• Title, Summary, Keyword: occupational stress

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A Study on Occupational Satisfaction and Stress of Visiting Nurses at District Health Centers in Chungnam Province (충남지역 보건소 방문간호사의 직무만족도와 직무 스트레스)

  • Kim, Hyun;Kim, Hyun-Li
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.204-211
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify visiting nurses' occupational satisfaction and their stress who are working at district health centers in Chungnam province. Methods: The subjects of the study were 109 visiting nurses of 16 district health centers in Chungnam province. The data were collected by self report questionnaires from March 1 to 31, 2010. The data were analyzed by Cronbach's ${\alpha}$, t-test, ANOVA (Sheffe's test), and correlation coefficient using the SPSS program. Results: The results of this study were as follows. The occupational stress level of the subjects was 46.7 and the level of subjects' occupational satisfaction was 2.46. There was a significant negative correlation between occupational satisfaction and occupational stress (r=-.627). Conclusion: The occupational stress level of the subjects, and stress levels of 'work environment', 'job insecurity' and 'organizational structure' were higher than those of the Korean women workers' standard. The level of subjects' occupational satisfaction was lower than that of the nurse practitioners. There was a significant correlation among occupational stress and 'burden of workload' and 'visiting nurse career'. The study showed that occupational stress was correlated with occupational satisfaction. The results suggest that further follow-up study on visiting nurse is necessary to relieve their occupational stress and increase occupational satisfaction.

A Study on the Elements of Occupational Stress and the Methods to Reduce among Small and Medium sized Company Workers (중소기업 근로자들의 직무스트레스 요인과 해소방법에 관한 고찰)

  • Lee, Baek-Hyun;Jung, Soo-Il
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.32-40
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    • 2008
  • According to the statistic of industrial disaster in 2006 presented by the Ministry of Labor, there were 10,235 people with occupational diseases adding 2,740 more people (36.6%) compared to the previous year. Concerning the occupational diseases, 1,607 people had brain-cardiovascular diseases comprising more than 15% of all occupational diseases, and excessive workload and occupational stress seemed to play important parts. According to Korean Society of Occupational Stress, among 7,000 workers at 254 businesses in Korea, 73% of them were reported to be exposed to potential occupational stress and 22% of them were reported to be under severe stress. The increase of occupational stress among workers comes from excessive competition caused by business restructuring, promotion competition, annual salary system and so forth. Occupational stress threatens the heath and even the life of workers and lowers business competitiveness. Using the Korean occupational stress reduction model to the workers at small and medium businesses in Incheon area, therefore, the project intends to measure the level of stress among office workers and examine its relatedness to the VTD subjective symptoms. In addition, the project intends to present some methods to reduce occupational stress and increase business efficiency at work by studying and analyzing the various elements that workers use to reduce their occupational stress.

Occupational Stress and Depression in Clinical Nurses - Using Korean Occupational Stress Scales - (임상간호사의 직무스트레스와 우울 - 한국인 직무스트레스 측정도구를 이용하여 -)

  • Yoon, Sook-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.463-470
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the level of occupational stress and depression in clinical nurses and to investigate the effects of subscales of occupational stress on depression. Method: A sample consisted of 202 nurses from 6 hospitals located in Busan and GyeongNam province. The data were collected from November 2008 to march 2009. A self-administered questionnaire was used to assess socio-demographics, job characteristics, depression measured by Korean CES-D, and occupational stress assessed by KOSS. Result: The total score of occupational stress in clinical nurses was within bottom 25%, but the scores of 'Difficult physical environment', 'High job demand', 'Inadequate social support', 'Organizational injustice' were within top 50%. The 8 subscales of occupational stress had significantly effects on clinical nurses' depression after controlling for age, marital status, type of hospital, current position. Conclusion: The administration of employee assistance program for management occupational stress is important for decreasing depression in clinical nurses.

