• Title/Summary/Keyword: preschool children

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Development of a maternal beliefs scale on preschool children's education (유아기 자녀의 교육에 대한 어머니 신념 척도 개발)

  • Song, Myung-Sook;Ok, Sun-Wha
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2005
  • This study has a purpose of developing a scale to evaluate maternal beliefs on preschool children's education. The subjects were 307 mothers of preschool children in Gwang-ju. The methods for data analyses included a factor analysis for construct validity, Pearson correlations between beliefs and learning-related activities for construct validity, and Cronbach's a for reliability. 4 factors were found, through literature review, in parental beliefs: passive learning, active learning, instruction, and expectation for academic-related skills acquisition. Factor analysis revealed that the 4-factor solution is the best fit. Correlations between beliefs and learning-related activities were statistically significant. Cronbach's a ranged from .65 to .87 for 4 sub-scales. It was concluded that the maternal beliefs scale is acceptable for use.

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Soldium Intake & Excretion of Preschool Children in Urban (도시지역 미취학 어린이의 Na 섭취 및 배설에 관한 연구)

  • 김순경
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.669-678
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    • 1997
  • This study was designed to estimate the sodium intake of preschool children . To determine the sodium intake & excretion of preschool children in Korea, dietary behaviors, anthropometry, intakes of dietary nutrients, urinary sodium excretion and preference for salty foods were measured in 42 preschool children (male 26 , female 16, average6.5 years old) and their mothers. The results are summarized as follows. Mean daily urinary sodium excretion was 52.7 mEq(1,212.1mg). This value did not show remarkable change compared with the other studied that were accomplished in the similarage group for about the last ten years. And the subjects showed lower preference for salty taste than those of elementary school children and adults. Mean daily lower preference for salty taste than those of elementary school children and adults. Mean daily urinary sodium excretion were significantly correlated with the frequency of eating out (p<0.01), potassium intake(p<0.001) and urinary sodium to potassium excretion ratio(p<0.001). But there weren't any correlations with mean daily sodium intake, blood pressure, dietary nutrients intake and the preference for salty taste.

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Off-label use of Psychotropic Medications in Preschool Children with Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (주의력결핍 과잉행동장애에서 허가 초과 약물 처방 : 학령전기 아동 중심으로)

  • Kim, Eui-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.74-80
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    • 2011
  • Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral disorder with an onset of symptoms before 7 years of age, often starting as early as the preschool years. The off-label use of methylphenidate (MPH) for 3- to 6-year-old preschool children with ADHD is being more common, although MPH is not licensed for use in children younger than age 6 years, in most countries. Despite the limited data, the review of the literature suggests that MPH meets evidence based criteria as beneficial and safe for carefully diagnosed ADHD preschool children. Carefully monitored administration of evidence-based psychotropic medication in preschool children with ADHD may be indicated if psychosocial treatments are ineffective.

Emotion Expressiveness and Knowledge in Preschool-Age Children: Age-Related Changes

  • Shin, Nana;Krzysik, Lisa;Vaughn, Brian E.
    • Child Studies in Asia-Pacific Contexts
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2014
  • Emotion is a central feature of social interactions. In this study, we examined age-related changes in emotion expressiveness and emotion knowledge and how young children's emotion expressiveness and knowledge were related. A total of 300 children attending a daycare center contributed data for the study. Observation and interview data relevant to measures of emotion expressiveness and knowledge were collected and analyzed. Both emotion knowledge and expressed positive affect increased with age. Older preschool children expressed positive affect more frequently than did younger preschoolers. Older preschool children also labeled, recognized, and provided plausible causes mores accurately than did younger preschool children. In addition, we tested whether children's errors on the free labeling component conform to the structural model previously suggested by Bullock and Russell (1986) and found that preschool children were using systematic strategies for labeling emotion states. Relations between emotion expressiveness and emotion knowledge generally were not significant, suggesting that emotional competence is only gradually constructed by the child over the preschool years.

Emotional Knowledge and Interpersonal Problem Solving Strategies in Institutionalized and Home-Reared Preschool Children (유아의 정서 지식과 대인간 문제 해결 전략 - 시설보호 유아와 일반 유아의 비교 -)

  • Lee, Kang Yi;Sung, Mi Young
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.33-45
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    • 2003
  • The subjects of this comparison of institutionalized and home-reared preschool children's emotional knowledge and interpersonal problem solving strategies were 38 institutionalized (23 boys and 15 girls) and 39 home-reared (15 boys and 24 girls) preschool children. Assessment of emotional knowledge consisted of identification tasks and situation tasks. Interpersonal problem solving included forceful, prosocial, and manipulative strategies. Results showed that institutionalized children were lower than home-reared children in emotional knowledge; that is, they had lower scores than home-reared children in situation task. Institutionalized children used more forceful strategies than home-reared children, and home-reared children used more prosocial strategies than institutionalized children. Emotional knowledge was positively related to their prosocial strategies and negatively related to forceful strategies.

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Social and Emotional Development of Preschoolers : Children of Interracial Families in Rural Areas (농촌지역 국제결혼가정 유아의 사회·정서 발달)

  • Park, Kyung Ja;Kim, Song Yee
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.91-108
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    • 2007
  • This study investigated the attachment representation, self-perception, and social competence of preschoolers of interracial families in rural areas. Participants were 60 3- to 5-year-old preschoolers with Korean father-other Asian national mother group and 91 3- to 5-year-old preschoolers with Korean father-Korean mother group in rural areas. Results were that 58% of preschool children of interracial families were securely attached, 30% were insecure-disorder type, and 12% were insecure-avoidance type. Preschool children of interracial families were rated by their teachers as showing more withdrawn behaviors and prosocial behaviors than preschool children of Korean parents. A sex difference in the interracial family group showed boys with more withdrawn behaviors than girls.

