• Title, Summary, Keyword: prevention

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Correlations among Attitude toward Pressure Ulcer Prevention, Knowledge and Non-compliance Risk for Pressure Ulcer Prevention Practice and Degree of Nursing Performance (간호사들의 욕창예방에 대한 태도, 욕창예방실무지식, 욕창예방실무 미준수 위험, 수행도 간의 상관성)

  • Kang, Myung Ja;Kim, Myoung Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.408-419
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to describe the attitude toward pressure ulcer prevention, knowledge and non-compliance risk for pressure ulcer prevention practice and degrees of nursing performance, as well as to examine the relationship among these variables. To accomplish this, we invited 397 nurses from four hospitals to complete surveys of attitude toward pressure ulcer prevention, knowledge and certainty for pressure ulcer prevention practice, and degrees of nursing performance. Non-compliance risk for pressure ulcer prevention practice was derived from the difference between knowledge and certainty for pressure ulcer prevention. The data were collected from March to June 2017 and analyzed by descriptive statistics, independent t-tests, ANOVA, and partial Pearson's correlation coefficient testing. The correct answer rate regarding the knowledge of pressure ulcer prevention practice was 79%, and the degree of pressure ulcer prevention nursing performance was $2.46{\pm}0.31$. The highest item of the non-compliance risk for pressure ulcer prevention practice was incontinence diapers prevent incontinence-associated dermatitis. There were significant negative correlations between non-compliance risk for pressure ulcer prevention practice and knowledge (r=-0.25, p<0.001), and degree of pressure ulcer prevention nursing performance (r=-0.13, p=0.009). Continuous education and furnishing practical guidelines for pressure ulcer prevention should be implemented to improve knowledge and certainty of pressure ulcer prevention practice.

Korean Middle School Teachers' Intentions to Participate in Adolescents' Smoking Prevention Programs (중학교 교사의 흡연예방교육 실천의도와 영향요인: 계획된 행위이론의 활용)

  • Choi, Mi-Young;Lee, Myoung-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.107-122
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    • 2005
  • Objectives: To prevent smoking among adolescents, we should facilitate school-based smoking prevention programs and provide supports for teachers to participate actively in these programs. This study investigated Korean middle teachers' intentions, perceptions, and attitudes toward participating in smoking prevention programs. Methods: The study design was cross-sectional. Our conceptual framework utilized the Theory of Planned Behavior by Fishbein and Ajzen. We conducted open-ended elicitation interviews with teachers. We developed the survey questionnaire contents with data from these interviews, and distributed the questionnaires in 2002 to 194 school teachers from four schools in Seoul and Kyounggi-Do. Teachers' beliefs(behavioral, normative & control) and intentions about participating in smoking prevention programs were measured by 7-point scales. Results: The majority of teachers surveyed reported participating in adolescents' smoking prevention programs, while only less than 10% teachers reported having educational training for such programs. Teachers' attitudes toward participating in smoking prevention programs were positive, but they did not feel strong subjective norms about participating in the programs. They reported several barriers as well as facilitating conditions in participating in those programs. In correlation analysis, teachers' subjective norms and attitudes toward participating in smoking prevention were significantly correlated with their intentions to participating in those programs. Teachers with positive perceptions about smoking prevention programs were more likely to have strong intentions to participation in them, while teachers who received educational training and instructions on how to teach in smoking prevention programs were more likely to have positive perceptions than those who did not. Conclusion: We concluded that smoking prevention programs for adolescents can be made more effective by increasing societal expectations that teachers participate in these programs, and by providing additional resources dedicated to facilitating teachers' active participation in them.

