• Title/Summary/Keyword: mixed-culture

Search Result 333, Processing Time 0.261 seconds

The Effect of Composition of Flour Brew on Growth and Activity of Lactic Acid Bacteria (제빵에서 밀가루 Brew의 조성이 젖산균의 생육에 미치는 영향)

  • 조남지
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.11 no.6
    • /
    • pp.683-688
    • /
    • 1998
  • This study was conducted to develop optimal composition of flour brew in order to economically utilize flour brew inoculated by lactic acid bacteria as a starter(mother sponge) in bread-making. Two flour brews were prepared ; one with flour and water, the other with flour, water and NaCl. Various nutrients were added to both flour brews and Lactobacilli deMan Rogosa and Sharpe (MRS) broth to investigate the effect of them on growth and activities of Streptococcus thermophilus, Lactobacillus brevis and their mixed culture in flour brews to be tested with incubation at 37$^{\circ}C$. The growth of Streptococcus thermophilus, Lactobacillus brevis and their mixed culture was stimulated by addition of NaCl with 0.85% concentratin and more by mixed culture than by single lactic acid bacteria, resulting in 3 hrs reduction in cultivation and more by mixed culture than by single lactic acid bacteria, resulting in 3 hrs reduction in cultivation time. the addition of 3% glucose to flour brew with NaCl was observed to enhance acid productioni by mixed culture. Yeast extract greatly affected growth and activities of mixed culture of lactic acid bacteria in flour brew with NaCl and its optimum level of this additive in flour brew with NaCl was approximately 1.0%. The optimal composition of flour brew for mixed culture of lactic acid bacteria was suggested as follows; flour 100g, water 300g, NaCl 3.46g, glucose 12.48g, yeast extract 3.46g.

  • PDF

Dynamics of Mixed-Cultures of Gluconobacter suboxydans and Saccharomyces uvarum

  • Paik, Hyun-Dong;Oh, Doo-Whan
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.2 no.1
    • /
    • pp.66-70
    • /
    • 1997
  • A mixed-culture of Gluconobacter suboxydans IFO 3172 and Saccharomyces uvarum IFO 0751 was per-formed in a synthetic medium. the optimal inculum ratio of G. suboydans and S. uvarum for mixed-culture fermentation was 150:1. The optimum pH, incubation temperature and aeration rate for mixed-culture fer- mentation were 5.0, 3$0^{\circ}C$ and 2.25vvm, reapectively. As a result of batch pure-and mixed-culture fer-mentation, specific growth rate in pure-culture of both strain was lower than that in mixed-culture. The yield of cell mass from S. uvarum exclusively decreased. The growth rate of the mixed-culture was very similar to the pure-culture in the begining of culture, but it has been decreased after 16hrs. In the mean time, S. uvarum in mixed-culture fermentation could grow due to fructose converted, but it could not row in pure-culture fermentation. Thus, the relationship was a sort of commensalism. The kinetic parameters cal-culated through steady-state results during continuous fermentations are as follows :{TEX}$$\mu$_{max1}${/TEX}=0.118({TEX}$h^{-1}${/TEX}), {TEX}$Ks_{1}${/TEX}=0.330(g/L),:{TEX}$$\mu$_{max2}${/TEX}=0.162({TEX}$h^{-1}${/TEX}), {TEX}$Ks_{2}${/TEX}=0.038(g/L). The yield of bacterial cell mass relatively constant, but yield of yest cell mass was gradually decreased.

  • PDF

Characterization of Reactions Taken Place by A Mixed Culture of Lactococcus lactis Cells in Cheese Ripening (치즈숙성과정 중의 Lactococcus lactis 혼합균에 의하여 일어나는 반응들의 특성)

  • 탁건태;김중균
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.6 no.1
    • /
    • pp.27-33
    • /
    • 1996
  • Reactions taken place by a mixed culture of Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris KH (lac$^{+}$ prt$^{+}$ ) and KHA (lac$^{-}$ prt$^{-}$ ) and KHA (lac prt ) in cheese ripening have been investigated. Growth characteristics of the mixed culture showed commensalism, and the amounts of proteinases of the mixed culture were small enough. From these results, it is concluded that the production of bitter taste by the mixed culture is a small matter, even if the density of the mixed culture is highly maintained during cheese ripening. Hence, the mixed culture of KH and KHA cells could be a good cheese starter in accelerating the process of cheese ripening.

