• Title, Summary, Keyword: obesity and polymorphism

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Comparative Analysis of Obesity by $\beta$-II, III, Adrenergic Receptor Gene Polymorphism in Korean Young Females ($\beta$-II, III Adrenergic Receptor 유전자 다형성에 따른 20대 한국여성의 식이 섭취량, 비만도 및 체성분의 비교연구)

  • 홍정미;김중학;박윤신;최선미;윤유식;안홍석
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.35 no.8
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    • pp.870-879
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the obesity and state of dietary intake of 216 young Korean females, and the influence of $\beta$-II, III Adrenergic receptor (AR) gene polymorphism upon obesity and dietary intake. The average weight, height and BMI of the subjects were 160 cm, 54 kg, and 20.9 kg/$m^2$, respectively. The average triceps skinfold thickness, waist circumference, hip circumference and WHR were 21.7mm, 73.1cm, 93.3cm and 0.78, respectively. The results of body composition measurement using bioimpedance method, average body fluid, body protein, mineral mass and body fat were 29.271, 7.22 kg, 6.79 kg and 19.16 kg, respectively. A dietary survey was conducted using 24-hour recall method. Average calorie intake was 1621 ㎉, which is 81% of Korean RDA. We detected 182 (84.3%) Gln27 (QQ) homozygotes and 34 (15.7%) Gln27Glu (QE) heterozygotes for $\beta$-II AR polymorphism. For $\beta$-III AR polymorphism, we detected 163 (75.5%) Trp64 (WW) and 53 (24.5%) Trp 64Arg (WR). The results of comparing of obesity by $\beta$-II AR gene polymorphism, obesity index and BMI of QE type were slightly higher than those of the QQ type. For $\beta$-III AR gene polymorphism, the mean BMI, obesity index, fat mass and percent body fat (%) of the WR type were significantly higher than those of the WW type (p < 0.05). These findings suggest that genetic variability in the human $\beta$-III AR is associated with obesity among young Korean females. We also evaluated the effect of the simultaneous presence of the $\beta$-II AR and $\beta$-III AR polymorphism on obesity. We found that the BMI and obesity index of the mutant type in both $\beta$-II AR and $\beta$-III AR were significantly higher than those of the type that has only one gene mutation or has no mutation (p < 0.05), indicating a synergistic effect of $\beta$-II AR and $\beta$-III AR polymorphism on obesity. No association was found between $\beta$-II Ad or $\beta$-III AR polymorphism and dietary intake.

Genetic Variations of Eight Candidate Genes in Korean Obese Group

  • Kang, Byung-Youn;Lee, Kang-Oh;Bae, Joon-Seol;Kim, Ki-Tae;Yoon, Moon-Young;Lim, Seok-Rhin;Seo, Sang-Beom;Shin, Jung-Hee;Lee, Chung-Choo
    • Environmental Mutagens and Carcinogens
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.39-46
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    • 2002
  • Obesity is a complex metabolic disorder with a strong genetic component. There are many candidate genes for obesity and its related phenotypes. We studied genetic variations between Korean obese and lean groups. Polymorphisms investigated were the Msp I polymorphism of the $\alpha$$_{2A}$-adrenergic receptor ($\alpha$$_{2A}$-AR) gene, the Mnl I polymorphism of the $\alpha$$_2$-adrenergic receptor ($\alpha$$_2$-AR) gene, the BstO I polymorphism of the $\beta$$_3$-adrenergic receptor ($\beta$$_3$-AR) gene, the Pml I polymorphism of the lamin A/C (LMNA) gene, the Hga I polymorphism of the clearance receptor (NPRC) gene, the Msp I polymorphism of the leptin gene, BclI polymorphism of the uncoupling protein 1 (UCPI) gene and the Hha I polymorphism of the fatty acid binding protein 2 (FABP2) gene. Among these genetic markers, Pml I polymorphism at the LMNA gene and Bcl I polymorphism at the UCP1 gene were significantly associated with obesity. However, further studies are required whether thease findings are reproduced in large population, although two polymorphisms might be useful as genetic markers in the ethiology of obesity in Korean population.ion.

