• Title/Summary/Keyword: parent-adolescent communication

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Development of the Structural Model of Adolescent's Risk Behavior (청소년의 위험행동 구조모형 구축)

  • Park, Hyun-Sook;Jung, Sun-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.364-373
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: In this study the fitness of a path model for the relationship among biological risk disposition, sociocultural risk factors, self-control, parent-adolescent communication, and risk behavior in adolescents was examined. Methods: The participants were 387 adolescents. The data were analyzed with the PASW 18.0 and AMOS 18.0 programs. Results: Sociocultural risk factors, self-control, and parent-adolescent communication showed a direct effect on risk behavior for adolescents, while biological risk disposition and sociocultural risk factor showed an indirect effect on risk behavior for adolescents. The modified path model of adolescents' risk behavior was showed a good fit with the model ($X^2$/df=2.37, GFI=.95, AGFI=.92, RMSEA=.06 [.05

The Effects of Parent-Adolescent Communication and Adolescent Optimism on Conflict-Coping Styles (부모-자녀간 의사소통과 남녀 청소년의 낙관성이 갈등대처방식에 미치는 영향)

  • Suh, Haein;Shin, Nana
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.65-82
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    • 2016
  • Objective: The main purpose of this study was to examine the direct and indirect effects of parent-adolescent communication (through adolescent optimism) on adolescent conflict-coping styles. Methods: A total of 337 high school students participated in this study. They completed questionnaires about communications with their parents and their own optimism and conflict-coping styles. Data were analyzed using t-tests, correlations, and SEM. Results: Neither father- nor mother-adolescent communication had direct effects on adolescent conflict-coping styles. However, mother-adolescent communication had an indirect effect on conflict-coping styles, mediated by adolescent optimism. Adolescents who had open communication with mothers displayed higher levels of optimism, which led to more positive conflict-coping styles. In addition, multigroup analyses revealed that there were significant gender differences in direct and indirect effects. For boys, mother-adolescent communication directly influenced adolescent conflict-coping styles; however, father-adolescent communication did not directly or indirectly affect adolescent conflict-coping styles. For girls, neither father- nor mother-adolescent communication had direct effects on conflict-coping styles; only optimism had a significant effect on conflict-coping styles. Conclusion: The findings from this study suggest that communication with mothers and fathers have different effects on adolescents' conflict-coping styles. These findings have implications for future research and practice by emphasizing the importance of parent-adolescent communication and optimism in designing conflict-coping programs for adolescents.

Study on Bullying, Social Support and Parent-adolescent Communication for Elementary School Students (초등학생의 따돌림 현상과 사회적지지, 부모-자녀간 의사소통과의 관계)

  • Cho, Kyung-Soon;Park, Sung-won
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.126-135
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: The purposes of this study are as follows: Identifying the types of bullying; describing the relationship among social support, parent-adolescent communication and bullying types; identifying factors influencing the bullying. Method: 374 subjects were 5-6th grade students of two elementary schools in Daejeon. We collected the data from June 10 to October 29, 2002. The data were analyzed by using the frequency, ANOVA, pearson's correlation and stepwise multiple regression in the SPSS. Result: The 7 % of the subjects were found as bullies and another 23.8 % as victims, while 25.9 % were found as bully-victim group. The number of the victims in peer-support got less than in the normal or bully group. In the correlation analysis, the score of bullies, victims and bully-victim group were reversely-correlated with the social support. The score of victims was reversely-correlated with the mother-adolescent communication. In regression analysis, the social support influenced significant effects on both the bullies and victims. Conclusion: Findings indicated that the health professionals need to identify social support and parent-adolescent communication according to bullying types. Therefore, adequate approaches for the three independent groups of bullying are necessary.