  • PDF

Chemical Changes of Fruit-Vegetable Juice during Mixed Culture Fermentation of Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Kimchi and Yeast (김치 젖산균과 효모의 혼합배양 방법에 의한 과채류즙 발효과정중의 주요 성분변화)

  • 최홍식;김현영;여경목;김복남
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.27 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1065-1070
    • /
    • 1998
  • Lactic acid bacteria KL 1, KD 6, KL 4 strains isolated from kimchi, or obtained Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus plantarum, Leuconostoc mesenteroides with and without yeast(Saccharomyces cerevisiae) were inoculated in fruit vegetable juice for mixed culture fermentation 3 days at 3$0^{\circ}C$, and then their chemical changes were studied during fermentation. The amount of organic acid produced by the mixed culture fermentation of KL 1 and yeast was 0.82%(3 days) or 0.58%(1 day) and with the final pH of 3.3(3 days) or 4.2(1 day). These mixed culture systems of isolated strains or other bacterial strains had almost similar results of growth rate and acid production. The contents of vitamin C and carotene were retained and stabilized as 70~80% level of their initial values after 24 hrs fermentation. And also ethanol was produced as of the range in 9.6mg%(W/V) by the mixed culture fermentation of KL 1 and yeast, however, the content of ethanol in single culture fermentation by KL 1 strain was much lower than that of mixed culture. The major components of organic acids in fermented juice by mixed culture were considered as malic(26.0%), lactic(49.9%), succinic and citric acid, whereas these of unfermented juice were malic(53.2%), citric and other acids. On other hand, reducing sugar was decreased from 18.3mg/ml in fresh juice to about 12mg/ml in juice by mixed culture fermentation. Concentrations of fructose, glucose and sucrose were also greatly reduced in fermented juice.

  • PDF

Mixed Culture Characteristics of Fungi Strains isolated from Korean Traditional Nuruk (전통누룩에서 분리한 양조용 곰팡이의 혼합 배양에 따른 품질 특성)

  • Mun, Ji-Young;Baek, Seong-Yeol;Ro, Hyeon-Su;Yeo, Soo-Hwan
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.27 no.3
    • /
    • pp.348-363
    • /
    • 2017
  • We analyzed the mixed culture characteristics of isolated brewing fungi obtained from Korean traditional nuruk for their development as fermentation starters. In a previous study, we selected appropriate fungi strains based on their large fungi bodies and strong enzyme activities. These fungi strains were mixed cultured under various combination of ratios, pHs and temperatures. As a result, total acidities of R. delemar mixed culture media were higher than those of A. oryzae cultured at $20^{\circ}C$ and $37^{\circ}C$. The pHs of A. luchuensis 34-1 and A. oryzae 37-7 as well as R. delemar 58-8 and A. oryzae 37-7 mixed culture media gradually increased with the culture period. On the contrary, total acidities of the mixed culture media gradually decreased. ${\alpha}-Amylase$ activities of R. delemar 26-4 and R. oryzae 82-7 mixed culture media were strong at $20^{\circ}C$ and pH 4, glucoamylase activities of R. delemar 58-8 and A. oryzae 37-7 were strong at $37^{\circ}C$, pH 3 and 1:2 ratio, and acidic protease activities of R. delemar 26-4 and A. oryzae 78-5 were strong at $20^{\circ}C$, pH 4 and 1:4 ratio. This study provides the optimal mixed culture conditions for fermentation starters based on changes in pH and total acidity, favorable enzyme activities, and fungi varieties.

