• Title/Summary/Keyword: local Lipschitz condition

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DNA Watermarking Method based on Random Codon Circular Code (랜덤 코돈 원형 부호 기반의 DNA 워터마킹)

  • Lee, Suk-Hwan;Kwon, Seong-Geun;Kwon, Ki-Ryong
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.318-329
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    • 2013
  • This paper proposes a DNA watermarking method for the privacy protection and the prevention of illegal copy. The proposed method allocates codons to random circular angles by using random mapping table and selects triplet codons for embedding target with the help of the Lipschitz regularity value of local modulus maxima of codon circular angles. Then the watermark is embedded into circular angles of triplet codons without changing the codes of amino acids in a DNA. The length and location of target triplet codons depend on the random mapping table for 64 codons that includes start and stop codons. This table is used as the watermark key and can be applied on any codon sequence regardless of the length of sequence. If this table is unknown, it is very difficult to detect the length and location of them for extracting the watermark. We evaluated our method and DNA-crypt watermarking of Heider method on the condition of similar capacity. From evaluation results, we verified that our method has lower base changing rate than DNA-crypt and has lower bit error rate on point mutation and insertions/deletions than DNA-crypt. Furthermore, we verified that the entropy of random mapping table and the locaton of triplet codons is high, meaning that the watermark security has high level.