• Title/Summary/Keyword: physical and sensory properties

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Physical and Sensory Properties of Ice Cream Containing Fermented Pepper Powder

  • Yeon, Su-Jung;Kim, Ji-Han;Hong, Go-Eun;Park, Woojoon;Kim, Soo-Ki;Seo, Han-Geuk;Lee, Chi-Ho
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.38-43
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to investigate the physical and sensory properties of ice cream containing fermented pepper powder. Three ice cream formulas were manufactured: 1, control; 2, supplemented with 0.1% fermented pepper powder; and 3, supplemented with 0.2% fermented pepper powder. Formulas 2 and 3 had significantly higher viscosity and lower overrun than formula 1 (p<0.05). Additionally, ice creams supplemented with fermented pepper powder were harder and maintained their forms longer than the controls. 0.2% fermented pepper powder added ice cream had no pungency as much as that of control and overall sensory attribute was not significantly different from control. Therefore, ice cream containing fermented pepper powder maintained physical and sensory properties similar to the controls, and maintenance was better. It means fermented pepper powder ice cream can be utilized as the material of functional food (dessert).

The Effects of Microencapsulated Chitooligosaccharide on Physical and Sensory Properties of the Milk

  • Choi, H.J.;Ahn, J.;Kim, N.C.;Kwak, H.S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.1347-1353
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    • 2006
  • Effects of microencapsulated chitooligosaccharide addition in milk were evaluated by determination of the efficiency of microencapsulation, cholesterol removal, color, viscosity and sensory properties. Coating material was polyglycerol monostearate (PGMS) and the efficiency of microencapsulation was 88.08% at a 10:1 ratio of coating to core materials (w/w). When 0.5% of microencapsulated chitooligosaccharide was added into milk, the color values (L, a, and b) and viscosity were significantly different from those of noncapsulated chitooligosaccharide-added groups (p<0.05). The release of chitooligosaccharide from microcapsules was 7.6% in milk at $4^{\circ}C$ for 15-day storage. In both 0.5 and 1.5% microencapsulation addition, the scores of all sensory characteristics except for off-flavor were significantly different between encapsulated chitooligosaccharide and noncapsulated chitooligosaccharide-added groups during all periods of storage. The present study indicated that chitooligosaccharide microcapsules could be applicable into commercial milk with little adverse effects on physical and sensory properties.

Studies on Physical and Sensory Properties of Premium Vanilla Ice Cream Distributed in Korean Market

  • Choi, Mi-Jung;Shin, Kwang-Soon
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.757-762
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    • 2014
  • The object of this study was to investigate the difference in physical and sensory properties of various premium ice creams. The physical properties of the various ice creams were compared by manufacturing brand. The water contents of the samples differed, with BR having the highest value at 60.5%, followed by NT and CS at 57.8% and 56.9%, respectively. The higher the water content, the lower Brix and milk fat contents in all samples. The density of the samples showed almost similar values in all samples (p>0.05). The viscosity of each ice cream had no effect on the water content in any of the brands. Before melting of the ice cream, the total color difference was dependent on the lightness, especially in the vanilla ice cream, owing to the reflection of light on the surface of the ice crystals. The CS product melted the fastest. In the sensory test, CS obtained a significantly higher sweetness intensity score but a lower score for color intensity, probably due to the smaller difference in total color, by which consumers might consider the color of CS as less intense. From this study, the cold chain system for ice cream distribution might be important to decide the physical properties although the concentration of milk fat is key factor in premium ice cream.

Physical and Sensory Properties of Low Fat Sausage Amended with Hydrated Oatmeal and Various Meats

  • Yang, Han-Sul;Kim, Gap-Don;Choi, Sung-Gil;Joo, Seon-Tea
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.365-372
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    • 2010
  • Low-fat sausages were prepared with various meats to investigate the effect of the addition of oatmeal at 10% as a fat substitute. The sausages were made with beef, pork and chicken after trimming the visible fat, and the physical and sensory properties of the sausages were evaluated. Beef sausage had the lowest cooking yield and the highest hardness, while chicken sausage showed the opposite properties. The addition of oatmeal resulted in sausage products with less cooking loss and softer texture for all types of meat sausages. Such changes were more pronounced for beef low-fat sausage than for the other types of sausages. The results of moisture absorption suggested that the difference in cooking yield and hardness among sausage products was due to the water-retention properties of different meats and the substitute in response to heat treatment. Sensory evaluation indicated that the greatest overall acceptability of the sausage products were obtained from 10% oatmeal-added pork sausage and that the addition of oatmeal led to better acceptability for all types meat sausages.

