• 제목, 요약, 키워드: polymorphism

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제주마의 mitochondrial DNA 다형(多型)의 분석(分析) (Mitochondrial DNA polymorphism in the Cheju horses)

  • 한방근;장덕지;츠치다 슈이치;이케모토 시게노리
    • 대한수의학회지
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.243-247
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    • 1994
  • As a result of the detection of mitochondrial DNA(mtDNA) polymorphism to Thoroughbred and Percheron using 14 restriction enzymes, mtDNA polymorphism of Cheju horse observed in the Bam HI and Sac I. Only in both restriction enzymes two types were classified as of A type, which is high expression frequency and B type, which is low expression frequency. In the other 12 restriction enzymes mtDNA polymorphism was not detected. On the basis of this information mtDNA polymorphism of Cheju horse was examined but was not observed the polymorphism and only A type was expressed both Bam HI and Sac I restriction enzymes. Through this study Cheju horse was demonstrated that lower genetic variation was expressed from the detection of mtDNA polymorphism.

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사상체질과 아토피성 질환 유전자의 다형성(IL-4 polymorphism)에 관한 연관성 연구 (A study on the correlation between Sasang constitution and IL-4 polymorphism)

  • 김희정;홍정미;윤유식;고병희;최선미;김선형
    • 사상체질의학회지
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.98-105
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    • 2002
  • Purpose This study was carried out to investigate the correlation between Sasang constitution and lL-4 polymorphism of Atopy gene. Methods 1. We have selected 165 cases of DNA samples from individuals with proven history of Atopy symptom and Sasang constitution. 2. The lL-4 589C-T polymorphism was genotyped by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Result They were divided six groups as the history of atopy and age. There is no group shown statistical correlation in the result of constitutional lL-4 polymorphism typing. Conclusion 1. In the total groups, lL-4 polymorphism(589C-T change of 5q31-33 position) were noted 0.727 on Soumin, 0.790 on Soyangin and 0.809 on Taeumin. It was larger on Taeumin, but there is no stastical difference between. 2. In the Atopy groups, lL-4 polymorphism(589C-T change of 5q31-33 position) were noted 0.682 on Soyangin, 0.750 on Taeumin and 0.807 on Soumin. It was larger on Soumin, but there is no stastical difference between constitution.

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사상체질의 Cholecystokinin 유전자 단일염기다형성 연구 (Genetic Polymorphism of CCK Promotor Region and Sasang Constitution)

  • 이수경;이성진
    • 대한한의학회지
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.105-110
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    • 2004
  • Objectives : Sasang Constitutional Medicine is based on the diversity of human beings and medically developing a variation of responses to diseases and medicines. This diversity is categorized into four concerning morphology, physiology, pathology, and pharmacology. It is supposed that sasang constitutional medicine is related the genetic diversity of individuals. Single nucleotide polymorphism is the basic tool to research genetic polymorphism as a landmark of genomes. Each constitution has different processes of pathophysiology and metabolisms to herb medications. In clinical research, the stroke incidence is significantly different by constitution. Methods : We researched whether the polymorphic expression of CCK (rs=2241997) depends on sasang constitution. The [c/t] polymorphism site of promotor region of CCK gene on 3p22-p21.3 was investigated. Results : The allele frequency of [c/t] polymorphism of CCK promotor region was different in constitution groups compared to the average allele frequency of SNP DB. The allele frequencies of Soeumin and Soyangin groups were (c:0.70/t:0.30). and (c:0.71/t:0.29), that of Taeumin group was (c:0.57/t:0.43) and of Taeyangin group was (c:1.00/t:0.00) Conclusions : It was regarded the [c/t] polymorphism of CCK promotor region is available to classify the constitution. However, it is necessary to research about CCK gene polymorphism and more constitution population groups. It is also necessary to research the more functional gene's polymorphism and sasang constitution.

