• Title, Summary, Keyword: magnetometer

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DESIGN OF A LOW-COST 2-AXES FLUXGATE MAGNETOMETER FOR SMALL SATELLITE APPLICATIONS

  • Kim, Su-Jeoung;Moon, Byoung-Young;Chang, Young-Keun;Oh, Hwa-Suk
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.35-46
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    • 2005
  • This paper addresses the design and analysis results of a 2-axes magnetometer for attitude determination of small satellite. A low-cost and efficient 2-axes fluxgate magnetometer was selected as the most suitable attitude sensor for LEO microsatellites which require a low-to-medium level pointing accuracy. An optimization trade-off study has been performed for the development of 2-axes fluxgate magnetometer. All the relevant parameters such as permeability, demagnetization factor, coil diameter, core thickness, and number of coil turns were considered for the sizing of a small satellite magnetometer. The magnetometer which is designed, manufactured, and tested in-house as described in this paper satisfies linearity requirement for determining attitude position of small satellites. On the basis of magnetometer which is designed in Space System Research Lab. (SSRL), commercial magnetometer will be developed.

Vehicle Heading Angle Determination Using Magnetometer

  • Lee, Seon-Ho;Ahn, Hyo-Sung
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1259-1261
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    • 2003
  • The vehicle's heading angle determination is formulated and the proposed method based on geometry engages the magnetometer and the GPS. The resulting maximum determination accuracy of 0.3deg over the entire earth as a standard deviation is obtained for a magnetometer with measurement error of 1nT.

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Design and Fabrication of Digital 3-axis Magnetometer for Magnetic Signal from Warship (함정 자기신호 측정용 3-축 디지털 자기센서 설계 및 제작에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Eunae;Son, Derac
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.123-127
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    • 2014
  • We developed a digital 3-axis flux-gate magnetometer for magnetic field signal measurement from warship during demagnetizing and degaussing processes. For the magnetometer design, we considered following points; the distance between magnetic field measurement station and magnetometer located under sea is about several 100 m, the magnetometer is exposed to magnetic field of ${\pm}1mT$ during demagnetizing process, and magnetometer is located under the sea about 30 m depth. To overcome long distance problem, magnetometer could be operated on wide input supply voltage range of 16~36 V using DC/DC converter, and for the data communication between the magnetometer and measurement station a RS422 serial interface was employed. To improve perming effect due to the ${\pm}1mT$ during demagnetizing process, magnetometer could be compensated external magnetic field up to ${\pm}1mT$ but magnetic field measuring rang is only ${\pm}100{\mu}T$. The perming effect was about ${\pm}2nT$ under ${\pm}1mT$ external magnetic field. The magnetometer was tested water vessel with air pressure up to 6 bar for the sea water pressure problems. Linearity of the magnetometer was better than 0.01 % in the measuring range of ${\pm}0.1mT$ and noise level was $30pT/\sqrt{Hz}$ at 1 Hz.

Spacecraft Attitude Determination Algorithm Using Magnetometer (자장계를 이용한 인공위성의 자세결정 알고리즘)

  • 민현주;김인중;김진호;박춘배;용기력;이승우
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.342-342
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    • 2000
  • We present 3-axis stabilized spacecraft attitude determination algorithm using the magnetometer. The magnetometer has been used as a reliable, light-weight and inexpensive sensor in attitude determination and reaction wheel momentum dumping system. Recent studies have attempted to use the magnetometer when other attitude sensor, such as star tracker, fails. The differences between the measured and computed the Earth's magnetic field components are spacecraft attitude errors. In this paper, we propose extended Kalman filter(EKF) to determine spacecraft attitude with the magnetometer data and gyro-measured body rates. We develop and simulate this algorithm using MATLAB/SIMULINK. This algorithm can be used as a backup attitude determination system.

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ATTITUDE DETERMINATION OF MICRO-SATELLITE USING GEOMAGNETISE AND MAGNETOMETER DATA (MAGNETOMETER 측정자료와 지구자기장을 이용한 소형 인공위성의 자세 결정)

  • 석재호;최규홍
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.203-212
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    • 1992
  • Geomagnetic data from 3-axis magnetometer and the IGRF model (tilite - eccentric dipole model) were used to determine the attitude of a satellite. We compared the values of the geomagnetic model with the magnetometer data and two attitude angles, called $\alpha$ -angle and $\beta$-angle respectively, were calculated. From these angles we calculated simple bounds, $\gamma1$ and $\gamma2$, on the true attitude angle $\gamma$, which is used to detemine attitude, between the z-axis and the local vertical. And then we investigated conditions of attitudes of UoSAT-11, 14, 22.

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Self Compensating Flux-gate Magnetometer Using Microcomputer (마이크로컴퓨터를 이용한 자체 보상형 flux-gate 마그네토미터제작)

  • Ga, E.M.;Son, D.;Son, D.H.
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.149-153
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    • 2002
  • Flux-gate magnetometer has been still used for low field magnetic field measurement with portability, low power consumption, and high reliability. In many applications, flux-gate magnetometer measures not absolute values but changes of the earth magnetic field. For the eia magnetic field change measurements, we have constructed a high sensitive 3-axis flux-gate magnetometer of which measuring ranges is ${\pm}$1000 nT and noise level is 5pT/√㎐ at 1 ㎐. Using this magnetometer, we can compensate the earth magnetic field of ${\pm}$50,000 nT with successive approximation methods using microcomputer. After earth magnetic field compensation, we could measure earth magnetic field changes with ${\pm}$100 nT measuring ranges.

