• Title/Summary/Keyword: knit

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Knitwear Design Utilizing African Body Painting Pattern - Development of Ethiopia School Uniform using SDS-ONE - (아프리칸 바디페인팅 패턴을 응용한 니트 교복 디자인 - SDS-ONE프로그램을 활용한 에티오피아 학생교복의 디자인 전개 -)

  • Yoo, Jin-Hee;Lee, Youn-Hee;Lee, Yoon-Mee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.61 no.4
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this research is to find out more usages in today's fashion industry where various designs and changes of production required. And this research will also suggest new products and new directions to enhance the efficiency of product planning and production in knit industry using SDS-ONE program. Ethiopia in East Africa, knit already has been used as a school uniform. There is a big difference in temperature spread due to. Knit is a proper item to initiate the textile industries of underdeveloped countries. So this research can develop knit industry and lead the trend of introducing fashion in school uniforms. In this research, we use Paint of SDS-ONE to transform the patterned item into color jacquard, and show it on the designed clothes using simulation. It is shown that body painting pattern is suitable conditions for knit jacquard and simplified pattern can be applied as an excellent knit. And it is discovered the simulation feature of SDS-ONE program has a high efficiency and can be used effectively in African textile industry the future mass production base; SDS-ONE simulation can show various patterns and colors with constrained kinds of threads. Since the body painting designs can be applied in various fields, and from women's wear to men's wear, without limitation, we can take advantage of the broad.

A Study on He Design Process and Knit Structure in Knit Production (니트제품 생산업체의 제품기획 및 니트조직 활용에 관한 연구)

  • Go Sun-Young;Park Myung-Ja
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.157-165
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this research is to investigate the actual conditions of the manufacturer's design processes. Questionnaires were sent out, and 57 interviews were used as research methods including designers, programmers, and merchandisers working for a knit manufacturer in Seoul, followed by a frequency analysis using SPSS 12.0. The results are as follows: knitted fabric goods were the top choices in casual wear. Brand image depended on 'elegance', 'modernity', and 'romanticism', among other lifestyle pursuits. The distribution ratio of the 'basic' and the 'trendy' knit was at 3:7 or 7:3, while the ratio of 6:4 or 4:6 was more common. Knit structure was proven to be the most important factor in the changes in designs. Style and yam ranked second and third, respectively. In addition, details (embroidery and beading), color, pattern, and processing were among the other factors, in order of importance. Based on the difficulty in designing and manufacturing knitted fabric goods, 'manufacturing cost:' 'lack of a manufacturing facility for small production,' and 'limited delivery time' were among the reasons cited in the questionnaire. These results appeared to have been caused by small-scale manufacturers or small-scale manufacturing facilities that made small volume production difficult. The results of the interviews on knitted fabrics that were most frequently used and with the highest sales volumes showed that plain, lace, links & links, miss, and 1:1 rib were ranked accordingly for S/S use, while jacquard, cable, 1:1 rib, links & links, milano, plain, and half cardigan were ranked accordingly for F/W use.

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Development of Prototype of Knit Slacks for Middle-aged Women (중년 여성의 니트 슬랙스 기본 원형 개발)

  • Lee, Jung-Jin
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.153-167
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    • 2015
  • This paper proposes knit slacks patterns by lower body shape of middle-aged women. In addition, this paper aims to propose a design method for a prototype of nice knit slacks using the properties of knitwear. To select basic woven slack patterns which would be used in designing prototype of knit slacks for middle-aged women, two industrial slack patterns and two educational slack patterns were collected, and lab coats were prefabricated using muslin. Then, a shape test was performed by an evaluation board which consisted of eight experts who majored in Clothing Construction. Using blended yarn (1/17's) with 64% wool, 23% rayon and 13% nylon, 12G knit slacks in plain stitch were made. In terms of waist circumference of knit slacks, the front and the back were set to W/4+1+2(D) and W/4-1+2(D), respectively, with 1cm of difference using waist circumference (Omphalion) to cover the abdominal circumference. To make the front-back width of the side line even, the front waist circumference was increased by 1cm. The ease of hip circumference was set to 4cm in total with H/4+1+0.8 in front and H/4+1-0.8 in the back (0.8cm in difference). Crotch length was set by adding 3cm (width of waist belt) after deducting crotch height from waist height (Omphalion). The center front angle was shifted by 1cm while the center back angle was shifted from the center front to the side line by 5cm.