Survival of Cancer Patients in Northeast China: Analysis of Sampled Cancers from Population-Based Cancer Registries

  • Li, Yanxia;Yu, Liya;Na, Jun;Li, Shuang;Liu, Li;Mu, Huijuan;Bi, Xuanjuan;An, Xiaoxia;Li, Xun;Dong, Wen;Pan, Guowei
    • Cancer Research and Treatment
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.1106-1113
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    • 2017
  • Purpose The cancer survival was characterized by following up sampled subgroups of cancer cases from three population-based cancer registries in Northeast China. Materials and Methods Survival analysis was used to analyze 6,871 patients, who had one of the 21 most common cancers based on sampling from the population-based cancer registries of three cities in Liaoning Province. All patients were diagnosed between 2000 and 2002 and were followed up to the end of 2007 by active and passive methods. The 5-year age standardized relative survival rates (ASRS) were estimated for all cancers combined and each of the 21 individual cancers. Results The survival status was traced for 80.8% of 8,506 sampled cancer cases. The 5-year ASRS for all 21 cancers combined was 41.5% (95% confidence interval, 40.3 to 42.7), the highest ASRS was observed for thyroid cancer (85.2%), breast cancer (78.9%), uterine corpus cancer (75.9%), and urinary bladder cancer (70.2%); the lowest 5-year ASRS was noted in pancreatic cancer (8.8%), liver cancer (11.0%), esophageal cancer (18.8), and lung cancer (19.6%). The cancer survival rates in Liaoning cities were similar to those of urban areas in mainland China, but significantly lower than those in Hong Kong, Korea, and Japan. Conclusion The strikingly poor cancer survival rates in three cities of Liaoning Province and in other places in China highlight the need for urgent investment in cancer prevention, early detection, and standardized and centralized treatment.

Complete Genome Sequence of Salmonella enterica Serovar Pullorum Multidrug Resistance Strain S06004 from China

  • Li, Qiuchun;Hu, Yachen;Wu, Yinfei;Wang, Xiaochun;Xie, Xiaolei;Tao, Mingxin;Yin, Junlei;Lin, Zhijie;Jiao, Yang;Xu, Lijuan;Jiao, Xinan
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.606-611
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    • 2015
  • As Salmonella enterica serovar Pullorum remains a major economic problem for the poultry industries of countries with no efficient control measures, we presented a multidrug resistance strain S06004 (isolated from a clinically sick chicken in China in 2006) for genome sequencing. The genome comparison showed that the strain contained two prophages, the ST104 and prophage-4 (Fels2) of E. coli LF82, which were not detected in the only published genomes of S. Pullorum RKS5078 and CDC1983-67. In addition, the GyrA Ser83 point mutation, drugresistant genes, and many antibiotic pump systems that are present in S06004 may be contributing to the multidrug resistance of this strain.

Intestinal Parasite Infections among Inhabitants in Yanbian Prefecture, Jilin Province, China

  • Lee, Myoung-Ro;Shin, Hee-Eun;Chung, Byung-Suk;Lee, Sang-Eun;Ju, Jung-Won;Xu, Liji;Nan, Chen Long;Park, Mi-Yeoun;Cho, Shin-Hyeong
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.55 no.5
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    • pp.579-582
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    • 2017
  • To investigate the prevalence of intestinal parasite infections in Yanbian Prefecture, Jilin Province, China, epidemiological surveys were conducted on a collaboration basis between the Korean Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Yanbian Center for Disease Control and Prevention. A total of 8,396 (males 3,737 and females 4,659) stool samples were collected from 8 localities and examined with the formalin-ether sedimentation technique, and additionally examined with the cellotape anal swab to detect Enterobius vermicularis eggs. The overall rate of intestinal parasites was 1.57%. The prevalence of Ascaris lumbricoides was the highest (0.80%), followed by Entamoeba spp. (0.23%), heterophyid flukes (0.15%), Clonorchis sinensis (0.08%), Enterobius vermicularis (0.07%), hookworms (0.06%), Trichostrongylus spp. (0.06%), Giardia lamblia (0.04%), Paragonimus spp. (0.02%), Diphyllobothrium spp. (0.02%), Trichuris trichiura (0.02%). The prevalence by sex was similar, 1.58% (n=59) in males and 1.57% (n=73) in females. By the present study, it is partly revealed that the prevalences of intestinal parasite infections are relatively low among the inhabitants of Yanbian Prefecture, Jilin Province, China.

