

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A Scientific Approach for the Design and Service Productivity (디자인과 서비스생산성에 대한 과학적 접근)

  • Kim, Hyun-Soo
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.269-285
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    • 2008
  • Design productivity can't be easily measured since there are so many different design productivity factors but such a few meaningful design product units. It's very difficult to evaluate the performance of design activities. Performance measures are not defined easily and are not measured correctly in many cases. So, in this paper the value added productivity is used to measure and analyze design productivity. Some issues are analysed to assess real productivity level of Korean service industry. And then we propose a few ways to Improve design productivity including the use of scientific approach at design processes and the change of the industry structure. It seems that the higher the level of IT(Information Technology) usage at a design industry is, the higher the design productivity is. Further research will be needed to investigate scientific approaches to increase design productivity.