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Association between ESR1 rs1884051 polymorphism and dietary total energy and plant protein intake on obesity in Korean men

  • Doo, Mi-Ae;Kim, Yang-Ha
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.5 no.6
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    • pp.527-532
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    • 2011
  • ESR1 has been listed in the Human Obesity Gene Map as candidate gene associated with obesity. Thus, in this study, we investigated the effect of the ESR1 rs1884051 polymorphism on obesity-related variables, together with their modulations by dietary intake in Korean men. The obesity-related variables and dietary intake of 3,039 Korean men aged 40-59 years from KoGES database were analyzed. Body weight (P = 0.007), BMI (P = 0.003), waist-hip ratio (= 0.011), fat body mass (P = 0.010), and body fat percentage (P = 0.040) were significantly lower in subjects with the minor T allele of ESR1 rs1884051 than in subjects carrying the C allele. Moreover, the rs1884051 T allele was associated with a decreased risk of obesity prevalence (P = 0.040). Among the subjects whose total energy intake was below the median, carrier of the minor T allele of ESR1 rs1884051 had a lower BMI (P = 0.003) when compared with subjects carrying the C allele. In addition, among subjects whose plant protein intake was above the median, carrier of the minor T allele of ESR1 rs1884051 had a lower BMI (P = 0.044) compared with subjects carrying the C allele. Our findings demonstrate that there is a significant association between the ESR1 rs1884051 variant and obesity-related variables and this association can be potentially modified by dietary energy and plant protein intake.

Association between ADIPOQ Gene Polymorphism rs182052 and Obesity in Korean Women

  • Doo, Mi-Ae;Kim, Yang-Ha
    • Genomics & Informatics
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.116-121
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    • 2010
  • The association between adiponectin concentration and obesity have been reported and genetic variations of the ADIPOQ gene are known to influence the plasmatic concentration of adiponectin. Therefore, we investigated the effect of AIPOQ single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) on obesity-related variables, and their modulation by dietary intakes in Korean women. The subjects consisted of 3,217 Korean women aged 40-59 years participating in the Korean Genome Epidemiology Study (KoGES). The general characteristics, anthropometric variables, serum blood profiles were measured. Dietary intake was analyzed using the Food Frequency Questionnaire. Subjects with the T allele of AIPOQ rs182052 showed significantly higher obesity-related variables such as weight (p=0.005), BMI (p<0.000), fat body mass (p=0.005), and waist-hip ratio (p=0.007) than those with the C allele. Moreover, the rs182052 T allele was associated with an increased risk of obesity prevalence (p=0.019). However, there were not any significant interactions observed between the genotype of ADIPOQ rs182052 and dietary intake on BMI and fat body mass. These findings suggest that the obesity-related variables may be more dominantly affected by the genotype of ADIPOQ rs182052 than dietary intake in middle aged Korean women.

Association Analyses of ${\beta}_3AR$ Trp64Arg and UCP-2 -866G/A Polymorphisms with Body Mass Index in Korean (한국인에서 ${\beta}_3AR$, UCP2 유전자의 다형성과 체질량지수의 관련성)

  • Jung, Hong-Soo;Lee, Joo-Hyun;SaKong, Jun;Bae, Sung-Wook;Kim, Jung-Hye;Kim, Jae-Ryong
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.252-261
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    • 2007
  • Background : Obesity is the most common nutritional disorder in Western society as well as in Korea. Obesity results from a combination of genetic, environmental, and behavioral factors. Materials and Methods : In an attempt to investigate the association of obesity with its candidate genes, ${\beta}3$ adrenergic receptor (${\beta}_3AR$) and uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2), we analyzed polymorphisms of ${\beta}_3AR$ Trp64Arg and UCP2 -866G/A by PCR-RFLP analysis and the obesity-related phenotypes, including body mass index (BMI), fasting glucose concentration, and plasma lipid profiles in 750 subjects. Results : The Trp64Arg polymorphism in the ${\beta}_3AR$ gene was not statistically associated with the BMI. The UCP2 -866G/A polymorphism was significantly higher in obese than in non-obese subjects (P<0.05). However, the UCP2 -866A/A polymorphism was higher in the non-obese subjects. Conclusion : These results suggest that the UCP2 -866G/A polymorphism might be more useful for the prediction of obesity and obesity-associated diseases in Korean patients than the ${\beta}_3AR$ Trp64Arg polymorphism.

