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The G801A Polymorphism in the CXCL12 Gene and Risk of Breast Carcinoma: Evidence from a Meta-Analysis Including 2,931 Subjects

  • Xia, Yong;Guo, Xu-Guang;Ji, Tian-Xing
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.2857-2861
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    • 2014
  • More and more evidence indicates that the G801A polymorphism in the CXCL12 gene might be associated with susceptibility to breast carcinoma in humans being. However, individually published results have been inconsistent. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to investigate the association between the G801A polymorphism in the CXCL12 gene and breast carcinoma risk. A complete search strategy was done by the electronic databases including PubMed and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database. A meta-analysis including seven individual studies was carried out in order to explore the association between the G801A polymorphism in the CXCL12 gene polymorphisms and breast carcinoma. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs) between the G801A polymorphism in the CXCL12 gene and breast carcinoma risk were assessed by the random-effects model. A significant relationship between the G801A polymorphism in the CXCL12 gene and breast carcinoma was discovered in an allelic genetic model (OR: 1.214, 95%CI: 1.085-1.358, p=0.001), a homozygote model (OR: 1.663, 95%CI: 1.240-2.232, p=0.001), a heterozygote model (OR: 1.392, 95%CI: 1.190-1.629, p=0.000), a recessive genetic model (OR: 1.407, 95%CI: 1.060-1.868, p=0.018) and a dominant genetic model (OR: 1.427, 95%CI: 1.228-1.659, p=0.000). On sub-group analysis based on ethnicity, significance was observed between the European group and the mixed group. A significant relationship was found between the G801A polymorphism in the CXCL12 gene and breast carcinoma risk. Individuals with the A allele of the G801A polymorphism in the CXCL12 gene are under a higher risk for breast carcinoma.

Genetic polymorphism of Estrogen metabolising enzymes and individual genetic susceptibility to breast cancer in Korean (Estrogen대사 효소의 유전자 다형성과 한국인 유방암 환자의 유전적 감수성에 대한 연구)

  • 김현준;이수진;공구
    • Environmental Mutagens and Carcinogens
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.23-29
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    • 2003
  • To determine the frequencies of the genotypes of estrogen metabolising enzyme (CYP17, CYP1A1, CYP1B1, and COMT) and to identify the high-risk genotypes of these metabolic enzymes to breast cancer in Korean, the author has analysed 115 breast cancer patients and corresponding age and sex matched heathy controls using polymerase chain reaction-restiction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). A2/A2 genotype in CYP17 polymorphism, m2/m2 genotype in CYP1A1 polymorphism, and Val/Val genotype in CYP1B1 had 0.95, 1.40 and 0.76 relive risks to breast cancer comparing with reference genotypes of each polymorphism, respectively. Among the genotypes of COMT enzyme polymorphism, L/H and L/L genotypes had 0.97 and 1.54 relative risks to breast cancer, respectively. According to the number of high risk genotype, the patients with one or two putative high risk genotypes had 0.95 and 1.94 relative risks to breast cancer, respectively. This study have demonstrated the unique frequency of genotypes of estrogen metabolizing enzyme in Korean healthy women, which will provide the basic data and insights to study the estrogen related conditions in Korean women including breast and endometrial cancers. And it also indicates that the well-known high risk genotypes of estrogen metabolizing enzymes are not significantly associated with the development of breast cancer in Korean women.

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The CDH2 Gene Polymorphism in Schizophrenia (정신분열병의 CDH2 유전자 다형성)

  • Lee, Won Seok;Kim, Mi Kyung;Jung, Han Yong;Woo, Sung Il;Kwon, Young Joon;Kim, Jong Woo;Lee, Hee Je
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.62-67
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    • 2005
  • Objective:There has been increasing evidence that neurodevelopmental dysfunction is involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Cadherin is known to be one of the important molecules in neurodevelopment. This study was performed to examine the relationship between T816C polymorphism of CDH2 gene and schizophrenia. Methods:Genoytypes of T816C polymorphism of CDH2 gene were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) in 156 Korea patents with schizophrenia and 170 controls. Results:No difference was found between the patients with schizophrenia and the controls in genotype and allele frequencies of T816C polymorphism of CDH2 gene. Conclusion:The results of this study do not support an association between T816C polymorphism of CDH2 gene and schizophrenia. However, it is necessary to investigate other polymorphic regions of CDH2 in schizophrenia.

