• 제목, 요약, 키워드: mixing ratio

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Al5083-O 알루미늄합금의 보호가스 혼합비율 및 입열량에 따른 GMA용접 특성에 관한 연구 (A Study on the GMA Welding Characteristics of Al5083-O Aluminum Alloy According to the Shield Gas Mixing Ratio and Heat Input)

  • 정재강;양훈승;이동길
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.65-70
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    • 2002
  • This study was to evaluate GMA welding characteristics of the A15083-O aluminum alloy according to the shield gas mixing ratio and heat input change. The GMA welding of the base metal was carried out with flour different shield gas mixing ratios(Ar100%+He0%, Ar67%+He33%, Ar50%+He50%, and Ar33%+He67%). Regarding the if1uence on the bead shape of the shield gas mixing ratio and heat input, the bead width was greatest in Ar100%+He0% mixture. But the penetration depth and area were greatest in Ar33%+He67% mixture considering that the lower Ax gas ratio, the higher bead depth and area. Also, dilution was also best in the shield gas mixing ratio. The size and number of deflects were least in Ar33%+He67% mixture. Higher He gas ratio resulted in less deflects detected by the radiographic inspection.

단섬유 보강토의 투수 및 침식특성 (Permeability and Erosion Characteristics of Short Fiber Reinforced Soils)

  • 차경섭;장병욱;김성필;박재성;박영곤
    • 한국농공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.199-202
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    • 2003
  • A study for permeability and erosion characteristics of short fiber reinforced soils was performed. As mixing ratio increases from 0 to 1.0% permeability of short fiber reinforced soils increased but, maximum increment ratio($k_{1.0%}/k_{0%}$) was 8.47. As a result of permeability test with 19, 38 and 60mm fiber reinforced soils, there were no difference in fiber length. Void ratio increased with increment of mixing ratio and decrease of compaction energy and as a result of plotting permeability and void ratio, log k increased linearly by void ratio. As a result of erosion test, soil erosion was decreased sharply by increase of fiber mixing ratio up to 1.0%. Despite increase of soil erosion by slope angle, the increment ratio was decreased by mixing ratio.

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F-O-O-F 충돌형 injector의 분무특성 및 혼합성능에 관한 실험적 연구 (An Experimental Study on the Characteristics of Spray Pattern and the Mixing Performance of Unlike-impinging Split Triplet Injector(F-O-O-F))

  • 이광진;문덕용;김유
    • 한국추진공학회지
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 1999
  • $H_2$O/Kerosene을 사용하여 Unlike 충돌형 인젝터(FOOF형)에서 산화제와 연료의 운동량비 변화에 따른 혼합효율을 측정하였다. 모의 추진제의 운동량비 1.5(총혼합비 1.89)에서 혼합성능은 최대 값을 나타내었으며 모의 추진제의 실험결과는 실제 추진제인 LOX/Kerosene에 적용하여 혼합특성속도 효율을 예측하였다 연구 결과 혼합특성속도 효율은 운동량비 2.0에서 최대 값을 나타내었다. 이러한 예측은 실제 연소실험을 통하여 얻어진 연소효율과 약간의 차이는 있으나 초기설계자료로서 충분한 가치가 있는 것으로 판단된다.

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동제련 슬래그를 사용한 콘크리트의 경시별 유동특성에 관한 실험적 연구 (A Study on the Flowing Characteristic of Concrete with Copper Smelting Slag)

  • 김정욱;지석원;이세현;전현규;유택동;서치호
    • 한국콘크리트학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.319-324
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    • 2001
  • Recently new practical use way of industry product is required. In this study, to find flowing property of slump, unit weight, the air amount, compressive strength etc. Compressive strength 240, 270kgf/$cm^{2}$, slump 8$\pm$2.5(I), 152$\pm$.5(II)cm, mixing ratio of copper smelting slag decided by 0, 25, 50, 75, 100% gradually, The result of this study was follows ; 1. Unit weight increased 2.2%~4.4% according as mixing ratio of copper smelting slag increases. 2. Slump increased about 2~5% as the mixing ratio increased gradually 3. Compressive strength was increased about 4~28% in copper smelting slag mixing ratio 25~50% and 8~20% decreased more than mixing ratio 75%.

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기포제가 모르터의 제성질에 미치는 영향에 관한 실험적 연구 (Experimental Studies on Influence of Foaming Agents on the Properties of Mortar)

