• Title/Summary/Keyword: near isogenic line

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Breeding of Near Isogenic Lines of Silkworm (Bombyx mori L.)

  • Li, Muwang;Xu, Anying;Hou, Chengxiang;Zhang, Yuehua;Huang, Junting;Guo, Xijie
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.207-210
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    • 2003
  • Four different backcrossing methods were designed and 23 near isogenic lines (NILs) of 22 linkage groups were obtained using Hb as recurrent parent, the mutant gene lines which held markers as donor parents. Eleven of them had been mated with the recurrent parent for 10 times, and the others for 7∼8 times. The NILs of other 6 linkage groups are under way and had been backcrossed to the recurrent for 3∼4 times. These NILs will act important roles in the construction of molecular linkage map and gene location and positional cloning.

Dry matter and grain production of a near-isogenic line carrying a 'Takanari' (high yielding, Indica) allele for increased leaf inclination angle in rice with the 'Koshihikari' (Japonica) genetic background

  • San, Nan Su;Otsuki, Yosuke;Adachi, Shunsuke;Yamamoto, Toshio;Ueda, Tadamasa;Tanabata, Takanari;Ookawa, Taiichiro;Hirasawa, Tadashi
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.32-32
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    • 2017
  • To increase rice production, manipulating plant architecture, especially developing new high-yielding cultivars with erect leaves, is crucial in rice breeding programs. Leaf inclination angle determines the light extinction coefficient (k) of the canopy. Erect leaves increase light penetration into the canopy and enable dense plantings with a high leaf area index, thus increasing biomass production and grain yield. Because of erect leaves, the high-yielding indica rice cultivar 'Takanari' has smaller k during ripening than 'Koshihikari', a japonica cultivar with good eating quality. In our previous study, using chromosome segment substitution lines (CSSLs) derived from a cross between 'Takanari' and 'Koshihikari', we detected seven quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for leaf inclination angle on chromosomes 1 (two QTLs), 2, 3, 4, 7, and 12. In this study, we developed a near-isogenic line (NIL-3) carrying a 'Takanari' allele for increased leaf inclination angle on chromosome 3 in the 'Koshihikari' genetic background. We compared k, dry matter production, and grain yield of NIL-3 with those of 'Koshihikari' in the field from 2013 to 2016. NIL-3 had higher inclination angles of the flag, second, and third leaves at full heading and 3 (- 4) weeks after full heading and smaller k of the canopy at the ripening stage. Biomass at full heading and leaf area index at full heading and at harvest did not significantly differ between NIL-3 and 'Koshihikari'. However, biomass at harvest was significantly greater in NIL-3 than in 'Koshihikari' due to a higher net assimilation rate at the ripening stage. The photosynthetic rates of the flag and third leaves did not differ between NIL-3 and Koshihikari at ripening. Grain yield was higher in NIL-3 than 'Koshihikari'. Higher panicle number per square meter in NIL-3 contributed to the higher grain yield of NIL-3. We conclude that the QTL on chromosome 3 increases dry matter and grain production in rice by increasing leaf inclination angle.

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Comparison of Grain Filling Characteristics by Source-Sink Size Control in Glutinous and Non-glutinous Near Isogenic Line of Rice (근동질유전자 계통인 찰벼와 메벼의 전엽과 절영처리에 따른 등숙특성 비교)

