• Title/Summary/Keyword: knit

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Analysis on the Actual Wearing Conditions and Preferences of the Knit Wear School Uniforms of High School Girls (여고생 니트웨어 교복의 착용 실태 및 선호도 분석)

  • Suh, Mi-Young;Kim, Soon-Ah
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.352-366
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the actual wearing conditions and the preferences of knit wear school uniforms. The subjects were 480 high school girls from 6 high schools placed in Daejeon. The method of study is a survey consisted of actual wearing conditions questionnaires, preferences questionnaires, and demographic attribution. Data was analyzed by frequency, variance, crosstabs, and correlation analysis using SPSS 12.0 program. The results of study are as follows. First, high school girls over 90% wearing knit wear school uniforms were satisfied with current knit wear school uniforms(navy color, V-neck, and wool mixed). Second, high school girls preferred 100% cotton material and black/white/gray color group. The style of knit wear school uniforms was most preferred monochrome cardigan with cable pattern. High school girls wanted to show neat image by knit wear school uniforms and to diversify the style of them. Third, the differences of preferences between groups, they were wearing knit wear school uniforms(A group) or not(B group), were about pattern and improvement. A group preferred school mark pattern, and wanted to improve the quality and after service. B group preferred monochrome cable pattern, and wanted to diversify the style. Both groups wanted to wear knit wear school uniforms because knit wear was 'warm' and 'comfort'. Consequently, knit wear school uniforms will help high school girls express individuality and beauty.

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Effect of Washing Conditions on Dimensional Change and Mechanical Properties in Polyester/Spandex Knit Fabric (세탁조건에 따른 폴리에스터/스판덱스 편성물의 형태안정성과 역학적 특성 변화)

  • Roh, Eui Kyung;Kim, Eunae
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.93-100
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    • 2018
  • This study comparatively analyzed the changes in the dimensional stability and the mechanical properties of stretch knit fabrics associated with washings conditions in order to determine the most appropriate washing method. Polyester and spandex knit fabrics were washed 25 cycles with nine washing condition profiles that controled detergent, hardness. temperature and RPM. The knit fabrics with repeated washings were evaluated by dimensional stability and measured by the KES-FB system. Polyester and spandex fibers have good chemical resistance. However, the changes in the dimensional stability and the mechanical properties were observed in washed knit fabrics. After repeated washings, the knit fabrics washed in an alkali or neutral detergent had good dimensional stability compared with the knit fabric washed in functional detergent. The washed knit fabrics were extended, stiff, rough, and had a smaller volume. The changes were the result of the rearrange of polyester fibers which twisted around spandex core and chemical interactions involving the detergent and the physical and mechanical forces of washing. Especially, using an alkali detergent resulted in increased stiffness and roughness of the knit fabric. In conclusion, the washing in water with low hardness and a neutral detergent can minimize the changes in dimensional stability and mechanical properties of polyester and spandex knit fabric.

A Study on the Aesthetic Characteristics of Korean Knit Fashion (니트 패션의 미적 특성에 관한 연구 - 패션 잡지에 나타난 국내 니트 디자인을 중심으로 -)

  • Choi, Hae-Joo
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.61-71
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    • 2008
  • Knit wear with comfortable feeling of wearing and various coordinations gives new values to the modern people, who seek activities and individualities, and the demand for knit wear is on the rise. This article aims to analyze the aesthetic characteristics of Korean knit fashion. Fashion photographs from leading monthly fashion magazines in Korea from 2005 to 2007 had been analyzed. The knitting techniques, and designing characteristics and aesthetic values of Korean knit fashion had been studied. The major conclusions of the study are the following: 1. Korean knit fashion applies various knitting techniques. The knitting techniques used in Korean knit fashion are hand-knitting technique, crochet techniques, lace techniques, plain stitch, rib stitch, and purl stitch technique. 2. Decorations by trimming and matching with different textile materials are used more frequently than decorations by knit material itself. Decorating methods include fringes, spangle, beads, Rhine stone, motif and embroidery decorating. Matching with different textile materials made contrasting decoration effect. 3. Patterms by knitting structure and by arranging colors are applied. Cubic effect by knitting structure patterns, and geometric patterns by arranging colors are emphasized. 4. The formative feature beauties are natural beauty, feminine beauty, and decorative beauty. Korean knit fashion has developed creative and decorative designs through various knitting techniques and decorating techniques. As individual activities may be increased in the future, the designs and applications of knit fashion may be diversified.