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Genetic Variations in Six Candidate Genes for Insulin Resistance in Korean Essential Hypertensives

  • Bae, Joon-Seol;Kang, Byung-Yong;Kim, Ki-Tae;Shin, Jung-Hee;Lee, Chung-Choo
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.341-346
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    • 2001
  • Hypertension is a complex disease with strong genetic influences. Essential hypertension has been shown to be associated with insulin resistance. To clarify the genetic basis of insulin resistance in Hypertension, case-control association studies were performed to examine candidate genes for insulin resistance in hypertension. Polymorphisms investigated were the BstO I polymorphism of the $\beta$3-adrenergic receptor (ADRB3) gene, the Xba I Polymorphism of the glycogen synthase (GSY) gene, the Dde I polymorphism of the protein phosphatase 1 G subuit (PP1G) gene, the BstE II polymorphism of the glucagon receptor (GCG-R) gene, the Pst 1 polymorphism of the insulin (INS) gene and the Acc I polymorphism of the glucokinase (GCK) gene. No significant differences were observed in the distribution of alleles and genotypes of the ADRB3, GSY PP1G, GCG-R, INS, and GCK genes between hypertensive and normotensive groups. Although the frequencies in each of these polymorphisms were not significantly different between essential hypertensive and normotensive individuals, our results may provide additional information for linkage analysis and associative studies of disorders in carbohydrate metabolism or in cardiovascular disease.

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The Distribution of C298T Polymorphism in the Oseteocalcin Gene from Korean Male Athletes and its Association with Bone Mineral Density (한국인 남성 운동선수군에서 Osteocalcin 유전자의 C298T 다형성의 분포와 골밀도와의 관계)

  • Jung, In-Geun;Kang, Byung-Yong;Kim, Ji-Young;Oh, Sang-Duk;Ha, Nam-Joo
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.26-32
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    • 2006
  • Osteocalcin is a vitamin K dependent and bone specific protein which plays an important role in the regulation of bone and calcium metabolism. In this study, we evaluated the relationship between the C298T polymorphism in the osteocalcin gene and bone mineral density (BMD) in Korean young men and their interaction with physical activity. BMDs of the femoral neck and lumbar spine were measured using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, and the C298T polymorphism in the osteocalcin gene determined using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-HindIII restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method. We did not observe any significant differences in the femoral neck and lumbar spine BMDs across genotypes of this polymorphism in controls, athletes or combined groups, respectively (P>0.05). Therefore, our data suggest that the C298T polymorphism in the osteocalcin gene is not a suitable genetic marker for the susceptibility to BMD.

Construction and Expression of Mutant cDNAs Responsible for Genetic Polymorphism in Aldehyde Oxidase in Donryu Strain Rats

  • Adachi, Mayuko;Itoh, Kunio;Masubuchi, Akiko;Watanabe, Nobuaki;Tanaka, Yorihisa
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.40 no.6
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    • pp.1021-1027
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    • 2007
  • We demonstrated the genetic polymorphism of aldehyde oxidase (AO) in Donryu strain rats: the ultrarapid metabolizer (UM) with nucleotide mutation of (377G, 2604C) coding for amino acid substitution of (110Gly, 852Val), extensive metabolizer (EM) with (377G/A, 2604C/T) coding for (110Gly/Ser, 852Val/Ala), and poor metabolizer (PM) with (377A, 2604T) coding for (110Ser, 852Ala), respectively. The results suggested that 377G > A and/or 2604C > T should be responsible for the genetic polymorphism. In this study, we constructed an E. coli expression system of four types of AO cDNA including Mut-1 with (377G, 2604T) and Mut-2 with (377A, 2604C) as well as naturally existing nucleotide sequences of UM and PM in order to clarify which one is responsible for the polymorphism. Mut-1 and Mut-2 showed almost the same high and low activity as that of the UM and PM groups, respectively. Thus, the expression study of mutant AO cDNA directly revealed that the nucleotide substitution of 377G > A, but not that of 2604C > T, will play a critical role in the genetic polymorphism of AO in Donryu strain rats. The reason amino acid substitution will cause genetic polymorphism in AO activity was discussed.

Genetic Association between ERCC5 rs17655 Polymorphism and Colorectal Cancer Risk: Evidence Based on a Meta-analysis

  • Zeng, Yong;Wei, Li;Wang, Ya-Jie;Liu, Chuan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.13
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    • pp.5565-5571
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    • 2015
  • Background: Previous studies evaluating the association between the excision repair cross complementing group 5 (ERCC5) gene rs17655 polymorphism and colorectal cancer susceptibility generated controversial results. To generate large-scale evidence on whether the ERCC5 rs17655 polymorphism might indeed be associated with colorectal cancer susceptibility, the present meta-analysis was performed. Materials and Methods: Data were collected from PubMed, Embase and Web of Science, with the last report up to Apr 03, 2015. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the strength of any association. Results: A total of nine studies including 5,102 cases and 6,326 controls based on the search criteria were included and significant associations were found between ERCC5 rs17655 polymorphism CG vs GG overall (OR = 1.29, 95% CI =1.18~1.40) and in the dominant model (OR=1.23, 95% CI =1.13~1.33). On subgroup analysis by ethnicity and source of controls, the ERCC5 rs17655 polymorphism was found to correlate with the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer among Asians and Caucasians and with hospital-based populations. Conclusions: This meta-analysis suggests that the ERCC5 rs17655 polymorphism might contribute to genetic susceptibility to colorectal cancer.