  • 김춘송;안종국;정일민;강항원;이재생;고지연;박성태
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.243-250
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    • 2004
  • Two cultivars which are glutinous (Hawcheongchalbyeo) and non-glutinous (Hawcheongbyeo) near isogenic line of rice, were used for this study. The objective of this experiment was to gain the basic information for increasing grain yield of waxy rice by means of source and sink size control. In both Hwacheongbyeo and Hawcheongchalbyeo, the trend of decrease in total and average spikelet weight was ranked as follows; removal of penultimate leaf< removal of flag leaf< removal of flag leaf and 3ya leaf from the top < removal of flag leaf and penultimate leaf < removal of flag leaf, penultimate leaf, and 3rd leaf from the top. The reduction yale of total and average spikelet weight per panicle of Hwacheongbyeo was higher than those of Hwacheongchalbyeo according to the removal of flag leaf, penultimate leaf, and 3rd leaf from the top. In both cultivars, high-density grain ratio and grain filling ratio of the primary branches were higher Hun those of the secondary branches by leaf clipping treatment. The spikelet number and total spikelet weight per pinicle in both Hwacheongbyeo and Hwacheongchalbyeo were decreased by removal of spikelets on branches compared with control, whereas average spikelet weight and grain filling ratio were increased. The increase rate of average spikelet weight of Hwacheongchalbyeo was much higher than that of Hwacheongbyeo by sink size control. High-density grain ratio by removal of spikelets on branches was higher in Hwacheongchalbyeo, but filled grain ratio was higher in Hwacheongbyeo.

Comparison of Major Agronomic Traits between Barley Near-Isogenic Line for Awnedness (보리까락길이 Near-Isogenic 계통의 주요 형질 비교)

  • 천종은
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.121-127
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    • 1993
  • The barley plant for whole crop forage is advantageous to have traits with higher photosynthetic rate, biomass, lodging resistance, and awnless spikes. The objective of this study is to investigate performance of near-isogenic line pairs for the awned and awnless in the field, and to observe the variations in photosynthetic rate, yield and their related traits under removal of flag leaf and awns. Grain yield was 6% higher, but biomass and photosynthetic rate were 6~16% and 6% lower in the awned line than those in the awnless grown in the field ,respectively. Defoliation of flag leaf resulted in approximately 3~4%, and 5~6% decreases in 1,000 kernels and grain weights, respectively. Deawning at the heading stage of the long awned line decreased 1,000 kernels and grain weights by 7% and 15%, respectively, The removal of both assimilative tissues caused 14 and 21% decrements in 1,000 kernels and grain weights. Apparent photosynthetic rate of leaf blade in awnless line was 6.1 -9. 7 $CO_2$$_2$ ${\mu}$mole $m^{-2}$ $s{-1}$, much higher than that in awned line. The relative rates in the second and third leaves were about 93% and 55~63%, respectively as compared with that in the flag leaf. The results of the experiments suggest that the awnless line selected for whole crop forage is a potential plant type with higher photosynthetic rate, leaf area and greater biomass.

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Identification of Novel Clubroot Resistance Loci in Brassic rapa

  • Pang, Wenxing;Chen, Jingjing;Yu, Sha;Shen, Xiangqun;Zhang, Chunyu;Piao, Zhongyun
    • 한국균학회소식:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.42-42
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    • 2015
  • Plasmodiophora brassicae, the causal agent of clubroot disease, does the most serious damage to the Brassica crops. The limited control approaches make that the identification of clubroot resistance (CR) is more important for developing CR cultivars of the Brassica crops. So far, 8 CR loci were mapped. However, the variation of P. brassicae leads to the rapid erosion of its resistance. To identify novel CR genes, we employed three mapping population, derived from crosses between Chinese cabbage and turnip inbred lines ($59-1{\times}ECD04$ and $BJN3-1{\times}Siloga$) or between Chinese cabbage inbred lines ($BJN3-1{\times}85-I-II$), to perform QTL analysis. Totally, 8 CR loci were indentified and showed race-specific resistance. Physical mapping of these 8 loci suggested that 4 were located previously mapped position, indicating they might be the same allele or different alleles of the same genes. Other 4 loci were found to be novel. Further, CR near isogenic line carrying each CR locus was developed based on the marker assisted selection. Verification of these CR loci was underway. Identification of these novel CR genes would facilitate to breed broad-spectrum and durable CR cultivars of B. rapa by pyramiding strategies.

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Characterization of a QTL associated with chlorophyll content using progeny from an interspecific cross in rice (Oryza Sativa L.)

