• Title, Summary, Keyword: microflora

Search Result 719, Processing Time 0.048 seconds

Studies on the Microflora of Takju brewing (탁주의 Microflora에 관한 연구)

  • 이주식;이태우
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
    • /
    • v.8 no.3
    • /
    • pp.116-133
    • /
    • 1970
  • The microfloral survey was performed from Kokja, mashes and commercial Takju, Korean wine, in order to serve as the basic materials for the study of Takju brewing. The cutlines were summarized as follows ; A) microflora of Kokja. B) Microflora of Mashes. C) Microflora of commercial Takju.

  • PDF

Inhibitory Effects of Bifidobacterium spp. Isolated from a Healthy Korean on Harmful Enzymes of Human Intestinal Microflora

  • Park, Hye-Young;Bae, Eun-Ah;Han, Myung-Joo;Choi, Eung-Chil;Kim, Dong-Hyun
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
    • /
    • v.21 no.1
    • /
    • pp.54-61
    • /
    • 1998
  • Five hundreds of bifidobacteria were isolated from a healthy Korean and the inhibitory effects of these isloated bacteria on harmful enzymes of human intestinal microflora were examined by cocultivation of the isolated bifidobacteria with E. coli or total human intestinal microflora. In comparison with the results of E. coli or intestinal microflora cultivation, Bifidobacterium breve K-110, B. breve K-111 and B. infantis K-525 effectively inhibited harmful enzymes ($\beta$-glucuronidase and tryptophanase) of E. coli and lowered the pH of the culture media. Also they inhibited the harmful enzymes ($\beta$-glucosidase, $\beta$-glucuronidase, tryptophanase and urease) and ammonia production of intestinal microflora, and lowered pH of the culture media by increasing lactic acid bacteria of intestinal microflora. When these isolated bifidobacteria were administered on mice, fecal harmful enzymes were also inhibited. Among tested bifidobacteria, B. breve K-110 had the highest inhibitory effect of fecal harmful enzymes.

  • PDF

Effects of Green Tea Polyphenols and Fructo-oligosaccharides in Semi-purified Diets on Broilers' Performance and Caecal Microflora and Their Metabolites

  • Cao, B.H.;Karasawa, Y.;Guo, Y.M.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.18 no.1
    • /
    • pp.85-89
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to examine the effects of green tea polyphenols (GTP) and fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) supplement on performance, counts of caecal microflora and its metabolites production. In female broiler chickens fed on semi-purified diets from 28 to 42 d of age, dietary green tea polyphenols (GTP) and fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) significantly reduced mortality (p<0.05). Dietary GTP significantly decreased the total count of caecal microflora, each colonic population count and caecal flora metabolites contents when compared to other groups (p<0.05). Dietary FOS did not influence the total count of caecal flora but it selectively increased Bifidobacteri and Eubacteria counts (p<0.05) and decreased the count of other microflora and concentrations of caecal phenols and indole (p<0.0.5). These results suggest that GTP and FOS in semi-purified diets can decrease mortality and change the caecal colonic flora population, but GTP shows antibiotic-like effects of non-selectively decreasing all colonic flora and then metabolites, and FOS acts selectively by increasing profitable microflora and decreasing production of caecal microflora metabolites besides volatile fatty acids.

Changes in the Viable Counts and Microflora of Oyster and Weakfish during Cold Storage (굴과 Weakfish의 저온저장중 생균수 및 Microflora의 변화)

  • 박찬성
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.12 no.3
    • /
    • pp.312-319
    • /
    • 1996
  • Oyster (Crassostrea virginica) and Weakfish (Cynoscion regalis) were stored at 6, 0, -4 and -20$^{\circ}C$ for up to 45 days and examined for changes in microflora. Aerobic plate counts (incubated at 21$^{\circ}C$) were performed at selected times during storage and 495 isolates (255 isolates from oyster and 240 isolates from Weakfish) were randomly selected from the plates during the storage. Before the storage of the fishes, viable counts of oyster were 4.9${\times}$10$\^$5/ CFU/g of meat and those of Weakfish were 1.5${\times}$10$^4$ CFU/cm$^2$of skin. Microflora of oyster before storage, the major isolates identified as Pseudomonas spp. (67%) and Vibrio spp. (20%). Pseudomonas ll1/1V-H and Flavobacterium/Cytophaga were predominant genus in the microflora of oyster during cold storage at 6, 0, -4 and -20$^{\circ}C$. The composition of the microflora of Weakfish before storage, Acinetobacter (40%) and Moraxella (33%) were the major species, with Pseudomonas and Vibrio constituting a small percentage of the total isolates. The microflora shifted to predominantly Pseudomonas spp. during storage at 6. 0 and -4$^{\circ}C$, making up from 60 to 100% of isolated strains. During frozen storage, the percentage of isolates identified as Mnraxella increased to 40-60% of the total isolates. During cold storage, halophilic bacteria (Pseudomonas lII/IV-H and Vibrio) were predominant in oyster while nonhalophilic bacteria (Pseudomonas III/IV-NH and Moraxella) were predominant in Weakfish. Vibrio spp. were higher in oyster than in Weak fish. Listeria spp. were not isolated but unidentified ${\beta}$-hemolytic bacteria were islolated from both of the fishes during cold storage.