PRELIMINARY REPORT: DESIGN AND TEST RESULTS OF KSR-3 ROCKET MAGNETOMETERS

  • Kim, Hyo-Min;Jang, Min-Hwan;Lee, Dong-Hun;Ji, Jong-Hyun;Kim, Sun-Mi;Son, De-Rac;Hwang, Seung-Hyun
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.317-328
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    • 2000
  • The solar wind contributes to the formation of unique space environment called the Earth's magnetosphere by various interactions with the Earth's magnetic field. Thus the solar-terrestrial environment affects the Earth's magnetic field, which can be observed with an instrument for the magnetic field measurement, the magnetometer usually mounted on the rocket and the satellite and based on the ground observatory. The magnetometer is a useful instrument for the spacecraft attitude control as well as the Earth's magnetic field measurements for the spacecraft purpose. In this paper, we present the preliminary design and test results of the two onboard magnetometers of KARI's (Korea Aerospace Research Institute) sounding rocket, KSR-3, which will be launched four times during the period of 2001-02. The KSR-3 magnetometers consist of the fluxgate magnetometer, MAG/AIM (Attitude Information Magnetometer) for acquiring the rocket flight attitude information, and of the search-coil magnetometer, MAG/SIM (Scientific Investigation Magnetometer) for the observation of the Earth's magnetic field fluctuations. With the MAG/AIM, the 3-axis attitude information can be acquired by the comparison of the resulting dc magnetic vector field with the IGRF (International Geomagnetic Reference Field). The Earth's magnetic field fluctuations ranging from 10 to 1,000 Hz can also be observed with the MAG/SIM measurement.

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A Low-noise Double Relaxation Oscillation SQUID Magnetometer for Measuring Magnetoencephalogram

  • 강찬석;이용호;권혁찬;김진목;윤병운
    • Progress in Superconductivity
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.151-158
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    • 2002
  • We developed a useful SQUID magnetometer for biomagnetic applications, magnetoencepha-logram(MEG) and magnetocardiogram(MCG), etc. The SQUIDs are based on Double Relaxation Oscillation SQUID(DROS). DROS consists of two SQUIDs(signal SQUID and reference SQUID) in series, and a relaxation circuit of an inductor and a resistor. Specially we used single reference junction instead of the reference SQUID. The SQUIDs are based on hysteretic $Nb/AlO_{x}$Nb junctions, fabricated by using a simple four level process. Because DROS magnetometer has large flux-to-voltage transfer coefficient, we can use simple flux-locked loop electronics fur SQUID operation. When the DROS magnetometer was operated inside a magnetically shielded room, its average magnetic field noise was about 3 (equation omitted) at 100 Hz. This noise level is low enough to measure biomagnetic fields. In this paper, we describe noise characteristics of DROS magnetometer, depending on the operation condition . .

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Construction of a Direct Current Magnetometer (직류 자력계의 제작)

  • Chang, Choong-Geun
    • Journal of Sensor Science and Technology
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 1996
  • In order to display magnetic signals obtained from a magneto-resistance sensor, a direct current magnetometer was designed and its circuit was constructed. The magnetic fields measured by the home-made magnetometer, which showed good functions of automatic ranging, analog output, and vector sensing, were well agreed with those by commercial MAG-01 magnetometer. The measurement range of the magnetometer was $1\;{\mu}T$ to 1.999 mT, the resolution was -132 dB within 1 Hz bandwidth and the measured magnetic fields could be displayed with $3{\cdot}1/2$-digit LED.

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Construction of Korean Space Weather Prediction Center: Magnetometer

  • Kim, Khan-Hyuk;Choi, Seong-Hwan;Cho, Kyung-Seok;Park, Young-Deuk;Choi, Kyu-Chul
    • Bulletin of the Korean Space Science Society
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    • pp.32.3-32.3
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    • 2008
  • Solar and Space Weather Research Group in Korea Astronomy & Space Science Institute (KASI) has been funded for "Construction of Korean Space Weather Prediction Center" from Korean government. It has started since 2007 February and is planed as a 5-year project. The goal of this project is to develop a space weather warning and prediction system by the next solar maximum. KASI installed a magnetometer at Mt. Bohyun, which is about 200 km south-east apart from KASI, in 2007 September. After finishing test observations of the magnetometer for the period from September 2007 to January 2008, KASI has operated the magnetometer to monitor geomagnetic field variations associated with space weather effect. Ground-based magnetometers are critical for understanding geomagnetic disturbances in the near-Earth space environment, which are caused by solar wind variations. In this talk, we introduce science topics to be done with the data from KASI magnetometer and also discuss how they are related to space weather phenomena.

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