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Clinical Analysis of Open Heart Surgery - Review of 477 cases - (개심술 477예에 대한 임상적 고찰)

  • 이필수
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.24 no.8
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    • pp.741-750
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    • 1991
  • Between April, 1986 and July, 1991, 477 patients underwent open heart surgery with hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass. There were 242 patients [50.7%] of acyanotic congenital anomalies, 34 patients [7.1%] of cyanotic congenital anomalies, and 187 patients [39.2%] of acquired heart diseases, 8 patients [1.7%] of coronary artery diseases, and 6 patients [1.3%] of mixed anomalies. Among the 276 congenital cardiac anomalies, 147 patients [53.3%] were male and 129 patients [46.7%] were female, ranged in age from 2 years to 58 years. Among the 187 acquired heart diseases, 72 patients [38.5%] were male and 115 patients [61.5%] were female, ranged in age from 10 years to 68 years. The common congenital defect were VSD and ASD in acyanotic cardiac patients, and TOF in cyanotic cardiac patients. Among the 187 acquired heart diseases, 180 patients underwent operation for cardiac valvular diseases, 4 patients were resected left atrial myxoma, and 3 patients underwent operation for aortic regurgitation with ascending aortic aneurysm. The operative mortality rate was 1.2% in acyanotic cardiac patients, 11.8% in cyanotic cardiac patients, and 6.9% in acquired cardiac patients, with overall mortality rate 4.2%.

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Assessment of Malnutrition of Dialysis Patients and Comparison of Nutritional Parameters of CAPD and Hemodialysis Patients

  • Wi, Jin Woo;Kim, Nam-Ho
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.185-193
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    • 2017
  • Malnutrition is common and the major risk factor of mortality of end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. The aim of this study is to assess nutritional status of malnutrition patients on dialysis by various methods and compare nutritional parameters of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients with hemodialysis patients. 137 patients on dialysis from April 2009 to July 2013 were enrolled. Nutritional parameters of 66 CAPD and 71 hemodialysis patients were investigated by anthropometry, biochemical study, diet analysis and questionnaires. Malnutrition patients were selected by body mass index (BMI), serum albumin and pre-albumin based on International Society of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism (ISRNM) diagnostic criteria for protein-energy wasting and compared with non-malnutrition patients. In comparison of CAPD and hemodialysis patients, most anthropometric values showed no significant difference except total body water (TBW). TBW was lower in CAPD patients (P=0.024). Although serum albumin was slightly higher in hemodialysis patients (P=0.047), pre-albumin were significantly higher in CAPD patients (P=0.000). Serum blood urea nitrogen (BUN) was higher in hemodialysis patients (P=0.000). In diet analysis, Total calorie (P=0.000) and total cholesterol (P=0.012) intakes were higher in CAPD patients. Mean subjective global assessment (SGA) grade was higher in CAPD patients (P=0.003). Several nutritional parameters of CAPD patients were better than hemodialysis patients implying more intensive therapeutic approach may be needed for hemodialysis patients. We have to understand multiple factors contributing malnutrition of ESRD patients and individualized therapeutic approach is needed.

Clinical Experience of Open Heart Surgery - Review of 134 Cases - (개심술 134례의 임상적 고찰)

  • Lee, Jong-Tae;Yu, Byeong-Ha;Park, Do-Ung
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.641-648
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    • 1988
  • Between April 9, 1986 and September 2, 1987, 134 patients underwent open heart surgery with hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass and cold blood cardioplegia. There were 65 patients[48.5%] of acyanotic congenital cardiac anomalies, 19 patients[14.2%] of cyanotic congenital cardiac anomalies, and 50 patients[37.3%] of acquired heart diseases, which included 49 valvular diseases and 1 myxoma. In 84 congenital cardiac anomalies, 44 patients were male and 40 patients were female ranged in age from 2 years to 57 years. In 50 acquired heart diseases, 18 patients were male and 32 patients were female ranged in age from 10 years to 65 years. The common congenital defects operated were VSD in acyanotic cardiac patients, and Tetralogy of Fallot in cyanotic cardiac patients. Among 50 acquired heart diseases, 49 patient underwent operation for cardiac valvular lesions. 33 patients had mitral valve replacement and 7 patients had aortic valve replacement. 1 patient underwent aortic valvuloplasty and 8 patients had double valve replacement. The operative mortality rate was 3.1%[2 out of 65 patients] in acyanotic cardiac patients, 5.3%[1 out of 17 patients] in cyanotic cardiac patients, and 12.0%[6 out of 50 patients] in acquired cardiac patients, with overall mortality rate of 6.7%[9 out of 134 patients].

