• Title/Summary/Keyword: physical and sensory properties

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Effect of Combined Salts Addition on Physical and Sensory Properties of Kimchi (염혼합물의 첨가가 김치의 물리적 및 관능적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Ku, Kyung-Hyung;Kang, Kun-Og;Chang, Young-Sang;Kim, Woo-Jung
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.123-128
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    • 1991
  • Addition of two different salt mixtures of sodium phosphates, Ca-EDTA, $NaNO_2$ and sodium citrate were investigated for their effects on relative viscosity, textrue, sensory properties of kimchi and solids contents of kimchi and kimchi liquid during fermentation at $4{\sim}3.5^{\circ}C$. The salt mixtures were added into half fermented kimchi with the concentration range of $0.001{\sim}0.01\;M$. The results showed that higher values in viscosity of kimchi liquids were obtained for those fermented at low temperature and with salts mixtures added. The hardness of Chinese cabbage was gernerally increased until pH 4.0 reached and then decreased thereafter for those fermented without salts mixture. However the salts added kimchi showed no decrease and a slightly harder texture measured at the late stage of fermentation. Soluble solids concentration steadly decreased in kimchi liquids for those salts mixture added while those without salts mixture were initially increased followed by slow decrease. Comparison of sensory properties showed that the degree of changes was reduced when salt mixture was added. Higher scores in fresh-sourness and acidic taste, hardness and chewiness in texture and lower moldy odor were obtained when the data was compared for those kimchi having the pH range of $4.0{\sim}4.2$.

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Effects of Fermented Grape Feeds on Physico-Chemical Properties of Korean Goat Meat (포도발효사료 급여가 흑염소 육의 이화학적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Chang-Ho;Seo, Kwon-Il;Shim, Ki-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.145-149
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    • 2006
  • This study investigated the quality characteristics of meat from goat fed fermented grape feeds including chemical composition, physical and sensory properties. The hardness of the goat meat was decreased by feeding fermented grape diets, but no significant difference in the pH was observed between control group and fermented grape diet-fed group. Major minerals in goat meat were shown to be Ca, Na, K and Mg and total amino acid content was the highest in a group fed $20\%$ fermented grape-containing diet (T2) among experimental groups. Major fatty acids in goat meat were linoleic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, and stearic acid while the content of oleic acid in meat was significantly increased in the group fed fermented grape diet. By increasing the amount of fermented grape in goat diet, L (lightness), a (redness) and b (yellowness) color parameters of goat meat were increased. From the sensory test, the meat from goat fed $30\%$ fermented grape-containing diet (T3) was evaluated the best, with higher overall acceptability of meat at higher content of fermented grape in goat feeds.

Studies on the Drying Methods of Gangjung Pellets (강정 반데기 건조방법에 관한 연구)

  • 이승아;김창순;김혁일
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.47-56
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a drying method of Gangjung. a traditional Korean snack, thus to reduce the drying time and to improve the quality of Gangjung. Two drying methods, hot air drying and far infrared ray drying were used by changing conditions such as air velocity(0.4, 1.2, 1.6 m/s), temperature(40, 50, 60$\^{C}$), and aging. Optimal moisture content of dried Gangjung pellet was 17% which was proper for frying. Cracks appeared on the surface of Gangjung pellet at lower levels of moisture content. Far infrared ray drying saved drying time about 20%. Both hot air drying and far infrared ray drying at 0.4 m/s of air velocity tended to show better quality of Gangjung than those dried at higher air velocities. The expansion volume and texture of Gangjung drying at 40$\^{C}$ was better than other temperature conditions, regardless of drying methods. Quality of Gangjung, dried at single stage without aging, was superior to those dried at double stage including aging process. Moreover, single stage drying save the drying time at least 24 hr. Gangjung dried at high temperature became hard and less brittle in sensory evaluation. In image analysis, air cell distribution in inner structure of Gangjung became uniform and fine as drying temperature decreased to 40$\^{C}$. Overall, Gangjung made of Gangjung pellet by the use of far infrared ray drying at 40$\^{C}$ without aging, showed the best quality in terms of physical and sensory properties.

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Effect of Processing Conditions on the Physical and Sensory Characteristics of Pork Cutlets (가공조건이 Pork Cutlet의 물리적 및 관능적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim Il-Suk;Min Joong-Seok;Lee Sang-Ok;Jang Aera;Kim Dong-Hoon;Jin Sang-Kuen;Lee Mooha
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.319-325
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    • 2004
  • The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of processing conditions on the physical and sensory properties of pork cutlet produced from chilled pork loin (T1), the cured and massaged chilled pork loin (T2), the cured and massaged frozen pork loin (T3), frozen pork loin (T4), massaged frozen pork loin (T5). Water holding capacity (WHC) of pork cutlets were not significantly different among the treatments. In chilled pork loin, WHC of T2 were slightly higher than that of T1. T4 showed the lowest WHC among all treatment group. In meat color, CIE L$\^$*/, a$\^$*/. b$\^$*/ values in chilled pork loin were not significantly different between T1 and T2. L$\^$*/ values of T3 and T5 were higher than that of T4. a$\^$*/ values were not significantly different among the all treatments. T3 produced through the curing and massaging treatment showed the highest tenderness in shear force (p< 0.001), while force value (kg/㎤) of T4 were the highest among all treatments. Separation ratio of wheat dough from pork cutlet was highest (p.<0.001) in T4. In triangle test, T1 : T3 combination was higher than that of other pairs. No differences in acceptability of sensory evaluation were observed among T1, T2, T3, and T5 groups, while the frozen pork showed the lowest (p<0.001) acceptability. In conclusion, pork cutlets from T4 with the curing and/or massaging process showed similar acceptance than those from chilled pork loins, and this treatments may contribute to promote the consumption of frozen pork loins.