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Genetic Variations of Eight Candidate Genes in Korean Obese Group

  • Kang, Byung-Youn;Lee, Kang-Oh;Bae, Joon-Seol;Kim, Ki-Tae;Yoon, Moon-Young;Lim, Seok-Rhin;Seo, Sang-Beom;Shin, Jung-Hee;Lee, Chung-Choo
    • 한국환경성돌연변이발암원학회지
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.39-46
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    • 2002
  • Obesity is a complex metabolic disorder with a strong genetic component. There are many candidate genes for obesity and its related phenotypes. We studied genetic variations between Korean obese and lean groups. Polymorphisms investigated were the Msp I polymorphism of the $\alpha$$_{2A}$-adrenergic receptor ($\alpha$$_{2A}$-AR) gene, the Mnl I polymorphism of the $\alpha$$_2$-adrenergic receptor ($\alpha$$_2$-AR) gene, the BstO I polymorphism of the $\beta$$_3$-adrenergic receptor ($\beta$$_3$-AR) gene, the Pml I polymorphism of the lamin A/C (LMNA) gene, the Hga I polymorphism of the clearance receptor (NPRC) gene, the Msp I polymorphism of the leptin gene, BclI polymorphism of the uncoupling protein 1 (UCPI) gene and the Hha I polymorphism of the fatty acid binding protein 2 (FABP2) gene. Among these genetic markers, Pml I polymorphism at the LMNA gene and Bcl I polymorphism at the UCP1 gene were significantly associated with obesity. However, further studies are required whether thease findings are reproduced in large population, although two polymorphisms might be useful as genetic markers in the ethiology of obesity in Korean population.ion.

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천식 환자에서 증상의 정도에 따른 IL-4 유전자 다형에 관한 연구 (Investigation of the Relationship between Interleukin-4 Promoter Polymorphism and Severity of Patients with Bronchial Asthma)

  • 강세용;심재정;조재연;권영환;이승룡;김제형;이상엽;이소라;한선애;김한겸;강경호;유세화;인광호
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.529-535
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    • 1998
  • 연구배경: IL-4는 기관지천식의 병인에 중요한 역할을 하는 cytokine으로서 B세포에서 IgE를 생성하게 하여 아토피의 발생에 중요한 역할을 한다. IL-4의 유전자 다형에 관한 연구로 promoter부위 (-589) 에 cytosine이 thymine으로 치환되는 polymorphism(-589 C$\rightarrow$T polymorphism) 이 존재한다는 것이 밝혀졌다. 그 후 IL-4 유전자 polymorphism이 천식 환자에 어떤 영향을 미치는 지에 대한 연구가 진행되어 왔다. 본 연구에서는 polymorphism이 IL-4 유전자의 발현을 조절하는 promoter에 위치하므로 혈액내 IgE level에 영향을 주어 증상의 정도에 관여할 것이라는 가정하에 천식 환자의 증상의 정도와 IL-4 유전자 다형과의 연관성을 조사하였다. 또한 한국의 천식환자에서의 이러한 유전자 다형의 유형과 빈도를 조사하였다. 방 법: 고려대학교 부속병원에 내원한 49명의 천식환자와 33명의 정상 대조군을 대상으로 하였다. 모든 천식 환자는 증상의 정도에 따라 경증, 중등증 및 중증의 두 대상군으로 나누었다. 모둔 천식 환자와 정상인의 혈액에서 DNA를 분리하였고 ARMS(Amplification Refractory Mutation System) 및 RFLP(Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism)를 시행하여 polymorphism의 존재 및 유형을 검색하였다. 결 과: 천식 환자의 중상의 정도와 IL-4 유전자 다형의 유형과는 유의한 관계를 발견할 수 없었다 (P=0.709). 정상인이나 천식환자에서 polymorphism(C/T 및 T/T형)의 빈도가 각각 100% 와 95.9%로 서양보다 월등히 높았다. 그러나 두 군에서 polymorphism의 유형 및 그 빈도에 있어서 차이는 없었다. 33명의 정상 대조군에서는 C/C형을 발견할 수 없었고, 정상인과 천식환자에서 공히 T/T형이 C/T형보다 약간 많은 빈도를 보였다. 결 론: IL-4 유전자의 -589 C/T polymorphism과 천식 환자의 증상의 경중과는 유의한 연관성을 발견하지 못했다. 그러나 우리나라 천식 환자와 정상인에서 서양보다 월등히 많은 수에서 polymorphism을 관찰할 수 있었으며, 정상인에서는 C/C 형이 발견되지 않았다. 따라서 IL-4 유전자 다형성이 종족간에 현저한 차이를 보일 수 있다는 결론을 얻을 수 있었다.