  • PDF

A study on the microflora changes during Takju brewing (탁주발효에 있어서 발효미생물군의 변동에 대하여)

  • 신용두;조덕현
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
    • /
    • v.8 no.2
    • /
    • pp.53-64
    • /
    • 1970
  • In order to study ecology of microorganisms during Takju brewing, microflora changes were examined fromm the start to the sixth day of Takju fermentation in 24 hours intervals. Takju made from rice, flour and dried sweet potato in a liter volume open container at the laboratory and a sanple of Takju brewing factory were studied for their microflora and their changes during fermentationl together with a sample of Kokja. Results obtained were as follows ; 1. The followings were the identified microorganisms in Kokja. The molds ; Absidia spinosa, Aspergillus parasiticus. The yeasts ; Candida melinii, Candida Solani, Hansenula anomala. The bacteria ; Luctobacillus casei, Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus pumilus. 2. Torulopsis inconspicua, Lactobacillus casei, Leuconotoc mesenteroides, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus pumilus were isolated from main mash of laboratory-made Takju samples. The yeast, Torupsis inconspicua which was not present in Kokja and, probably of a contaminant yeast, dominated the yeast flora of Takju mash of rice, flour and sweet potato of labotatory brewing. The laboratory brewing lost also always showed large population of lactic acid bacteria flora. 3. None of the wild yeasts which were present in Kokja appeared in Takju mashes. The Kokja appears to be of no use as the yeast source for Takju fermentation. Also the Kokja appears to be of not so effective amylolytic and proteolytic enzyme sources considering the microflora characteristics. Probably the major role of Kokja in Takju fermentation may be to contribute in taste formation. 4. Inoculation of Sacharomyces cerevisiae into the mash to the level of $10^7$ ml at the start of fermentation greatly changed the ecological aspects eliminating conditions of rather slow rising of natural contaminant yeast populaiton and fermentation which might give rise to prosperity of lactic acid and Bacillus bacteria that would be avoidable. 5. Examination of microflora of the large factory scale Takju fermentation showed the quite similar pattern of microflora and their changes to that of the cultured yeast-inoculated laboratory batch Takju fermentation. The cultured yeast dominated as the only predominant microflora, and the lactic acid bacteria flora were completely suppressed and aerobic bacteria, greatly. Probably this may be the regular microflora pattern of normal Takju fermentation. The role of lactic acid bacteria and aerobic bacteria in Takju fermentation may not be clear yet from this experiment alone.

  • PDF

Influence of Garlic and Red Pepper on the Microflora of Kajami Shik-hae

  • MoussaSouane;Lee, Cherl-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Applied Microbiology Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.516.1-516
    • /
    • 1986
  • Kajami Shik-hae processing consists of the fermentation of low salted Kajami (6% NaCl maximum) coated with a vegetable mixture, composed with cooked millet, red pepper, garlic and ginger. Lactic bacteria are the main component of the microflora. In order to determine their eventual selective role on the microflora the antimicrobial activity of garlic and red pepper was tested with some strain of bacteria and molds isolated from Shik-hae and Shik-hae raw materials. And the influence of their concentration in Kajami Shik-hae on the microflora was also checked. At the concentration of 10% garlic have no inhibitory activity against lactic bacteria but on strains of Bacillus, Micrococcus and Aspergillus niger. At the concentration of 20% red pepper showed a slight inhibitory activity on two strains of Bacillus. These results shows that red pepper and garlic are not only flavoring ingredients but they might play an important role in the control of the microflora growth and composition during Kajami Shik-hae fermentation.

  • PDF

Effect of Bifidobacterium longum HY8001 Administration on Human Fecal Bacterial Enzymes and Microflora (Bifidobacterium longum HY8001의 섭취가 사람의 장내세균층 및 장내세균 효소에 미치는 영향)

  • 이완규;이상명;배형석;백영진
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
    • /
    • v.27 no.4
    • /
    • pp.267-272
    • /
    • 1999
  • The effects of Bifidobacterium longum HY8001 supplement intake on the fecal microflora and fecal bacterial enzyme activity were studied in ten healthy human volunteers, before, during and after intake (respectively for 3 weeks). During intake of B. longum HY8001 supplement, fecal, $\beta$-glucuronidase and nitroreductase activities significantly decreased 44.6%(p<0.005) and 32.3%(p<0.01), respectively. Although numbers of major bacterial groups of fecal microflora were not affected by B. longum HY8001 intake for 3 weeks, the number of Bifidobacterium was significantly increased (p<0.05). This result indicates that intake of B. longum HY8001 might be potentially beneficial for the prevention and inhibition of colon cancer and improvement of human intestinal microflora composition.