Enzyme-Resistant Starch Content, Physical and Sensory Properties of Tarakjuk (Milk-Rice Porridge) with Different Amylose Content (아밀로즈 함량별 타락죽의 효소저항전분 함량, 물리적 및 관능적 특성)

  • Lee, Gui-Chu;Kim, Jung-Eun;Kim, Yoon-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.171-178
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    • 2006
  • Tarakjuk with different amylose content was made up using roasted rice flours that consisted of the highest enzyme-resistant starch (RS), while differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was also utilized to measure the gelatinization temperature of these roasted rice flours in order to establish cooking temperature of tarakjuk. The following qualities of tarakjuk with different amylose content were studied: color, viscosity, spreadability, starch fractions involving total starch (TS), rapidly digestible starch (RDS), slowly digestible starch (SDS) and RS, in vitro starch digestibility (IVSD) and sensory properties. During experimentation, it was found that as the amylose content of the rice flour decreased, the L value of tarakjuk decreased, whereas a value increased significantly (p<0.05). Also, while viscosity showed to increase significantly (p<0.05), on the opposite end, the property of spreadability decreased. TS ranged from $15.95{\sim}17.31%$, RDS $9.36{\sim}10.16%$, SDS $5.46{\sim}6.91%$ and RS $0.33{\sim}1.07%$, on a dry basis. Although the amylose content of rice flours decreased, IVSD increased, however showing no significant difference. When testing the sensory properties of tarakjuk, color and viscosity increased, whereas clumpiness decreased. Ilpum tarakjuk showed the highest score for nutty taste and overall acceptance levels. In fact a high correlation was shown between nutty taste and overall acceptance level (p<0.01), which leads one to believe that nutty taste is a prime factor that greatly influences overall acceptance. Furthermore, viscosity was positively correlated with both a and b values, however negatively correlated with L value (p<0.05). Moreover, roasted nutty taste and overall acceptance were positively correlated with a value (p<0.05), respectively. In conclusion, the above results suggest that tarakjuk could be made by choosing the appropriate rice flour based on the nutritional or sensory purpose.

Physical and Sensory Properties of Rice Gruels and Cakes Containing Different Levels of Ginkgo Nut Powder (은행 분말을 첨가한 죽 및 떡의 물리적 및 관능적 특성)

  • Kim, Jung-Mi;Suh, Dong-Soon;Kim, Young-Suk;Kim, Kwang-Ok
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.410-415
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    • 2004
  • Effects of ginkgo nut powder content on physical and sensory properties, and consumer acceptability of ginkgo nut gruel and cake were examined. In ginkgo nut gruel, greenness and consistency decreased, and sensory color intensity and ginkgo nut flavor increased with increasing ginkgo nut powder content. Consumer acceptability test indicated ginkgo nut powder : rice flour ratio at 4 : 6 had the highest overall and flavor acceptabilities. In ginkgo nut rice cakes, as ginkgo nut powder content increased, greenness, adhesiveness, sensory hardness, and cohesiveness of mass decreased, while sensory color intensity, ginkgo nut flavor, and chalkiness increased. Ginkgo nut cake with ginkgo nut powder : rice flour ratio at 16 : 84 had highest overall acceptability.

The Physicochemical and Sensory Characteristics of Jook Containing Different Levels of Skate(Raja kenojei) Flour (홍어 분말을 첨가한 죽의 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Kyung-Hee;Cho, Hee-Sook
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.207-213
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    • 2008
  • This study examined the effects of added amounts of skate (Raja kenojei) flour on the physical and sensory properties, and consumer acceptability of Jook. As the level of skate flour increased the L-values and b-values decreased, and a-values increased. The Jook also had higher viscosity and lower spread ability values as the amount of skate flour increased. Sensory characteristics, such as color intensity, viscosity, nutty taste, and off-flavor increased significantly with the addition of skate flour. A consumer acceptability test indicated that the 3% skate flour group had the highest overall acceptability, appearance, flavor, and texture. In conclusion, to enhance the quality of Jook, a 3% addition of skate flour would be the useful.

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Quality Characteristics of Jook Prepared with Lotus Root Powder (연근 분말을 첨가한 죽의 품질 특성)

  • Park, Bock-Hee;Cho, Hee-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.79-85
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    • 2009
  • This study examined the effects of added amounts of Lotus root powder on the physical and sensory properties, and consumer acceptability of Jook. As the level of Lotus root powder increased, L-value decreased and a and b values increased. The Jook also had higher viscosity and lower spreadability values as the amount of Lotus root powder increased. Sensory characteristics, such as color intensity, viscosity, nutty taste, and off-flavor increased significantly with the addition of Lotus root powder. A consumer acceptability test indicated that the 25% Lotus root powder group had the highest overall acceptability, appearance, flavor, and texture. In conclusion, to enhance the quality of Jook, a 25% addition of Lotus root powder would be the most beneficial.

Assessment of Quality Characteristics of the Shrimp Powder, Jook, for Elderly Foodservice Operation (노인급식에 적용하기 위한 새우 죽의 물리적, 관능적 품질특성 평가)

  • Cho, Hee-Sook;Kim, Kyung-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.419-425
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    • 2009
  • This study examined the effects of added amounts of shrimp powder on the physical and sensory properties of Jook for elderly foodservice operation. According to the amylograph data, the composite shrimp flour-wheat flour samples increased the gelatinization temperature, with increasing shrimp-flour content; moreover, initial viscosity at $95^{\circ}C$, viscosity at $95^{\circ}C$ after 15 minutes, and maximum viscosity were reduced. As the level of shrimp powder in samples increased, L-values decreased, and a-values and b-values increased. In addition, the Jook had higher viscosity and lower spreadability values as the amount of shrimp powder increased. Sensory characteristics, such as nutty taste, color, viscosity, and overall preference increased significantly with the addition of shrimp powder. In conclusion, to enhance the quality of Jook, a 3% addition of shrimp powder would be the most beneficial.