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Thymectomy in Patients with Myasthenia Gravis (흉선절제로 치료한 중증 근무력증)

  • 조광현
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.872-880
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    • 1985
  • Myasthenia gravis is a neuromuscular transmission disorder characterized by fatigue and weakness of voluntary muscles. Although the pathogenesis is known as reduction of available acetylcholine receptors at neuromuscular junctions by autoimmune attack, the thymic role in myasthenia gravis is still unclear and under investigation. But thymectomy in the management of myasthenia gravis has become increasingly important since the first successful operation with remission of symptoms in 1939 by Blalock. From January 1983 to June 1985, authors performed 17 thymectomies for patients with myasthenia gravis. Among them, 12 patients were free from thymoma [Croup A] and 5 were coupled with thymoma [Group B]. The results were as follows: 1] Sex distribution was 11 females and 6 males. Mean age of the patients was 32.2 year old. Sex and age distribution by the Group A and B are shown Table 1. 2] Clinical manifestations of ocular symptoms were seen in 5 patients [88.2%], extremity weakness in 13 patients, bulbar weakness in 12 patients and dyspnea in 6 patients. According to the Osserman`s classification, 5 patients were in group IIA, 6 in IIB and 6 in IIC. 3] Pre-operatively, all patients were positive response to the anti-cholinesterase test and 12 patients [92.3%] revealed positive findings in electromyography [EMC] which was done in 13 patients. 4] The postoperative complications were respiratory distress in 3 patients, myasthenic crisis in 2 patients and wound disruption in one patients. 5] Pathologic examination of the thymus showed hyperplasia in 10 patients [90%] and thymoma in 5 patients, of which 4 were mixed type with invasion to the adjacent tissues and one lymphocytic type without invasion. Normal thymus was noticed in only 2 patients. 6] In postoperative evaluations, among the 12 patients c free from thymoma [Group A], complete remission of symptoms was noticed in 3 patients and improvement in 7 patients. But among the 5 patients coupled with thymoma [Group B], only one patients showed improvement [Table 8]. Therefore, remission and clinical improvement were noticed in 11 patients [64.7%] of the all and complete remission was noticed in 3 patients [17.6%].

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A Clinical Study of Valve Repair of the Mitral Valvular Disease (승모판막 질환의 판막 재건술에 대한 임상연구)

  • 김민호
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.27 no.9
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    • pp.752-758
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    • 1994
  • From July 1983 to December 1992, 145 patients with mitral valvular disease underwent open heart surgery at Chonbuk National University Hospital. Of these patients, 89 patients[61.4%] required mitral valve replacement. 56 patients [38.6 %] had mitral valve repair. There were 32 women and 24 men and the mean age was 34.3 years[range 6 years to 62 years].There were 23 cases of pure mitral stenosis, 19 cases of mitral regurgitation and 14 cases of mixedmitral valvular disease. The mean duration of symptom was 4.53 years and mean mitral valvularorifice diameter[in cases of pure stenosis and mixed mitral valvular lesion] was 0.96 cm. According to the NYHA classification, the distribution of patients preoperatively was as follows; class IIa, 15 patients; class lib, 17 patients; class III, 22 patients; class IV, 2 patients. Four patients[7%] had an embolic history preoperatively. 24 patients[ 43 %] were in atrial fibrillation. In cases of pure mitral stenosis, the technique used included open mitral commissurotomy[21atients], open mitral commissurotomy with mitral annuloplasty[2 patients]. In mixed mitral valvular disease, open mitral commissurotomy[ll patients] and open mitral commissurotomy with mitral annuloplasty[l patient] were performed. In cases of mitral regurgitation, mitral annuloplasty[5 patients], mitral valvuloplasty[6 patients], mitral annuloplasty with valvuloplasty [3 patients] and ring annuloplasty [5 patients] were performed.There was one perioperative death related to acute renal failure and sepsis. One late death was occurred related to heart failure after 10 months postoperatively. One patient required reoperation due to restenosis and no embolic episode was occured. After operation, 34 patients were in NYHA functional class I, 20 patients were in class IIa.