  • PDF

Metabolism of Ginsenosides to Bioactive Compounds by Intestinal Microflora and Its Industrial Application

  • Kim, Dong-Hyun
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
    • /
    • v.33 no.3
    • /
    • pp.165-176
    • /
    • 2009
  • Korean ginseng, which contains ginsenosides and polysaccharides as its main constituents, is orally administered to humans. Ginsenosides and polysaccharides are not easily absorbed by the body through the intestines due to their hydrophilicity. Therefore, these constituents which include ginsenosides Rb1, Rb2, and Rc, inevitably come into contact with intestinal microflora in the alimentary tract and can be metabolized by intestinal microflora. Since most of the metabolites such as compound K and protopanaxatriol are nonpolar compared to the parental components, these metabolites are easily absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. The absorbed metabolites may express pharmacological actions, such as antitumor, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, and neuroprotective effects. However, the activities that metabolize these constituents to bioactive compounds differ significantly between individuals because all individuals possess characteristic indigenous strains of intestinal bacteria. Recently, ginseng has been fermented with enzymes or microbes to develop ginsengs that contain these metabolites. However, before using these enzymes and probiotics, their safety and biotransforming activity should be assessed. Intestinal microflora play an important role in the pharmacological action of orally administered ginseng.

Effects of Dietary Cellulose Levels on Growth, Nitrogen Utilization, Retention Time of Diets in Digestive Tract and Caecal Microflora of Chickens

  • Cao, B.H.;Zhang, X.P.;Guo, Y.M.;Karasawa, Y.;Kumao, T.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.16 no.6
    • /
    • pp.863-866
    • /
    • 2003
  • This study was conducted to examine the effects of dietary cellulose levels on growth, nitrogen utilization, the retention time of diets in the digestive tract, and caecal microflora of 2-month-old Single Comb White Leghorn male chickens fed 3 purified diets that contained 0, 3.5% and 10% cellulose in equal amount of nutrients for 7 days. Body weight gain and nitrogen utilization were significantly higher (p<0.05), while total microflora counts in the caecal contents and retention time of the diet in the digestive tract were significantly lower (p<0.05) in the group fed 3.5% dietary cellulose compared with the group fed 10% dietary cellulose. Body weight gain, nitrogen utilization and retention time of the diet in the digestive tract decreased significantly while the total microflora count in the caecal contents increased significantly in the group fed 10% dietary cellulose compared to the group fed 0% dietary cellulose (p<0.05). Chickens fed 10% dietary cellulose had significantly increased counts of uric acid-degradative bacteria such as Peptococcaceae and Eubacterium, including Peptostreptococcus (p<0.05). The results suggest that cellulose in purified diets is an effective ingredient and the effects on growth, nitrogen utilization, caecal microflora counts and diet retention time in the digestive tract are dependent on the inclusion rate. Positive or negative effects of dietary cellulose are displayed by growth, nitrogen utilization, caecal microflora counts and retention time of the diet in the digestive tract. Positive effects were displayed when the inclusion rate is 3.5% and negative effects were displayed when that is greater than 3.5% of the diet, and the phenomenon is without reference to the age of the chickens.

The Changes of Natural Microflora in Liver Sausage with Kimchi Powder during Storages

  • Kim, Hyoun-Wook;Lee, Na-Kyoung;Oh, Mi-Hwa;Kim, Cheon-Jei;Paik, Hyun-Dong
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
    • /
    • v.31 no.6
    • /
    • pp.899-906
    • /
    • 2011
  • The objectives of this study were to apply the Baranyi model to predict the growth of natural microflora in liver sausage with added kimchi powder. Kimchi powder was added to the meat products at 0, 1, 2, and 3% levels. To determine and quantify the natural microflora in the meat products, total plate counts and counts of anaerobic bacteria and lactic acid bacteria were examined throughout the 28 d of storage. The obtained data were applied to the Baranyi growth model. The indices used for comparing predicted and observed data were $B_f$, $A_f$, root mean square error (RMSE), and $R^2$. Twelve predictive models were characterized by a high $R^2$ and small RMSE. The Baranyi model was useful in predicting natural microflora levels in these meat products with added kimchi powder during storage.