• Title, Summary, Keyword: physical and sensory properties

Search Result 292, Processing Time 0.055 seconds

Optimization of Cookie Preparation by Addition of Polygonum multiflorum Radix Powder using Response Surface Methodology (반응표면분석법을 이용한 하수오 가루를 첨가한 쿠키의 제조조건 최적화)

  • Yu, Hyeon Hee;Oh, Jong Chul
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.27 no.4
    • /
    • pp.539-550
    • /
    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal mixing ratios of three different ingredients of Polygonum multiflorum Radix powder, butter, and sugar for the development of recipe for cookies with Polygonum multiflorum Radix powder. Response surface methodology based on a five level and three variables by central composite design was employed to obtain the best possible combination for the ratios of Polygonum multiflorum Radix powder ($X_1$), butter ($X_2$), and sugar ($X_3$). The analytical results of the physical and mechanical properties for each sample including color L (P<0.01), color a (P<0.01), color b (P<0.01), spread ratio (P<0.001), and hardness (P<0.001) showed significant differences. The sensory measurements were significantly different in color (P<0.05), appearance (P<0.05), texture (P<0.001), flavor (P<0.01), taste (P<0.01), and overall quality (P<0.001). The optimal compositional ratios were determined to be 4.00 g for the Polygonum multiflorum Radix powder, 75.42 g for the butter, and 45.67 g for the sugar.

Quality Characteristics of Jeungpyun Prepared by Rice Sourdough (Rice Sourdough를 첨가한 증편의 품질특성)

  • Oh, Chul-Hwan;Oh, Nam-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.38 no.9
    • /
    • pp.1215-1221
    • /
    • 2009
  • The purpose of this work was to improve the quality of Jeungpyun made with rice sourdough, which was prepared using a mixed culture of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S. cerevisiae) and Leuconostoc mesenteroides (L. mesenteroides) strains, and to also develop a new process for Jeungpyun preparation using the rice sourdough. The Jeungpyun was manufactured through proofing for 3 hr at $30^{\circ}C$ and steaming steps after mixing the ingredients, including pre-fermented rice sourdough, rice powder and water. After proofing, the expansion ratio of the Jeungpyun dough ranged from 109 to 135% and the pH was decreased to pH 3.80$\sim$4.09. The volumes of the Jeungpyun samples prepared with rice sourdough were 18$\sim$45% greater than that of the control. In particular, the Jeungpyun made with rice sourdough containing 10% brown rice (CM-10) had a significantly greater volume (266 mL). Also the rice sourdough Jeungpyun samples had well developed dense porous structures compared to the control. According to sensory evaluations, the sample prepared with rice sourdough containing 10% brown rice was preferred. Finally, the physical quality (texture properties) and microbiological shelf-life of the Jeungpyun was improved by using the rice sourdough.

Optimization of the Preparation of Domestics Wheat Cookies by Addition of Red Radish (Raphanus sativus L.) Sprout Powder (어린잎 적양무가루를 첨가한 우리밀 쿠키의 제조조건 최적화)

  • Cheon, Chun Jin;Kim, Young-Ho;Oh, Jong Chul;Kim, Jin Kon;Yu, Hyeon Hee
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.45 no.4
    • /
    • pp.441-450
    • /
    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was optimization of the conditions for mixing different amounts of red radish (Raphanus sativus L.) sprout powder, butter, and sugar when baking domestic wheat cookies prepared using red radish sprout powder. Response surface methodology, with a central composite design comprising 5 levels and 3 variables, was used to identify the best possible combination of amounts of red radish sprout powder ($X_1$), butter ($X_2$), and sugar ($X_3$). The physical and mechanical properties of each of the 20 samples analyzed, including color L (p<0.001), color a (p<0.01), color b (p<0.001), spread ratio (p<0.001), and hardness (p<0.01), differed significantly. The results of sensory evaluations, including color (p<0.001), appearance (p<0.001), texture (p<0.001), flavor (p<0.01), taste (p<0.001), and overall quality (p<0.001) also differed significantly among the samples. The optimal compositional ratios were 5.15 g for the red radish sprout powder, 64.84 g for the butter, and 47.18 g for the sugar.

Effects of Ethylene Oxide Fumigation and Gamma Irradiation on the Quality of Dried Agricultural Products (Ethylene Oxide 처리와 Gamma가 조사가 건조 농산물의 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • 조한옥;권중호;변명우;양재승;김영재
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
    • /
    • v.1 no.2
    • /
    • pp.133-141
    • /
    • 1986
  • Gamma irradiation as a new physical treatment was applied to comparative researches with a conventional chemical fumigant on the microbiologicai and physicochemical qualities of selected agricultural products such as powdered hot pepper soybean paste,. oyste.mushroom powder, carrot flake, and raw sesame. The microorganisms contaminated in the sample, including total bacteria, thermophiles, acid tolerant bacteria, fungi, osmophilic molds and coliforms were sterilized with irradiation doses of 7-10 kGy, while ethylene oxide (E.O) fumigation proved insufficient for the destruction of them. An optimum dose of irradiation was less detrimental than E.O. fumigation to the physicochemical properties of the sample. Sensory evaluation after three months of storage at room temperatures showed that the overall acceptability of irradiated sample was higher than that of the non treated control as well as E.O. fumigated samples.