  • Shim, Kyu-Chan;Luong, Ngoc Ha;Kim, Sun Ha;Jeon, Yun-A;Lu, Xin;Ahn, Sang-Nag
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.23-23
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    • 2017
  • Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is the world's most important cereal crop. In crop plant, chlorophyll content and leaf senescence could affect grain filling and yield. We analyzed a QTL associated with chlorophyll content and delayed leaf senescence using high chlorophyll near isogenic line (HC-NIL). HC-NIL derived from a cross between Oryza sativa cv. Hwaseong as a recurrent parent and wild species O. grandiglumis as a donor parent showed higher chlorophyll content than Hwaseong. To identify QTL associated with chlorophyll content, 58 $F_3$ and 38 $F_4$ lines were developed from a cross between HC-NIL and Hwaseong. For QTL analysis, simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were used for genotyping and one-way ANOVA was conducted. A QTL for chlorophyll content (qCC2) was detected in chromosome 2 and explained 24.63% of phenotypic variation. The senescence effect of the qCC2 was examined in dark-induced incubation (DII). Detached leaves from Hwaseong and HC-NIL were incubated on 3mM MES buffer (pH 5.8) at $27^{\circ}C$ under complete dark condition. After 3 days of incubation, the Hwaseong leaves turned yellow, but the HC-NIL leaves were green. HC-NIL has higher chlorophyll content with delayed senescence than Hwaseong. These results indicated that qCC2 is associated with stay-green phenotype. To know whether the qCC2 is responsible for leaf functionality, ion leakage test and Fv/Fm measurement were performed. Both experiment results showed that differences were observed between Hwaseong and HC-NIL but it was not statistically significant. These results might suggest that the qCC2 is possibly related to chlorophyll content and non-functional stay-green phenotype.

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Development and Evaluation of QTL-NILs for Grain Weight from an Interspecific Cross in Rice

  • Yun, Yeo-Tae;Kim, Dong-Min;Park, In-Kyu;Chung, Chong-Tae;Seong, Yeaul-Kyu;Ahn, Sang-Nag
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.357-364
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    • 2010
  • In a previous study, we mapped 12 QTLs for 1,000 grain weight (TGW) in the 172 $BC_2F_2$ lines derived from a cross between Oryza sativa ssp. Japonica cv. Hwaseongbyeo and O. rufipogon. These QTLs explained 5.4 - 11.4% of the phenotypic variance for TGW. Marker-aided selection combined with backcrosses was employed to develop QTL-NILs for each QTL. $BC_2F_2$ lines with each target QTL were backcrossed to Hwaseongbyeo twice and then allowed to self to produce $BC_4F_5$ populations. SSR markers linked to TGW were employed to select QTL-NILs with the respective target QTL. Six QTL-NILs with the recurrent parent, Hwaseongbyeo were evaluated for nine traits for three years from 2007 and 2009. Differences were observed between each of the 6 QTL-NILs and Hwaseongbyeo in TGW. In addition to TGW, these QTL-NILs displayed differences in other agronomic traits possibly indicating a tight linkage of genes controlling these traits. The direction of the QTL for TGW in 6 QTL-NILs was consistent as in the $BC_2F_2$ lines from the same cross. Difference in TGW between each of the QTL-NILs and Hwaseongbyeo was associated with the difference in one or two grain shape traits; grain length, grain width, and grain thickness. SSR markers linked to the QTL for TGW will facilitate selection of the grain shape character in a breeding program to diversify grain shape and provide the foundation for map-based gene isolation. Also, the QTL-NILs developed in this report and the progenies from crosses between the QTL-NILs will be useful in clarifying epistatic interactions among QTLs for TGW.

