• 제목/요약/키워드: infant feeding.

검색결과 51건 처리시간 0.079초

초산모의 감각자극 프로그램이 영아의 성장 및 수유시 모아 상호작용에 미치는 효과 (Effects of Sensory Stimulation Program Conducted by Primipara on the Physical Growth and Mother-Infant Feeding Interaction for Full Term Infant)

  • 김미예;장군자;김선희
    • 대한간호학회지
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.820-828
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effectiveness of sensory stimulation program administered by primipara on the physical growth and mother-infant feeding interaction for the first 6 months of infancy. Method: Data were collected from December 1, 2001 to June 30, 2003. A total of 35 mothers and their infants were assigned to a control(n=17) and an experimental(n=18) group. Mothers in the experimental group received education related to sensory stimulation program and administered to their infants twice a day for 6 months. Both groups were measured the weight, length, head circumference and chest circumference of infants at 6 weeks, 10 weeks, 14 weeks, 18 weeks, and 22 weeks and the mother-infant feeding interaction at 6 weeks, 10 weeks through the home visiting. Result: Compared to the control group, the experimental group had significantly larger increases in head circumference for intervention period. In addition to, the experimental group showed significantly higher score in mother-infant interaction than control group. Conclusion: These data suggested that sensory stimulation program administered by primipara may improve the physical growth of full term infant and mother-infant feeding interaction.

서울 및 경기지역 영유아의 영양법에 관한 실태조사 (The Survey of Infant Feeding in Seoul and Kyunggi-Do Area)

  • 이정윤
    • 동아시아식생활학회지
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.113-122
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    • 1994
  • This study was designed to assess the current status of infant feeding through an retrospective survey on feeding method. The survey was executed for 417 mothers bringing up a child below 24 months in Seoul and Kyunggi-Do province from September to October, 1993. Analysing a few influential environmental factors while assessing the level of knowledge today's mother have on infant feeding. Incidence of breast feeding was 27.8% of the interviewed mothers, which showed lower percentages than those of previous surveys. This research proved the major influencing factor generally depended on its mother rather than babies. Generally mothers knew the information of infant feeding, but their knowledge actually didn't work. The source of mothers' informations on the infant nutrition showed the grandmother, books and magazines, doctor were many by the order. among the reasons of resent formula and mixed feeding, lack of breast milk' was the commonest as 50.5% and the next reason was 'because of job' as 12.6%.

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Early Preterm Infant Feeding Behaviors in Adolescent and Adult Mothers

  • Kanhadilok, Supannee;Brown, Lisa
    • Asian Journal for Public Opinion Research
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.51-72
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    • 2016
  • Background: Adolescent mothers may find the transition to motherhood to be overwhelming when compared to adult mothers. The adaptiveness of mother and infant feeding behaviors may greatly influence the quality of adolescent mothers' feeding interactions when compared to adult mothers. Purpose: To examine the adaptiveness of early maternal and infant feeding behavior between adolescent mothers and adult mothers. Method: In this secondary analysis, six adolescent mothers (< 20 years old) and six adult mothers were videotaped while feeding. The mothers were observed 3 times: when the infants were in the hospital, 1 month old, and 4 months old. The videotapes were coded using four scales of the Parent-Child Early Relational Assessment (PCERA). The two maternal scales were Positive Affective Involvement and Sensitivity/Responsiveness (PAISR) and Regulation of Affect and Behavior (RAB). The two infant scales were Infant Positive Affect, Communication, and Social Skills (IPACS) and Infant Regulation of Affect and Behavior (IRAB). The dyads were videotaped just before hospital discharge and at one and four months corrected age. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to examine the difference in the PCERA between the two groups. Results: Adolescent mothers had a significantly lower score on the PAISR before hospital discharge (p-value 0.005) and at one month corrected age (p-value 0.008) than adult mothers. Adolescent mothers also had a significantly lower score on the RAB before hospital discharge, 1 and 4 months corrected age than adult mothers. There were no significant differences in IPACS and IRAB of infants of adolescent and adult mothers. Conclusion: Clinicians need to be aware of the differences in sensitivity that occur.

원주지역 어머니의 식생활 태도가 영유아 영양법 및 이유실태에 미치는 영향 (The Relationship Between Infant Feeding Methods and Weaning Practices and Dietary Attitudinal Characteristics of Mothers in Wonju Area)

