• Title, Summary, Keyword: oolong tea

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Effects of Korean Green Tea, Oolong Tea and Black Tea Beverage on the Antioxidative Detoxification in Rat Poisoned with Cadmium (한국산 녹차, 우롱차 및 홍차가 카드뮴에 중독된 흰쥐 간조직의 항산화적 해독작용에 미치는 영향)

  • 윤연희
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.27 no.10
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    • pp.1007-1017
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    • 1994
  • In order to investigate the effect of Korean green tea, oolong tea and black tea beverage on the antioxidative detoxification in cadmium(Cd) poisoned rat liver, male Sprague-Dawley rat weighing 143$\pm$3.2g were divided into control and experimental groups. The experimental groups were fed standard diet containing 40ppm Cd and were given distilled water(CD), 5% black tea(BT), oolong tea(OT) and green tea(GT), respectively. Tea beverages were extracted from 5G dry leaves of teas in 100ml hot distilled water by the treatment at 85$^{\circ}C$ for 3 min. Liver xanthine oxidase(XOD) activity was increased by the administration of Cd except GT group. Liver superoxide dismutase(SOD), glutathione peroxidase(GSH-px), glutathione S-transferase(GST) activities were decreased by te administration of Cd but did not decreased by the administration of green tea(in GT group). Vitamin E and reduced glutathione contents were significantly decreased in Cd administered groups. Liver lipid peroxide value in Cd administered groups were increased compared to control group, but was not increased in GT group. Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase(GOT) activities in CD, OT, BT groups were higher than control, but that in GT group was similar to control group. Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase(GPT) activity was not significantly different among various groups. It was concluded that green tea might alleviate peroxidative damage in Cd-administered rat liver by reinforcing antioxidative detoxification system.

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Effect of Korean Green Tea, Oolong Tea and Black Tea Beverage on the Removal of Cadmium in Rat (한국산 녹차, 우롱차 및 홍차 음료의 Cadmium 제거작용에 관한 연구)

  • 김미지;이순재
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.784-791
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    • 1994
  • This study was to investigate the cadmium removal effect of Korean green tea, black tea and oolong tea beverage on Cd administered rat, tissues and their excretions. Male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 143±3.2g were divided into control and experimental groups. The control group were fed standard diet without cadmium . The experimental groups, which were fed standard diet containing 40 ppm Cd, were divided into 4 subgroups again , which were the groups given distilled water (CD group), 5% black tea (BT group), oolong tea (OT group ) and green tea (GT group), respectively. Five days before to sacrifice the rats, all 4 cadmium fed groups were supplied 1 ml of water with 600ppm Cd and control group were fed 1 ml of distilled water without Cd under the same dietary condition. After that, their excretion were collected separately for 3 days. In rat liver and kidney, accmulation of cadmium in 4 Cd administered groups were more than in control group and that of GT group was significantly less than CD group. In bone , also, accumulation of cadmium in 4 Cd administered groups was more than in control group and that of GT, OT,BT groups were much less than that of CD group. GT group was excreted more Cd in urine than Cd group. In feces, 3 tea feeding groups (BT, OT, GT group) were excreted Cd 1.7, 2.1, 2.4 times more than that of the CD group, respectively. We conclude that cadmium accumulations of GT feeding group in rat's liver, kidney and bone were much less than CD group , and the absorption and retention rate of GT group was significantly lower than CD group.

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The Nitrite-Scavenging Effects by Component of Oolong and Black Tea Extracts (오룡차 및 홍차 추출물의 아질산염 분해작용)

  • 안철우;여생규
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.104-110
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    • 1996
  • The present study was conducted to elucidate the functional property of tea extract obtained from tea extracts, semi-fermented tea(oolong tea) and fermented tea(black tea). Tea extracts exhibited remarkable nitrite-scavenging actions, and the action increased with the increased of the amount of tea extracts. The nitrite-scavenging actionof tea extracts showed pH dependent, highest at pH 1.2 and lowest at pH6.0. The nitrite-scavenging rate in tea extracts/amine/nitrite systems proved to be faster than that in amine/nitrite systems. To screen the nitrite-scavenging factors, tea extracts were fractionated into water-soluble, methanol-soluble, methanol-precipitate and crude catechin fraction. Among these fractions of tea extracts, the crude catechin fraction possessed greater nitrite-scavenging action than the other fractions. The nitrite-scavenging action of tea extracts increased with the contents of total phenols and an absorbance at 280nm, nitrite-scavenging factors were supposed to be and catechins in tea polyphenol compounds.

