• Title, Summary, Keyword: preventive vaccination

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The Knowledge, Awareness and Preventive Behaviors of Pneumococcal Vaccination for the Elderly (일 지역 노인의 폐구균 예방접종 실태와 지식, 인지도 및 폐구균 폐렴 예방 실천도)

  • Choi, Jeong Sil;Kim, Chul-Gyu;Park, Seungmi
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.266-275
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to ascertain current status of pneumococcal vaccination for the elderly and their knowledge, awareness and preventive behaviors for the vaccination and to verify the relationship between results. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed using a questionnaire. Data were collected from 114 elderly people over 65 years at one community center from October to November in 2011. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS. Results: The vaccination rate of the elderly was as low as 19.3%. The most common reason for no vaccination was 'Because I did not know about it' (64.0%), and the intention to vaccination was to ascertain in 77.2%. The scores of knowledge, awareness and preventive behavior for vaccination were 0.31/1, 1.15/3 and 1.48/2, respectively. The knowledge for vaccination was significantly different by gender and education. The awareness of vaccination showed statistically significant difference by religion, perceived health status and experience of vaccination. A positive correlation was observed between both knowledge and awareness and awareness and preventive behavior for vaccination. Conclusion: The pneumococcal vaccination rate of the elderly was relatively low. To develop, therefore, the educational program for improving awareness and preventive behavior regarding pneumococcal vaccination of the elderly is necessary.

Information Sources and Knowledge on Infant Vaccination according to Online Communities (온라인 커뮤니티에 따른 영.유아 예방접종에 대한 정보습득 경로 및 지식수준 비교)

  • Choi, In-Young;Chung, Mi-Eun;Choy, Soon;Kim, Suk-Il
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.291-296
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : To explore the information sources and knowledge on infant vaccinations of pro-vaccination community members and anti-vaccination community members on the internet. Methods : An online survey of 245 parents from three pro-vaccination communities and 92 parents from one anti-vaccination community was conducted from June 7 to June 23, 2006. Results : Parents from pro-vaccination communities usually gained the information regarding vaccination efficacy and risk mainly from healthcare providers (49.8%) and mass media (47.7%). Pro-vaccination community members considered healthcare providers as the most credible sources of information on vaccination, whereas the anti-vaccination community members usually gained their information regarding vaccine efficiency and risk from Internet child-care cafes and online vaccination communities. Parents of the anti-vaccination community considered the internet as the most credible information source (77.6% for efficacy, 94.8% for risk). In addition, the major reason why anti-vaccination community members didn't vaccinate and, will not vaccinate, was concern about possible side effects of the vaccine. The knowledge level on infant vaccination, education and economic status was higher in the anti-vaccination community. Conclusions : On-line communities concerned with vaccination are getting popular. The influence of anti-vaccination parents on the Internet is expected to be high. The government and healthcare providers need to increase their efforts to improve the credibility of information about vaccination. Our findings suggest that online communication regarding vaccinations needs to be considered as a means to increase vaccination rates.

Factors Influencing Vaccination in Korea: Findings From Focus Group Interviews

  • Park, Bomi;Choi, Eun Jeong;Park, Bohyun;Han, Hyejin;Cho, Su Jin;Choi, Hee Jung;Lee, Seonhwa;Park, Hyesook
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.173-180
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: Immunization is considered one of the most successful and cost-effective public health interventions protecting communities from preventable infectious diseases. The Korean government set up a dedicated workforce for national immunization in 2003, and since then has made strides in improving vaccination coverage across the nation. However, some groups remain relatively vulnerable and require intervention, and it is necessary to address unmet needs to prevent outbreaks of communicable diseases. This study was conducted to characterize persistent challenges to vaccination. Methods: The study adopted a qualitative method in accordance with the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research checklist. Three focus group interviews were conducted with 15 professionals in charge of vaccination-related duties. The interviews were conducted according to a semi-structured guideline, and thematic analysis was carried out. Data saturation was confirmed when the researchers agreed that no more new codes could be found. Results: A total of 4 main topics and 11 subtopics were introduced regarding barriers to vaccination. The main topics were vaccine hesitancy, personal circumstances, lack of information, and misclassification. Among them, vaccine hesitancy was confirmed to be the most significant factor impeding vaccination. It was also found that the factors hindering vaccination had changed over time and disproportionately affected certain groups. Conclusions: The study identified ongoing unmet needs and barriers to vaccination despite the accomplishments of the National Immunization Program. The results have implications for establishing tailored interventions that target context- and group-specific barriers to improve timely and complete vaccination coverage.