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Effects of ${\beta}2-Adrenergic$ Receptor Polymorphism on Obesity (베타 2-아드레날린 수용체의 유전자 변이형이 비만도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kil-Soo;Oh, Hyun-Hee;Choi, Sun-Mi;Yang, Hyun-Sung;Bae, Jung-Hwan;Yoon, Yoo-Sik
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.7-16
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    • 2003
  • Objectives : The lipolytic effects of catecholamines in adipose tissue are mediated by members of adrenergic receptors. This study was conducted to examine the effects of ${\beta}2-AR$ Gln27Glu (Q27E) polymorphism on obesity indices and risk among obesity clinic patients. Methods : 532 subjects, 38 men and 494 women, who attended a weight loss program in a local obesity clinic were analyzed. Height, weight, BMI, WHR and obesity index were measured or calculated. Body composition was measured by bio-impedance analysis. Genotype of ${\beta}2-AR$ polymorphism in codon 27 was analyzed by PCR-RFLP method. Serum concentrations of fasting glucose, total and HDL cholesterol, and triglyceride were determined by autobiochemical analyzer. Results: The Genotype distributions of ${\beta}2-AR$ gene were QQ type 81.3%, QE type 17.9% and EE type 8%. Therefore, the frequency of E allele of ${\beta}2-AR$ gene was 0.170 in the total subjects. The frequency of the ${\beta}2-AR$ variant genotype(QE+EE) was significantly higher in obese group($BMI{\geqq}25$) compared with non-obese group(p=0.027). Weight was significantly higher in variant(QE+EE) type compared with normal(QQ) type in total subjects(p=0.001), male(p=0.022) and female(p=0.013). BMI, obesity index and WHR were also significantly higher in QE+EE type. Body fat man was significantly higher in QE+EE type in total subjects(p=0.005) and female(p=0.027). When forward stepwise regression analysis was used to create a model of risk predictors of obesity($BMI{\geqq}25$), QE+EE type of ${\beta}2-AR$ gene was found to be a significant risk factor for obesity (p=0.042, ORs 1.597). Conclusions: QE+EE genotype of ${\beta}2-AR$ was associated with increased obesity indices and might be a significant risk factor for obesity.

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Genetic Contributions to Childhood Obesity: Association of Candidate Gene Polymorphisms and Overweight/Obesity in Korean Preschool Children

  • Yoo, Kee Hwan;Yim, Hyung Eun;Bae, Eun Soo;Hong, Young Sook
    • Journal of Korean Medical Science
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    • v.32 no.12
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    • pp.1997-2004
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    • 2017
  • This study was aimed to investigate the association of candidate gene polymorphisms and obesity or overweight in young Korean children. A total of 190 Korean preschool children (96 control, 48 overweight, and 46 obese children) were genotyped for the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) insertion (I)/deletion (D), angiotensin II type 2 receptor (AT2) C3123A, transforming growth factor $(TGF)-{\beta}1$ T869C, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) T460C, and tumor necrosis factor $(TNF)-{\alpha}$ G308A polymorphisms. No differences were found among the groups with respect to age, sex, birth weight, blood pressure levels, and serum concentrations of glucose and total cholesterol. Obese children showed a higher incidence of ACE DD genotype and D allelic frequency compared to the controls (odds ratio [OR], 2.7, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01-7.21; OR, 2.5, 95% CI, 1.49-4.19; all P < 0.05). The frequency of TC genotype and C allele in the $TGF-{\beta}1$ T869C polymorphism (OR, 2.08, 95% CI, 1.01-4.27; OR, 1.93, 95% CI, 1.15-3.21) and that in the VEGF T460C polymorphism (OR, 2.5, 95% CI, 1.19-5.28; OR, 2.15, 95% CI, 1.26-3.68) was also higher in obese children than in control subjects (all P < 0.05). Overweight children exhibited a higher frequency of the A allele in the AT2 C3123A polymorphism compared to the controls (OR, 1.72, 95% CI, 1.03-2.88, P < 0.05). There were no differences in the $TNF-{\alpha}$ G308A polymorphism among the groups. The ACE I/D, AT2 C3123A, $TGF-{\beta}1$ T869C, and VEGF T460C polymorphisms can affect susceptibility to obesity or overweight in Korean children.

