• Title/Summary/Keyword: parent-adolescent communication

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The Effects of Parent-Child Relationship and Marital Conflict Perceived by Adolescents on Peer Victimization (청소년이 지각한 부모-자녀 관계 및 부부갈등이 청소년의 또래에 의한 괴롭힘에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Jung-Eun;Jang, Young-Ae
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.373-386
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of parent-adolescent relationship and marital conflict perceived by adolescents on peer victimization. The subjects were 353 middle school students selected from two middle schools in the Incheon area. The instruments of research included the peer victimization index, the parenting behavior index, the parent-adolescent communication index, and the marital conflict inventory. The statistics used for this data were t-test, ANOVA, correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. This study showed that middle school student's peer victimization was influenced significantly by the gender. Correlation analysis indicated that parenting behavior and peer victimization were significantly correlated. That is, oppressive, over protective and/or permissive attitudes of the parent were positively correlated with peer victimization. Intimacy and reasonable attitude were negatively correlated with middle school student's peer victimization. Also, parent-adolescent communication and peer victimization were significantly correlated. Especially, open communication was negatively correlated with peer victimization while problematic communication was positively correlated with peer victimization. Marital conflict perceived by adolescents was positively correlated with peer victimization. It was also found that gender, oppressive attitude, permissive attitude, open communication, and marital conflict were significant predictors of middle school student's peer victimization.

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Coping Strategies of Adolescents: Predictor Variables (청소년의 긴장에 대한 대처전략과 관련변인)

  • Chung, Moon Ja;Chung, Hyun Sook
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.3-19
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate adolescents' coping strategies to various stressors, and to examine factors that related to their coping strategies. The subjects of the study were 355 middle school and 398 high school students. Adolescents' coping strategy was examined with a revision of the Family Crisis Oriented Personal Scale (McCubbin, Olson, & Larson, 1982). Quality of life was measured by an 11-item scale selected from Quality of Life (Olson & Barnes, 1982) in the areas of family, friend, relationship with relatives, and health and community. Parent-adolescent communication was divided into two dimensions of open communication and problem communication, using Parent-Adolescent Communication(Barnes & Olson, 1982). A measure of the self-esteem of adolescents was obtained by using selected items from the Self-Esteem Inventory(Coopersmith, 1967) and Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965). Five types of coping strategies were found. These are "help from relatives/neighbors", "help from families", "self-help", "help from friends", and "help from religion". Hierarchical regression analyses were conducted to examine significant predictor variables for adolescents' coping strategies. Sex, age, quality of parent-adolescent communication, family cohesion and adaptability, religion, and self-esteem were found important in predicting the types of coping strategies by adolescents.

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The Relationship among the Parent-Adolescent Communication Styles, Self-Esteem, Depression and Career Decision-Making Styles Perceived by Middle School and High School Students (중고등학생이 지각한 부모-자녀 간의 의사소통유형, 자아존중감, 우울과 진로의사결정유형의 관계)

  • Seo, Yong Won;Lee, Jee Sook;Kim, Hyun Soon;Lim, Myung Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.12
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    • pp.173-184
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among the parent-adolescent communication styles, self-esteem, depression and career decision-making styles. The subjects were 399 middle school students and 366 high school students in four middle schools and two high schools in metropolitan and small towns for one month from July 1, 2017. Data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, correlation analysis. Multiple regression was used to see how parent-adolescent communication styles, self esteem, and depression affect the career decision-making style. As a result, first, open communication with mothers has a statistically significant effect on the rational career decision-making style and open communication with fathers has a statistically significant effect on the intuitive career decision-making style of adolescents. Second, self-esteem of adolescents showed a positive correlation with rational career decision-making style and negative correlation with dependent career decision-making style, and depression showed a positive correlation with dependent career decision-making style. The results may help to understand the relationship among the parent-adolescent communication styles, self-esteem, depression and career decision-making styles and be used for counseling intervention.

