• Title, Summary, Keyword: linear reservoir model

### A Linear Reservoir Model with Kslman Filter in River Basin (Kalman Filter 이론에 의한 하천유역의 선형저수지 모델)

• 이영화
• Journal of Environmental Science International
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• v.3 no.4
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• pp.349-356
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• 1994
• The purpose of this study is to develop a linear reservoir model with Kalman filter using Kalman filter theory which removes a physical uncertainty of :ainfall-runoff process. A linear reservoir model, which is the basic model of Kalman filter, is used to calculate runoff from rainfall in river basin. A linear reservoir model with Kalman filter is composed of a state-space model using a system model and a observation model. The state-vector of system model in linear. The average value of the ordinate of IUH for a linear reservoir model with Kalman filter is used as the initial value of state-vector. A .linear reservoir model with Kalman filter shows better results than those by linear reserevoir model, and decreases a physical uncertainty of rainfall-runoff process in river basin.

### A study on Parameters of Linear reservoir models (선형저수지 모형의 매개변수연구)

• 고재웅;서영제
• Water for future
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• v.20 no.3
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• pp.229-235
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• 1987
• The purpose of this study is to estimate the parameters of linear reservoir models in order to derive the Instantaneous unit hydrograph from a given small experimental watershed. The linear reservoir model is a conceptual model, consisting of cascade or parallel equal linear reservoirs, preceded by a linear channel which involved Nash, SLR(single linear reservoir) and 2-PLR(two-parallel linear Reservoir) model. the Nash model have two parameters N and K, single linear reseroir has one parameter $K_I$ and two-parallel linear reservoirs have two parameters $K_1,\;K_2$; where N denote the number of reservoirs and K is the storage coefficient of each reservoirs.

### 선형 저수지 유형의 parameter 연구

• 서영재;고재웅
• Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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• pp.151-158
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• 1987
• The purpose of thes study is to estimate the parameters of linear reservoir models in order to derive the instantaneous unit hydrograph from a given small experimental watershed. The linear reservoir model is a conceptual model, consisting of cascade or parallel equal linear reservoirs, preceded by a linear channel which involved NASH, SLR(single linear reservoir)and 2-PLR(two-parallel linear reservoir)model. The NASH model have two parameters N and K, single linear reservoir has one parameter K1 and two-parallel linear reservoirs have two parameters K1, K2;where N denote the number of reservoirs and K is the storage coefficient of each reservoirs.

### Evaluation of the Effective Storage of Existing Agricultural Reservoir (기존 농업용 저수지에서의 유효저수량의 평가)

• Ahn, Tae-Jin;Cho, Dong-Ho;Lee, Sang-Ho;Choi, Gye-Woon;Yoon, Yong-Nam
• Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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• v.37 no.5
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• pp.353-361
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• 2004
• Effective storage in agricultural reservoir has been determined through the reservoir simulation operation based on the water budget analysis. Since each watershed has the native property for runoff, considering the runoff yielding from the basin is feasible to the determination of reservoir effective storage. In this study the stochastic linear programming model considering mainly runoff from watershed has been also formulated to analyze the effective storage of the exiting reservoir. The linear decision rule coupled with chance-constrained model in the linear programming model contributes to reduce the size of linear program model without considering the period of analysis. The Geum-Gang reservoir located in Ansung have been adopted to evaluate the effective storage. It has been shown that the effective storage based on the linear programming model is greater than that based on the water budget analysis. It has been also desired that once the effective storage is obtained through the linear programming model, operation of the reservoir should be performed to check the designed capacity.