A Study of Fitness Evaluation System for Knit Bodice Pattern (니트 상의 패턴의 맞음새 평가방법 연구)

  • 천종숙;허지혜
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.482-492
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    • 1998
  • With the purpose of developing a objective fitness evaluation system for knits, the basic bodice pattern for knit was drafted and the suitability of the altered pattern was evaluated. For each of nine different knits, six sleeveless shirts were made with patterns that were altered by different pattern alteration rate: 0%, 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, or 70% of the stretch rate of the knit. The panel that was composed of 25 clothing specialists evaluated the fitness of the garments. The distance from the dress form landmark to the garment landmark was measured from each experimental garment. And the results of garment fitness evaluation and the measurement of distance from the dress form landmark to garment landmark were compared. The results of this study are as follows: There was high correlation(r$\geq$0.9) between the evaluation of the panel about the garment fit and the landmarks distance. The stretch rate of knits affected the evaluation of the garment fit. The stretch rate in course of knits affected on the garment fit at crosswise direction. The suitable pattern alteration rate was lower than 30% for the knits with high stretch rate in course. It was concluded that in order to get the appropriate knit bodice pattern length, the front bodice pattern must be less shorten than the back bodice pattern. The alteration rate at hip line must be lower than for waist or bust line.

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Knit Structure and Properties of High Stretch Compression Garments (고신축성 압박의류제품의 편성조직 및 특성)

  • Sang, Jeong Seon;Park, Myung-Ja
    • Textile Science and Engineering
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    • v.50 no.6
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    • pp.359-365
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    • 2013
  • This paper describes the first part of a study for obtaining useful data on the development of compression garments with high stretch knitted materials. Twenty types of compression garments sold in the domestic market were analyzed in terms of the knitting method and knit structure. After classifying these garment types into three elements of knit structure, a comparative analysis of the body part to which knit structure is applied was performed. Given the superior comfort of its finished product and seamless process productivity, the weft knitting technique was used more commonly than the warp knitting technique. All extracted knit structures were single-faced, and float and tuck were variously applied based on plain stitch. Plain stitch was applied on smooth body part surfaces, which do not require much compression. In the case of body parts that easily accumulate mass, such as the lower abdomen and sides, plain with float stitch was used by employing a mock rib structure to exert appropriate pressure on body and ensure a good fit. However, on body parts requiring a strong fit and pressure along with protection, plain with float stitch was used. Meanwhile, the structure in which float and tuck were combined based on plain stitch was applied for body parts with active muscles.

A Study on the Hand-Knit Design (손뜨개 니트 디자인에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Eun-Jung;Yum, Hae-Jung
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the social and cultural background of hand-knitting things with handcraft feeling which is appeared conspicuously after 2000. And to analyze the types and characteristics of hand-knit design. The resorts of this study is as follows: First, it is found that the pattern of stitch in their forms and ornament technique of handcraft feeling are the remarkable factors to decide the specific designs in the most of hand-knit designs. The major forms are plain stitch, rib stitch, cable stitch, lace stitch, relief stitch and pile stitch and the ornament techniques such as patch work, fringe, embroidery and collage are being widely used. Second, after 2000, due to peoples' preference for handcraft feeling manufactures, pursuit trend of artless luxury by retouch appeared, it made feeling for recurrence of the past and the warm humanity. In addition, the pro-eco trend using pro-environment materials and capturing the nature as images are on its way to advance. Through the mix & match of materials, details and items, it becomes possible to express many kinds of images. Thanks to those characteristics, the hand-knit designs are now acknowledged as luxurious with the couture sense attached and are shaking off their previous image of recycling.