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The Effects of Parent-Adolescent Communication on Self-Concept and Problem Behavior (부모-자녀 의사소통이 청소년의 자아개념, 문제행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Moon, Young-Sook
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.405-414
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of parent- adolescent communication on self-concept and problem behavior of adolescents. Method: The participants in this study were 480 students from middle schools in Daejeon City. Data were collected from May 19 to 30, 2008 and analyzed using SPSS WIN 14.0 version. Result: The mean scores for communication with fathers and mothers were 2.98 and 3.35 respectively and for self-concept, 2.80. The highest reported percentage for problem behavior over the past year were going to the noraebang (Karoki) or videobang (PC Cafe) (78.6%). Significant differences were found for the influence of parent-adolescent communication on self-concept and problem behavior. Communication with fathers and with mothers was positive correlated (r=.365, p<.001). The difference in self-concept for communication with fathers was F=60.40, p<.001, and with mothers, F=51.74, p<.001 and for problem behavior, for communication with fathers, F=3.33, p<.05, and with mothers, F=10.05, p<.001. For self-concept and communication with fathers the correlation was r=.512, p<.001, with mothers, r=.453, p<.001 There was a negative correlation between self-concept and problem behavior(r=-.248, p<.001). Conclusion: This results suggest that practical parent-adolescent communication programs should be developed and applied to bolster communication of adolescents with their parents.

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The Moderated Effect of Parent-Adolescent Communication Style and School Life Satisfaction on the Relationship between Depression and Suicidal Ideation among Adolescents (청소년의 우울과 자살생각과의 관계에 대한 부모-자녀 의사소통방식과 학교생활만족도의 중재효과)

  • Kim, Hye-Won;Cho, Song-Yon
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.127-142
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    • 2011
  • The present study examined the effect of parent-adolescent communication style and school life satisfaction on the relationship between depression and suicidal ideation among adolescents. The participants were 1,099 middle school and high school students in Chungnam province. The instruments used were the 'Parent-Adolescent Communication Inventory', 'The Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale', 'Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire', and 'School Life Satisfaction Scale'. The collected data were analyzed by t test, F test, the Scheff$\'{e}$ test for a post hoc test, Pearson's productive correlation, hierachical multiple regression, and Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ for reliability by SPSS program(18.0 version). The results were as follows: First, there were significant differences in parent-adolescent open communication style, school life satisfaction, and suicidal ideation by school level, and in the relationship with the teacher in school life satisfaction by gender. Second, the more depressed they were, the more they had suicidal ideation by school level and gender. Also, the more they communicated openly with their parents and the more satisfied they were with their school life, the less depressed they were and the lower degree of suicidal ideation they had. Finally, there were significant effects of both parent-adolescent communication style and school life satisfaction on the relationship between depression and suicidal ideation among adolescents.

Relationships between Parent-Adolescent Communication and Family Cohesion and Adaptability: Korean Adolescents Resident in Korea and in America (한국 청소년과 재미교포 청소년이 지각한 부모 자녀간 의사 소통과 가족 응집성 및 적응성간의 관계)

  • Kil, Ae Jin;Yi, Soon Hyung
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.239-248
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between parent-adolescent communication, family cohesion and family adaptability perceived by Korean adolescents resident in Korea (K-K) and Korean adolescents resident in America (K-A). Subjects were selected from among middle and high school, undergraduate and graduate school students in Korea (N=555) and counterpart students in Los Angeles (N=296). The survey instruments were the Parent-Adolescent Communication Inventory (Barnes & Olson, 1982) and FACES III (Bell, Olson, & Partner, 1982). Major findings were that : (1) K-A adolescents engaged in open communication with their parents more than K-K adolescents. (2) K-A families communicated about their health and life styles more frequently than K-K families, while K-K families communicated about school problems and problems with friends more than K-A families. (3) In both groups, family cohesion was related to family adaptability. That is, when family cohesion was high, family adaptability was also high. (4) When communication styles were open, perceived family cohesion and adaptability was high.