### Earthquake performance evaluation of three-dimensional roller compacted concrete dams

• Kartal, Murat Emre;Karabulut, Muhammet
• Earthquakes and Structures
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• v.14 no.2
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• pp.167-178
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• 2018
• A roller compacted concrete (RCC) dam should be analyzed under seismic ground motions for different conditions such as empty reservoir and full reservoir conditions. This study presents three-dimensional earthquake response and performance of a RCC dam considering materially non-linearity. For this purpose, Cine RCC dam constructed in Aydın, Turkey, is selected in applications. The three-dimensional finite element model of Cine RCC dam is obtained using ANSYS software. The Drucker-Prager material model is considered in the materially nonlinear time history analyses for concrete and foundation rock. Furthermore, hydrodynamic effect was investigated in linear and non-linear dynamic analyses. Researchers observe that how the tensile and compressive stresses change by hydrodynamic pressure effect. The hydrodynamic pressure of the reservoir water is modeled with the fluid finite elements based on the Lagrangian approach. In this study, dam body and foundation are modeled with welded contact. The displacements and principle stress components obtained from the linear and non-linear analyses with and without reservoir water are compared each other. Principle stresses during earthquake were obtained at the most critical point in the upstream face of dam body. Besides, the change of displacements and stresses by crest length were investigated. Moreover demand-capacity ratio criteria were also studied under linear dynamic and nonlinear analysis. Earthquake performance analyses were carried out for different cases and evaluated. According to linear and nonlinear analysis, hydrodynamic water effect is obvious in full reservoir situation. On the other hand, higher tensile stresses were observed in linear analyses and then non-linear analyses were performed and compared with each other.

### Evaluation of Reservoir Storage Effect Using Non-linear Reservoir Model (비선형 저수지 모형을 이용한 저수지의 저류효과 평가)

• Yoo, Chul-Sang;Jun, Chang-Hyun
• Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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• v.44 no.5
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• pp.407-416
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• 2011
• This study expressed the reservoir's storage-discharge relation as a non-linear reservoir model and theoretically quantified the reservoir storage effect. Among those non-linear functions like exponential function, logarithmic function and power function considered, the exponential function of the storage-discharge relation was found to be the most valid. The non-linear reservoir model proposed was applied to the Chungju Dam and the Soyang River Dam, whose storage effects during flood were estimated to be about 23 hours and 43 hours, respectively. This result indicates that the Choongju Dam, even though its size and total storage volume are similar to those of the Soyang River Dam, does not achieve enough storage effect as its basin size and the inflow amount are much larger.

### Hydrologic Re-Analysis of Muskingum Channel Routing Method: A Linear Combination of Linear Reservoir and Linear Channel Models (Muskingum 하도추적방법의 수문학적 재해석: 선형저수지모형과 선형하천모형의 선형결합)

• Yoo, Chul-Sang;Kim, Ha-Young
• Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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• v.43 no.12
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• pp.1051-1061
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• 2010
• This study hydrologically re-analysed the Muskingum channel routing method to represent it as a linear combination of the linear channel model considering only the translation and the linear reservoir model considering only the storage effect. The resulting model becomes a kind of instantaneous unit hydrograph, whose parameters are identical to those of the Muskingum model. That is, the outflow occurs after the routing interval ${\Delta}t$ or concentration time $T_c$, and among the total amount of inflow, the x portion is translated by the linear channel model and the remaining (1-x) portion is routed by the linear reservoir model with the storage coefficient ��$K_c$. The application result of both the Muskingum channel routing method and its corresponding instantaneous unit hydrograph to an imaginary channel showed that these two models are basically identical. This result was also assured by the application to the channel flood routing to the Kumnam and Gongju Station for the discharge from the Daechung Dam.

### Hydraulic Flood Routing using Linear Reservoir Model (선형저수지모형을 적용한 수리학적 홍수추적)

• Jeon, Min-Woo;Cho, Young-Soo
• Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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• v.35 no.6
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• pp.787-796
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• 2002
• Hydraulic flood routing was performed for unsteady flow in a natural river using Preissmann scheme. A Log-Pearson Type-Ⅲ hydrograph is chosen arbitrarily as the upstream boundary condition and lateral inflow hydrographs for sensitivity analysis. For the application with an actual river system, upstream and lateral inflow hydrographs were estimated by the linear reservoir model and the Manning's equation was used as the downstream boundary condition. The unsteady flow model using the linear reservoir model as the inflow hydrographs was applied to Bochung stream basin and gives good results, and is approved to be used for the runoff prediction. As results of the sensitivity analysis, the proposed model may help to estimate the roughness coefficients when using the unsteady flow model with lateral inflow combined with the linear reservoir model.

