• 제목, 요약, 키워드: nonlinear scaling

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A LOGARITHMIC CONJUGATE GRADIENT METHOD INVARIANT TO NONLINEAR SCALING

  • Moghrabi, I.A.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.15-21
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    • 2004
  • A Conjugate Gradiant (CG) method is proposed for unconstained optimization which is invariant to a nonlinear scaling of a strictly convex quadratic function. The technique has the same properties as the classical CG-method when applied to a quadratic function. The algorithm derived here is based on a logarithmic model and is compared to the standard CG method of Fletcher and Reeves [3]. Numerical results are encouraging and indicate that nonlinear scaling is promising and deserves further investigation.

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Effects of ground motion scaling on nonlinear higher mode building response

  • Wood, R.L.;Hutchinson, T.C.
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.3 no.6
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    • pp.869-887
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    • 2012
  • Ground motion scaling techniques are actively debated in the earthquake engineering community. Considerations such as what amplitude, over what period range and to what target spectrum are amongst the questions of practical importance. In this paper, the effect of various ground motion scaling approaches are explored using three reinforced concrete prototypical building models of 8, 12 and 20 stories designed to respond nonlinearly under a design level earthquake event in the seismically active Southern California region. Twenty-one recorded earthquake motions are selected using a probabilistic seismic hazard analysis and subsequently scaled using four different strategies. These motions are subsequently compared to spectrally compatible motions. The nonlinear response of a planar frameidealized building is evaluated in terms of plasticity distribution, floor level acceleration and uncorrelated acceleration amplification ratio distributions; and interstory drift distributions. The most pronounced response variability observed in association with the scaling method is the extent of higher mode participation in the nonlinear demands.

Evaluation of ground motion scaling methods on drift demands of energy-based plastic designed steel frames under near-fault pulse-type earthquakes

  • Ganjavi, Behnoud;Hadinejad, Amirali;Jafarieh, Amir Hossein
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.91-110
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    • 2019
  • In the present study, the effects of six different ground motion scaling methods on inelastic response of nonlinear steel moment frames (SMFs) are studied. The frames were designed using energy-based PBPD approach with the design concept using pre-selected target drift and yield mechanism as performance limit state. Two target spectrums are considered: maximum credible earthquake spectrum (MCE) and design response spectrum (DRS). In order to investigate the effects of ground motion scaling methods on the response of the structures, totally 3216 nonlinear models including three frames with 4, 8 and 16 stories are designed using PBPD approach and then they are subjected to ensembles of ground motions including 42 far-fault and 90 near-fault pulse-type records which were scaled using the six different scaling methods in accordance to the two aforementioned target spectrums. The distributions of maximum inter-story drift over the height of the structures are computed and compared. Finally, the efficiency and reliability of each ground motion scaling method to estimate the maximum nonlinear inter-story drift of special steel moment frames designed by energy-based PBPD approach are statistically investigated, and the most suitable scaling methods with the lowest dispersion for two groups of earthquake ground motions are introduced.

AN AFFINE SCALING INTERIOR ALGORITHM VIA CONJUGATE GRADIENT AND LANCZOS METHODS FOR BOUND-CONSTRAINED NONLINEAR OPTIMIZATION

  • Jia, Chunxia;Zhu, Detong
    • Journal of applied mathematics & informatics
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    • v.29 no.1_2
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    • pp.173-190
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    • 2011
  • In this paper, we construct a new approach of affine scaling interior algorithm using the affine scaling conjugate gradient and Lanczos methods for bound constrained nonlinear optimization. We get the iterative direction by solving quadratic model via affine scaling conjugate gradient and Lanczos methods. By using the line search backtracking technique, we will find an acceptable trial step length along this direction which makes the iterate point strictly feasible and the objective function nonmonotonically decreasing. Global convergence and local superlinear convergence rate of the proposed algorithm are established under some reasonable conditions. Finally, we present some numerical results to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

최적화기법을 이용한 퍼지 제어기의 비선형 이득요소 동조 (Nonlinear Scaling Factors tuning of Fuzzy Controller using Optimization Techniques)

  • 류동완;권재철;서보혁
    • 대한전기학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.705-707
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    • 1997
  • An optimal tuning algorithm of scaling factors is presented in this paper to automatically improve the performance of fuzzy controller. Especially, fuzzy controller has determined an moderate Scaling factor through trial and error. The presented method estimates automatically the optimal values of I/O scaling factors, using modified steepest descent method and this optimal tuning is for nonlinear input/output scaling factors. Simulation results verify the validity of the presented method.

