• Title/Summary/Keyword: organizational effectiveness

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A Structural Relationship among Job Requirements, Job Resources and Job Burnout, and Organizational Effectiveness of Private Security Guards (민간경비원의 직무요구 직무자원과 소진, 조직유효성의 구조적 관계)

  • Kim, Sung-Cheol;Kim, Young-Hyun
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.48
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    • pp.9-33
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of the present study was to find out cause-and-effect relationship between job requirements and job resources, with job burnout as a mediator variable, and the effects of these variables on organizational effectiveness. The population in the present study was private security guards employed by 13 private security companies in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do areas, and a survey was conducted on 500 security guards selected using purposive sampling technique. Out of 460 questionnaires distributed, 429 responses, excluding 31 outliers or insincere responses, were used for data analysis. For analysis, data were coded and entered into SPSS 18.0 and AMOS 18.0, which were used to analyze the data. Descriptive analyses were performed to find out sociodemographic characteristics of the respondents. The exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were used to test the validity of the measurement tool, and the Cronbach's Alpha coefficients were calculated to test the reliability. To find out the significance of relationships among variables, Pearson's correlation analysis was performed. Covariance Structure Analysis (CSA) was performed to test the relationship among latent factors of a model for job requirements, job resources, job burnout, and organizational effectiveness of the private security guards, and the fitness of the model analyzed with CSA was determined by the goodness-of-fit index ($x^2$, df, p, RMR, GFI, CFI, TLI, RMSEA). The level of significance was set at .05, and the following results were obtained. First, even though the effect of job requirements on job burnout was not statistically significant, it had a positive influence overall, and this result can be considered such that the higher the perception of job requirements by the member of the organization, the higher the perception of job burnout. Second, the influence of job resources on job burnout was negative, which can be considered that the higher the perception of job resources, the lower the perception of job burnout. Third, even though the influence of job requirements on organizational effectiveness was statistically nonsignificant, it had a negative influence overall, and this result can be considered that the higher the perception of job requirements, the lower the perception of organizational effectiveness. Fourth, job resources had a positive influence on organizational effectiveness, and it can be considered that the higher the perception of job resources, the higher the perception of organizational effectiveness. Fifth, the results of the analysis between job burnout and organizational effectiveness revealed that, even though the influence of job burnout on organizational effectiveness was statistically nonsignificant, it had partial negative influences on sublevels of organizational effectiveness, and this may suggest that the higher the perception of job burnout by the organization members, the lower the organizational effectiveness. Sixth, the analysis of mediating role in the relationship between job requirements and organizational effectiveness, job burnout was taking partial mediating role between job requirements and organizational effectiveness. These results suggest that reducing job burnout by managing job requirements, organizational effectiveness that leads to job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and turnover intention can be maximized. Seventh, the analysis of mediating role in the relationship among job requirements, job resources, and organizational effectiveness, job burnout was assuming a partial mediating role in the relationships among job requirements, job resources, and organizational effectiveness. These results suggest that organizational effectiveness can be maximized by either lowering job requirements or burnout management through reorganizing job resources.

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A Study on the Influential Relationship of Job Stress in R&D Personnel on their Organizational Effectiveness -Focusing on IT Enterprises in Seoul- (연구개발 인력의 직무스트레스가 조직유효성에 미치는 관계성에 관한 연구 -서울시 IT벤처기업을 중심으로-)

  • Yoo, Peter;Yang, Hae-Sool
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.1695-1705
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    • 2007
  • This study is a research on the influential factor of R&D (Research and Development) personnel's job stress on their organizational effectiveness, and defined its purposes as the following in order to find out in detail what effect the R&D personnel's job stress has and what difference it makes with respect to the relation with their organizational effectiveness. As a result of testing the relation between organizational members' job stress and their organizational effectiveness through this empirical research, the following results were derived. First, job stress according to demographic characteristics has an important effect on organizational effectiveness. Second, it was revealed that job stress has a significant effect on organizational effectiveness according to organizational members' personal characteristics. Third, it was found that organizational members' job stress has a negative effect on organizational effectiveness. Finally, it was found that each variable such as role-conflict, role-ambiguity and career development has a negative effect on organizational effectiveness independently.