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Occupational Stress and Related Factors among Aged Security Guards (고령 경비원의 직무스트레스와 관련요인)

  • Choi, Eun-Sook;Shin, Dong-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.106-115
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: Occupational stress is a determinant risk factor for cardiovascular disease and work disability. This study aims to describe occupational stress and identify its related factors among aged security guards. Methods: A random sample of 76 aged security guards were interviewed by three research assistants. The criteria of the subjects were as follows : 50 or older male with 40 or more working hours a week working with colleagues ranged from 3 to 50. The data were collected in September, 2007 and analyzed by multiple regression using SAS Version 9.1. Results: The mean score of occupational stress among aged security guards was 47.2. The mean scores of its sub-scales were 31.3(physical environment), 33.8(occupational demand), 80.8occupational control), 44.6(interpersonal conflict), 51.3 (occupational insecurity), 53.6(occupational system), 57.5(lack of reward), and 30.3(work environment). The scores of occupational control, interpersonal conflict, and occupational insecurity were higher than the scores of Korean average occupational stress sub-scales. Significant variables affecting occupational stress and its sub-scales were work place, work type, and employment type. Conclusion: In order to reduce occupational stress among security guards, sufficient occupational control and interpersonal conflict control, appropriate reward, and employment stability should be considered. Also long working hours and work shift should be improved.

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Job Stress of Occupational Health Managers in Chemicals Manufacturing Factories (화학제품 제조업 보건관리자의 직무 스트레스)

  • Kim, Ki-Woong;Park, Jin Woo;Song, Se Wook
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.192-200
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study aimed to investigate job stress levels of occupational health managers and whether job stress levels were affected by various factors such as size and types of company and work-related characteristics of occupational health managers. Methods: The study was conducted from May to September 2011 in the chemicals manufacturing factories in Korea and total subjects were 59 occupational health managers. We measured job stress levels of occupational health managers using Korean occupational stress scale (KOSS) questionnaires and the information of company characteristics was obtained using a self-reported questionnaire. Results: The characteristics of company such as type, size and industries and job characteristics of occupational health managers were significant factors in job stress. Job demand, job control, job insecurity, organizational system and occupational environment scores were significantly associated with type, size and industries of company. In multiple regression analyses, we found that job demand was significantly associated with occupational position and type of company, and job insecurity was significantly associated with working hour. Also, we found that lack of reward was significantly associated with education level, speciality, duration of work and hour and type of company. Conclusion: These results indicate that job stress of occupational health managers is significantly associated with work-related characteristics and company's characteristics.

A Study of Occupational Satisfaction, Stress and Customer Orientation of Upper-scale General Hospital Nurses (일개 상급종합병원 간호사의 직무만족, 직무스트레스 및 고객지향성에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Hyun-Lim
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.268-277
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: To examine the relations among occupational satisfaction, stress, and customer orientation of upper-scale general hospital nurses. Method: We studied with structured questionnaires with total 66 questions for 218 nurses working at university hospitals in Gangwon-do from February 2 to 22, 2010. Result: Occupational satisfaction and customer-oriented character increased when nurses' ages and career experiences were higher, married, working in daytime without shift and in higher positions. Occupational stress increased when nurses were younger, not married, with three shifts, and when they were general nurses. However, there was no statistical difference. Customer-oriented character had positive correlation with occupational satisfaction and stress while occupational satisfaction had negative correlation(r=-0.358) with occupational stress. Conclusion: As occupational stress and satisfaction of nurses in university hospitals showed significant relations with customer-oriented character, t is necessary to reduce occupational stress of nurses, and strengthen occupational satisfaction of them.