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The Relation between Juvenile Deliquency and Parent-Adolescent Communication, Family Cohesion and Adaptability (청소년 비행 정도와 부모-자녀간 의사소통 가족의 응집 및 적응과의 관계)

  • Min, Ha Yeoung
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.112-124
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the relation between juvenile deliquency and parent-adolescent communication, the family cohesion and adaptability as variables of psychological environment of the family. The subjects were 143 juvenile deliquents in jail, aged 16 to 19, and 347 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th grade students who resided in low income areas in Seoul and Taegu. The research data were collected by structured questionnaire. 143 juvenile delinquents and 87 students whose degree of deliquency was more than M+(0.5*S.D) were selected as the final data source. The statistical methods were frequency percentile, pearson's correlation, one-way ANOVA. Scheffe'test and multiple regression analysis. The major findings showed that (1) juvenile deliquency was significantly related to father-closed communication type. (2) juvenile deliquency was significantly related to low family cohesion and adaptability, (3) the family cohesion and adaptability was positively correlated with parent-adolescent communication. Father-adolescent communication had more important effect upon the family cohesion and adaptability than mother-adolescent communication.

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Analysis of the Effect of Training Program for Parent-Adolescent Communication Applied to Home Economics Classes, and the Possibility to Implement the Program (가정과 수업에의 적용 가능성 탐색을 위한 부모자녀간 의사소통훈련 프로그램의 효과분석)

  • 박인순
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.109-120
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    • 1998
  • The Purpose of this research was to introduce communication training program for positive parent-adolescent relation into home economics education curriculum. The research applied the program named "Making the desirable world 2" which was revised by K.E.T.I(Korea Effectiveness Training Institute). This program was given two hours a week during 8 weeks. The subject of this study was 24 students, divided into two groups, the experimental and the control group. This research supposed that parent-adolescent communication and self-esteem in the experimental group would significantly increase by group training program. The results of this research are as follows. First, parent-adolescent communication in the experimental group was significantly increased by the group training program. Second, self-esteem in the experimental group was significantly increased by the group training program. For home economics education as a practical subject matter, promoting qualitative maturity of students' family life, this study aimed both at enhancing communication for positive relation of parent-adolescent by group training and implementing home economics education curriculum practically.

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The Effect of Parent-Adolescent Communication and Positive Psychological Capital on Psychological Well-being (부모-자녀 의사소통과 긍정심리자본이 청소년의 심리적 안녕감에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Ara
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.329-338
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    • 2021
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the influences of parent-adolescent communication, positive psychological capital on the psychological well-being of adolescents. The data were collected from 234 middle school students living in G city. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation analyses and hierarchical regression analyses. Results of the study are summarized as follows. Fisrt, parent-adolescent communication and positive psychological capital showed positive correlations with the adolescents' psychological well-being. Second, parent-adolescent communication and positive psychological capital effect on psychological well-being. Third, in terms of individual factors, resilience had the greatest effect on psychological well-being, followed by hope, open communication with a mother, open communication with a father, optimism, in that order. The result for the effects of parent-adolescent open communication and positive psychological capital on adolescent's psychological well-being highlights the important roles played by the parent-adolescent communication of environment variable, positive psychological capital of psychological variable in improving and adolescent's psychological well-being. This study contributes to the literature by proving fundamental insights into an adolescent's psychological well-being and happy life.

The Effects of Parent-Adolescent Communication and Depression on Suicide Ideation (부모-자녀 의사소통과 우울이 청소년 자살생각에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Hyun-A;Park, Young-Rye;Choi, Mi-Hye
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of parent-adolescent communication and depression on suicide ideation in the adolescent population. Method: The participants for this study were 391 students from two middle schools, one located in Seoul and one in Kyung-gi do Province. A self-report survey was used for data collection, which was carried out from February 8 to 14, 2006. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 11.0 Program. Results: The average score for father-adolescent communication was 61.70, and for mother-adolescent communication, 64.04. The average score for depression was 16.01, and for suicide ideation, 8.69. There was a statistically significant positive correlation between suicide ideation and depression. There was a statistically significant reverse correlation between suicide ideation and mother-adolescent communication, and between suicide ideation and father-adolescent communication. Mother-adolescent communication and depression account for 46.4% of variance in suicide ideation of adolescents. Conclusion: According to the results, programs designed to improve parent-adolescent communication and decrease depression should be developed and put into practice to decrease the rate of suicide ideation in adolescents in Korea.

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