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The Effects of Professional Soldiers' Family Healthiness on Organizational Effectiveness - Mediated effect of empowerment and multi-group analysis according to whether they are living with their families or not - (직업군인의 가족건강성이 조직효과성에 미치는 영향 -임파워먼트 매개효과와 가족동거 여부별 다집단 분석-)

  • Kim, Jung-Eun;Chae, Hyun-Tak
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.146-152
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    • 2016
  • The purposes of this study were to investigate the effects of professional soldiers' family healthiness on the organizational effectiveness of the military and test for any differences in the structural modeling path caused by the mediating effects of empowerment depending on whether they lived with their families or not. Data were collected with a self-administered survey distributed to 480 professional soldiers after the approval of the Ministry of National Defense. The data collected were then analyzed using descriptive statistics, structural equation modeling, and multi-group analysis. The analysis results show that the family healthiness of all of the professional soldiers had direct or indirect effects on their organizational effectiveness via empowerment and that family healthiness was a variable with a very large explanatory power for organizational effectiveness. Both family healthiness and empowerment had effects on the organizational effectiveness of the solders that were living with their families and those who lived separately from their families. The levels of family healthiness, empowerment, and organizational effectiveness were all high among the professional soldiers that were living with their families and all low among those who were not. Increasing the family healthiness and empowerment was found to enhance the organizational effectiveness in all of the models, and a higher organizational effectiveness would be expected from professional soldiers living with their families. These findings led to a proposal that various plans should be prepared to help professional soldiers live with their families and provide them with family welfare support.

A Study on Teachers' Perception of Sociodemographic Functional Conflict, Hierarchical Conflict, and Organizational Effectiveness in Child Care Centers (보육교사가 지각한 사회인구학적 변인 및 기능적 갈등, 계층적 갈등이 어린이집 조직효과성에 미치는 영향)

  • Chung, Dawn;Kim, Jung Hee
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.209-227
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    • 2012
  • This study is about how functional conflict, hierarchical conflict in child-care centers and the sociology population of teachers influence organizational effectiveness. The questionnaire listed about the organizational conflict and the organizational effectiveness were used in this study. For the analysis of the questionnaire, frequency, percentage, reliability, and regression were used as statistical tools. In the results, the teacher's academic backgrounds, career, and marital status seem to have an influence on the organizational conflict. The hierarchical conflict in child-care centers has a more negative influence on organizational effectiveness than the functional conflict.

Effects of Decision Making Style and Working Conditions on Organizational Effectiveness : Focused on R&D Employee of Small Business (성격유형 중 의사결정유형과 근무환경이 조직유효성에 미치는 영향 : 중소기업 연구개발 인력을 중심으로)

  • Park, Jung-Oun;Chung, Young-Bae
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.63-73
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    • 2013
  • Nowadays, the human resources of an organization are very important in order to survive in competitive business environment. This study investigates the influence of four decision-making styles in Myer-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) and working conditions on organizational effectiveness. Job satisfaction and immersion have been regarded as key conceptions of organizational effectiveness. The result of this study has shown that organizational effectiveness are influenced by personality types and working conditions. Based on the result, an enterprise must provide working conditions which are conducive and suitable for all decision-making styles. For ST-type, the composition of good relationship with superiors, clear organization's visions and goals and rewarding compensation on original idea contribution need to be provided. On the other hand, autonomic authority and job assistance in co-worker are more suitable for NT-type. Finally, in the case of SF-type, the organization must give job assistance in co-worker.

The Relationship between Managerial Characteristics of the Nursing Organization and Organizational (간호조직의 관리적 특성과 조직 유효성의 관계)

  • Choi, Jung;Ha, Na-Sun;Park, Jeoung-Weon
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.625-639
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: The Purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between managerial characteristics of the nursing organization and organizational effectiveness. Method : The data were gathered from the self-reported questionnaires of 717 nurses who work for eight different general hospitals located around Seoul and Kyounggi province. The period of data collection was from December 12 to December 7, 2002. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, t-test, and ANOVA with SAS & SPSS Program were used. Result : 1) Managerial Characteristics of the Nursing Organization were positively related to all of the organizational effectiveness. Transactional leadership were negatively related to all of the organizational effectiveness. 2) 'Shared Value' and 'Communication' showed a significant difference except religion. 'Autonomy' showed a significant difference except religion, major field of practice. 'Job Motivation' showed a significant difference except marital status, religion. 'Transformational leadership' showed a significant difference except marital status, religion, major field of practice. 3) 'Job satisfaction' showed a significant difference except religion, major field of practice. 'Organizational commitment' and 'Organizational citizenship behavior' showed a significant difference except religion. Conclusion : From the above results, the highly perceived with managerial characteristics of the nursing organization is very implicative to enhance the organizational effectiveness.