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주의력결핍 과잉행동장애에서 도파민 전달체 및 도파민 D2, D3, D4 수용체 유전자 다형성 (Dopamine Transporter Gene and Dopamine D2, D3, D4 Receptor Gene Polymorphisms in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)

  • 박상필;김대광;정철호
    • 소아청소년정신의학
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.19-27
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    • 2008
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to examine the association of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in Korean populations with functional polymorphisms of six genes dopamine receptors (Ser311/Cys311 polymorphism, Taq1 A polymorphism, and Taq1 B polymorphism in DRD2, BalI polymorphism in DRD3, and promoter -521 C/T polymorphism and exon III 48 bp repeat polymorphism in DRD4) and one gene in dopamine transporter (DAT1). Methods : Participants were 58 children with ADHD and 110 control children. The genotypes were determined by PCR. Results : There was a statistically significant difference in genotype frequency of -521 C/T polymorphism within the promoter region of the DRD4 between two groups. Furthermore, in the male group, both genotype and allele frequencies showed statistically significant differences. Conclusion : Findings of the study indicate that -521 C/T polymorphism in promoter region of DRD4 appears to be a possible candidate gene for ADHD in Korean population.

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Associations between the rs6010620 Polymorphism in RTEL1 and Risk of Glioma: a Meta-analysis of 20,711 Participants

  • Wu, Yao;Tong, Xiang;Tang, Ling-Li;Zhou, Kai;Zhong, Chuan-Hong;Jiang, Shu
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.17
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    • pp.7163-7167
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    • 2014
  • Background: Associations between the rs6010620 polymorphism in the regulator of telomere elongation helicase1 (RTEL1) gene and glioma have been widely reported but the results were not inconclusive. The aim of the current study was to investigate the association between the rs6010620 polymorphism in RTEL1 gene and risk of glioma by meta-analysis. Materials and Methods: We searched PubMed, Embase, Wanfang Weipu and CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure) databases, which included all research published 05 May 2014. A total of 8,292 cases and 12,419 controls from 14 case-control studies involving the rs6010620 polymorphism in the RTEL1 gene were included. Statistical analysis was performed using STATA 12.0 software. Results: The results indicated that the rs6010620 polymorphism in RTEL1 gene was indeed associated with risk of glioma (OR=1.474, 95%CI=1.282-1.694, p<0.001). On subgroup analysis by ethnicity, we found associations between the rs6010620 polymorphism in the RTEL1 gene and risk of glioma in both Caucasians and Asians. Conclusions: The current meta-analysis suggested that the rs6010620 polymorphism in the RTEL1 gene might increase risk of glioma. In future, larger case-control studies are needed to confirm our results.

