• Title/Summary/Keyword: maternal depression

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Father Involvement in Child-rearing and Maternal Depression During Early Childhood (유아기 자녀를 둔 아버지의 양육참여도와 어머니 우울)

  • Huh, Bo-Yun;Han, Kyung-Ja
    • Korean Parent-Child Health Journal
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.131-146
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purposes of this descriptive survey study were to describe levels of father involvement in child-rearing and maternal depression. Method: Data were collected from 277 mothers who had one to three years old infant at 8 day care centers and 2 public health centers in S and B city. The instrument used for this study was a self-report questionnaire that included the father involvement in child-rearing scale and maternal depression(BDI). Results: The mean score for father involvement in child-rearing was $44.60{\pm}12.06$. For father involvement in child-rearing, there were significant differences according to chid birth order, father's education, mother's job, income, marriage satisfaction, support for child-rearing. The mean for maternal depression was $10.24{\pm}7.70$. For maternal depression, there were significant differences according to mother's religion, parent's education, father's job, income, marriage satisfaction, support for child-rearing. There is significant difference in the maternal depression according to the father involvement in child-rearing. Conclusion: Father involvement in child-rearing and maternal depression influence child development. It is essential to assess father's participation in child-rearing and maternal depression, to develop knowledge about role of father for child health.

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Maternal Parenting Experience, Depression, Marital Conflict, & Parenting Behavior Parenting School Children's Maladjustment (어머니의 아동기 양육경험, 우울, 부부갈등 및 양육행동과 학령기 아동의 부적응)

  • 정미경;김영희
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.41 no.8
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    • pp.123-137
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    • 2003
  • The purpose or this study was to examine the effect or maternal parenting experience, mediated by maternal depression, marital conflict, and parenting behavior, on school children's maladjustment. The theoretical model was specified and estimated. Subject of this study consisted of 637 mothers having elementary students(from 5th to 6th grade) drawn from 4 elementary schools in Cheong-ju city. Maternal parenting experience in childhood had an indirect effect on school children's maladjustment mediated by maternal depression. Maternal permissive parenting experience had more strong relationship with maternal depression rather than authoritative parenting behavior. Maternal depression, marital conflict, parenting behavior were directly effected on school children's maladjustment. Maternal depression were significantly effected on children's maladjustment indirectly mediated by marital conflict and parenting behavior Maternal depression was the most important factor predicting marital conflict, parenting behavior, and school children's Maladjustment.

Impact of Maternal Depression on Their Children: A Literature Review (임산부 우울이 자녀건강에 미치는 영향에 대한 고찰)

  • Bang, Kyung-Sook
    • Korean Parent-Child Health Journal
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.15-24
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    • 2008
  • Maternal depression is known to have important negative effects on mother, child and mother-child relationship. To review current research evidence of association between maternal depression and their children's health and development, relevant studies were identified using Medline and Kiss(Korean studies Information Service System). The majority of research has reported that children of mother with depression are at risk for impaired physical functioning, growth and developmental delays, and behavioral problems compared to general population. From these studies, it is suggested that these kinds of studies are necessary in this country to examine the relation between maternal depression and children's health and development. Recommendations are included for future research and screening programs for maternal depression.

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Factors Influencing Maternal Depression: Secondary Data Analysis (영유아 어머니의 우울에 영향하는 요인: 이차 자료분석)

  • Kim, Chul-Gyu;Choi, Mi-Young
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.288-301
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify association between maternal depression and multiple contextual factors in 1,519 mothers in Korea who participated in the 2009 Panel Study of Korean Children (PSKC). Methods: The second wave data which was a comprehensive longitudinal data set with a nationally representative birth cohort was analyzed using SAS 9.3 software. Kessler depression scale was used for this study. Results: Of the mothers, 23.0% reported being mild to moderate depression and 4.5% of the mothers reported severe depression. The factors influencing maternal depression include; mother's self-efficacy, mother's marital conflict, mother's social support, infant's and toddler's emotionality, mother's smoking and infant's feeding & eating of daily routine. These variables explained 39.5% of maternal depression. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that the identified factors for maternal depression should be included in an intervention program to reduce the risk of depression.