Relationship between Parent Communication Style and Stress Coping Styles in Adolescence: The Mediating Effects of Ego-Resiliency (부모-자녀간 의사소통 유형, 청소년 자아탄력성, 그리고 스트레스 대처방식 간의 관계: 청소년 자아탄력성의 매개효과 검증)

  • Lee, Hee-Sun;SunWoo, Hyun-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.49 no.6
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    • pp.109-122
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    • 2011
  • The major purpose of this research was to explore the mediating effects of ego-resiliency between parent communication style and stress coping styles in adolescence. The subjects who participated in this study included 247 high school students from Gyeong-gi province. They completed questionnaires on parent-adolescent communication, ego-resilience, and stress coping styles using the cognitive appraisal model by Lazarus & Folkman(1984). Data were analyzed by t-test, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression. It was found that parent-adolescence communication as well as ego-resilience had significant effects on stress coping styles. In particular, female teenagers showed evidence that ego-resilience had complete mediation over relationships between a parent's communication styles and their stress coping styles.

Factors Influencing Suicidal Ideation of College Students (대학생의 자살사고 영향 요인)

  • Lee, Sung-Hee;Jung, Hyun-Ok;Park, Kyung-Ran;You, Jun-Ok;Ha, Tae-Hi;Kim, Hee-Sook
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.190-201
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to explore the influence of academic institutional interest, open parent-adolescent communication, social (friend) support, and existential spiritual well-being on suicidal ideation of college students. Methods: The research design was descriptive survey research involving 285 college students in city G. Data was collected from May 18, 2011 to November 2, 2011 and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and hierarchical regression analysis. Results: The findings reveal that suicidal ideation of college students was low, i.e., average score was $9.2{\pm}3.65$ (possible range 5~25). This study determined that suicidal ideation is negatively correlated with interest on the part of the academic institution, open parent-adolescent communication, social support from friends, and existential spiritual well-being. The extent of existential spiritual well-being was a significant predictor of suicidal ideation, controlling for general characteristics variables (gender, number of close friends, first supporter) and institutional interest, open parent-adolescent communication, and social support. Existential spiritual well-being accounted for 50% of the explanation of suicidal ideation of college students. Conclusion: Based on the outcomes of this study, designing an intervention program that emphasizes existential spiritual well-being in order to decrease suicidal ideation of tertiary education students is strongly recommended.

The Effects of the Individual and Family Relational Variables Perceived by Adolescents on Adolescents' Problem Behaviors (청소년의 개인변인과 청소년이 지각한 가족변인이 문제행동에 미치는 영향)

  • 고정자
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.41 no.7
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    • pp.121-143
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to show general trends in the psychological environment of family and problem behaviors perceived by adolescents and examine possible changes in such trends in accordance with the individual variables of adolescent, and then find out the effect of these variables on adolescents' problem behavior. The subject were 1374 adolescents of middle school in Busan(male 698, female 676). The main results were as follows : (1) General trends in the degree of parental monitoring showed that girls had more high than boys, and in the degree of family discord, boys showed more high than girls. In the degree of openness of parent-adolescent communication perceived by adolescents showed that girls had more open communication with mother than boys. Such trends in problem behaviors indicated that adolescents had the attention problem most. According to gender, girls had more problems in withdrawal, somatic complain, anxiety/depression, thought problems, attention problems, destructivity/identity, internalizing problems, total behavior problems in comparison to boys. Boys did delinquent behaviors more than girls. (2) For boys, the monthly income of their family, family discord, and the mother-adolescent communication have a significant direct effect on internalizing problems, externalizing problems and total behavior problems. Besides mother's employment and the type of family have a significant indirect effect on behavior problem. For girls, mother's employment, parental monitoring, family discord, and father-adolescent communication have a significant direct effect on internalizing problems. Mother's employment, family discord, mother-adolescent communication have a significant indirect effect on externalizing problems and total behavior problems. Bisides mother's employment, grade, the type of family, dating have a significant indirect effect on behavior problem. (3) The variables to have a significant influence on the parental monitoring showed as the monthly income of their family, dating, mother's employment, the type of family, the family discord showed as mother's employment on the parent-adolescent communication showed as the type of family. (4) Family discord was the most powerful predicator of problem behaviors of middle school students.