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A Study on the Variables Affecting on the Organizational Effectiveness of Radiological Technologist (방사선사 조직의 조직유효성에 영향을 미치는 변수에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Sun-Hwa;Kim, Jung-Hoon;Park, Eun-Tae
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.231-238
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    • 2019
  • Medical institutions are abundant in human resources and have a unique structure with diverse professions and various organizational cultures coexist. This organizational culture influences organizational effectiveness and influences the effectiveness of the organization as a factor of leadership and organizational culture. Leadership is an important factor in linking employee behavior to organizational commitment to achieve job satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of organizational effectiveness on organizational culture, leadership perception, and job stress in a special organization called radiologist. As a result, organizational culture and transformational leadership showed high correlation with 0.627. Among the organizational effectiveness variables, organizational commitment showed the highest influence with transformational leadership(${\beta}=0.284$, p<0.001), and job satisfaction was also the highest with transformational leadership (${\beta}=0.440$, p<0.001). The results showed that the expectation of transformational leadership affects organizational commitment and job satisfaction. In order to expect a positive change in the effectiveness of the organization, the radiologist culture requires an organizational culture that can fully demonstrate autonomy and creativity, and transformational leadership is required for this.

The Relation between Organizational Effectiveness, Relationship and Organizational Culture of Financial Industry Employees in Korea and Moderating Effect of Job Characteristic1

  • KIM, Boine
    • East Asian Journal of Business Economics (EAJBE)
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.25-36
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    • 2020
  • Purpose - As the interest of financial aria increase in economic change and labor market change, this study focused on the employee of the financial aria in Korea. The purpose of this study is to analyses relation among relationship variable and organizational culture variable and organizational effectiveness of financial aria employees in Korea. Research design, data, and methodology - This study measured relationship variable with communication and trust. And measured organizational culture variable with innovation, relation, hierarchy and rational. And measured organizational effectiveness with job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Empirical analysis is conducted using 442 financial aria employees of 7th HCCP in KRIVET. And SPSS is used in frequency and stepwise regression test and AMOS is used in path analysis with group differentiation test. Results - Overall results show that trust and relation culture give positive influence on job satisfaction. Organizational commitment results show that relation culture and rational culture give positive influence and also job satisfaction. However, hierarchy culture gives negative influence on organizational commitment. Also, the moderating effect of work characteristics is significant. Conclusions -Result of this study give managerial implication to HRM and also expend inflected organizational culture study to financial aria in Korea. Especially gives insight to relationship, organizational culture and organizational effectiveness. And management differentiation needs between work characteristic.

The Effect of Burnout in Non-profit Organization Worker's on Organizational Effectiveness -A Focus on the Healthy Family Support Center and Multicultural Family Support Center (비영리기관 종사자의 소진이 조직효과성에 미치는 영향 - 건강가정지원센터와 다문화가족지원센터를 중심으로)

  • Seo, Jong Soo;Cho, Hee Keum
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.163-181
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    • 2015
  • This study focused on the Healthy Family Support Center and Multicultural Family Support Center, which supervise the main field of family resource management with institutional household factors. Our research objective was to present datas demonstrating an improvement in the organizational effectiveness of the Multicultural Family Support Center. The burn out average of employees working for the non-profit organization was 2.45, emotional burnout was 2.87, achievement was 2.43, and dehumanization was 2.06. The effectiveness average of the nonprofit organization was 3.56, profitability was 3.65, job satisfaction was 3.58, and organizational commitment was 3.45. The generic characters that caused burnout were age, information, and professionalism in research. The generic characters and burnout that affected the organizational effectiveness included a lack of accomplishment, and emotional exhaustion, and depersonalization, lack of information and professionalism, lack of external resources in that order. The purpose of this research was to determine the effects of burnout in order to prevent job changes and to provide basic data for the improvement of organizational effectiveness.

Strategic Management Accounting and Firm Performance: Evidence from Finance Businesses in Thailand

  • PHORNLAPHATRACHAKORN, Kornchai;NA-KALASINDHU, Khajit
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.7 no.8
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    • pp.309-321
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    • 2020
  • This study aims to examine the effects of strategic management accounting on firm performance of finance businesses in Thailand. Strategic management accounting comprises of environmental scanning, competitor orientation and forward-looking information. In this study, 175 finance businesses in Thailand are the samples of the study. A mail survey procedure was used for data collection. The hierarchical multiple regression analysis is employed to test the research relationships. Firstly, environmental scanning positively affects operational excellence, organizational effectiveness and firm performance. Secondly, competitor orientation is positively related to managerial efficiency and organizational effectiveness. Thirdly, forward-looking information has a positive influence on operational excellence, managerial efficiency, organizational effectiveness, and firm performance. In addition, operational excellence, managerial efficiency and organizational effectiveness have positive impact on firm performance. Finally, to verify the mediating effects, operational excellence, managerial efficiency and organizational effectiveness are the mediators of the research relationships. This study confirms that all dimensions of strategic management accounting play a significant role in determining business outcome as being congruent with the theory of resource-based views of the firms. Executives of firms need to provide valuable resources and capabilities to support the strategic management accounting implementation in order to achieve good business outcome in highly competitive environments.