• Title/Summary/Keyword: physicohemical property

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Varietal Variations in Physicochemical Characteristics and Amylopectin Structure of Grain in Glutinous Rice

  • Choi, Hae-Chune;Hong, Ha-Cheol;Kim, Yeon-Gyu;Nahm, Baek-Hie
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.207-213
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    • 1999
  • Thirty-eight glutinous rice varieties were classified into nine groups on the scatter diagram by the upper two principal components (56% contribution to the total information) based on eleven physicochemical characteristics including the viscograms and physical properties of cooked rice. The first principal component was the factor mainly associated with the viscogram characteristics of rice flour emulsion and the second was the factor chiefly related to the physical properties of cooked rice and water absorbability of rice grain. Indica glutinous rices were clearly distinguished from japonica ones by the first principal component score. Javanica glutinous rices were widely distributed on the intermediate zone between indica and japonica or on several japonica rice groups. Significant positive or negative correlations were found among water absorption rates of rice grain, physical properties of cooked rice, and viscogram characteristics of rice flour. Especially in japonica glutinous rices, the breakdown and setback viscosities of rice flour were closely associated with the alkali digestion value of milled rice and the stickiness of cooked rice. The frequency ratio of short glucose chains (A-chain) to intermediate glucose chains (B-chain), the ratio of B- chains to long glucose chains (C-chain) and the relative frequency of A- or B-chain fractions representing the amylopection structure of rice starch was closely associated with the breakdown and setback viscosities of rice flour.

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A Comparative Study of the Retrogradation and Rheology of Backsulgi with Nutriprotein and Gelatinized Rice Powder (백설기에 제조한 고단백식품과 호화한 쌀가루를 첨가하여 노화지연 및 물성 대한 비교연구)

  • 오미향
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.370-378
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of added nutriprotein and rice powder as a plasticizer on physicohemical property, texture property of Backsulgi. In the physicochemical property, the content of proximate composition of nutriprotein was measured as 6.1% of moisture, 3.6% of carbohydrate, 84.3% of crude protein, 0.6% of crude lipid, 5.4% of ash. The raw material of rice powder was measured as 9.6% of moisture, 83.7% of carbohydrate, 6.0% of crude protein, 0.4% of crude lipid, 0.3% of ash. Swelling power and pore ratio of the control were 78.53% and 72.42%, and tended to increase as the amounts of nutriprotein and plastic rice powder increased. Aging by Avrami eguation retarded in Backsulgi added 10% plastic rice powder than rice powder Backsulgi. All the samples added 2, 4, 6, and 8% nutriprotein at the temperatures of 20 were more effective than others on aging. In texture properties, cohesiveness and springiness were not significantly changed by adding nutriprotein and not significantly changed during the storage period in all samples. Hardness and gumminess decreased by adding 2∼8% nutriprotein and increased during the storage period in all samples. Springiness and gumminess decreased by adding 40% plastic rice powder and increased during the storage period in all sample. Cohesiveness and hardness decreased by the increase of plastic rice powder. The texture characteristics by rheometer showed that Backsulgi with nutriprotein and plastic rice powder exhibited lower in hardness than the control, indicating that nutriprotein and plastic rice powder were effective in retarding retrogradation, which is better when storage time became longer.

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