Protein Production from Cellulosic Wastes by Mixed Culture of A. phoenices and C. utilis (Aspergillus phoenicis 및 candida utilis의 혼합배양에 의한 섬유소로부터의 단백질 생산)

  • 이영녹;박경량;이주실;배광성;백대홍
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
    • /
    • v.19 no.1
    • /
    • pp.14-22
    • /
    • 1981
  • Protein content of cellulosic wastes, such as spent grain, hop bark, spent rye, rice straw, rice hull, saw dust and used newspaper, was increased by a mixed culture of C. utilis wastes having 66-75% moisture. Among the fungal strains tested. A.phoenicis KU175 was the most powerful to increase the protein content of A. phoenicis during the mixed culture with C. utilis in the CMC medium reached at the peak for one day culture after inoculation of the both strains at the same time, while it reached at peark from the beginning of the mixed culture, when A. phoenicis was inocultated for 12-24hours prior to the inoculation of C.utilis. To increase the protein content of the cellulosic wastes by the mixed culture of C.utilis and A.phoenicis, the inoculation of both strains at the same time was more effective than the preinoculation of A. phoenicis for 6-24 hours. Content of crude cellulose in the used newspaper, saw dust and spent grain was high relatively, and the lignin content of spent grain, spent rye, and rice strew was reduced more than half by the treatment of 2% NaOH. However, effect of alkali treatment of increase the protein content of the cellulosic wastes was not prominent in the case of mixed culture. Protein content of the cellulosic wastes was increased prominently by the mixed culture of C.utilis and A.phoenicis in semi-solid substrate, compared with the single culture of C. utilis, although the latter increased the protein content of cellulosic wastes considerably. The effect of mixed culture of C. utilis and A. phoenicis increased 4-fold the protein content of spent grain, and more than doubled crude protein in hop bark and rice straw.

  • PDF

부탄 이용 미생물에 의한 MTBE(Methyl tert-Butyl Ether) 분해 특성

  • 장순용;백승식;이시진
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.136-139
    • /
    • 2001
  • In this study, we have examined potential degradation of MTBE (methy1 tert-butyl ether) by pure culture ENV425 and mixed culture isolated from gasoline contaminated soil using n-butane as the sources of carbon and energy. The results described in this study suggest that MTBE is degraded cometabolically by ENV425 and mixed culture grown n-butane, and the disappearance of TBA after complete degradation of MTBE suggest the further degradation of TBA. Butane and MTBE degradation was completely inhibited by acetylene, which indicated that both substrates were degraded by butane-utilizing bacteria. MTBE was degraded ENV425 and mixed culture grown n-butane, and TBA (tert-butyl alcohol) was produced as product of MTBE oxidation. TBA production was accounted 54.7% and 58.6% for MTBE oxidation by ENV425 and mixed culture, respectively. The observed maximal transformation yield (T$_{y}$) were 44.7 and 34.0 (nmol MTRE degraded/$\mu$mol n-butane Utilized) by ENV425 and mixed culture, respectively.y.

  • PDF

Fermentation Aspects of Fruit-Vegetable Juice by Mixed Cultures of Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Kimchi and Yeast (김치 젖산균과 효모의 혼합배양 방법에 의한 과채류즙의 발효양상)

  • 최홍식;김현영;여경목;김복남
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.27 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1059-1064
    • /
    • 1998
  • Fermented beverage using lactic acid bacteria isolated from kimchi was investigated. Lactic acid bacteria KL 1, KD 6, KL 4 strains from kimchi, or obtained Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus plantarum, Leuconostoc mesenteroides with and without yeast(Saccharomyces cerevisiae) were inoculated in fruit vegetable juice for single and mixed culture fermentation. During the fermentation by bacterial strain and yeast for 1~3 days at 30oC, various fermentation behaviors were observed. The growth rate of mixed culture of KL 1 and yeast was higher than that of single culture by KL 1 alone during the fermentation. The amount of organic acid produced by the mixed culture fermentation of KL 1 and yeast was 0.82%(3 day) or 0.58%(1 day) and with the final pH of 3.3(3 day) or 4.2(1 day). These mixed culture systems of isolated strains or other bacterial strains had almost similar results of growth rate and acid production. Among several bacterial strains, KL 1 was suitable for the mixed culture fermentation with yeast in terms of desirable fermentation behavior and organoleptical quality. The selected strain, KL 1 was identified as Leuconostoc spp. through the series of tests on carbohydrate fermentation and biochemical characteristics.