Parent -Adolescent Communication Variables on Family Cohesion and Adaptability Focusing on The High School Students in Jeonnam (부모-청소년 자녀간의 의사소통과 가족의 응집성 및 적응성 -전남지역 고등학생을 중심으로-)

  • Jung Yeon-Ho;Ryoo Jom-Sook;Shin Hyo-Shik
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.145-158
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    • 2005
  • The purposes of this study are to find out the differences of parent-adolescent communication patterns, family cohesion and adaptability according to socio-demographic variables, to estimate the differences of family cohesion and adaptability according to parent-adolescent communication variables and to offer the basic data that are needed to improve desirable parent-adolescent communication, family cohesion and adaptability. Results of these analysis can be summarized as follows. 1. Open communication with father was showed significant difference according to adolescent's birth order. Close communication with father was showed significant difference according to adolescent's sex, adolescent's birth order and family type. Open communication with mother was showed significant difference according to adolescent's sex. Close communication with mother was showed significant difference according to adolescent's sex and birth order. 2. Family cohesion was significantly different adolescent's sex and income level. And family adaptability was significantly different adolescent's set adolescent's birth order and income level. 3. Family cohesion was influenced by open communication with father, open communication with mother, income level and adolescent's sex. And family adaptability was influenced by open communication with father, open communication with mother, close communication with father, income level and adolescent's sex.

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Effect of Parental-adolescent Communication on Academic Stress and Peer Relationship Perceived by High School Students (부모자녀 의사소통이 고등학생의 학업스트레스와 교우관계에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yu Jeong;Lee, Eun Mi
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.326-333
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of parent-adolescent communication on academic stress and peer relationship perceived by high school students. Method: A total of 154 students were recruited from a high school in C city. Data were collected by means of self-reported questionnaires from September 1 to 18, 2015 and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis with SPSS 20.0. Results: Positive correlations were found between father-adolescent communication and peer relationship(r=.35, p<.001), and between mother-adolescent communication and peer relationship(r=.22, p=.006). Negative correlations were found between father-adolescent communication and academic stress (r=-.23, p=.004), and between mother-adolescent communication and academic stress(r=-.17, p=.039). Conclusion: These results suggest that identifying the effects of father-adolescent communication and parent-adolescent communication programs on academic stress and peer relationship is required.

The Effects of Parent-Adolescent Intimacy, Parent-Adolescent Communication, and Empathy on Clinical Competency of Nursing Students (간호대학생의 부모자녀 친밀감, 부모자녀 의사소통, 공감능력이 임상수행능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jonggun;Cheon, Euiyoung;Yoo, Janghak
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.15-24
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    • 2018
  • Purpose : This study aimed to identify the effects parent-adolescent intimacy, parent-adolescent communication, and empathy on the clinical competency of nursing students. Method : Data were collected by 175 nursing students using a self-questionnaire from May 17 to 31, 2017. The data were analyzed with the SPSS 21.0 using an independent t-test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression. Result : There were significant positive correlations between clinical competency and the other variables. The strongest predictors of clinical competency were parent-adolescent intimacy (${\beta}=.33$) and academic record (${\beta}=.21$), and the model explained 11.3% (F=16.04, p<.001) of the variance. Conclusion : The findings indicated that further studies are needed to explore various factors influencing clinical competency and develop education programs for college nursing students.

The Relationship between Mother-Adolescent Communication and Adolescents' Alienation in Single Mother-Headed Family and Two-Parent family (여성 한부모 및 양부모 가정의 모-자녀 의사소통과 청소년 자녀의 심리적 소외감)

  • Min, Ha-Yeoung;Lee, Yoon-Joo;Kim, Kyong-Hwa
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.15-23
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship mother-adolescent communication and adolescents' alienation in both single mother-headed family and two-parent family. The subjects were 548 middle and high school students who were 82 single mother-headed family's adolescents and 466 two-parent family's adolescents in Keoungbok. The data were analyzed by factor analysis, t-test, standard multiple- and hierarchical multiple regression(using SPSS 12.1). Major findings were as follows: (1) The single mother-headed family's adolescents were perceived less positive mother-adolescent communication and higher alienation than two-parent family's adolescents. (2) The adolescents' alienation was associated with mother-adolescent communication in both single mother-headed and two-parent family. The less positive parent-adolescent communication, the higher adolescents' alienation. (3) The family structure(single mother-headed or two-parent) was a significant predictor of adolescents' alienation. But when the effect of mother-adolescent communication was controlled, the effect of the family structure became non-significant.