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A Study on Knit-Wear Design for the Complement of Middle-Aged Women's Figure (중년여성의 체형 결점 보완을 위한 니트웨어의 디자인 연구)

  • Beom, Seo-Hee;Lee, In-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.56 no.8 s.108
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    • pp.15-34
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    • 2006
  • Knit wear was industrialized, diversified, specialized and was made into high-class and it is including knitted cloth and small product for fashion as well as cardigan, sweater, and jacket etc. unlike past recognition only with underwear and inner wear. To consider elasticity to be the best strength of knit wear, middle-aged women that form change is serious are wearing knit wear as clothes for going out, and this may be regarded as clothes action to be conscious of form than vogue. Thus, in this study, this researcher tried to suggest solution scheme through the development of design of knit wear to supplement the form defect of middle-aged women. This researcher tried to develop the design of knit wear to supplement the form defect of middle-aged women, after examining the theoretical background of knit wear, the bodily and mental feature of middle-aged women. Internal and external knit wear brand that middle-aged women prefer as the scheme for solving the problematic form of middle-aged women with knit wear. As the result first, to see the present situation of inland production enterprise of knit wear, almost all the brand companies are concentrating energies on widening age class. Second, middle-aged women become far off from the form which is regarded ideal form in modern society. Third, result that this researcher examined the brand of knit wear of middle-aged women is as follows : MORADO, Cartknit, Escalier. And, in foreign knit wear brand, ST John, Missoni, ESCADA. Fourth, as the result that this researcher did work manufacture for the supplement of form defect of middle-aged women, it has practical and active side, and off-time has high-class and elegant refined beauty.

A Study on the Wearer s Perception for the Improvement of Knit Wear Quality -A Qualitative Approach- (니트웨어 품질 개선을 위한 니트웨어 착용 경험자의 만족.불만족 연구 -질적 연구를 통하여-)

  • 류경옥
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.236-247
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    • 2002
  • In spite of the bad conditions of fashion companies: the number of licit wear consumers in Korea are increasing because knit wear gives a body with an comfort action. Domestic knit wear industry, however, doesn't have any standard fur satisfying consumers'needs and for quality estimation on that. So we examined the knit wearers'conception of the quality to broaden the knowledge of knit wear and produce better products. The purpose of this study was to find out the factors of wearer's perception. This study carried out through a qualitative approach. The subject of this study were 17 single women who were 20's and living in Seoul and Kyoungki province. The item of this questionary was as follow: 1) what they know about knit wear and how much they are satisfied with that 2) what the wearers think the problems of knit wear are 3) how knitted wear industry can satisfy consumers's needs and take into account consumer feedback in product development The results of this study were summarized as follows. 1. The wearers had no knowledge about materials, sewing methods, patterns, knitting methods, and gage. 2 The wearers didn't recognize the differences between the products by famous brand and obscure conventional market. For that reason, the high price knit wear wont satisfy wearer. 3. The wearers didn't prefer the revealing their body shapes. 4. Laundering was the big problem which was they chosen the knit wear. They take it for granted that the knit wear needs dry-cleaning or hand-washing. Knit wear industry tries to make it easy laundering by development knit material.

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A Study on Knit Wear Buying Behavior according to Shopping Orientations (쇼핑성향에 따른 니트웨어 구매행동에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Ok-Hee;Kim, Kyung-Hee;Choi, Mi-Hyoun
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.364-376
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    • 2002
  • The Main objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between shopping orientations and Knit wear Buying Behavior of college female students. A questionnaire was developed to measure knit wear purchasing motives, fashion information sources of knit wear, evaluation criteria of knit wear product, and general clothing buying behavior. The questionnaire was administered to 505 college female students in Chonbuk and Chonnam. The data was analyzed using percentage, frequency, mean, factor analysis, Cluster Analysis and ANOVA, Duncan Multiple Range test. The results of the study were as follows: 1. The college female students were classified into fifth subdivisions by the cluster analysis; convenient shopping group, recreational shopping group, self-confident shopping group, those of Fashion-pursuit group, economic shopping group. 2. The knit wear purchasing motives of consumers were significantly different according to shopping orientation subdivision in social, personal, rational. 3. In the case of fashion information sources of knit wear, significant differences were found according to shopping orientation subdivision in mass media information, information by marketer, mail order advertisements, information by consumer. 4. The evaluation criteria of knit wear product of consumers were significantly different depending on shopping orientation subdivision in esthetic, practicality, individual expression, external criterion. 5. In the case of dissatisfactory factors for wearing knit wear product, significant differences were found according to shopping orientation subdivision. 6. In the case of asking factors to the manufactures of knit wear product, significant differences were found according to shopping orientation subdivision.