The Influence of Maternal Limit-Setting and Overprotective/Permissive Parenting on Preschoolers' Externalizing Behaviors: A Moderated Mediation Effect of Maternal Depression and Preschoolers' Effortful Control (어머니의 한계설정과 과보호/허용 양육이 유아의 외현화 행동에 미치는 영향: 어머니의 우울과 유아의 의도적 통제에 의한 조절된 매개효과)

  • Kim, Jaehee
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.99-117
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    • 2020
  • Objective: Studies have revealed that parenting is a crucial factor for children's effortful control and externalizing behaviors, however, less is known about the underlying mechanism that may be moderated by maternal depression. Therefore, the present study is aimed to testify the mediating effect of children's effortful control and moderating effect of maternal depression in the association between parenting(i.e. limit setting, overprotective/permissive parenting) and children's externalizing behaviors. Methods: Three hundred and one mothers with 4 to 6 years old children reported their parenting behaviors, depression, their children's effortful control and externalizing behaviors. Data were analyzed using SPSS and Process Macro. Results: Results showed that children's effortful control mediated the association between parenting and children's externalizing behaviors and maternal depression moderated the association between parenting behaviors and children's effortful control as well as between parenting behaviors and children's externalizing behaviors. The moderated mediation effects were stronger among mothers with lower levels of depression. Conclusion/Implications: These findings could contribute to a better understanding of how and when maternal limit setting and overprotective/permissive parenting impact children's externalizing behaviors. It is suggested that future efforts to provide the parenting intervention take a target specific approach (e.g. considering mother's depression symptom), on order to maximize the effectiveness of program to ultimately facilitate children's positive adjustment.

The effects of maternal depression and adolescent's self-esteem on the adolescent's social anxiety (어머니의 우울과 청소년의 자아존중감이 청소년의 사회불안에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Sun-Yoon;Lee, Ji-Min
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.835-845
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of maternal depression, adolescent's self-esteem and adolescent's sex, grade, birth order on the adolescent's social anxiety. for this purpose, data from 334 middle school students and their mothers were collected. frequency, percentage, Cronbach's a, MANOVA and multiple regression analysis were used for data analysis. The main results were as follows. First, there were not significant differences of adolescent's social anxiety according to adolescent's sex, grade and birth order. Second, there were not significant effects of adolescent's sex, grade, birth order and maternal depression on three subordinate factors of adolescent's social anxiety, but adolescent's self-esteem had significant effects on fear of negative evaluation, social avoidance and distress(new), and social avoidance and distress(general) as subordinate factors of adolescent's social anxiety.

THE RELATIONSHIP AMONG CHILD'S BEHAVIOR PROBLEMS, MATERNAL DEPRESSION, AND PARENTING STRESS (아동의 정서 및 행동 문제와 어머니의 우울증, 양육 스트레스간의 관계)

  • Lee, Young-Joon;Song, Won-Young;Choi, Yui-Gyum;Shin, Yee-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.218-228
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    • 2003
  • Objectives:This study investigated the relationship among child's behavior problems, maternal depression, and parenting stress in children with psychiatric diagnoses and their mothers, and the effect of these variables to the mothers' parenting stress. Methods:Seventy-three children(31 externalizing, 24 internalizing, 18 mixed) and their mothers were involved in this study. The mothers of three groups completed MMPI, KPI-C(Korean Personality Inventory for Children), and PSI(Parenting Stress Index). To investigate the relationships among each variables, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, stepwise regression analysis were performed. Results:There was no significant difference in maternal depression among three groups of children. In 2-Way ANOVA, main effect of maternal depression was statistically significant on depression, parent health, and relationship with spouse subfactor in parent domain, parent domain total, and overall parenting stress. But the main effect of child group was statistically significant on distractability/hyperactivity subfactor in child domain only. In regression analysis, maternal depression explained the parent domain of parenting stress most effectively, and child's hyperactivity and anxiety explained the child domain of parenting stress significantly. Conclusion:These findings suggest that it is important to intervene maternal depression to reduce the parenting stress, along with the treatment of the child's behavior problems.