The GSTP1 Ile105Val Polymorphism is not Associated with Susceptibility to Colorectal Cancer

  • Khabaz, Mohamad Nidal
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.2949-2953
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    • 2012
  • The glutathione S transferase (GST) family is a major part of cellular defense mechanisms against endogenous and exogenous substances, many of which have carcinogenic potential. Alteration in the expression level or structure of the glutathione-S-transferase (GST) enzymes may lead to inadequate detoxification of potential carcinogens and consequently contribute to cancer development. A member of the glutathione-S-transferase (GST) family, GSTP1, is an attractive candidate for involvement in susceptibility to carcinogen-associated colorectal cancer. An $Ag{\rightarrow}G$ transition in exon 5 resulting in an Ile105Val amino acid substitution has been identified which alters catalytic efficiency. The present study investigated the possible impact of Ile105Val GSTP1 polymorphism on susceptibility to colorectal cancer. in Jordan We examined 90 tissue samples previously diagnosed with colorectal carcinoma, and 56 non-cancerous colon tissues. DNA was extracted from paraffin embedded tissues and the status of the GSTP1 polymorphism was determined using a polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method. No statistically significant differences were found between colorectal cancer cases and controls for the GSTP1 Ile/Ile, Ile/Val and Val/Val genotypes. The glutathione S-transferase polymorphism was not associated with risk in colorectal cancer cases in Jordan stratified by age, sex, site, grade or tumor stage. In conclusion, the GSTP1 Ile105Val polymorphism is unlikely to affect the risk of colorectal cancer.

Polymorphism of Dopamine Transporter Gene(DAT1) in Korean Social Phobia Patients:Preliminary Study (한국인에서의 도파민 수송체 유전자 다형성(Dopamine Transporter Gene(DAT1) Polymorphism)과 사회공포증과의 연관성에 관한 예비 연구)

  • Oh, Kang Seob;Yoon, Hyung Kun;Lee, Min Soo
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.165-172
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    • 2004
  • Objective:Although polymorphism of dopamine transporter gene(DAT1) has been considered to be implicated in the pathogenesis of social phobia, previous investigations have been inconsistent and controversial. The authors investigated the relationship between DAT1 polymorphism and social phobia in Koreans. Methods:DAT1 and alleles of fifty subjects who met DSM-IV criterion of social phobia, and those of age- & sex- matched fifty normal controls in Korea were compared. Additionally, patients were grouped into generalized(33) and nongeneralized(17) types and DAT1 polymorphism was compared with that of age- & sex- matched controls. DAT1 with variable number of tandem repeats(VNTR) were determined by using polymerase chain reaction. To compare the distribution of the DAT1 polymorphism between different groups, Fisher's exact test was used. Results:There were no significant differences in either genotypic(p=0.451) or allelic(p=0.452) distributions between the social phobia patients and the controls. There also were no differences in genotypic distribution between subtypes of social phobia patients and the controls. Conclusion:We couldn't find any association between DAT1 polymorphism and social phobia. Further studies including larger number of samples and diverse clinical variables should be conducted to elucidate the present findings.

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No Association between Genetic Polymorphism of Tryptophan Hydroxylase A218C and Serotonin Transporter Linked Polymorphic Region and Panic Disorder (한국인 공황장애 환자의 트립토판 가수분해 효소와 세로토닌 전달체 유전자 다형성)

  • Choi, Young Hee;Woo, Jong Min;Park, Hun Ku;Yoon, Kyung Sik;Cho, Dae Yeon;Lee, Min Soo
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.136-145
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    • 2004
  • Objectives:Genetic variations of the tryptophan hydroxylase(TPH) gene and the serotonin transporter linked polymorphic region(5-HTTLPR) polymorphism have been associated with its functional capacity. The authors investigated whether the allelic constitution of the TPH gene and 5-HTTLPR are associated in Korean panic patients. Methods:244 Korean patients with panic disorder and 227 normal healthy controls were tested for a genetic polymorphism of TPH A218C and 5-HTTLPR polymorphism. To assess the severity of panic disorder during the last one month, anticipatory anxiety, panic difficulty, panic distress, agoraphobic difficulty and agoraphobic distress were measured with visual analogue scale(VAS) score, STAI-S & T, BDI, SCL-90-R, ASI-R, CGI, PDSS, and HAMD. Results:There was no significant difference in genotype and allele frequencies of TPH A218C and 5-HTTLPR polymorphism between panic patients and controls. Although we observed some differences in genotype and allele frequencies of TPH A218C polymorphism among male subjects, these differences disappeared after Bonferroni correction. And there were no significant differences in clinical variables. Conclusion:Our results suggested that there are no association between the genetic polymorphism of TPH gene and 5-HTTLPR with panic disorder.

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