  • 성찬용;황은
    • 한국농공학회지
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.46-61
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    • 1985
  • This study was performed to obtain the basic data which can be applied to the use of foaming mortars. The data was based on the properties of foaming mortars depending upon various mixing ratios and addings to compare those of cement mortar. The foaming agents which was used at this experiment were pre-foamed type and mix-foaming type which is being used as mortar structures. The foaming mortar, mixing ratios of cement to fine aggregate were 1:1, 1: 2, 1 : 3 and 1 : 4. The addings of foaming agents were 0.0%, 0.5%, 1.0%, 1.5%, 2.0%, 2.5% and 3.0% of cement weight. The results obtained were summarized as follows; 1. At the mixing ratio of 1 : 1, the lowest water-cement ratios were showed by foaming mortars, respectively. But it gradually was increased in poorer mixing ratio and decreased in more addition of foaming agent. The water-cement ratios were decreased up to 1. 8~22. 0% by G, 2. 2~24. 1 % by U and 0. 7~53. 1% by J foaming mortar than cement mortar. 2, At the mixing ratio of 1 : 1, the highest bulk densities were showed by foaming mortars, respectively. But, it gradually was decreased in poorer mixing ratio and more addition of foaming agent. The bulk densities were decreased up to 1. 4~20. 7% by G, 2. 3~23. 7% by U and 26. 5~56. 5% by J foaming mortar than cement mortar. Therefore, foaming mortar could be utilized to the constructions which need low strengths. 3. At the mixing ratio of 1:1, the lowest absorption rates were showed by foaming mortars, respectively. But, it gradually was increased in poorer mixing ratio and more addition of foaming agent. Specially, according to the absorption rate when immersed in 72 hours, the absorption rates were showed up to 1. 01~1. 24 times by G, 1. 03~1. 58 times by U and 1. 10~5. 91 times by J foaming mortar than cement mortar. It was significantly higher at the early stage of immersed time than cement mortar. 4. At the mixing ratio of 1:1, the lowest air contents were showed by foaming mortars, respectively. But, it gradually was increased in poorer mixing ratio and more addition of foaming agent. Air contents were contented up to 4. 0~17. 2 times by G, 5. 2~23. 2 times by U and 23. 8~74. 5 times by J foaming mortar than cement mortar. 5. At the mixing ratio of 1 : 1, the lowest decreasing rates of strengths were showed by foaming mortars, respectively. But, it gradually was increased in poorer mixing ratio and more addition of foaming agent. Specially, the strengths of 28 days were decreased 0. 4~2. 2% than those of 7 days by foaming mortar, respectively. Also, the correlations between compressive and tensile strength, compressive and ending strength, tensile and bending strength were highly significant as a straight line shaped, respectively. 6. The correlations between absorption rate, air content, compressive strength and bulk density, absorption rate, compressive strength and air content were highly significant, respectively. The multiple regression equations of water-cement ratio, bulk density, absorption ate, air content, compressive strength, tensile strength and bending strength were computed depending on a function of mixing ratio and addition of foaming agent. It was highly significant, respectively. 7. At the mixing ratio of 1 : 1, the highest strengths were showed by cement mortar and foaming mortars, by chemical reagents. But, it gradually was decreased in poorer mixing ratio. The decreasing rates of strengths were in order of H $_2$S0 $_4$, HNO$_3$ and HCI, J,U,G foaming mortar and cement mortar. Specially, at the each mixing ratio, each chemical reagent and 3.0% of foaming agent, J foaming mortar was collapsed obviously. Therefore, for the structures requiring acid resistence, adding of foaming agent should be lower than 3.0%.

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뽕잎과 오디분말을 이용한 육류용 소스 제조 및 품질평가 (Quality Characteristics of Sauce for Meat prepared with Mulberry Leaf Powder and Mulberry Fruit Powder)

  • 김애정;이정애;김민주;강미숙;김현복;임정대
    • 한국식품영양학회지
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.513-520
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    • 2016
  • Recently, the incidence of cardiovascular diseases including high blood pressure and heart disease has increased with increased meat consumption in Korea. This study was performed to determine the optimal mixing ratio among ratios of 0, 1:0, 0:1, 1:1, 2:1, and 1:2 of mulberry leaf powder to mulberry fruit powder based on the anti-inflammatory effects. Then, the quality characteristics of the sauce for meat prepared with different mixing ratios (0, 1:1, 1:2, 1:3, 1:4, and 1:5) of mulberry leaf powder to mulberry fruit powder were assessed. The inhibitory effects of ML2MF1 (2:1 ratio of mulberry leaf powder to mulberry fruit powder) on NO and TNF-${\alpha}$ production were superior to those of other mixing ratios. With respect to color values of the sauce for meat prepared with different mixing ratio of mulberry leaf powder to mulberry fruit powder, as the mulberry fruit powder mixing ratios was increased, redness was increased but lightness and yellowness were decreased. The sensory evaluation of ML1MF5S (1:5 ratio of mulberry leaf powder to mulberry fruit powder) sauce for meat showed the highest score with respect to color, smell, taste, harmony with meat and the overall preference. In conclusion, as the mulberry leaf powder mixing ratio was increased, the anti-inflammatory activities were increased. But sensory evaluation scores were increased as the mulberry fruit powder mixing ratio was increased. Therefore, by performing further study, the method to increase mulberry leaf powder in the mixing ratio for improving the sensory evaluation should be provided.