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The Quality Characteristics of Boiled Pork Supplemented with Tea Extracts (녹차, 오룡차, 홍차 추출물을 첨가한 돼지고기 수육의 품질특성)

  • Cho, Kyung Ok;Kim, Sun Im
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.774-783
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    • 2013
  • This study investigated the quality characteristics of boiled pork with different amounts (0.5, 1, 1.5, or 2%) of green tea, oolong tea and black tea extracts. Characteristics measured included approximate composition, water holding capacity (WHC), hardness, pH, Hunter's color value, total aerobic bacterial counts, volatile basic nitrogen (VBN), 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), and sensory qualities. Green tea approximately contained 3.4%, 31.8%, 5.5%, and 57.7% of moisture, crude protein, crude ash, and carbohydrate, respectively. There were no significant differences with the type of tea. However, the crude fat content of green tea, oolong tea, and black tea were 1.6%, 1.0%, and 0.9%, respectively. Green tea had the highest content of crude fat (p<0.05). Boiled pork approximately contained 55.1%, 38.6%, 5.2% and 0.9% moisture, crude protein, crude fat and crude ash, respectively. The WHC of boiled pork, with tea extract added, significantly increased and there were no significant differences according to the type of tea. The hardness of boiled pork significantly increased as the amount of tea extract added increased (p<0.05). The pH of the boiled pork was not significantly different after storage for one day, but significantly decreased in control groups and boiled pork with 0.5% of any tea extract added during storage. However, in boiled pork with 1%, 1.5%, or 2% of any tea extract added, pH was not significantly different during storage. The Hunter's L and b values decreased in all boiled pork. The Hunter's a-values also decreased in boiled pork with green and black tea extract added, but increased in boiled pork with oolong tea extract added. In boiled pork with tea extract added, total aerobic bacterial counts significantly decreased as the amount of tea extract added increased during storage (p<0.05). The VBN values significantly increased during storage in all groups. TBARS values were significantly lower in boiled pork with green tea extract added, oolong tea added (at concentrations of 1%, 1.5%, or 2%), and black tea extract added compared to control groups on the first day. The sensory evaluation results showed that the color, flavor, and overall acceptance of boiled pork containing 1% of oolong or black tea extracts had the highest scores but there were no significant differences. However, taste scores were significantly different (p<0.05). These results indicate that boiled pork has improved quality characteristics with 1% of oolong or black tea extracts added.

Natural Dyeing of Silk, Cotton and Rayon Fabrics using Tea Leaves -Focusing on Green Tea, Oolong Tea, Black Tea, Dark Tea- (차에 의한 천연염색 연구 -녹차, 우롱차, 홍차, 흑차를 중심으로-)

  • Wang, Tian Tian;Kim, Jongjun
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.64-73
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    • 2019
  • The objective of this study was to investigate dyeing characteristics of silk, cotton and rayon fabrics using dyeing solution extracted from different varieties of tea. Comparative results of CIE Lab values of 360 pieces of dyed fabrics were studied to quantify the effects of dye concentrations (100%, 150%, and 200%) and mordants (Fe, Cu, Sn, Al). In addition, the color difference values (${\Delta}E$) of the dyed and mordanted fabrics were evaluated. The results of the study were as follows: First, among all of the 360 pieces of silk, cotton and rayon fabrics, the best dyeing effects was observed on silk fabrics. Second, the dyeing effect of the eight different types of tealeaves belonging to green tea, oolong tea, black tea, and dark tea tended to enhance as the degree of fermentation increased. Third, when the fabrics were mordanted with Fe, Cu, Sn, Al mordants, various colors such as brown, brownish red, brownish yellow, gray, and reddish brown were obtained.