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Physical Properties and Objective Hand Values of Recycled Polyester Knit Fabrics (리싸이클 폴리에스터 니트 소재의 물리적 성질 및 태 평가)

  • Choi, Yeon-Joo;Kim, Seong-Hun;Lim, Ki-Sub
    • Textile Science and Engineering
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    • v.49 no.2
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    • pp.98-105
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    • 2012
  • With regards to environmental conservation, it is necessary to promote an eco-friendly industry and to recycle wastes. In this study, the physical properties and hand values of material recycled PET knit fabrics prepared with various recycled PET yarns were investigated. Bursting strengths of 3 recycled PET knit fabrics were higher than that of regular PET knit fabric. 3 Recycled PET knit fabrics were more flexible than those of the regular PET knit fabric. Lightness of regular PET knit fabric was the highest among the 5 samples. Fabric knitted with recycled non-circular PET yarns had a more yellowish tinge. Mechanical properties were measured using the KES-FB system. Bending properties, shear properties, weight, and thickness were increased in recycled PET knit fabrics. The compressional linearity and energy of 3 recycled PET knit fabrics increased. However, their compressional resilience was reduced. In addition, coefficients of friction were similar. Regular PET knit fabric demonstrated a smooth appearance. Numeri was the highest in the hand values.

A Study on the Production Conditions of Circular Knit of Domestic Women's Apparel Industry (국내 여성복 업체의 환편니트 제품 생산현황 조사)

  • Oh, Ji-Yeong
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.637-646
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    • 2016
  • The goal of this study is to provide basic data on developing circular knit basic pattern for women in their 20's. Production conditions of circular knit product pattern making among domestic women's apparel industry was researched, and collected data on sizes and ease amounts from woven and circular knit pattern were compared and analyzed. According to the result of the survey, product measurements adjusted to the actual body size fit for the brand's image were used, and the common problem among manufacturers and consumers regarding circular knit products turned out to be change in size and form due to stretching. For the basic pattern of circular knit, stretching quality was reflected in the woven basic pattern based on plain stitch(single knit) and then dart was removed and ease amount was reduced. The result of looking into size and ease amount about woven and circular knit torso & sleeve block shows that there is a significant difference among chest circumference, hip circumference, bi-shoulder length, interscye back, interscye front, scye depth, upper arm circumference and wrist circumference, and it was clear that circumference and width on the areas around the wrist tended to fit around the body more when circular knit was used instead of woven fabric.

Phenomena of mixture in Sacai's knit design (사카이(Sacai) 니트 디자인에 나타난 혼합 현상)

  • Lee, Younhee;Kim, Hea Yeon
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.763-778
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    • 2021
  • The study aims to analyze the mixed characteristics of knit fashion design as demonstrated in Sacai's collection, which promotes hybrid and mesh-up fusion and proposes various knit design ideas. Standards for categorizing mixed phenomena of Sacai's knit design were established through a review of literature and data analysis. The study's data collection period was from 2012 to 2021, and a total of 174 items were analyzed. The following are the results. First is the fusion of traditional knit and contemporary styles expressed through de-constructive design; traditional knit styles are combined with contemporary styles through color, material, and knitting structure mixtures, such as mixing Northern European Aran, Fair Isle, Nordic, and Ropy knit. Second, the Sakai knit design combines male and female styles by mixing materials and details. A deconstructed knit cardigan was matched with androcentric pin-striped shirts worn over layered shirring skirts embellished with chiffon and lace. Third, everyday street fashion style is blended with a formal, elegant fashion style. For example, the front view has a typical everyday appearance, whereas the back view contains florid and decorated details. The style is expressed as a 360-degrees appellation, with one thing in the front and another in the back. Sacai's distinctive expressional characteristics include a mixed and de-constructive style characterized by unexpected design.

A Study on the Solid Shapes of Knit Flare Skirts Using 3-Dimensional Image Analysis (3차원 형상계측에 의한 니트 플레어스커트의 입체형상에 관한 연구)

  • Ki, Hee-Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.103-119
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    • 2011
  • This study set out to analyze the solid shapes of knit flared skirts, which are best represented in a 3-dimensional shape for all knit skirts, according to the seamed and seamless production method and to estimate the silhouettes of knit flared skirts based on the results. It also aimed to help with the introduction and spread of seamless weaving by revising and supplementing potential problems and provide findings that would be put to active use as basic data, thus contributing to the development of original knitwear and offering fundamental materials for the development of the knitting industry. A number of experimental knit flared skirts were made according to skirt angle ($90^{\circ}$ and $180^{\circ}$), gauge (7G, 12G, and 15G), and grain (bias, wale, and radial), including 12 kinds of seamed knit flared skirts and 6 kinds of seamless knit flared skirts. Using a three-dimensional shape measurement system, the investigator measured the cross-sectional shapes of their hemlines. The SPSS 12 Version program was used for statistical processing, and descriptive statistics such as mean and standard deviation were used to compare the seamed and seamless knit flared skirts in the measurements (measurement items) of their solid shapes according to the width, gauges, and grain directions. The central grain direction of seamless knit flared skirts was in a radial form and even hemlines, thus presenting a beautiful appearance and solid shape. The 3-dimensional shapes show that seamless knit flared skirts are superior to seamed ones. The research findings are expected to open a door for Korea's knitting industry to quickly respond to small quantity batch production and additional orders.

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