The Mental Health and Occupational Characteristic of Horse Stable Hand Workers in Korea

  • Kim, Kyung-Woo;Lee, Sang-Gil;Hwang, Gyu-Seok
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.384-388
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    • 2019
  • The horse stable hand workers are one of the most important occupations in horse-racing industry. However, suicide problem of the horse stable hand workers in Korea has raised the necessity of new study on how these workers experience mental health problems such as occupational stress and depression in organizational situation. Therefore, this study investigated the occupational stress and depression level of the horse stable hand workers and identified the structural relationship in the horse-racing industry through a detailed interview. A total of 207 horse stable hand workers participated in this study, and occupational stress and depression level were surveyed using the Korean Occupational Stress Scale (KOSS) and Korean version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D). The results of this study showed that the occupational stress level of horse stable hand workers was higher than the median of Korean population. The significant difference in occupational stress among the detail job grade was also identified. In addition, 34% of the horse stable hand workers showed high risk of depression, and job demand, organizational system, and inappropriate compensation as the subfactors of occupational stress were showed to mainly affect depression. Although there are some limitations according to the field survey, this study also has significant meaning in that it identifies the relationship between the occupational characteristics of the horse stable hand workers and the mental health. It will be necessary to study the diverse organizational situation and individual mental health for new occupations.

Influence of Occupational Stress and Burnout on Turnover Intention of Caregivers in Geriatric Hospitals (노인병원 간병인의 직무 스트레스와 소진이 이직의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Mi Ra
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.290-298
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was identify the influences of occupational stress and burnout on turnover intention of caregivers in geriatric hospitals. Methods: The data were collected from 176 caregivers working at three geriatric hospitals located in Gyeonggi province. A self-reported questionnaires was used to assess the level of occupational stress, burnout and turnover intention. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression by SPSS/WIN 18.0 program. Results: The turnover intention was positively correlated with occupational stress(r=.438, p<.01) and burnout(r=.418, p<.01). The influencing factors of turnover intention were occupational stress(${\beta}$=.290, p<.001), burnout(${\beta}$=.253, p=.001) and education level(${\beta}$=.182, p=.006). Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that it is necessary to develop stress management program so that caregivers in geriatric hospitals can reduce occupational stress and burnout.

Safety Climate and Occupational Stress According to Occupational Accidents Experience and Employment Type in Shipbuilding Industry of Korea

  • Kim, Kyung Woo;Park, Sung Jin;Lim, Hae Sun;Cho, Hm Hak
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.290-295
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    • 2017
  • Background: Safety climate and occupational stress are related with occupational accident. The present study tried to identify the differences in safety climate and occupational stress according to occupational accidents experience and employment type (e.g., direct workers and subcontract workers). Methods: In this study, we conducted a survey using safety climate scale and Korean Occupational Stress Scale and classified the participants into four groups: direct workers working for accident-free departments, direct workers working for accident departments, subcontract workers working for accident-free departments, and subcontract workers working for accident departments for 2 years within the same workplace in the shipbuilding industry. Results: The direct workers and subcontract workers showed diverse results in subscales of safety climate and occupational stress. This result is supported by existing studies; however, further study is necessary for more supporting evidence and elaborative methodological approach. Conclusion: The necessity of management for safety climate and psychosocial factor such as occupational stress for both direct workers and subcontract workers as a whole is suggested by this study.

Relationship between Occupational Stress and Depression of Construction Workers (건설근로자의 직무 스트레스와 우울과의 관계)

  • Lee, Mi-Ra
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.279-288
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between occupational stress and depression of construction workers. Methods: The subjects were 168 construction workers selected from I city and K city in Korea by convenient sampling. The data were collected by self-report questionnaires from August 1 to 31, 2011. The data were analyzed by frequencies, t-test, ANOVA, Tukey test, Pearson correlation coefficient, stepwise multiple linear regression with the SPSS/WIN 15.0 program. Results: The total mean scores of occupational stress on the subjects were 46.65 and lower (below 50%) than those of the Korean male workers, standard. According to the CES-D cut-off point, the prevalence of depression was 25%. The study showed that occupational stress is positively correlated with depression. Conclusion: This study concludes that it is necessary to develop stress management program to reduce occupational stress and depression.