혼합성능 개선을 위한 분리 삼중충돌 요소의 설계 (Design of Unlike Split Triplet Impinging Element for Jet Mixing)

  • 조용호;김경호;윤웅섭
    • 한국추진공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.225-232
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    • 2003
  • 분리 삼중충돌 제트의 액상 혼합에 대한 실험적 연구결과를 통해 분리 삼중충돌 인젝터의 요소설계시 고려해야 할 기하학적 파라메타와 혼합성능을 고려하는 방법을 제시하였다. 실험은 비반응성인 케로신과 물을 사용하여 수행하였으며, 분사공의 기학적 조건과 분사조건(운동량비)에 따른 국소혼합비 분포를 측정하여 혼합효율 및 혼합특성속도를 산출하였다. 분사공의 각종 기하학적 요소와 운동량비에 따른 혼합효율 및 혼합 특성속도를 비교/분석하고 혼합성능과 연소성능과의 상관관계를 규명하였으며, 혼합의 정도를 향상시키는 설계점과 혼합성능 측면에서의 분리 삼중충돌 인젝터의 최적 설계조건에 대하여 고찰하였다.

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Vermicomposting에 의한 우분과 음식물쓰레기의 처리에 관한 연구 (A Study of Treatment of Cattle Manure and Food Waste by Vermicomposting)

  • 조익환;이주삼
    • 한국유기농업학회지
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.93-102
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    • 2003
  • This research was made to determine the optimum mixing ratio cattle manure and food waste investigating the effect that gets the growth and reproductive efficiency of earthworm and productivity of earthworm casts at processing process when handled cattle manure and food waste by vermicomposting, in order to establish the treatment system of organic wastes by vermicomposting. Survival ratio of earthworm was highest in the mixing ratio 80~100% : 20~0% of cattle manure and food Waste, and the increasing ratio was highest in cattle manure 100%, and the number of young worms, the weight of young worms and the productivity of earthworm casts in plots more than the mixing ratio 60% of cattle manure were significantly higher than in the other treatment plots(p<0.05). Total nitrogen and carbon contents in earthworm cast were decreased when rearing time of earthworm was increased. Carbon and nitrogen rate(C/N) of earthworm cast in plots more than the mixing ratio 80% of cattle manure was significantly higher than in the other treatment plots(p<0.05). pH in earthworm cast was higher than that in residual matter. The contents of electrolytic conductivity in the higher mixing ratio of food waste were significantly higher than those in the other treatment plots(p<0.05).

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과농 예혼합화염의 혼합촉진에 대한 당량비 한계 (Limit of equivalence ratio on mixing enhancement in rich flames.)

  • 김진국;신현동
    • 한국연소학회지
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.51-55
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    • 1996
  • An experimental investigation has been made with the objective of studying the limits of equivalence ratio on mixing enhancement in a tone excited jet flame. The jet is pulsed by means of a loudspeaker-driven cavity and rich flames(${\phi}>1.5$) are used. The excitation frequency is chosen for the resonant frequency identified as a pipe resonance due to acoustic excitation. Methane, propane and butane are used to examine the effect of mixture property on the limit of equivalence ratio. Mixing is always enhanced in a methane/air flame as the excitation intensity increases. Constant lower limits of equivalence ratio for mixing enhancement are present in cases of propane/air and butane/air flames irrespective of mean mixture velocities. The equivalence ratio limits are also found to be related to the flame instability ; the lower Le, the higher the limit of equivalence ratio. Under the equivalence ratio limits, cellular flames are generated as the excitation intensity increases. The amplitude of oscillating velocity for generating a cellular flame in the equivalence ratio limit is proportional to a mean mixture velocity irrespective of fuels.

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Effect of Rice Straw Steaming Time and Mixing Ratio between Acacia mangium Willd Wood and Steamed Rice Straw on the Properties of the Mixed Particleboard

  • Tran, Van Chu;Le, Xuan Phuong
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.119-125
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    • 2015
  • This study examined the effects of rice straw steaming time and mixing ratio between rice straw and wood particle on the properties of mixed particle board from Acacia mangium Willd wood and rice straw. Rice straw and Acacia mangium Willd wood were collected in Hanoi, Vietnam. The particle board was three-layer particle board with the structural ratio of 1:3:1. The thickness, density and board size of the particle board were 18 mm, $0.7g/cm^3$, and $800{\times}800{\times}18$ (mm, including trimming), respectively. A resin mixture between commercial Urea-formaldehyde (U-F) adhesive and methylene diphenyl isocyanate (MDI) adhesive was used with a dosage of 12% for the core layer and 14% for the surface layer. In this experimental design, the steaming time for rice straw was 15, 30, 45, 60, and 75 minutes at $100^{\circ}C$. The rice straw-wood mixing ratio was 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50%. The results showed that both mixing ratio and steaming time affect the properties of the particleboard, but the mixing ratio has a stronger impact. A higher mixing ratio and a longer steaming time resulted in a better quality of particleboard. The optimal steaming time for rice straw was 46.12 minutes with the straw-wood mixing ratio of 29.85% with the following characteristics of the particle board: the modulus of rupture (MOR) of 14.64 MPa, internal bond strength (IB) of 0.382 MPa, thickness swelling (TS) of 8.83%, and board density of $0.7-0.7g/cm^3$.