• Title, Summary, Keyword: intermediary organization

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a Study on the Characteristics of Spatial Organization of Korean Detached Houses by the Analyses of Connecting Methods between Rooms (실의 연계관계 분석에 의한 우리나라 단독주택의 공간구성적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 전경화
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • no.18
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    • pp.96-102
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    • 1999
  • This study is about the spatial organization of Korean houses designed by architects. It is focused on the characteristics and transformation of spatial organization of houses designed since 1970. The variety and regularity of organization existed at the spatial structure of Korean houses are analysed through typological theory. In this study, the connecting methods between rooms appeared in the plans of 190 detached houses are analysed and classified chronologically. The connecting methods of space between L-D-K, between living room and master bedroom are analysed. And the methods of spatial division inside of master bedroom are also analysed. As a result of the analyses, it is clear that the spatial organization of architects' houses turns its direction from the concept of 'unifying and clustering' to that of 'dividing and segregating' . In contrast to the 70s, there shows a strong diversity in the connecting methods after the 80s with adaptation of the 'language of linear plan' using many forms of intermediary elements between spaces. This result would be relative to the changing trend of design philosophy and the changing tendency in the relationship between the inside and outside space of house.

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The Role of Rural Revitalization Support Centers in Facilitating Community Innovation in Korea (지역사회 혁신을 촉진하기 위한 농촌활성화지원센터의 역할)

  • Im, Sang Bong
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.39-49
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    • 2014
  • This study identifies the necessity and importance of innovation in rural communities and highlights the role of rural revitalization support centers in facilitating the diffusion of community innovation. The study provides a literature review and employs the survey method to verify the arguments. There is an urgent need for rural communities to be distinct, attractive, and competitive in the wake of globalization. It is clear that they must recognize the need to facilitate innovation under growing trends toward trade liberalization, environment-oriented life styles, diversified consumer needs, and a knowledge-based society. The results provide support for the legitimacy of establishing rural revitalization support centers to help community leaders and local stakeholders develop their communities. More specifically, rural communities should employ R&D outcomes from diverse fields and capacity building by community members, leaders, and local governments to foster sustainable growth by overcoming limitations in spatial access and resources. The results suggest that rural revitalization support centers can be established as intermediary organizations that can be operated to facilitate community innovation in rural development. In addition, these centers should play key roles such as empowering communities, facilitating region-specific rural development policies, motivating R&D applications for rural development, encouraging rural development networks. Further, close attention should be paid to facilitate mutual learning by expanding networks and interactions between these centers.

Condition for Rural Development Led by Local Governments in the Era of Increasing Devolution (지방분권 확대에 대응한 지방자치단체의 농촌정책 추진 여건 분석 - 일반농산어촌개발사업 추진 시·군을 중심으로 -)

  • Seong, Joo-In;Song, Mi-Ryung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.39-50
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to figure out the current condition of local governments (Si or Gun) to implement rural development policy in the face of the central government's drive for increasing devolution. Since late 1990s or early 2000s when scope of rural policy began to expand quantitatively, there has been considerable increase in rural residents' participation into community projects as a whole. Nevertheless, there exists regional differentiation in local governments' efforts to systematically support rural development projects (CRDP: Comprehensive Rural Development Programme) and community activities by setting up intermediary organizations or hiring rural development professionals in a public office. According to this survey on local government officials, regions that have made such efforts to support rural policy at a local level, show more advanced level of institutional capacity than other regions in local decision making process for CRDP, role of strategic rural developmental plans, vitality of community actors, etc. In the era of increasing devolution, these differences can be expected to result in diverging performances of each area in regionalized rural policy. The central government needs to introduce EU's LEADER-type rural development programmes to support community acitivities by various local actors and at the same time promote local governance building for rural policy, adopting institutional rewarding system such as rural planning contract.