  • PDF

Utilization of Obosan (Dietary Herbs) II. Muscle Quality of Olive Flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus Fed with Diet Containing Obosan (한방사료 첨가제인 어보산의 효과 II. 어보산 첨가사료로 사육한 넙치의 육질에 대한 연구)

  • 이경희;이영순;김종현;김동수
    • Journal of Aquaculture
    • /
    • v.11 no.3
    • /
    • pp.319-325
    • /
    • 1998
  • Quality evaluation of fish muscle was conducted in olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus fed with control or experimental diet containing 0.3% of Obosan (Sungam Co., Korea). Sensory panel members preferred the experimental fish were more preferable than those of control (P<0.01 or 0.05). The difference test was shown that the experimental fish muscle is more firm elastic and palatable than the control ones (P<0.01 or 0.05). The physical properties of meats from fish fed a diet containing Obosan improved qualities with compared to those of control meats. The total amount of free amino acids in muscles from control fish (31.7 mg/100mg), especially with the significant increase of glutamic acid, proline, glycine, alanine and methionine. In all nucleotides and their related compounds, ATP was the most abundant in muscles from fish fed a diet containing Obosan (about 1.9 fold compared to mean of control), however, IMP was more abundant in control muscles.

  • PDF

Preparation and Characteristics of Surimi Gel with Red-tanner Crab (Chionoecetes japonicus ) Paste (게 페이스트 첨가 연제품의 제조 및 특성)

  • Kim, Hye-Suk;Choi, Seung-Geal;Park, Chan-Ho;Han, Byung-Wook;Yang, Soo-Kyeong;Kang, Kyung-Tae;Oh, Hyeon-Seok;Heu, Min-Soo;Kim, Jin-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.34 no.7
    • /
    • pp.1103-1108
    • /
    • 2005
  • A new type of surimi gel was prepared by adding the crab paste to the original Alaska pollock surimi, and its characteristics were determined. With increased addition of crab paste to the surimi, moisture $(81.3\;to\;79.1\%)$ and protein content $(12.2\;to\;11.6\%)$ of surimi gels slightly decreased while ash content increased compared to commercial surimi gel. Color values of surimi gels were decreased in lightness (L value, 67.3 to 63.5) but increased in redness (a value, -3.5 to 7.14). Thus, crab paste-added surimi gel was a little darked reddish product. Maximum values of breaking force and deformation of $10\%$ added surimi gel were 568g and 13.1mm, respectively. Sensory scores on color and flavor increased according to the increasing of additional ratios, whereas texture scores was maximum at $10\%$ added surimi gel. From the results of physical properties and sensory evaluation, desirable additional ratio was $10\%$. Total amino acid content (11,435 mg/100g) of $10\%$ added surimi gel was approximately $5\%$ less than non-added surimi gel, and major amino acids were aspartic acids, glutamic acid, leucine and lysine. Exceptionally, cysteine content of $10\%$ added surimi gel was 2 times higher than control (surimi gel without crab paste). Calcium and phosphorus contents of $10\%$ crab paste-added surimi gel were 172:4mg/l00g and 234.6 mg/100g, respectively, and their ratio (1:1.4) was in the optimal range in the body absorbtion efficiency.

Cooking Quality of Fresh Pasta with Concentrated Korean Wheat Semolina (우리밀 Semolina 부분 대체에 의한 생면 파스타의 조리특성)

  • Kim, Yeon-Ju;Ju, Jong-Chan;Kim, Rae-Young;Kim, Won-Tae;Park, Jae-Hee;Chun, Soon-Sil
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.40 no.7
    • /
    • pp.1017-1024
    • /
    • 2011
  • Korean wheat semolina (FS: fine semolina) with similar characteristics to durum wheat semolina was substituted at rates of 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50% in pasta dough and the physical and cooking characteristics were investigated for making optimal pasta. Water absorption of the dough increased with the 10, 20, and 30% substitution ratio of FS. Development times were high with >30% substituted FS. This result positively influenced an increase in production and the preparation of the fresh noodle pasta. Furthermore, soft textured fresh noodles could be made due to the decrease in stability and increased weakness of the >30% substituted FS. The amylograph gelatinization characteristics of Korean wheat semolina exhibited an increase of gelatinization temperature and decrease of maximum viscosity when compared with durum wheat. The handling property of the dough showed more than 4 points in all sample groups. Weight and volume decreased and turbidity and cooking loss increased according to the increasing amount of substituted FS. However, samples with ${\leq}$ 30% FS substitution ratio had similar volumes and cooking losses when compared to the control. The L- and a-values increased and the b-value of color decreased as more FS was added. In a texture analysis, the hardness of the cooking noodles showed a low value with the >30% substituted FS. Springiness, gumminess, and chewiness exhibited a high value. In the results of a sensory evaluation, overall acceptability was high score with more than 7 points for the 30% added FS. The preferences for pasta colors were divided into white, which is similar to the Korean traditional noodle, and yellow, which is similar to durum wheat. Flavor and taste were not affected by substituting with FS. Low hardness and high chewiness was the most preferred noodle. These results suggest that >30% substituted FS was suitable for increasing quality and organoleptic qualities of Korean wheat pasta.