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Longitudinal Effects of Preschool Children's Media Exposure and Maternal Depression on School Adjustment during First Grade: Mediating Effect of Attention Problem (취학 전 미디어 노출과 어머니의 우울이 초등학교 1학년의 학교 적응에 미치는 종단적 영향: 주의집중문제의 매개효과)

  • Suh, Bo Lim;Han, Heesoo;Kim, Tae Ryun;Jo, Jinsil;Kang, Min Ju
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.58 no.2
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    • pp.267-278
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    • 2020
  • This study examined the longitudinal effect of preschool children's media exposure and maternal depression on first-grade children's school adjustment and the mediating effect of attention problem. Longitudinal data from the Panel Study of Korean Children (PSKC) collected by the Korea Institute of Child Care and Education (KICCE) was used to examine this hypothetical model. The subjects of the study included 2,150 children (1,091 boys and 1,059 girls) and their mothers across 2013 (5 yrs.) through 2015 (7 yrs.). The Structural Equation Model (SEM) was estimated using SPSS 25.0 and Amos 25. The results of this study were as follows. First, higher level of preschool children's media exposure and maternal depression were related to higher attention problems after a year and lower level of children's school adjustment during first-grade. Second, preschool children's media exposure and maternal depression had an indirect effect on first-grade children's school adjustment via attention problem. The results of this study will provide supporting evidence to many educators and parents for the implementation of effective practices for first-grade children to enhance their school adjustment. Furthermore, this study emphasizes the importance of maternal psychological wellbeing and the risk of indiscriminate media exposure during early childhood on first-grade's school adjustment.

Longitudinal Developmental Paths of Preschooler's External Problem Behaviors: Focusing on Maternal Depression, Marital Conflict, Maternal Social Parenting Style and Preschooler's Effortful Control in Infancy (유아기 외현화 문제행동의 종단적 발달경로: 영아기 어머니의 우울, 부부갈등, 어머니의 사회적 양육행동과 영아기 의도적 통제를 중심으로)

  • Moon, Youngkyung
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.57 no.3
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    • pp.431-444
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    • 2019
  • This study explored the longitudinal developmental paths of preschooler's external problem behaviors from infancy. Subjects consisted of 205 preschoolers (106 boys, 99 girls aged 4) and their mothers recruited for the 2009 in-depth Panel Study on Korean Children. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, correlations, and structural equation modeling using SPSS 18.0 (SPSS Co., Chicago, IL, USA), Amos 18.0 (SPSS Co., Chicago, IL, USA). The results were as follows: Maternal depression at preschooler's age 0 had a direct effect on maternal social parenting style at preschooler's age 0. Maternal social parenting style at preschooler's age 0 had a direct effect on preschooler's effortful control at age 1. Preschooler's effortful control at age 1 had a direct effect on preschooler's external problem behaviors at age 4. Marital conflict at preschooler's age 0 did not have a direct effect on preschooler's effortful control at age 1. The direct effects of maternal depression at preschooler's age 0 on preschooler's effortful control at age 1, and on preschooler's external problem behaviors at age 4 were not significant. In addition, direct effect of maternal social parenting style at preschooler's age 0 on preschooler's external problem behaviors at age 4 was not significant. This study showed that maternal psychological characteristics, marital conflict, maternal social parenting style and preschooler's effortful control in infancy should be considered simultaneously to explain the effect on preschooler's external problem behaviors.

Analysis of Relationships between Parenting Stress, Maternal Depression, and Behavioral Problems in Children at Risk for Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (주의력결핍 과잉행동장애 위험요인에 따른 어머니의 양육스트레스, 우울 및 아동문제행동 간의 관계분석)

  • Shin, Hee-Sun;Kim, Jeong-Mee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.453-461
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: In this study differences in behavioral problems between children at risk for Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) and normally developing children were identified. Further, relationships between parental stress, depression, and child behavioral problems according to ADHD symptoms were explored. Methods: Participants were 222 elementary school children and their parents. The ADHD risk group was determined by the Korean-ADHD Rating Scale. Data were collected using the Korean-ADHD Rating Scale, Korean version of Child Behavior CheckList (K-CBCL), Parenting Stress Index, and Beck Depression Inventory. Data were analyzed using t-test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and regression analysis. Results: 1) The ADHD risk group showed higher levels of behavioral problems, parenting stress, and maternal depression than the normal group. 2) There were significant relationships between ADHD scores and parenting stress (r=.66), maternal depression (r=.35), internal behavioral problems (r=.47), and external problems (r=.55), but, ADHD risk scores were negatively correlated with social competence (r=-.40). 3) The regression analysis revealed that ADHD levels affected the child's internal behavioral problems, mediated by maternal depression ($\beta$=.29, p<.001). Conclusion: The study results show that higher risk scores for ADHD indicate a significant effect for behavioral problems. Also, parenting stress and depression influence child's behavioral problems. These results suggest that identification of children at risk for ADHD and development of parental education programs would contribute to the prevention of behavioral problems and aggravation of the ADHD symptoms.