• Title/Summary/Keyword: milled rice quality

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Structural, morphological, and physicochemical properties of rice starch on main and ratoon rice

  • Shin, Jong Hee;Kim, Sang Kuk;Kim, Se Jong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.332-332
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    • 2017
  • Rice ratooning is the cultural practices to produce easily second rice from the stubble left behind after the main-crop harvest. The main advantage of rice ratooning is that in areas where rice is the main crop, double crop of rice can be grown for additional returns. Three early ripened rice cultivars were tested for estimation their milled rice quality and starch characteristics from main and ratoon rice. The main crop was harvested at mass maturity, after which the tillers were mowed to stubbles of about 10 cm tall. And then it left without any further input until the ratooned plant was ready for harvest. Highly significant variations were detected in the milled rice quality between main and ratoon rice. Protein and amylose contents of ratoon rice were more increased than those of main rice. The Toyo value (gloss) of cooked rice of ratoon crop was measured also higher than that of main crop. It resulted from higher air temperature during grain ripening compared with that of ratoon crop. The mean temperature during ripened period of ratoon rice was favorable for optimal maturation for early ripened rice cultivars. Normalized chromatograms of branch chain length distribution of amylopectin are demonstrated a distinct difference between main and ratoon rice flour. Ratoon rice had higher amount of short chains than that of main crop rice starches. Microscopic examination of rice flours with scanning electron microscopy shows starch granule shapes affected by the cropping types, main and ratoon rice. It showed significant differences among rice starch granule shapes and in granule size between main and ratoon rice. Starch of ratoon rice had more neat and smaller granules than that of main rice.

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Milling Characteristics and Milled Rice Quality of Rice Varieties with Different Grain Size Shape (입형이 다른 벼 품종의 도정특성 및 쌀품위)

  • Hong, Ha-Cheol;Jeong, Young-Pyeong;Kim, Tae-Young;Son, Jong-Rok;Hwang, Hung-Goo;Choi, Hae-Chune;Min, Young-Kyoo;Kim, Kee-Jong
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.46-49
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    • 2003
  • Paddy and milled rice quality, milling characteristics, energy consumption of milling process were investigated using Dasanbyeo, Ansanbyeo, Hwaseongbyeo, Ilpumbyeo, and Donganbyeo varieties. Thousand grains weights of the varieties dried to 15% moisture content were 22.92-28.60 g, with Dasanbyeo being the heaviest. Optimum clearance of rubber roller for obtaining maximum dehulling recovery was 30% of each rice variety thickness. At that time, perfect brown rice ratios of Dasanbyeo, Ansanbyeo, Hwaseongbyeo, Ilpumbyeo, and Donganbyeo were 95.24%, 98.86%, 95.97%, 97.75%, and 97.31%, respectively, and showed no significant differences among varieties. Ratios of removed rice bran after two times milling ranged 70.93-91.38%, with Dasanbyeo showing the highest ratio, and the average head rice ratio was 92.87%.

Milled Rice Quality and Physicochemical of Korean Native Rice Cultivars Grown in Different Crop Residue and Tillage Management (유기물 피복과 경운관리에 따른 재래벼의 쌀 품위 및 이화학적 특성)

  • Lee Byung Jin;Son Young Son;Ahn Jong Wwoong;Park Jae Hyun;Kang Jin Ho;Choi Zhin Ryong
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.50 no.spc1
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    • pp.77-84
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    • 2005
  • Three new rice farming systems, i.e. (1) straw-mulched no-till rice cropping system(SMNTRCS), (2)straw-mulched no-till rice-vetch cropping system (SMNTRWCS), (3)conventional rice-barley cropping system(CRVCS) have been established and compared with (4)conventional rice cropping system(CRCS). Grain appearance of brown rice of Korean native rice cultivars in SMNTRCS and SMNTRVCS were better than those in CRBCS and CRCS. Grain appearance of milled rice in SMNTRCS was better than those of other cropping systems. Korean native rice cultivars showed more white belly and broken rice than those of recommended rice cultivars. Mg and K contents of Korean native rice cultivars were the highest in SMNTRVCS. Protein contents of all the cultivars tested were the highest in SMNTRCS. Protein contents of Korean native cultivars were higher than those of recommended cultivars. Amylose contents of the cultivars tested were from 16 to 22 percent, while those of Aedal and Jenmjo were significantly higher than those of the other cultivars. Alkali digestibility values(ADV) of milled rice grain, tested in $1.2\%$ potassium hydroxide for 23 h at $30^{\circ}C$, showed varietal differences and the cultivars grown in CRBCS were the highest and the lowest in CRCS.

The Ratooning Potential of Several Early-Ripening Rice Cultivar in Korea (조생종 벼의 움벼(ratoon-rice)생산 및 움벼의 생육특성)

  • Shin, Jong-Hee;Kim, Sang-Kuk;Park, Sang-Gu
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.60 no.2
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    • pp.139-145
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    • 2015
  • Rice ratooning is the production of a second rice crop from the stubble left behind after the main-crop harvest. The main advantage of rice ratooning is that in areas where rice is the main crop, double crop of rice can be grown for additional returns. Eight cultivars of rice were tested for estimation their ratooning ability. The main crop was harvested at mass maturity, after which the tillers were mowed to stubbles of about 10 cm tall. And then left without any further input, until the ratooned plant were ready for harvest. Highly significant variations were detected in the ratoon performance among cultivars, with ratoon ability ranging from 0% ('Unkwang', 'Jopeyong', 'Odae', 'Nokyang') to 33% ('Jinbuol') in their grain yield. The maximum grain yield from ratoon rice was 202 and 203 kg/10a for 'Jinbuol' and 'Joun' followed by 'Junamjoseng' 174kg/10a. Protein and amylose contents of ratoon rice were more increased than those of main rice. The platability value of cooked rice of ratoon was lower than that of main crop. Germination rate of the previous year's harvest of rice was not significantly different between ratoon and main crop. This rice ratooning system requires short duration, creating possibility for growing another crop in the same cropping year and offers an opportunity to increase cropping intensity per unit of cultivated areas.