Marker-Assisted Foreground and Background Selection of Near Isogenic Lines for Bacterial Leaf Pustule Resistant Gene in Soybean

  • Kim, Kil-Hyun;Kim, Moon-Young;Van, Kyu-Jung;Moon, Jung-Kyung;Kim, Dong-Hyun;Lee, Suk-Ha
    • Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.263-268
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    • 2008
  • Bacterial leaf pustule (BLP) caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. glycines is a serious disease to make pustule and chlorotic haloes in soybean [Glycine max (L). Merr.]. While inheritance mode and map positions of the BLP resistance gene, rxp are known, no sequence information of the gene was reported. In this study, we made five near isogenic lines (NILs) from separate backcrosses (BCs) of BLP-susceptible Hwangkeumkong $\times$ BLP-resistant SS2-2 (HS) and BLP-susceptible Taekwangkong$\times$ SS2-2 (TS) through foreground and background selection based on the four-stage selection strategy. First, 15 BC individuals were selected through foreground selection using the simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers Satt486 and Satt372 flanking the rxp gene. Among them, 11 BC plants showed the BLP-resistant response. The HS and TS lines chosen in foreground selection were again screened by background selection using 118 and 90 SSR markers across all chromosomes, respectively. Eventually, five individuals showing greater than 90% recurrent parent genome content were selected in both HS and TS lines. These NILs will be a unique biological material to characterize the rxp gene.

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Development of the pyramiding lines with strong culm genes derived from crosses among the SCM near isogenic lines in rice

  • Ookawa, Taiichiro;Kamahora, Eri;Ebitani, Takeshi;Yamaguchi, Takuya;Murata, Kazumasa;Iyama, Yukihide;Ozaki, Hidenobu;Adachi, Shunsuke;Hirasawa, Tadashi;Kanekatsu, Motoki
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.21-21
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    • 2017
  • Severe lodging has recurrently occurred at strong typhoon's hitting in recent climate change. The identification of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) and their responsible genes associated with a strong culm and their pyramiding are important for developing high-yielding varieties with a superior lodging resistance. To identify QTLs for lodging resistance, the tropical japonica line, Chugoku 117 and the improved indica variety, Habataki were selected as the donor parent, as these had thick and strong culms compared with the temperate japonica varieties in Japan such as Koshihikari. By using chromosome segment substitution lines (CSSLs) in which chromosome segments from the japonica variety were replaced to them from Habataki, we identified the QTLs for strong culm on chrs. 1 and 6, which were designated as STRONG CULM1 (SCM1) and STRONG CULM2 (SCM2), respectively. By using recombinant inbred lines (BILs) derived from a cross between Chugoku 117 and Koshihikari and introgression lines, we also identified the other QTLs for strong culm on chrs. 3 and 2, which were designated as STRONG CULM3 (SCM3) and STRONG CULM4 (SCM4), respectively. Candidate region of SCM1 includes Gn1 related to grain number. SCM2 was identical to APO1, a gene related to the control of panicle branch number, and SCM3 was identical to FC1, a strigolactone signaling associated gene, by performing fine mapping and positional cloning of these genes. To evaluate the effects of SCM1~SCM4 on lodging resistance, the Koshihiakri near isogenic line (NIL) with the introgressed SCM1 or SCM2 locus of Habataki (NIL-SCM1, NIL-SCM2) and the another Koshihikari NIL with the introgeressed SCM3 or SCM4 locus of Chugoku 117 (NIL-SCM3, NIL-SCM4) were developed. Then, we developed the pyramiding lines with double or triple combinations derived from step-by-step crosses among NIL-SCM1 NIL-SCM4. Triple pyramiding lines (NIL-SCM1+2+3, ~ NIL-SCM1+3+4) showed the largest culm diameter and the highest culm strength among the combinations and increased spikelet number due to the pleiotropic effects of these genes. Pyramiding of strong culm genes resulted in much increased culm thickness, culm strength and spikelet number due to their additive effect. SCM1 mainly contributed to enhance their pyramiding effect. These results in this study suggest the importance of identifying the combinations of superior alleles of strong culm genes among natural variation and pyramiding these genes for improving high-yielding varieties with a superior lodging resistance.

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