The effect of Community Mapping based on Volunteered Geographic Information System on Smoking Prevention among Female Middle School Students (일개 여자중학교의 흡연예방을 위한 참여형 GIS(Geographic Information System) 기반 커뮤니티 맵핑 활동의 효과)

  • Son, Hyunmi;Jung, Miyoung;Hong, Yunkyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.286-298
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the effects of community mapping based on volunteered Geographic Information System on smoking prevention among female middle school students. Methods: This study used a triangulation method which integrated quantitative data from a "pre-post" study on a nonequivalent control group and qualitative data from focus group interviews. Data was collected from 4 August 2015 to 10 January 2016. The experimental group (n=24) participated in community mapping along with education on smoking prevention and the control group (n=28) participated only in routine education. Both groups were measured on their knowledge and attitude related to smoking prevention through self-report questionnaires. The quantitative data was analyzed by descriptive statistics, $x^2$ analysis, and t-test using SPSS 23.0. The qualitative data was collected through focus group interviews to investigate the social-environmental effect of smoking prevention. Results: Knowledge related to smoking prevention was significantly higher (t=2.591, p=.013) in the experimental group than the control group. But attitude related to smoking prevention did not show significant differences between the two groups. When asked about their experiences of the community mapping program, it turned out to be a process where they could learn practical knowledge related to smoking prevention and experience their individual practices manifested as collective intelligence while working together with community members. The study found that community mapping had an effect on smoking prevention from a social and environmental aspect. Conclusion: To be more effective, school education on smoking prevention should be provided in connection with the community. It is also desirable to provide an opportunity where adolescents can experience discovering and solving practical problems along with their own community.

A Model for Community Participation in Breast Cancer Prevention in Iran

  • Ahmadian, Maryam;Samah, Asnarulkhadi Abu
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.2419-2423
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    • 2012
  • Context: Genuine community participation does not denote taking part in an action planned by health care professionals in a medical or top-down approach. Further, community participation and health education on breast cancer prevention are not similar to other activities incorporated in primary health care services in Iran. Objective: To propose a model that provides a methodological tool to increase women's participation in the decision making process towards breast cancer prevention. To address this, an evaluation framework was developed that includes a typology of community participation approaches (models) in health, as well as five levels of participation in health programs proposed by Rifkin (1985&1991). Method: This model explains the community participation approaches in breast cancer prevention in Iran. In a 'medical approach', participation occurs in the form of women's adherence to mammography recommendations. As a 'health services approach', women get the benefits of a health project or participate in the available program activities related to breast cancer prevention. The model provides the five levels of participation in health programs along with the 'health services approach' and explains how to implement those levels for women's participation in available breast cancer prevention programs at the local level. Conclusion: It is hoped that a focus on the 'medical approach' (top-down) and the 'health services approach' (top-down) will bring sustainable changes in breast cancer prevention and will consequently produce the 'community development approach' (bottom-up). This could be achieved using a comprehensive approach to breast cancer prevention by combining the individual and community strategies in designing an intervention program for breast cancer prevention.

Case Study for Efficiency of Counter-Debrisflow Structures in Baekyang Mt. (토석류 방재구조물 성능 검토 수치해석 - Case study: 부산 백양산)

