• Title/Summary/Keyword: lipid peroxidations

Search Result 5, Processing Time 0.065 seconds

The Effect of BuOH Fraction of Polygonatum odoratum with Selenium on Blood Glucose Level and Lipid Peroxidation in Streptozotocin Induced Diabetic Rats (둥굴레 분획물과 Selenium이 Streptozotocin 유발 당뇨 흰쥐의 혈당수준과 지질과산화에 미치는 영향)

  • 임숙자
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.33 no.7
    • /
    • pp.703-711
    • /
    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of butanol(BuOH) fraction of Polygonatum odoratum with selenium tr-eatment on blood glucose levels and lipid peroxidations in streptozotocin(STZ) induced diabetric rats. Male Sprague-Dawly rats weighing(180-200g) were divided into five groups : normal STZ-control and three expreimental groups(P, odoratum group P, odo-Se group and Se group) Diabetes mellitus was induced by injection STZ in the tail vein at the dose of 45mg/kg B.W The BuOH fraction of Polygonatum odoratum(500mg/kg. B,W) given orally administered for 14 days. The Se treated group were fed a AIN-76 recommendation diet mixed with Na2Seo3(2mg/kg diet). Diabetic rats showed the lower weight gain compared to the normal rats. the plasma glucose levels of the P. odo-Se group were significantly lower than the other experimental groups. The plasma cholesterol levels were higher in STZ-control and Se groups compared toP.odoratum and P. odo-Se groups and HDL-cholesterol levels were increased in the diabetic experimental groups fed on BuOH fraction of P. odoratum with Se supplementation. The liver and muscle glycogen levels were not significantly differ among all groups. The plasma free fatty acid levels were lower in diabetic experimental groups fed on BuOh fraction of P. odoratum or Se sup-plementation than STZ-control and Se groups. Diabetics rats showed the higher levels of triglyceride in plasma andlower levels in liver compared with the normal group. Supplementation with Se decreased significantly the liver triglyceride level. The MDA levels in liver and kidney were significantly reduced in all the experimental groups. In conclusion administration of BuOH fraction of Polygonatuum odoratum with selenium supplementation reduced blood glucose levels and peroxdative tissue damage in STZ induced diabetic rats showing the possibility of preventiave and therapeutic use of the wild edible plant to the diabetes mellitus.

  • PDF

Dietary ${\omega}6/{$\omega}3$ ratios on the preneoplastic lesions and lipid peroxidation in diethylnitrosamine initiated rat hepatocarcinogenesis (화학적 발암과정에서 식이의 ${\omega}6/{$\omega}3$비율이 쥐간의 전암성병변 및 지질과산화물 형성에 미치는 영향)

  • 지선경;최혜미
    • Environmental Mutagens and Carcinogens
    • /
    • v.16 no.2
    • /
    • pp.109-116
    • /
    • 1996
  • To study the effect of dietary $\omega 6/\omega 3$ fatty acid ratios on the preneoplastic lesions and lipid peroxidation in rat hepatocellular chemical carcinogenesis, placental glutathione S-transferase(GST-P) positive foci area and numbers, glucose 6-phosphatase(G6Pase) activity, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) were measured. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed 5 different diets-low $\omega 6/\omega 3$ ratio with fish oil (Low-F), low $\omega 6/\omega 3$ ratio with perilia oil(Low-P), moderate ratio with perilia oil(Moderate), blend of 10 different commercial fats and oils(High-BL) and high $\omega 6/\omega 3$ ratio(High)-for 8 weeks. Hepatocarcinogenesis was induced by modified Ito model. The area of GST-P positive loci was the lowest in Moderate group and in ascending order of Low-F < Low-P < High-BL < High. But statistically, only Moderate and High groups were significantly different. The number of GST-P positive foci showed the same trend as foci area. The activities of G6Pase, membrane stability marker, were increased as $\omega 6/\omega 3$ ratio decreased. Lipid peroxidation values (TBARS) were the lowest in Low-F group and it is significantly different from Moderate, High-BL and High groups. When dietary $\omega 6/\omega 3$ ratio was moderate(4.06), hepatocarcinogenesis was suppressed compared with high or low $\omega 6/\omega 3$ ratios. Blend fat, commonly consumed among Koreans, did not show any suppressive effect on carcinogenesis because of high ratio(6.7). These results suggest that dietary $\omega 6/\omega 3$ ratio influences hepatocellular chemical carcinogenesis. It is recommended that appropriate $\omega 6/\omega 3$ ratio should be around 4.0. and we recommend to use more $\omega 3$ fatty acid in food preparation to reduce the risk of hepatocarcinogenesis.

  • PDF

The Effect of Butanol Fraction of Polygonatum odoratum with Vitamin E on Blood Glucose Levels and Lipid Peroxidations in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats (둥굴레(Polygonatum odoratum)분획물과 비타민 E 투여가 Streptozotocin 유발 당뇨 흰쥐의 혈당과 지질과산화에 미치는 영향)