Efficacy of Korean Red Ginseng by Single Nucleotide Polymorphism in Obese Women: Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial

  • Kwon, Dong-Hyun;Bose, Shambhunath;Song, Mi-Young;Lee, Myeong-Jong;Lim, Chi-Yeon;Kwon, Bum-Sun;Kim, Ho-Jun
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.176-189
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    • 2012
  • This study examined the effects of Korean red ginseng (KRG) on obese women and aimed to confirm that the effects of KRG on obesity differ dependently on a gene. Fifty obese women were recruited and randomized to receive KRG (n=24) or placebo (n=26) for 8 wk. Measurements of blood pressure, height, weight, waist circumference, waist-hip ratio (WHR), total fat mass, percentage of body fat, resting metabolic rate, basal body temperature, and daily food intake (FI), blood test (serum lipid, liver and renal function), Korean version of obesity-related quality of life scale (KOQOL), and a gene examination were performed. Comparisons of subjects before and after the administration of KRG revealed significant improvements of obesity in terms of weight, body mass index (BMI), WHR, FI, and KOQOL. However, in the comparison between KRG group and placebo group, only KOQOL was significantly different. KRG displayed significant efficacy on BMI and KOQOL in the CT genotype of the G protein beta 3 gene, but not in the CC genotype, on blood sugar test in the Trp64/Arg genotype of the beta 3 adrenergic receptor gene, but not in Trp64/Trp genotype, on KOQOL in the DD genotype of the angiotensin I converting enzyme gene, but not in the ID and DD genotypes. The effects of KRG on obesity were confirmed to some extent. However, a distinct effect compared to placebo was not confirmed. KRG is more effective for improving the secondary issues of the quality of life derived from obesity rather than having direct effects on the obesity-related anthropometric assessment and blood test indices.

Study on Biochemical Parameters and Body Fat Mass according to Leptin Receptor Polymorphism in University Students (렙틴 수용체 유전자 다형성에 따른 대학생의 생화학 지표와 체지방 분포에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Kyung-Hee;Cho, Hee-Sook
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.219-223
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the body composition, biochemical parameters, and consumption of convenience foods according to leptin receptor polymorphism in university students. A survey was conducted on a total of 418 students - 271 males and 147 females. Based on a self-reporting method, questionnaires were administered for over 20 minutes, and leptin receptor and blood samples were analyzed. The genotype frequencies of leptin receptor polymorphism were Gln/Arg heterozygote (64.8%) and Gln/Gln homozygote (35.2%). Leptin polymormphism showed no significant association with biochemical parameters(ALT, cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and hemoglobin) and body composition. GG homozygote was associated with a higher risk of visceral fat obesity compared to those with GA heterozygote (odd ratio 1.758, 95% confidence intervals 0.812~3.803). Leptin polymorphism appeared to be a genetic risk factor for visceral fat obesity. This study suggests that leptin polymorphism has a causative role to body fat distribution in Korean.

Single-Strand Conformation Polymorphism Analysis by Microchip Electrophoresis for the Rapid Detection of Point Mutation in Human Obesity Gene

  • Kang, Seong-Ho;Jang, Soo-Young;Park, Sang-Kyu
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.27 no.9
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    • pp.1346-1352
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    • 2006
  • We describe an effective method of microchip electrophoresis (ME) based on single strand conformation poly-morphism (SSCP) analysis to rapidly detect the point mutation, Leu72Met, in a human obesity gene. The 207-bp dsDNA in the Leu72Met region, an estimate of the child obesity DNA mutant, was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and submitted to a conventional glass microchip analysis with a sieving matrix of 1.75% poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (Mr 1 300 000), 1.0% poly(ethyleneoxide) (Mr 600 000) and 5.0% w/w glycerol. When combined with base stacking (BS) with hydroxide ions, the SSCP-ME provided rapid analysis as well as sensitive detection. The detection sensitivity was effectively enhanced in the OH- concentration range of 0.01-0.025 M NaOH. The sensitivity and speed of this ME-based SSCP methodology for the rapid detection of Leu72Met point mutations makes this an attractive method for diagnosing childhood obesity in a clinical diagnostic laboratory.