  • Jeong, Seokil;Song, Chag Geun;Kim, Hong Taek;Lee, Seung Oh
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.84-89
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    • 2018
  • The number of landslides has increased since the 2000s due to the increased frequency of heavy rainfall caused by abnormal weather. A variety of debris flow prevention facilities have been installed as a countermeasure against this problem. However, it is not easy to evaluate the efficiency of debris flow prevention structures except for the structures with constant volume such as the erosion dam, because the other structures are limited to be reproduced in simulation program for debris flow. Therefore, the methods by which the debris flow prevention structures were modeled were proposed, and the efficiency of four prevention structures installed in Baekyang Mt. in Busan was evaluated with UDS, which accuracy had been verified, using these methods. The initial amount of debris flow was determined based on landslide which occurred in 2014, and specifications of the complex retaining walls around the settlements were measured and applied modeling for terrain. The numerical results showed that the efficiency of debris flow prevention structures could be quantitatively presented. Among the debris flow prevention structures installed in Baekyang Mt., prevention structure of barrier type for debris flow was the most efficiency and debris flow prevention device was the lowest efficiency when the only depth of debris was evaluated. It seems that this study is meaningful to propose the methods which were used to model the debris flow prevention structures that could not be reproduced in most 2D debris flow numerical analysis programs. If precise verification of the presented methods is carried out, it will be possible to provide clear criteria for the efficiency evaluation method of disaster prevention structures.

Factors Affecting the Practice of Accident Prevention Behavior in Middle-school Students (중학생의 사고 예방행위 실천에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Kim, Seon Su;Yu, Mi
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.388-397
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study aimed to identify the degree of accident prevention behavior, self-esteem, self-regulation ability, and social support among middle-school students, and investigate factors influencing their practice of accident prevention behaviors. Methods: The participants were 174 students from two middle schools located in J city. Data were collected from December 28, 2017 to February 9, 2018 using self-reported questionnaires. Results: The mean score were $3.08{\pm}0.37$ of 4 for practice of accident prevention behaviors, $3.07{\pm}0.57$ of 4 for self-esteem, $3.69{\pm}0.48$ of 5 for self-regulation ability, and $3.38{\m}0.75$ of 5 for social support. Positive correlations were found among self-regulation ability, self-esteem, social support, and practice of accident prevention behaviors. The factors influencing the practice of accident prevention behaviors were personality (being 'haste') (${\beta}=-.20$, p=.003), self-regulation ability (${\beta}=.48$, p<.001), and social support (${\beta}=.23$, p<.001). These factors explained 39.0% of the variance in practice of accident prevention behaviors. Conclusion: It was found that the middle-school students engaged in prevention behavior to an extent that was insufficient to prevent accidents. Therefore, it is necessary to develop intervention strategies to improve the practice of accident prevention behavior among middle-school students, considering self-regulation ability, social support, and personality, which affect the practice of accident prevention behaviors.

A Study of Safety Evaluation Based on the Road closure Simulation, and on the Isolation Risk in Times of Disaster (재해시 위험가능성과 도로폐쇄시뮬레이션에 의한 방재안전성에 관한 연구 - 일본 오이타현 사이키시를 대상으로 -)

  • Kim, Daeill;Park, Sungchan;Go, Jooyeon;Yeom, Chunho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.84-93
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    • 2020
  • In recent years, the scale of damage from disasters such as earthquakes and large-scale fires and floods that are occurring in Korea is increasing. Accordingly, interest in urban disaster prevention that combines living infrastructure such as roads and parks is boosting, and it is urgent to prepare measures to reduce the damage scale of local cities. The purpose of this study is to derive implications for disaster prevention measures in areas where disaster prevention safety of local cities is weak through examples of disaster prevention safety of local cities in case of disaster. To this end, this study analyzed the regional characteristics, current status, and disaster prevention problems of regional cities in Japan, and selected disaster-vulnerable areas, and considered the distance relationship between disaster prevention bases through road network analysis. In addition, road closure simulation using ArcGIS Network Analyst was conducted to analyze disaster prevention safety in the area. As a result, the situation of the village which has a high possibility of isolation by natural disasters was grasped in advance. Through this, the suburbs confirmed the necessity of supplementing the disaster prevention function through transportation maintenance such as forest roads, and it was found that the city needs to prepare a risk management system. Furthermore, this study suggests the need for research on areas with a high possibility of isolation, especially in areas where disaster prevention functions are weak in local cities in case of disaster, and shows countermeasures for disaster prevention measures and resident education.