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A study on stroke patient's characteristics and damage (뇌혈관 손상환자의 특성 및 장애에 대한 연구)

  • Choi, Young-Deog
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.785-794
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    • 1998
  • We have made a survey of 40 patients in the university hospitals and oriental medical centers in Seoul from Sep. 1, 1997 to Mar. 1, 1998. We sampled 25 of them and the result shows that there were 12 MCA damaged patients(48%), 5 SAH(20%), 5 ACA(20%), 2 PCA (8%), 1 PCOA(4%). The number of MCA patients were the most. 1. As the cause of each disease, 4 of the 12 MCA damaged patients(33.35%) have infarction and cerebral hemorrhage, 2 of 5 SAH patients(40%) have cerebral hemorrhage and head injury, 3 ACA damaged patients have cerebral hemorrhage. 11 of 25 brain bloodvessel damaged patients(44%) were hemorrhage patients. 2. Rt. hemiparesis was the main symptom of 6 of 12 MCA damaged patients(50%) and 3 of 5 SAH patients(60%), and the main symptom of 3 of 5 ACA patients(60%) was Lt. hemiparesis. The main symptom of 13 of 25 brain bloodvessel damaged patients(52%) was Lt. hemiparesis 11 of them(44%) Rt. hemiparesis, and 1 of them(8.3%) Quadriplegia. 3. Language was the most well preserved function. 12 MCA damaged patients could understand language. 4. Retraction of shoulder girdle, among VIE flexor synergy, was the most frequent element because 9 of 12 MCA damaged patients had it. Among VIE flexor synergy, 5 SAH patient's most frequent synergy was Elbow flexion because all of them had it. All of 5 ACA damaged patients have shoulder girdle elevation, shoulder joint, hyperextension, abduction, and external rotation among VIE flexor synergy. 5. 7 of 12 MCA damaged patients(58.3%) were stereognosis handicapped patients, 3 of 5 SAH patients(60%) have handicap of position sense, light touch, and temperature, 3 of 5 ACA patients(60%) have position handicap. 13 of brain bloodvessel damaged patients(52%) have light touch handicap. 6. 8 of MCA damaged patients(66.7%) have facial palsy, 4 of SAH damaged patients(80%) have memory and action decline, and 3 of ACA damaged patients(60%) have action decline and facial palsy. The problem of Hemiplegia is very extensive from muscle weakness, atrophy, or deformation to psychical problems. Therefore physical therapists should have sufficient interest in psychological handicap as well as physical handicap as they deal with adult hemiplegia.

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Sinusitis and Adenoid size is related to Snoring in children (코골이를 주소로 내원한 환자의 부비동염과 아데노이드 비후와의 관계)

  • Lee, Hai-Ja
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.17-27
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    • 2003
  • Background: Snoring in children, is associated Kith adenotonsillar hypertrophy and sinusitis which contribute to upper airway obstruction, so we studied the sinusitis and adenoid size of snoring children with plain radiography Materials and method: Fifty patients having snoring, nasal obstruction in our hospital between November 2001 and November 2002 were studied using plain radiology PNS(water's view) and Neck lateral view(adenoid size with A/N ratio) Results: 1. In oriental medicine, Hu-Bi means laryngopharyngeal edema and obstruction, laryngopharyngeal disease are due to Hwa-Yeoul( fire and hot), sinus disease are due to Fung-Han(wind and cold) and Fung-Yeoul(wind and hot). 2. Age ranged from 2 to 17 year-old ( mean age: 6 years), 5-7 year-old were 18 patients (36%). Age of on set, 25 patients were 1-4 year-old (50%). 3. Of the 50 snoring patients, 37 patients were sinusitis(74%), 20 patients had enlarged adenoid(40%). Of the 20 large adenoid patients, 19 patients were sinusitis(95%). 4. Of the 50 snoring patients, size of tonsil were flowed. Fifteen were severe(3+), 17 patients were moderate(2+) and 15 patients were mild(1+). Of the 20 enlarged adenoid patients, size of tonsil flowed. Five were severe(3+), 11 patients were moderate(2+) and 4 patients were mild(1+). Conclusion : Of the 50 Snoring patients, 37 patients showed sinusitis(74%), 32 patients showed large tonsil(64%), 20 patients showed large adenoid(40%).