The Effect of Company Characteristics and Individual Characteristics Perceived by Employees of Small Businesses on Job Satisfaction : Focusing on Intermediary Role of Company Innovation (중소기업 종업원의 지각된 기업특성과 개인특성이 직무만족에 미치는 영향 : 기업 혁신성의 매개 역할을 중심으로)

  • Yoo, Eun Hee;Ha, Kyu Soo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of company characteristics and individual characteristics perceived by employees of small businesses on job satisfaction and especially to seek activation of the organization by extending from previous studies to examine the intermediary role of company innovation and applying management measures focusing on the environment of changing global society where CEOs of small businesses cause job satisfaction of organizational members and present the direction for the improvement of management and institutional development. This study was carried out for about 2 months targeting employees of small businesses and the results of empirical analysis are as follows: First, company characteristics and individual characteristics perceived by employees of small businesses turned out to have a positive (+)effect on job satisfaction but the hypothesis that job stress affects job satisfaction was not significant. Second, of the effects of company characteristics and individual characteristics perceived by employees of small businesses on company innovation, organization flexibility and CEO's leadership, company communication and degree of cooperation between departments, individuals, challenge of individuals perceived individual characteristics were found to affect company innovation but the hypothesis that job stress affects it was not significant. Third, company innovation was found to have a positive (+)effect on job satisfaction and fourth, in the intermediary effect verification of company innovation between company characteristics and individual characteristics perceived by employees and job satisfaction, organization flexibility and communication, collaboration turned out to perform partial intermediation and CEO's leadership to perform full intermediation and individual challenge performance to perform full intermediation and the intermediary effect of job stress was not proven. These results are company characteristics and individual characteristics that is the perception of the independent variables in SME employees is not only a direct relationship with job satisfaction, suggesting that also has an indirect effect is mediated depending on the innovation of the company. Therefore, it can be seen that even for the innovation performance of enterprises is important to increase the job satisfaction of employees of SMEs. In particular, the conductivity of the leadership and individual parameters so completely over the innovativeness of the company is the result of job satisfaction itgetda can be said that the innovation efforts of the organization is effective at the same time be pursued.

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The Effect of Safety Climate on the Job Attitude: Comparing Foreign Investment Company and Domestic Company (안전풍토가 종업원 직무태도에 미치는 영향: 외투기업과 국내기업 비교)

  • Lee, Kyung Jae;Yeo, Kyung Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.76-87
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    • 2017
  • This study examined the role of safety climate, organizational trust, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment. In addition, the study verified the mediating effect of organizational trust between safety climate, and job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Targeting population were the workers in the manufacturing sector. First, it was figured out that employees' recognition of organizations' safety climate has an effect positively on both job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Second, it turns out that individuals' safety awareness has a positive effect on the both job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Third, it was figured out that organizational trust plays a role as mediation when employees' recognition of organizations' safety climate has an effect positively on both job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Fourth, the result revealed that foreign investment company moderated the relationship between safety climate and organizational climate. Fifth, organizational trust mediates the relationship that the individuals' safety awareness are positively affected on the both job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Finally, The results of four hypotheses using intermediary variable in which organizational trust mediates the relationship between the safety climate and "work attitude" such as job satisfaction and organization commitment demonstrate significance of trust in organization in connecting safety climate and work attitude. Therefore, when trust in organization is enhanced, work attitude such as job satisfaction and organizational commitment could be improved.

A Comparative Study on the Supporting Systems and Methods of Social Enterprises of Hong Kong, Japan, and Korea (일본, 홍콩, 한국의 사회적기업 지원체계 및 지원방법 비교연구)

  • Cho, Sangmi;Kim, Jinsuk
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.66 no.2
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    • pp.287-317
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    • 2014
  • The study conducts a comparative study of the supporting systems and methods of social enterprises in Korea, Japan, and Hong Kong to propose a policy on sustainable growth of social enterprises and their long-term activation. By investigating previous studies, this researcher drew the frame of a comparative analysis and conducted the comparative analysis. First, regarding the supporting system for social enterprises, it was found that Korea had better institutional foundation and system, whereas Japan had better activation, cooperation and network of intermediary support organizations. In Korea there is the law related to social enterprises, and the government takes control of all of the organization in charge of the policy, intermediary support organizations, cooperation and network, and authentication system. However, Hong Kong has yet to establish a basic institutional system to grow and activate social enterprises, and foreign intermediary supporting organizations increase the network and cooperation level to support social enterprises. Thirdly, for supporting methods for social enterprises, there were direct financial support, indirect business support and other kinds of support in Korea, whereas indirect support was activated in Japan. Although The Hong Kong government barely supports social enterprises, it comes up with a plan to support the firms serving as social enterprises under its the 12th 5-year development plan. For sustainable growth of Korean social enterprises, this study suggested the change of the government policy to the direction of creating social enterprise ecosystem through cooperation and network activation, indirect support in the middle of process, and activation of intermediary support organizations.