Antioxidant and Hypoglycemic Activity of Polysaccharide from Tea

  • Yu, Zhi;Zhang, Yun;Ni, De-Jiang
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.670-676
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    • 2006
  • Tea polysaccharide had high antioxidant activity and it could be used to cure diabetes. Antioxidant activity of tea poly-saccharide (TPS) from three kinds of tea (green tea, oolong tea and black tea) were compared, the result indicated that oolong tea polysaccharide (OTPS) had the highest antioxidant activity. In order to explicate the mechanism of antioxidant and hypoglycemic activity, the streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes mice model (DM) was established. The influence of OTPS on blood-glucose, content of MDA and NO, and activities of GSH-PX, SOD, NOS in serum, kidney and liver were investigated. The result showed that after four weeks injection of OTPS to DM mice, the blood-glucose of three treatment group reduced by 14.5%,21.5% and 33.3%, respectively, comparing to the model control. The reduction effect of OTPS increased with the rise of dose. The activity of SOD and GSH-PX elevated significantly, while the activity of NOS decreased. The content of MDA and NO reduced significantly. The above results imply that antioxidant activity was enhanced. Comparing to XKW treatment, the effect of a dose of 300mg/(kg. bw) OTPS was much better. The research showed that the OTPS had a significant effect on reducing blood glucose, and could enhance the antioxidant activity of DM mice.

The Antioxidative Effects of the Water-Soluble Extracts of Plants Used as Tea Materials (다류원료 식물류 물 추출물의 항산화 효과)

  • Kim, Mee-Hye;Kim, Myung-Chul;Park, Jong-Seok;Kim, Jong-Wook;Lee, Jong-Ok
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.12-18
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    • 2001
  • The water-soluble extracts of plants used as tea materials were investigated for their antioxidant activities and active components(total phenolics, ascorbate and selenium). Antioxidant activities of the plant extracts were determined by measuring the changes in both peroxide values(POV method) during storage(36 day, $55^{\circ}C$) and conductivity of soybean oil at $110^{\circ}C$(Rancimat method). Soybean oil without any additive was used as a control. Soybean oil treated with 0.02% BHT was used as a positive control. The test samples were prepared by mixing the plant extracts with soybean oil in 0.02% concentration by weight. The water-soluble extracts of lycii fructus(23 d), oolong tea(23 d), orange peel(23 d), citron(22 d), and apricot(22 d) showed longer induction periods, compared to control(21 d) and BHT(21 d) by POV method. Also water-soluble extracts of oolong tea(12 h), instant coffee(11 h), citron(10 h), cinnamomi cortex(10 h), schizandrae fructus(10 h), lycii fructus(10 h) and apricot(10 h) demonstrated longer induction periods, compared to control(8 h) and BHT(8 h) by Rancimat method. The contents of total phenolic compounds were observed to be high in water-soluble extracts of oolong tea, green tea, black tea, coffee, cinnamomi cortex, and cassiae semen. Ascorbate contents were found to be high in coffee, eucommiae cortex, black tea, ganoderma, cinnamomi cortex, persimmon leaf, chicory, green tea and oolong tea extracts. The selenium contents were not detected in all the extracts. The antioxidative effects of some plant extacts were seemed to be the combined effects of various antioxidant components such as phenolics and ascorbate.

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Isolation of a Novel Polyphenol from Oolong Tea and Its Effective Prevention of the Gout (우롱차로터 새로운 Polyphenol 분리 및 통풍 예방 효과)

  • An, Bong-Jeun;Lee, Jin-Tae;Bea, Man-Jong
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.970-975
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    • 1998
  • Eighty percent of acetone extract were isolated from the leaves of Korean Oolong tea using Sephadex LH-20, MCI-gel, Fuji gel. The compound reacted the red and the blue with anisaldehyde and $FeCl_3$, respectively. Instrumental analysis of the derivatives of this compound showed that the chemical structure was decided to $epicatechin-(4{\beta}{\rightarrow}8)-epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate$ as a kind of dimeric proanthocyanidine, that bound with -(-)epicatechin and -(-)epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate, at the upper and the lower, respectively. Considering inhibition effect on xanthin oxidase by 62% levels at $50{\;}{\mu}mole$, this compound showed a possibility to be used as a new material for functional food.

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