A Study on the Factors Which Influenced Vaccination Rate of Infants in a City (일부 도시지역 영아의 예방접종율에 미치는 요인에 관한 조사연구)

  • Pai, Mi-Seung
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.89-97
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    • 1983
  • From January to March in 1979 and 1982, the vaccination rate of B.C.G., D.P.T and Sabin with 392 infants who were registered at M.C.H. room in a Health Center in Seoul were as follows: 1 There were no specific relations between the sex and the vaccination for B.C.G., D.P.T. and Polio. 2. In 1982, the younger the mother's age was, the higher the vaccination rate for B.C.G. was. For the D.P.T. and Polio the rate of above 35 year group was the highest but the completion rate of the vaccination and the regular vaccination rate were the highest in the age of 30-34 year group. 3. In 1982. the higher the educational levels of tile mother were, the higher the vaccination rates for B.C.G., D.P.T. and Polio were. 4. The vaccination rate for B.C.G. within a month after birth was the highest in Salaried laborer group. The completion rate of the vaccination and regular vaccination rate for D.P.T. add Polio were also the highest in salaried laborer group. 5. In 1982, the rates of all vaccination for B.C.G. were tile highest in the first child. The completion rate of the vaccination and regular vaccination rate for D.P.T and Polio were also the highest in the first child in 1982.

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Validity of Measles Immunization Certificates Submitted upon Enrollment in an Elementary School in Korea

  • Lee, Kun-Sei;Kim, Hyeong-Su;Shin, Eun-Young;Kim, Young-Taek;Chang, Soung-Hoon;Choi, Jae-Wook
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.104-108
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : To increase the booster vaccination rate, the Korean government legislated a measles vaccination for elementary school students in 2001, requiring parents to submit a certificate of vaccination upon the admission of the students to elementary school. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity of measles vaccination certificates which were issued to parents. Methods : Using questionnaire survey data of 890 general practitioners and 9,235 parents in 2005, we investigated the evidence for booster vaccination certificates of measles. Results : In the survey of general practitioners, 59.5% of the certificates depended on the medical records of clinic, 13.5% was immunization booklets, 23.7% was reimmunizations, 1.9% was confirmation of record of other clinics, and 1.4% was parents statements or requests without evidence. In the survey of parents, 36.2% of the certificates depended on the medical records of clinic, 43.4% was immunization booklets, 18.0% was reimmunizations, and 2.4% was parents statements or requests without evidence. Conclusions : Our findings show that a majority of the booster vaccination certificates of measles was issued on the basis of documented vaccinations and it means that the implementation of the law requiring the submission of elementary school students' vaccination certificates has been very successful in Korea.

Evaluation of Measles Vaccine Effectiveness in a Community Outbreak (지역사회 유행을 통하여 평가한 홍역 예방접종의 효과)

  • Park, Byung-Chan;Park, Sue-Kyung;Cheong, Hae-Kwan
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.33-40
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    • 2002
  • Objective : From an analysis of a community outbreak of measles in Youngju, Gyeongbuk, in March 2000, the authors evaluated the effectiveness of the measles vaccination and its determinants to Provide an epidemiologic basis for the establishment of a vaccination policy. Methods : Information was collected regarding the vaccinations from the health records of four primary schools and through a questionnaire surrey of the parents of students in two middle and two high schools (N=4638). Measles cases were surveyed from the patient list of each school and from case reports in the public health center. The attack rate and vaccine effectiveness of measles was evaluated by school; grade; frequency, region, and institution of vaccination. Results : The attack rate cf measles, 6.3% among the total subjects, was higher in middle school students (15.8%) than in primary (2.0%, p<0.05) and high school students (8.9%, p<0.05). The attack rate of the unvaccinated group was 4.6-fold higher than the vaccinated group in primary schools (p<0.05). Vaccine effectiveness was 83.2% among lower graders of primary schools, 34.0% among higher graders of primary schools,26.1% in middle schools, and -7.0% in high schools. In multiple logistic regression analysis, grade in school (odds ratio, 0.77; 95% CI=0.67-0.87) and frequency of vaccination (odds ratio, 0.57: 95% CI=0.37-0.58) were significant predictors of the outcome. Conclusions : We concluded that the explosive outbreak of measles in this area resulted from both inadequate vaccination coverage and secondary failure of vaccination. There was no evidence of any effect of the cold chain system on the vaccine failure.