Physicochemical properties of dacquoise made with sugar or sugar replacements, tagatose, and erythritol (타가토스와 에리스리톨로 제조한 다쿠아즈의 물리화학적 특성 연구)

  • Lee, Na Ra;Kang, Suna;Kim, Ji Hyun;Kim, Ha Hyoung;Lee, Jung Ah;Park, Sunmin
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
    • /
    • v.60 no.1
    • /
    • pp.87-93
    • /
    • 2017
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the physicochemical characteristics and sensory evaluation of dacquoise made with sugar or sugar replacement (tagatose, erythritol). Sugar (S) was replaced with tagatose (T), and sugar powder was replaced with tagatose (TS), and erythritol (TE). S showed the highest sugar contents compared with TS and TE (p <0.05) but there were no significant differences with T. There were not significant differences in specific gravity and spread factor among the sweeteners. S and T tended to have higher loss factors than TS & TE. The more tagatose was increased, the more the redness value increased compared with S, and sucrose showed similar tendency for lightness (redness; TS > T > TE > S, lightness; S > T > TS > TE). TE showed good results for physical characteristics whereas T was better in the sensory test. The above results bear out that tagatose and erythritol both are suitable as alternative sweeteners for making dacquoise, but tagatose was better. Tagatose appeared to be a better replacement for sucrose in baking dacquoise, and dacquoise with 33% of the sugar replaced tagatose (T) could be suitable for use by diabetic and obese people. 95.1% tagatose (TS) maybe appropriate for diabetic patients. In conclusion, tagatose is a suitable sugar replacement for making dacquoise.

Preparation of Functional Healthy Drinks by Acanthopanax senticosus Extracts (가시오가피를 이용한 기능성 건강음료의 제조)

  • Sung, Mi-Sun;Jung, Hoe-Yune;Choi, Jun-Hyeok;Lee, Sung-Cheol;Choi, Bo-Hwa;Park, Sung Sun
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.24 no.9
    • /
    • pp.959-966
    • /
    • 2014
  • This study was carried out to develop a functional healthy drink using 60% ethanol of dried Acanthopanax senticosus stem extract (ASE). The preparation, physical activity, anti-oxidant activity, and sensory properties of ASE were investigated. The moisture, crude protein, crude lipid, and ash contents of dried ASE were $6.50{\pm}0.12%$, $5.89{\pm}0.16%$, $1.18{\pm}0.11%$, and $3.03{\pm}0.40%$ respectively. The 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity was $87.42{\pm}1.63%$ at 1/10 folds diluted ASE. In total, 40 male ICR mice were divided into five groups including the control (PBS), positive control (Red ginseng 200 mg/kg/day), and ASE-treated groups at doses of 35, 70, and 140 mg/kg/day for five weeks, respectively. ASE was administrated orally one time per day for five weeks before treadmill exercises, and normal and positive controls were fed PBS and red ginseng extract. In the treadmill test, ASE-treated mice (140 mg/kg/day) could run 1.4 times longer than the control mice. Healthy drinks were prepared with the addition of ASE at levels of 0.97% or 0.49% (A, B, and C type). Among the healthy drinks, the B type (ASE, 0.97%) was revealed to have the highest level of taste and overall acceptability through a sensory evaluation. The brix and pH of the ASE health drink (B type) were 14.9 and 4.51, respectively. These results indicated that the dried stem of Acanthopanax senticosus could be used as a functional material in the health drink industry.

Studies on the Drying Methods of Gangjung Pellets (강정 반데기 건조방법에 관한 연구)

  • 이승아;김창순;김혁일
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.16 no.1
    • /
    • pp.47-56
    • /
    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a drying method of Gangjung. a traditional Korean snack, thus to reduce the drying time and to improve the quality of Gangjung. Two drying methods, hot air drying and far infrared ray drying were used by changing conditions such as air velocity(0.4, 1.2, 1.6 m/s), temperature(40, 50, 60$\^{C}$), and aging. Optimal moisture content of dried Gangjung pellet was 17% which was proper for frying. Cracks appeared on the surface of Gangjung pellet at lower levels of moisture content. Far infrared ray drying saved drying time about 20%. Both hot air drying and far infrared ray drying at 0.4 m/s of air velocity tended to show better quality of Gangjung than those dried at higher air velocities. The expansion volume and texture of Gangjung drying at 40$\^{C}$ was better than other temperature conditions, regardless of drying methods. Quality of Gangjung, dried at single stage without aging, was superior to those dried at double stage including aging process. Moreover, single stage drying save the drying time at least 24 hr. Gangjung dried at high temperature became hard and less brittle in sensory evaluation. In image analysis, air cell distribution in inner structure of Gangjung became uniform and fine as drying temperature decreased to 40$\^{C}$. Overall, Gangjung made of Gangjung pellet by the use of far infrared ray drying at 40$\^{C}$ without aging, showed the best quality in terms of physical and sensory properties.

  • PDF