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Surgical Management of Metastatic Lung Cancer from Gestational Chorocarcinoma (임신성 융모상피암의 전이성 폐암에 대한 외과적 고찰)

  • 정진용
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.24 no.10
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    • pp.1005-1011
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    • 1991
  • Eighty-four patients with pulmonary metastases from gestational choriocarcinoma were treated at the Catholic Medical Center between August, 1985 and August, 1991. Among these 13 patients underwent thoracotomy with resection of pulmonary lesions and the results obtained were follows. 1] The ages of the patients ranged from 26 to 47 years, with a mean age of 31 years. 2] The frequency of chemotherapy before operation ranged from zero to 46, with a mean frequency of 13.6. 3] Four patients were operated upon for a solitary metastasis of the lung; 6 patients, for unilateral multiple metastases and 3 patients, for bilateral pulmonary metastases. 4] Eight patients underwent wedge resection; 1 patient, segmentectomy; 2 patients, lobectomy; 3 patients, open lung biopsy. The lung lesions of eleven patients showed hemorrhagic necrosis[among these, 2 patients combined with pulmonary tuberculosis]; one was non-necrotic choriocarcinoma; another one was metastatic lung carcinoma from endocrine cancer of unknown origin. 5] Among twelve patients who had managed with chemotherapy before thoracotomy three patients were in remission; among 13 patients who had undergone thoracotomy 6 patients were in remission. 6] The median survival time of these patients was 25.8 months with 3 postoperative deaths. Subsequently, in the patients with pulmonary metastases from choriocarcinoma, if the primary tumor is under control, there are no other metastases, and the patients should be able to tolerate the planned operation, it is necessary to undergo aggressive thoracotomy for diagnostic purposes; for therapeutic purposes only when the pulmonary lesion is the only remaining source of increased hCG excretion; for reduction of tumor volume to shorten hospitalization or to reduce the quantity of drugs.

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Impact of Age on Clinicopathological Features and Survival of Patients with Noncardia Gastric Adenocarcinoma

  • Bautista, Marita C.;Jiang, Sheng-Fang;Armstrong, Mary Anne;Postlethwaite, Debbie;Li, Dan
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.238-245
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: Gastric cancer often occurs in the elderly but is uncommon in young individuals. Whether young patients have different clinical behaviors and outcomes from those of older patients remain unclear. Materials and Methods: We identified 1,366 cases of newly diagnosed noncardia gastric adenocarcinoma from the Kaiser Permanente Northern California Cancer Registry between 2000 and 2010. We then compared the clinicopathological features and survival among the different age groups. Results: The male : female ratio differed significantly between the younger and older patient groups (0.84 in age <50 years vs. 1.52>60 years, P<0.01). More younger patients were Hispanic (54% patients <40 years vs. 19% patients ${\geq}70$ years, P<0.0001), while more older patients were Caucasian (49% patients ${\geq}70$ years vs. 15% patients <40 years; P<0.0001). The diffuse/mixed histological type was more prevalent in younger patients (70% patients <40 years vs. 27% patients ${\geq}70$ years; P<0.0001), whereas the intestinal type was more frequent in older patients (71% in patients ${\geq}70$ years vs. 30% in patients <40 years; P<0.0001). Poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma was more common in the younger patients (80% in patients <40 years vs. 60% in patients ${\geq}70$ years; P=0.016). Survival rates at 1, 2, and 5 years gradually declined with increasing age (overall P=0.0002). Conclusions: Young patients with gastric cancer had more aggressive disease but higher overall survival rates than older patients. Younger Hispanic patients and older Caucasian patients were more likely to be diagnosed with gastric cancer. These differences may be due to biological predisposition and/or environmental exposure.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Each Type of Herniated Cervical Intervertebral Disc (경추 추간판 탈출증의 유형별 자기공명영상 소견)

  • Kim, Ham-Gyum
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.21-26
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    • 2000
  • The classification of herniated intervertebral cervical disc types are clinically important, as treatment methods would be slightly different according to the specific type of the herniated disc. 423 patients who suffered from herniated intervertebral cervical discs were tested with Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), to distinguish the type of the herniated discs. The followings are the results ; 1) The age of the patients tested ranged from 16 to 75 years old and the mean age of the patients was 41.4 years of age. 2) There were twice as many male patients, with a ratio of 288 : 135 men to women. 3) 101 patients suffered from single herniated discs, while 322 patients suffered from multi-herniated discs. 4) Of single herniated disc injuries, 52 patients had protruded discs (52%), while 25 patients had extruded discs (25%). 21 Patients (21%) had herniated intervertebral discs between $C_4{\sim}C_5$, and 51 patients (50%), and had the same injury between $C_5$ and $C_6$. 5) Of multi-herniated disc injuries, 140 patients had protruded discs(44%). while 45 patients had extruded discs (14%). 54 patients had both protruded and extruded discs(17%). 36 patients(11%), herniated discs $C_3{\sim}C_6$ ; 69 patients (21%), herniated discs $C_3{\sim}C_7$ ; 47 patients(15%) herniated discs $C_4{\sim}C_6$ and 67 patients(20%) herniated discs $C_5{\sim}C_7$.

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