  • 임숙자;김영신
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.31 no.9
    • /
    • pp.1385-1393
    • /
    • 1998
  • The hypoglycemic effects of butanol(BuOH) fraction of Polygonatum odoratum with vitamin E in streptozotocin(STZ)-induced diabetic rats were investigated. Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 200-230g were devided into five groups, and four groups induced diabetes mellitus by the STZ injection(45mg/kg b.w.) into the tail vein : Normal, diabetic-control, and three diabetic experimental groups(p. odoratum group, P. od-vit. E group and Vit. E group). All groups were fed on a AIN-76 diet, and the experimental groups were orally administered with the BuOH fraction of Polygonatum odoratum(500mg/kg b.w.) and vitamin E(10mg/kg b.w.) for 14 days. The body weight, diet intake and organ weights were monitored. The plasma levels of glucose, insulin, cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol and aspartate and alanine aminotransferase activities were analyzed. The levels of glycogen in liver and muscle, cholesterol in liver were determined. The malondialdehyde(MDA) levels in liver, kidney and lung were assayed. The body weight loss was seen in P. odoratum group, P. od-vit. E group, Vit. E group and diabetic control group, while the loss in P. odoratum group was much less than that in the diabetic control group. The plasma glucose levels were significantly lowered in P. odoratum group compared to diabetic control group. The plasma insulin levels were noticeably higher in P. odoratum and Vit. E groups. The rats in P. odoratum and P. od-vit. E group showed higher liver glycogen levels than in the diabetic control group. The MDA levels in liver, kidney and lung were also significantly reduced in P. od-vit. E and Vit. E groups compared to the diabetic control group. The results suggest that the administration of BuOH fraction of Polygonatum odoratum along with vitamin E reduced blood glucose levels and peroxidative tissue damage in STZ-induced diabetic rats, showing the possibility of preventive and therapeutic use of the wild edible plant to the diabetes mellitus. (Korean J Nutrition 31(9) : 1385-1393, 1998)

  • PDF

Inhibitory Actions of Quercetin and Rutin on $Fe^{2+}-induced$ Lipid Peroxidation ($Fe^{2+}$에 의한 지질 과산화에 있어서 Quercetin과 Rutin의 억제 작용)

  • Chung, Jin-Hee;Lee, Chung-Soo;Shin, Yong-Kyoo;Lee, Kwang-Soo
    • The Korean Journal of Pharmacology
    • /
    • v.27 no.1
    • /
    • pp.69-80
    • /
    • 1991
  • Inhibitory effects of quercetin and rutin on lipid peroxidation of microsomes caused by iron(II) were investigated with respect to the scavenging action for oxygen radicals produced during oxidation of iron and the chelating action for iron. Lipid peroxidation by $Fe^{2+}$ alone was markedly inhibited by quercetin or rutin in a dose dependent fashion. Lipid peroxidation by ascorbate or NADPH in the presence of $Fe^{2+}$ was almost completely inhibited by both quercetin and rutin. The peroxidative action of $Fe^{2+}$ was inhibited by SOD and DABCO and slightly inhibited by catalase, DMSO and mannitol. Quercetin and rutin inhibited oxidation of $Fe^{2+}$ which is responsible for DETAPAC and they showed a significant initial chelating effect. Quercetin and rutin effectively inhibited lipid peroxidation by $H_{2}O_{2}$ and decomposed $H_{2}O_{2}$. Both $OH{\cdot}$ production in the presence of $Fe^{2+}$ and $^1O_2$ production by U.V. irradiation were inhibited by quercetin and rutin. Lipid peroxidations by $Cd^{2+},\;Cu^{2+},\;Ni^{2+},\;Pb^{2+}$ and $Zn^{2+}$ were almost completely inhibited by quercetin. Quercetin and rutin significantly prevented the loss of sulfhydryl groups by $Fe^{2+}$. These results suggest that inhibitory effects of quercetin and rutin on the peroxidative action of $Fe^{2+}$ in the presence or absence of ascorbate and NADPH may be attributable to their scavenging action on reactive oxygen species and chelating action on iron.

  • PDF

Hypoglycemic and Antioxidative Effects of Fermented Chaga Mushroom (Inonotus obliquus) on Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats (Streptozotocin 유발 당뇨쥐에서 발효 차가버섯의 항당뇨 및 항산화 효과)

  • Cha Jae-Young;Jun Bang-Sil;Lee Chi-Hyeoung;Yooi Ki-Soo;Moon Jae-Chul;Cho Young-Su
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.15 no.5 s.72
    • /
    • pp.809-818
    • /
    • 2005
  • The effects of fermented chaga mushroom (Inonotus obliquus) on the concentrations of serum glucose, insulin, lipids and lipid peroxidation in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats were investigated. Rats were fed a semisynthetic diet supplemented with 50 g/kg chaga mushroom powder (the CM group) and fermented chaga mushroom powder (the FCM group), and no supplemented (the control group) for 3 weeks. The polysaccharide concentrations were CM by $42.9\%$ and FCM by $ 39.1\%$, and the total polyphenol concentrations were CM by $ 0.80\%$ and FCM by $0.91\%$. Feed intakes and water consumption, serum glucose, insulin, triglyceride, and blood urea nitrogen concentrations were significantly lower in the FCM group than in both the CM and control groups. The activities of AST and ALT were also significantly lower in the FCM group than in the control group. No significant differences were detected with regard to the serum cholesterol and creatinine concentrations among the experimental groups. Lipid peroxidations in hepatic homogenate, microsomal and mitochondrial subcellular and pancreas were significantly lowered by the administration of FCM in the STZ-diabetic rats. Hepatic glutathione concentrations, which is closely associated with antioxidant system, was significantly higher in the FCM group than in the control group, indicating a marked effect of FCM administration on the endogenous antioxidant system. However, CM treatment showed a moderate antioxidative activity in the STZ-diabetic rats. Our results indicate that fermented chaga mushroom exert hypoglycemic and antioxidative effects in type 1 diabetes mellitus.