Variation of Rice Quality of Milled Rice according to Storage Period (고미(古米)의 품질변이 특성)

  • Kim, Dae-Jung;Oh, Sea-Kwan;Hong, Ha-Cheol;Yoon, Mi-Ra;Lee, Jeong-Heui;Choi, Im-Soo;Kim, Yeon-Kyu
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.56 no.4
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    • pp.342-348
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    • 2011
  • This study investigated the effects of storage period on the quality-realted characteristics of milled rice. Milled rice of two rice varieties (Nampyeongbyeo, Dongjinbyeo) produced in different years (2005, 2006 and 2009) were used for experiment. The toyo meter value of both rice varieties was decreased with extended storage period. But fat acidity of both rice groups was increased with extended storage period. When the samples were compared by production year, the hardness of the rice produced in 2009 was higher than those produced in 2005 and 2006. As storage period was prolonged, the L, a, and b values of chromaticity were increased and there was decreased preference in palatability of cooked rice. So, as storage period was longer, rice quality and eating quality deteriorated seriously.

Organic Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Production in Eco-friendly Complex using Gelatin·Chitin Microorganisms (친환경 광역단지 내 젤라틴·키틴분해미생물을 이용한 유기 벼 생산)

  • Choi, Seung-Hee;Cha, Kwang-Hong;Seo, Dong-Jun;Park, Hung-Gyu;Kwon, Oh-Do;An, Kyu-Nam;Lee, Jai-Hak;Kim, Kil-Yong;Jung, Woo-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.629-647
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    • 2018
  • This study was carried out to investigate the economic value of organic rice production using gelatin chitin microorganisms in eco-friendly complex, Gongsan, Naju city. The soil condition of experiment paddy field was Jeonbuk series and silt loam with a slightly poor drainage. Except for the high effective silicate, the chemical characteristics of soils used were included in the optimum range of paddy soils in Korea. In growth, plant length, tiller number, ear number, and ear length were observed to be higher in conventional paddy fields than organic paddy fields. However, number of grain per panicle and grain filling ratio (%) were higher in organic paddy fields than conventional paddy fields. Incidences of diseases and insect pests were slightly higher in the organic paddy fields. Water weevil, sheath blight, rice leaf roller and rice blast were more occurred in organic paddy field. On the other hand, false smut was higher occurred in conventional paddy field. There was a significant negative correlation between rice sheath blight and rice leaf roller, and rice yield. In the milled rice quality, the quality of organically cultivated milled rices was lower by the increase of broken rice than that of conventionally cultivated milled rices. The quality and palatability of rice were higher in organic cultivation with decreasing of protein content. Net income of conventionally and organically cultivated rice was 360,000 won/10a and 610,000 won/10a, respectively. Premium net income of the organically cultivated rice was 68%.

Comparison of Yield and Grain Quality of Ten High Quality Rice Cultivars Grown in Three Different Agricultural Regions of Gyeongsangbuk-do Province (경상북도 지역별 최고품질 벼 품종의 수량 및 품질 특성)

  • Shin, Jong-Hee;Kim, Sang-Kuk;Kim, Se-Jong
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.62 no.4
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    • pp.275-284
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    • 2017
  • Rice quality should be considered as a primary consumer requirement. Regarding marketing, characteristics such as appearance, physicochemical properties, and palatability of brand rice are of high economic importance. Therefore, this study was conducted to select the optimal rice cultivars representing the commercial rice brands of Gyeongsangbuk-do province in Korea. Various rice grain quality components, grain appearance, several physicochemical properties of rice grain, and texture or palatability of cooked rice grains of ten cultivars (namely 'top quality rice') cultivated at three different locations, such as inland mountainous and southern plain areas of Gyeongsangbuk-do province in 2013~2014, were evaluated, and the obtained data was analyzed. 'Hiami' showed slightly higher protein contents and lower palatability of cooked rice than the other rice cultivars. Rice production and head rice yield produced at Gumi were the highest. The protein content of milled rice produced at Andong, an inland mountainous region, was approximately 0.3% point lower than that from other locations, whereas the amylose content of milled rice was approximately 1% point higher than those from the other plain regions, Daegu and Gumi. We evaluated the texture, Glossiness value determined using a Toyo teste meter and palatability of cooked rice of ten cultivars. The hardness of cooked rice produced in Andong was slightly lower than that produced in Daegu and Gumi, and additionally, the palatability of cooked rice produced in Andong was the best, followed by that producted in Gumi and Daegu. Considering rice yield and grain quality in the major rice cultivation areas of Gyeongsangbuk-do province, the rice cultivars that may be suitable for each region could be recommended mid-late maturation: 'Younghojinmi' and 'Mipum' in Daegu, 'Daebo', 'Samgwang', Chilbo' and 'Younghojinmi' in Gumi, 'Samgwang', 'Jinsumi' and 'Sukwang' in Andong. These results obtained in this study imply that the selected cultivars with high yield and quality could be recommended with high priority to rice farmers in the regions.