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The Relationship of HOME and Personality with Preschool Children′s School Readiness (학령전 아동의 학교준비도에 대한 가정환경(HOME)과 성격과의 관계)

  • 조성연
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.103-111
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    • 2002
  • This study is to examine the relationship of HOME and personality with Preschool children's school readiness. The subjects were 138 children(4 to 6 year-old) and their mothers in Seoul, Gyunggi-do, and Chungnam. The instruments for this study were Cooperative Preschool Inventory(CPI), The Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment(HOME), and Children's Personality Test. The data were analyfed by Pearson's r, stepwise regression, ANOVA, Scheffe test for the post hoc test, and Cronbach a for the reliability in SPSS PC program. The major findings with the preschool children's school readiness were as follows. 1) That was significant correlations with HOME(language environment and encouragement of independence) and personality(sociability and familiarity). 2) That was explained significantly by sociability, encouragement of independence, language environment, and stimuli for development. 3) That was no sex-difference and was an increase by age. 4) There were significant differences in preschool children's school readiness, HOME, and personality by familial demographic variables.

Development of a Zinc Database to Estimate the Zinc Intake Levels in the Korean Toddlers and Preschool Children (한국 유아의 아연 섭취 수준 평가를 위한 데이터베이스 구축)

  • Yoon, Su-In;Shim, Jae Eun
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.103-110
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    • 2021
  • Objectives: The objective of this study was to develop a zinc database (DB) to estimate the intake levels of zinc in Korean toddlers and preschool children using the data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Methods: A total of 3,361 food items for the DB representing the usual diet of Korean toddlers and preschool children were selected based on KNHANES (2009~2013) and the food composition table of Rural Development Administration (RDA). The existing values of zinc in foods were collected from the latest food composition tables of RDA (9th revision) and the US Department of Agriculture (legacy release). The zinc contents were filled preferentially with these collected values. The missing values were replaced with the calculated values or imputed values using the existing values of similar food items from the data source. The zinc intake levels of Korean toddlers and preschool children were estimated using KNHANES and zinc DB Results: A total of 1,188 existing values, 412 calculated values, and 1,727 imputed values were included in the zinc DB. The mean intake levels of zinc for 1-2-year-old children and 3-5-year-olds were 5.17 ± 2.94 mg/day and 6.30 ± 2.84 mg/day, respectively. There was no significant difference in the zinc intake levels between boys and girls in each group. Conclusions: This newly developed zinc DB would be helpful to assess the zinc nutritional status and investigate the association between the zinc intakes and related health concerns in Korean toddlers and preschool children.

Clothing Values, Lifestyles, and Purchasing Situations of Purchaser groups classified by Purchasing Price for preschool children's Wear (유아복(乳兒服) 구매비(購買費)에 따른 유아복(乳兒服) 구매자(購買者)의 의복(衣服)에 대(對)한 가치관(價値觀), 라이프스타일 및 구매실태(購買實態))

  • Shin, Hye-Won;Ha, O-Sun;Rhee, Jung-Uk;Kim, Hee-Ra;Kim, Tae-In
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.113-126
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    • 2005
  • The purposes of this study were to classify purchaser into three groups by purchasing price for preschool children's wear and to identify the differences of clothing values, lifestyles, considerations in purchasing preschool children's wears, and purchasing places among the classified three groups. One hundred forty people living in Seoul with children aging between 3 and 7 were surveyed for this study. Cluster analysis, frequency analysis, chi-square analysis, ANOVA, and scheffe test were used to analyze the data. The findings of this study were as follows; 1) Purchaser were classified into three groups, namely the group of high purchasing price(HP), the group of medium purchasing price(MP), and the low purchasing price(LP). The HP had more monthly average income than the LP. 2) The HP showed high concerns in aesthetic and social clothing values, the MP considered social clothing value more important, while the LP showed high concern in economic clothing value. 3) Regarding the differences in lifestyles, the HP was more fashion-oriented and leisure-oriented, the MP was fashion-oriented, while the LP was economy-oriented. 4) When purchasing preschool children's wear, the HP showed high concerns in design and brand, the MP in activity, laundry-and-care, and brand, and the LP in activity, laundry-and-care, and price. The HP mainly purchased preschool children's wears in department store and imported goods store, the MP in department store, traditional market, and discount store, and the LP in discount store.

Effects of Psychological, Parenting and Relational Characteristics of Mothers of Preschool Children on Their Depression Levels (학령전기 아동 어머니의 심리, 양육 및 관계적 특성이 우울 수준에 미치는 영향)

  • Song, Hye Young;Ju, Won Jin;Pang, Yanghee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.393-403
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine depression levels of some Korean mothers of preschool children and to find out how much influence their psychological, parenting and relational characteristics have on their depression. Methods: This study has been conducted to analyze depression-related and -influencing factors of the Korean mothers of preschool children [7th Panel Study of Korean Children (2014)]. Correlation analysis has been used to examine the relationship between the mothers' psychological, parenting and relational factors and their depression. Hierarchical analysis has been employed to clarify the factors associated with depression. Results: Hierarchical regression analysis has found out that the significant predictors of the depression of the Korean mothers of preschool children include age, educational and employment status, monthly income, smoking status in Model 1. The significant variable is self-esteem in Model 2, parenting stress in Model 3, and, lastly, marital conflict in Model 4. Conclusion: Through this study, it has been discovered that the psychological characteristics of the Korean mothers of preschool children are the most influential factor affecting their depression. The results suggest that it is necessary to develop a community program for improving self-esteem and reducing parenting stress of Korean mothers of preschool children in their parenting.