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다층건물의 비선형 반응해석을 위한 반응수정계수 (Response scaling factors for nonlinear response analysis of MDOF system)

  • 한상환;이리형
    • 전산구조공학
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.103-111
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    • 1995
  • 지진하중과 같은 동적인 하중에 대한 다자유도 구조물의 비선형 해석은 많은 양의 계산을 요구한다. 이런 계산상의 어려움을 감소시키기 위하여 다자유도를 가진 복잡한 구조물의 비선형해석을 간략화된 동위 구조물 (Equivalent Nonlinear System(ENS))을 이용해 구할 수 있는 약산법을 제시한다. 간단한 동위 구조물은 원구조물의 가장 중요한 구조물의 성질을 가지고 있는데 구조물의 처음 두 개의 주기(natural periods)의 동적 특성 및 전체 항복변위(global yield displacement)를 가진다. 구조체 반응으로 이 논문에서는 구조체의 전체변위 및 층간변위가 고려된다. 구조체의 전체 변위 및 층간변위를 얻기 위하여 전체 반응수정계수(global response scaling factor) R/sub G/와 국부반응수정계수(local response scaling factor)R/sub L/을 동위 구조물로부터 얻어진 변위에 적용한다. 이 반응수정계수는 다자유도 구조물의 비선형 해석을 통하여 얻어진 변위들과 동위 구조물을 이용해 얻어진 변위들을 이용해 광범위한 회기분석을 통하여 구조물의 연성과 첫번째 두 모드의 질량참여계수의 함수형태로 얻는다. 반응수정계수를 가진 동위 구조물을 만들기 위하여 철골 모멘트 연성 골조 방식의 구조물(Special Moment Resisting Steel Frames (SMRSF))을 이 논문에서는 고려한다. 함수형태로 표현된 반응수정계수는 동위 구조물의 반응에 적용되어 복잡한 구조물의 비선형 반응을 얻을 수 있다.

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Discretization of Nonlinear Systems with Delayed Multi-Input VIa Taylor Series and Scaling and Squaring Technique

  • Yuanliang Zhang;Chong Kil To
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.19 no.11
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    • pp.1975-1987
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    • 2005
  • An input time delay always exists in practical systems. Analysis of the delay phenomenon in a continuous-time domain is sophisticated. It is appropriate to obtain its corresponding discrete-time model for implementation via digital computers. In this paper a new scheme for the discretization of nonlinear systems using Taylor series expansion and the zero-order hold assumption is proposed. The mathematical structure of the new discretization method is analyzed. On the basis of this structure the sampled-data representation of nonlinear systems with time-delayed multi-input is presented. The delayed multi-input general equation has been derived. In particular, the effect of the time-discretization method on key properties of nonlinear control systems, such as equilibrium properties and asymptotic stability, is examined. Additionally, hybrid discretization schemes that result from a combination of the scaling and squaring technique (SST) with the Taylor series expansion are also proposed, especially under conditions of very low sampling rates. Practical issues associated with the selection of the method's parameters to meet CPU time and accuracy requirements, are examined as well. A performance of the proposed method is evaluated using a nonlinear system with time delay maneuvering an automobile.

Time-Discretization of Time Delayed Non-Affine System via Taylor-Lie Series Using Scaling and Squaring Technique

  • Zhang Yuanliang;Chong Kil-To
    • International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.293-301
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    • 2006
  • A new discretization method for calculating a sampled-data representation of a nonlinear continuous-time system is proposed. The proposed method is based on the well-known Taylor series expansion and zero-order hold (ZOH) assumption. The mathematical structure of the new discretization method is analyzed. On the basis of this structure, a sampled-data representation of a nonlinear system with a time-delayed input is derived. This method is applied to obtain a sampled-data representation of a non-affine nonlinear system, with a constant input time delay. In particular, the effect of the time discretization method on key properties of nonlinear control systems, such as equilibrium properties and asymptotic stability, is examined. 'Hybrid' discretization schemes that result from a combination of the 'scaling and squaring' technique with the Taylor method are also proposed, especially under conditions of very low sampling rates. Practical issues associated with the selection of the method parameters to meet CPU time and accuracy requirements are examined as well. The performance of the proposed method is evaluated using a nonlinear system with a time-delayed non-affine input.

The Design of Fuzzy Controller Based on Genetic Optimization and Neurofuzzy Networks

  • Oh, Sung-Kwun;Roh, Seok-Beom
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.653-665
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    • 2010
  • In this study, we introduce a neurofuzzy approach to the design of fuzzy controllers. The development process exploits key technologies of Computational Intelligence (CI), namely, genetic algorithms (GA) and neurofuzzy networks. The crux of the design methodology deals with the selection and determination of optimal values of the scaling factors of fuzzy controllers, which are essential to the entire optimization process. First, the tuning of the scaling factors of the fuzzy controller is carried out. Next, we form a nonlinear mapping for the scaling factors, which are realized by GA-based neurofuzzy networks by using a fuzzy set or fuzzy relation. The proposed approach is applied to control nonlinear systems like the inverted pendulum. Results of comprehensive numerical studies are presented through a detailed comparative analysis.

Fuzzy Controller Design by Means of Genetic Optimization and NFN-Based Estimation Technique

  • Oh, Sung-Kwun;Park, Seok-Beom;Kim, Hyun-Ki
    • International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.362-373
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    • 2004
  • In this study, we introduce a noble neurogenetic approach to the design of the fuzzy controller. The design procedure dwells on the use of Computational Intelligence (CI), namely genetic algorithms and neurofuzzy networks (NFN). The crux of the design methodology is based on the selection and determination of optimal values of the scaling factors of the fuzzy controllers, which are essential to the entire optimization process. First, tuning of the scaling factors of the fuzzy controller is carried out, and then the development of a nonlinear mapping for the scaling factors is realized by using GA based NFN. The developed approach is applied to an inverted pendulum nonlinear system where we show the results of comprehensive numerical studies and carry out a detailed comparative analysis.