### Optimized Allocation of Water for the Multi-Purpose Use in Agricultural Reservoirs (농업용 저수지의 다목적 이용을 위한 용수의 적정배분)

• 신일선;권순국
• Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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• v.29 no.3
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• pp.125-137
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• 1987
• The purpose of this paper is to examine some difficulties in water management of agricultural reservoirs in Korea, for there are approximately more than 15,000 reservoirs which are now being utilized for the purpose of irrigation, along with the much amount of expenses and labors to be invested against droughts and floods periodically occurred. Recently, the effective use of water resources in the agricultural reservoirs with a single purpose, is becomming multiple according to the alterable environment of water use. Therefore, the task to allocate agricultural water rationally and economically must be solved for the multiple use of agricultural reservoirs. On the basis of the above statement, this study aims at suggesting the rational method of water management by introducing an optimal technique to allocate the water in an existing agricultural reservoir rationally, for the sake of maximizing the economic effect. To achieve this objective, a reservoir, called "0-Bongje" as a sample of the case study, is selected for an agricultural water development proiect of medium scale. As a model for the optimum allocation of water in the multi-purpose use of reservoirs a linear programming model is developed and analyzed. As a result, findings of the study are as follows : First, a linear programing model is developed for the optimum allocation of water in the multi-purpose use of agricultural reservoirs. By adopting the model in the case of reservoir called "O-Bongje," the optimum solution for such various objects as irrigation area, the amount of domestic water supply, the size of power generation, and the size of reservoir storage, etc., can be obtained. Second, by comparing the net benefits in each object under the changing condition of inflow into the reservoir, the factors which can most affect the yearly total net benefit can be drawn, and they are in the order of the amount of domestic water supply, irrigation area, and power generation. Third, the sensitivity analysis for the decision variable of irrigation which may have a first priority among the objects indicate that the effective method of water management can be rapidly suggested in accordance with a condition under the decreasing area of irrigation. Fourth, in the case of decision making on the water allocation policy in an existing multi-purpose reservoir, the rapid comparison of numerous alternatives can be possible by adopting the linear programming model. Besides, as the resources can be analyed in connection with various activities, it can be concluded that the linear programing model developed in this study is more quantitative than the traditional methods of analysis. Fifth, all the possible constraint equations, in using a linear programming model for adopting a water allocation problem in the agricultural reservoirs, are presented, and the method of analysis is also suggested in this study. Finally, as the linear programming model in this study is found comprehensive, the model can be adopted in any different kind of conditions of agricultural reservoirs for the purpose of analyzing optimum water allocation, if the economic and technical coefficients are known, and the decision variable is changed in accordance with the changing condition of irrigation area.

### Development of Han River Multi-Reservoir Operation Rules by Linear Tracking (선형추적에 의한 한강수계 복합 저수지 계통의 이수 조작기준 작성)

• Yu, Ju-Hwan
• Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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• v.33 no.6
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• pp.733-744
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• 2000
• Due to the randomness of reservoir inflow and supply demand it is not easy to establish an optimal reservoir operation rule. However, the operation rule can be derived by the implicit stochastic optimization approach using synthetic inflow data with some demand satisfied. In this study the optimal reservoir operation which was reasonably formulated as Linear Tracking model for maximizing the hydro-energy of seven reservoirs system in the Han river was performed by use of the optimal control theory. Here the operation model made to satisfy the 2001st year demand in the capital area inputted the synthetic inflow data generated by multi-site Markov model. Based on the regressions and statistic analyses of the optimal operation results, monthly reservoir operation rules were developed with the seasonal probabilities of the reservoir stages. The comparatively larger dams which would have more controllability such as Hwacheon, Soyanggang, and Chungju had better regressions between the storages and outflows. The effectiveness of the rules was verified by the simulation during actually operating period.period.