A Study on the Status of BCG Vaccination among Primary School Pupils in a Kyongju City (중소도시 일부 국민학생의 BCG 예방접종 실태에 대한 조사)

  • Jung, Cheol;Lim, Hyun-Sul;Kim, Mee-Kyung;Kim, Doo-Hie
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.31-38
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    • 1995
  • This study was designed to investigate the effectiveness of BCG vaccination. Examination of BCG scar was done among 2,065 first year pupils and tuberculin test with 5 T.U. PPD was performed among 2,730 sixth year pupils in a primary school in Kyongju City, from March to May 1994. The results were; 1. The positive rate of BCG scar was 88.6%, and the BCG vaccination rate was 98.3% among first year pupils. 2. On tuberculin test, 56.3% was negative, 20.4% was intermediate, and 23.3% was positive among sixth year pupils. 3. The BCG vaccination rate among negative and intermediate tuberculin test pupils was 99.6%. 4. The side effects of tuberculin test were reported on 0.4%, consist of blebs and local necrosis.

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Factors Influencing HPV-related Infection Preventive Behavioral Intention among Female University Students (여대생의 인유두종 바이러스(HPV) 관련 감염예방행위의도 영향요인)

  • Kim, Sun Hwa;Sung, Mi-Hae
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.126-134
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify impacts of HPV-related knowledge, attitude to HPV vaccination, and health beliefs on infection preventive behavioral intention targeting female university students. Methods: With correlational survey design, subjects of this study were 120 female students at universities located in B metropolitan city and G city. A total sample agreed to participate in the study. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, correlation, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: Attitude to HPV vaccination, experience of smoking, and HPV-related health beliefs were significant factors influencing the HPV-related infection preventive behavioral intention. These factors accounted for 19.0% of the HPV-related infection preventive behavioral intention. Conclusion: The most significant factor for HPV infection prevention was the attitude to HPV vaccination. These findings may be useful to develop strategies to improve the HPV infection preventive behavioral intention of the female university students who have a high risk of the HPV infection.

The Effects of a Hepatitis Education Program according to Message Frames (메시지 유형에 따른 A형 간염 예방교육 프로그램의 효과)

  • Park, Ju-Young;Woo, Chung-Hee
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study was examined the effects of a hepatitis A education on attitude, vaccination intention, and preventive behavior. Methods: Eighty-eight college students at two universities participated in this study. The data were collected from August 29 to September 30 in 2011 and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, and ${\chi}^2$ test. Results: There were no significant differences of preventive behavior of hepatitis A between the positive and negative message groups (t=1.10, p=.499). However, the negative message group had a significantly higher attitude of preventive behavior (t=0.92, p=.049) and vaccination intention (${\chi}^2$=5.43, p=.039) than the positive message group. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that negatively framed messages are effective on increasing the attitude, vaccination intention, and preventive behavior.

A Seroepidemiological Study on Hepatitis B Vaccination Program - In Elementary School Student from Kyonggi-Do Province - (B형 간염 예방 접종 실태 평가를 위한 혈청 역학적 연구 -경기도 지역 초등학생을 대상으로-)

  • Lee, Suk-Yong;Choi, Boyoul;Shin, Young-Jeon;Bang, Keum-Nie;Ki, Moran;Park, Hung-Bae;Yoon, Jae-Deuk;Lee, Kye-Chol;Youn, Bae-Joong
    • Pediatric Infection and Vaccine
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.240-256
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    • 1997
  • Purpose: To evaluate the hepatitis B vaccination program which has been conducted since 1980, Korea. Methods: This study was carry out self reported questionnaire and serologic test covering 2,072 elementary school students who were born between 1980 and 1987, selected by cluster sampling. The HBV serologic markers (HBsAg, Anti-HBs and Anti-HBc) were tested by radioimmunoassay (RIA). The contents of questionnaire include demographic data of students and parents, vaccination status, vaccination frequency, vaccination age, past history of mother's HBV test. Results: 1) The HBsAg positive rates by sex showed 3.7% for male and 2.7% for female, representing an average rate of 3.4%. The HBsAg positive rates by age group showed 5.6% for 13 years and l.5% for 6 years, representing a tendency of lowering rate as ages being younger. 2) The pre-natal HBV test rate was 10.2%, while post-natal HBV test rate was 42.5%. The test showed that the parents' educational level being higher than others, the pre- and post-natal HBV test showed higher rates. In case the fathers occupation being office worker, the post-natal HBV test showed a higher rate compared with other occupation. 3) Overall vaccination rate was 82.6%, complete vaccination rate 69.8%, booster injection rate 42.8%. The vaccination rate, complete vaccination rate and booster injection rate increased as the age being younger. If the educational level of parents were higher, the vaccination rate, complete vaccination rate and booster injection rate showed higher rates. Younger students showed younger vaccination age, and higher educational background of family showed younger vaccination ages. 4. With regard to positive rate of HBV markers by vaccination age, HBsAg and Anti-HBc positive rate showed higher degrees in the following order; preschool age (1-6 years), school age (6-13 years) and infancy (0-1 year). Anti-HBs positive rate was increased as the frequency of vaccination increased. Five years after initial complete vaccination, minimum protective rate was lowest, 69.6%.

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