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The Effects of Transformational Leadership of IT CEO on Ordering Company Satisfaction : The Mediating Effect of Enhancing Transfer of Training on IT Employees

  • So, Byung-Gyu
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.23 no.7
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    • pp.27-37
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    • 2018
  • Enterprises that don't adapt to the changes can be weeded out, because IT sector is one of the most rapid rate of changes in business. The optimized job education and training are an essential part for the enterprises to handle the advanced and developed technologies, so the needs for the positive investments to the education and training about their employees and transformational leadership have been increased. This study verified how the transformational leadership of representatives in the IT enterprises affects the satisfaction of their ordering agencies as well as the transfer of education and training can be the intermediary role to them. From the results of the statistical analysis about questionnaire survey of 251 IT enterprises, dispatched their employees to public institutions in Ulsan, several significant outcomes are founded as follows. First, the transformational leadership of representative in the IT enterprises influenced the transfer of education and training positively. Second, the transfer of education and training positively affected the satisfaction of ordering agencies. Third, the satisfaction of ordering agencies are also affected from the transformational leadership. Finally, the some roles was influenced by the charisma of transformational leadership, and also, completely, the inspirational motivation and the intellectual stimulation of transformational leadership was affected by the intermediary roles to the satisfaction of ordering agencies. Based on the results of this study, representatives in the IT enterprises can be expected by the positive company results from improving the satisfaction of ordering agencies through the transformational leadership, which allow active investment in education and training about their employees and construction of pragmatic system through the education and training results for the organization, superiors and colleague.

A Conceptual Framework for the Sustainable Regional Ecosystem of Social Economy Enterprises: Reciprocity, Regard and Public Policy (사회적경제 기업의 지속가능한 지역생태계에 관한 개념 틀: 호혜, 배려와 공공정책)

  • Lee, Hongtaek
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.254-269
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    • 2018
  • The aim of this paper is to identify the components of the sustainable regional ecosystem of social economy enterprises (hereafter 'regional ecosystem'), and to explore the principles of reciprocity, regard and public policy, which have a fundamental impact on the development of such regional ecosystem. The regional ecosystem is an interactive system of the stakeholders who are related to the process of planning, producing, distributing and selling goods and services, and the agents who maintain and spread their social value orientation. This system operates through the interaction of 'local network (business relations and social relations)', 'intermediary organization' and 'public role.' On the basis of the conceptual framework on the regional ecosystem, the result of the in-depth analysis on the case of Gorang-erang Coop shows the interaction of reciprocity and public policy with respect to regard within the context of a characteristic of the regional ecosystem.

Establishing National Science and Technology Park in Pakistan

  • Hashmi, Amer;Shah, Ali
    • World Technopolis Review
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    • v.1 no.4
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    • pp.264-275
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    • 2013
  • This paper presents the concept of the National Science and Technology Park (NSTP) in Islamabad, Pakistan. Keeping in line with Karl Popper's Piecemeal Social Engineering theory, a critical-pragmatic approach is adopted in shedding light on the strategic thrusts and expected outcomes of this knowledge-driven, entrepreneurially-spirited, multi-industry project. Based on Triple-Helix perspectives, we investigate the role of the National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad in efforts aimed at developing NSTP as an intermediary hybrid organization that enhances industry-academia-government linkages, with the potential to serve as an engine for regional and national economic growth and competitiveness.

A Study on the Revitalizing Community through Corporate Community Investment: In Case of 1 Company - 1 Village Campaign (농촌지역활성화를 위한 기업의 지역사회투자활동과 중간지원조직의 역할: 농촌사랑국민운동본부의 1사1촌 운동을 사례로)

  • Kim, Jae-Hyun;Chang, Chu-Youn;Lee, Hyo-Jung
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.211-224
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate exchange between companies and rural communities in 1 company - 1 village campaign and assess functions of NACF(National Agricultural Cooperative Federation)'s 'I Farm Love' as intermediary organization. The result shows that Korea companies participated in 1 company - 1 village campaign to understand rural area and revitalize economic condition in rural community. Most of exchange programs are volunteer works and direct dealing of farm products. The functions of NACF was highly assessed as an informant and intermediary. However establishing networks or promoting exchanges between corporation and rural village were low assessed. It is necessary of NACF to make up for advanced mediation and intermediary between rural villages and companies so that 1 company - 1 village campaign become corporate community investment. Moreover functions to develop programs suited characteristic of companies and set up networks of multi-stakeholders are needed.

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