운동선수의 베타3-아드레날린성 수용체 유전자의 Trp64Arg 다형성이 혈압, 신체조성 및 골밀도에 미치는 영향 (The Effect of Trp64Arg Polymorphism in the ${\beta}_3$-Adrenergic Receptor Gene on Blood Pressure, Body Composition and Bone Mineral Density in Athletes)

  • 정인근;오상덕;김태욱;강병용;하남주;하남주
    • 약학회지
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.44-50
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between Trp64Arg polymorphism in the ${\beta}_3$-adrenergic receptor gene and complex phenotypes such as blood pressure, body compositions and bone parameters in young men about 20 years, and to collect the fundamental data in designing the exercise program. Eighty healthy young men including 41 controls and 39 athletes were recruited, Trp64Arg polymorphism in the ${\beta}_3$-adrenergic receptor gene was genotyped by PCR-RFLP method. By association study, there were no significance in genotype and allele frequencies of Trp64Arg polymorphism in the ${\beta}_3$-adrenergic receptor gene between controls and athletes, respectively (p>0.05). When the relationship between physiological parameters and Trp64Arg polymorphism in the ${\beta}_3$-adrenergic receptor gene was tested, this polymorphism was significantly associated with 3th lumber and left femoral neck Z-score values in controls (p<0.05), but these associations were not detected in athletic groups (p>0.05). It is likely that Trp64Arg polymorphism in the ${\beta}_3$-adrenergic receptor gene is a genetic marker for the bone mineral density index in young men, but environmental factors such as exercise modify the significant effect of this polymorphism. Thus, our results suggest that Trp64Arg polymorphism in the ${\beta}_3$-adrenergic receptor gene may be applicable as a predictive marker for osteoporosis in Korean young men, and regular exercise may prevent the disadventageous effect of this polymorphism for bone mineral density in male athletic group.

한국인 알코올리즘과 Catechol-O-methyltransferase(COMT) 유전자 다형성의 연합 (An Association Study of COMT Gene Polymorphism with Korean Alcoholism)

  • 김민정;양병환;이정식;채영규;박택규
    • 생물정신의학
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.111-115
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    • 2001
  • An association study with Korean alcoholic patients(n=50) and normal controls(n=53) was performed to find the relationship between catechol-O-methyltransferase(COMT) gene polymorphism and alcoholism using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. When we compared the allele and genotype frequencies of Nla III COMT gene polymorphism in alcoholism and normal controls, there was no significant difference between two groups. Our results do not support an association between the Nla III polymorphism of COMT gene and alcoholism.

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기주가 다른 Magnaporthe grisea 균주간의 Polymorphism과 유전적 유연관계 분석 (Polymorphism and Genetic Relationships Among Magnaporthe grisea Isolates Obtained from Various Hosts by Using Repetitive DNA Sequences)

  • 김홍기;김영태
    • 한국식물병리학회지
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.389-394
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    • 1996
  • 도열병균, Magnaporthe grisea, 균주간의 유전적 유연관계를 분석하고 그들의 유전에 관한 '기본 정보를 얻고자 DNA polymorphism 분석을 실시하였다. 기주가 다른 도열병 균주들이 공시되었고 cloning에 의해 벼 도열병균 KJ201레이스 균주로부터 생성된 임의 선발 genomic clone들이 공시균주들간의 polymorphism을 밝히기 위해 사용되었던 바 그중 repectitive sequence를 보유한 repeated copy clone 하나가 선발되었다. Clone pMJ6에 의해 밝혀진 repetitive sequence는 Southern hybridization시 벼 분리균주에는 약 30개, 다른 기주 분리균에도 20∼33개의 밴드를 형성하였다. 반면 피 분리균주에는 단지 두 개의 밴드만을 나타내 분리기주가 다른 균주간에 뚜렷한 polymorphism이 존재하였으며 parsimony 분석에서도 역시 아주 먼 cluster를 형성하여 피 분리균은 다른 기주 분리균과 유전적으로 상당히 먼 것으로 추정되었다. 공시균의 genomic DNA를 HindIII로 처리했을 때 pMJ6에 의한 밴드양상은 공시균을 EcoRI으로 처리했을 때의 MGR probe의 밴드 양상과 유사하여 이 repeated copy clone이 도열병균주간의 유전적 유연관계를 분석하는데 MGR 못지않게 유용할 것으로 보인다.

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