  • PDF

A Study on the Reduction of Gossypol Levels by Mixed Culture Solid Substrate Fermentation of Cottonseed Meal

  • Zhang, Wenju;Xu, Zirong;Sun, Jianyi;Yang, Xia
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.19 no.9
    • /
    • pp.1314-1321
    • /
    • 2006
  • The objective of this work was to study the effect of mixed culture solid substrate fermentation of C. tropicalis ZD-3 with A. niger ZD-8 on detoxification of cottonseed meal (CSM), and to investigate the effect of fermentation period, proportion of CSM in substrate, sodium carbonate, minerals and heat treatment on the reduction of free gossypol levels during mixed culture solid substrate fermentation of CSM. Experiment 1: Three groups of disinfected CSM substrate were incubated for 48 h after inoculation with either of the fungi C. tropicalis ZD-3, A. niger ZD-8 or mixed culture (C. tropicalis ZD-3 with A. niger ZD-8). One non-inoculated group was used as the control. Levels of initial and final free gossypol (FG), CP and in vitro CP digestibility were assayed. The results indicated that mixed culture fermentation was far more effective than single strain fermentation, which not only had higher detoxification rate, but also had higher CP content and in vitro digestibility. Experiment 2: CSM substrates were treated according to experimental variables including fermentation period, proportion of CSM in substrate, sodium carbonate, minerals and heat treatment, Then, the treated CSM substrates were inoculated with mixed culture (C. tropicalis ZD-3 with A. niger ZD-8) and incubated at $30^{\circ}C$ for 36 h in a 95% relative humidity chamber. After fermentation ended, FG and CP content of fermented CSM substrate was assayed. The results showed that the appropriate fermentation period was 36 h, and the optimal proportion of CSM in substrate was 70%. Addition of sodium carbonate to CSM substrate was beneficial for fermentative detoxification. Heat treatment could facilitate fermentative detoxification, and supplementation with minerals was instrumental in reducing gossypol levels during mixed culture solid substrate fermentation of CSM.

The Effects of Mixed Culture with Aspergillus flavus, Aspergilus niger and Penicillium griseofulvum on Aflatoxin and Patulin Production (Aspeygillus flavus, Aspergillus nicer 및 Peniciilum griseofulvum의 혼합배양이 aflatoxin 및 patulin 생성에 미치는 영향)

  • 강성조;강진순;정덕화
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
    • /
    • v.16 no.3
    • /
    • pp.206-211
    • /
    • 2001
  • This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of mixed culture with mycotoxigenic and non-mycotoxigenic fungi on mycotoxin production. For this work, Aspegillus flavus (aflatoxin producing strain), Aspegillus niger (non-mycotoxigenic strain) and Penicillium griseofulvum (patulin producing strain)were cultured in 5 ml SLS medium for 15 days under single or mixed culture. Aflatoxin was determined by direct competitive ELISA, whereas, patulin was measured by HPLC. The mycelial growth, pH and total acidity were also observed by general methods. The mycelial growth was slightly decreased in the mixed culture, meanwhile total acidity was increased and pH was shown lower than that in single culture. Aspergillus flavus produced 145 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml of aflatoxin for 12 days single culture, but in mixed culture, aflatoxin was decreased to 93%, and was shown as 10.16$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml level. Patulin production in mixed culture was also decreased to 69.3% and was shown only 23.72$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml level as compared with in single culture.

  • PDF