A Study on the Application of Knit Materials Woman's Han-bok Design (니트 소재를 활용한 여자한복 디자인 연구)

  • Kim, Hyun-Sook;An, Myung-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.127-135
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    • 2008
  • The study purpose was to increase Han-bok's convenience by changing materials while maintaining keep the traditional Han-bok style. For this purpose we surveyed actual Han-Bok wearers about the inconveniences of its form and design by combining knit with Han-bok. On the basis of this survey, we present a practical design for use in daily fife. Responding to the question about Jeo-Go-Ri(jacket), most respondents preferred a Han-bok which stressed elasticity by utilizing knit on Jeo-Go-Ri's front and back body line(JD1, JD4). For the question about ann holes, most respondents liked a design which substituted knit materials for Sam-hoi-jang(colorful strips) to ensure ease of use and shorten both the width and length of the breast-tie(JD2, JD3). For the sleeve edge, they preferred a design which solved the difficulties of rolling up the sleeve when working ($JD2{\sim}JD5$). Regarding the most inconvenient aspect of wearing Chi-mas(skirts), the respondents indicated tightening of the breast and an uncomfortable feeling due to the skirt length. This suggested that the waist of the vest should be lengthened to avoid the feeling of pressure(CD2, CD5). Regarding changes to the skirt shape the respondents preferred buttons and hooks rather than using skirt strings(CD4, CD5).

A New Color Recipe Prediction Method in the Cold Pad Batch Dyeing of Cotton Knit Using NNMF Algorithm (면니트의 CPB 염색에서 NNMF 알고리즘을 이용한 새로운 컬러처방 예측 기법)

  • Lee, Jung Ho;Lee, In Yeol;Cho, Seong Hun;Cho, Hyeon Tae
    • Textile Science and Engineering
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.7-15
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    • 2013
  • To ensure the reproducibility of the dyeing of cotton knit by cold pad batch(CPB), the solubility, alkali stability and substantivity of multi functional type reactive dyes were tested. The color difference of the cotton knit CPB dyeing products between laboratory and dye house was measured. The results showed that the equipments, dyes and fabrics, all of them influenced the color differences of the final samples between the laboratory and dye house. These factors could not be controlled to reduce the color difference between the laboratory and dye house in the conventional computer color matching algorithm. A new color match prediction method based on the non-negative matrix factorization(NNMF) algorithm was introduced and the applicability was studied by comparing with the conventional color match prediction method based on the Newton-Lapson algorithm. The color match prediction method based on the NNMF showed more accurate recipe prediction results than the conventional color matching method for the CPB dyeing process of cotton knit fabric.

Study on Computer Knitting for Patterns on Porcelain of Underglaze Iron (컴퓨터 편기를 사용한 철화자기 문양의 편성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ji-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.91-103
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    • 2008
  • Because of comfortable texture and easy treatment, more and more knit products has been required for leisure such as sports, traveling, hobbies, and various social activities. Therefore, the demand of knit is gradually increasing in the clothing industry. There are, however, several issues, which require solutions, and we must develop higher value-added products, which differentiate from those of developing countries allowing us to compete and win in the world market. The patterns on porcelain of underglaze iron, which had been popular from late-l5th century to mid-16th century, are diverse, unique, and traditional--so valuable patterns of our own. The computer hitting machine enables the designer to conceive new designs and produce samples of fabrics within a few minutes, which allows us to save time for mass production. Therefore, it is an essential tool for the knitting industry. After collecting, analyzing, and choosing various patterns on porcelains of underglaze iron, This study reflects the actual experience of hitting the fabrics with the patterns through the computer knitting machine which is also used to produce patterns after designing the new patterns through Adobe Illustrator and Photoshop, which has several merits. This article compares and analyzes them for production, which uses the patterns that has been designed from the patterns on porcelains of underglaze iron.

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