  • 오혜숙;이명희;문수재
    • 한국식생활문화학회지
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.41-51
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    • 1997
  • This study examined the relationship between mothers' consciousness of diet and their infant feeding methods and weaning practices. Consciousness of diet analyzed from 17 questions concerning the attitudes and opinions of diet was classified into 6 categories using the factor analysis. These categories were the faithfulness of diet, the health-directed dietary practices, the application of health information, the application of information about food and nutrition, the sincerity to meal preparation, and dietary habits. The 400 mothers selected randomly from Wonju area were surveyed. The results obtained from the study were summarized as follows. Weaning was implemented earlier by the group with better education career and with the exact knowledge of weaning. Factors associated with infant feeding methods included some sociodemographic characteristics such as birth order, mothers' employment state and income level and mothers' effort toward faithfulness of diet. The use of health-foods and nutrient supplements were prefered by the groups used bottle-feeding method. The health condition of the infants was influenced by mother's will to carry out the health information rather than infant feeding methods and weaning foods used. Mothers who perceived the importance of diet for health and consumed more milk had healthier babies, and their dietary habits were more favorable. The subjects who self-recognized the meaning of weaning and who believed that earlier weaning was good for baby or delayed weaning was the cause of anemia and poor appetite, took advantage of the information about food and nutrition as well as prefered the health-directed dietary practices. Mothers who retried to feed the weaning food rejected by baby before, applied the dietary information to the real meal management more actively and had a more desirable dietary habits. In those cases the baby had improved health condition. Those who were interested in the meaning of weaning and the nutritious effect of weaning foods, revealed significantly higher tendency on the performance of cooking information and the more confidence to the health information from advertisement.

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대학생의 미래 모유수유계획에 영향을 미치는 요인 (A Study on the Future Plans for Infant Feeding Practice and Its Associated Factors among University Students)

  • 최경숙
    • 대한지역사회영양학회지
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.240-249
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    • 2003
  • This study was carried out to investigate the future plan for infant feeding practice and its associated factors among university students so as to develop focus for nutritional education program for the promotion of breastfeeding. The subjects were 301 students (males 130, females 171). The results obtained were as follows. In this survey, the subjects had a basic knowledge of breastfeeding and lactation, especially of the ingredient of breastmilk. However they were not well informed about the physiology and method of breastfeeding and benefits of breastfeeding for mothers. The average scores far attitude toward breastfeeding and lactation were 3.09 points on a 4 point scale, which indicated a slightly positive attitudes toward breastfeeding. However the participants had a negative attitude toward its emotional and practical aspects. Their future plan for infant feeding was breastfeeding 40.3%, formula feeding 3.0% and mixed feeding 56.7%. A concern was that the students showed a high rate with regard to a mixed feeding plan, and Dey decided this based on an incorrect knowledge of breastfeeding. The group who planned to breastfeed in the future (BF) showed higher scores with respect to knowledge and attitudes than those who planned to formula feed or mixed feed (FF + MF). Therefore, to encourage mothers to breastfeed and support breastfeeding, breastfeeding nutritional education is urgently needed among university students. In addition, nutrition education programs should promote the benefits of breastfeeding for mothers and the physiology and practical method of breastfeeding. Also a practical and culturally sensitive course about food and nutrition is recommended to inform participants about breastfeeding. (Korean J Community Nutrition 8(2) : 240∼249, 2003)

속초시 영유아의 이유실태조사 (Study on Infant Feeding Practice in Sockcho-City)

  • 이정실;김을상
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.469-476
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    • 1991
  • 속초시에 거주하는 6개월에서 20개월 사이의 영유아 170명(남아 98명, 72명)을 대상으로 1991년 3월 25일에서 4월 5일 사이에 영유아들의 어머니들에게 설문지로 이유실태를 조사한 결과는 다음과 같다. 어머니의 학력수준은 79.4%가 고졸 이상이며 주부가 69.4% 직장근무 17.1%, 부업 및 시간제 근무가 13.5% 이었다. 영유아의 이유이전의 수유방법은 모유영양이 40.0%, 인공영양이 44.1% 및 혼합영양이 15.9%이었다. 모유의 수유기간은 최고 18개월까지로 나타났으며 인공영양아를 제외한 대상자중에서 평균 수유기간은 6.3개월 이었다. 이유의 시작시기는 대상자 전체가 2개월에서부터 12개월로 평균 5.6개월이었으며, 이유의 완료시기는 전체가 6개월에서부터 12개월로 평균 11.4개월 이었다. 제일 먼저 먹인 이유식은 과일 쥬스류가 전체의 78.2%이었다. 식품의 종류별로 이유식의 사용빈도에서 대상자의 75.9%가 곡류를 자주 사용한다고 하여서 당질위주의 이유식이 이루어 졌으며, 육어류와 채소의 사용빈도는 낮았다. 시판이유보충식의 사용여부는 주 3회이상 사용하는 경우가 44.7% 이었으며 대개가 분말 및 액상형태인 제품이었다.

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남녀 대학생의 예상 수유방법에 따른 모유영양에 관한 지식과 태도 및 식습관의 비교 (Nutrition Knowledge of and Attitudes toward Breast-Feeding and Food Habits in Relation to the Expected Infant Feeding Method among Male and Female College Students)

  • 현화진;이조윤
    • 한국생활과학회지
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.161-171
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    • 1996
  • In order to provide the basic data on an education program for successful breast-feeding, the nutrition knowledge of and attitudes toward breast-feeding and the factors associated with infant feeding decision among male and female college students were investigated. The majority of students had correct knowledge of the maternal-infant bonding through breast-feeding and knew more about baby-centered benefits than about mother-centered benefits of breast-feeding. Students' attitudes toward breast-feeding were not so positive as expected, and male students had more positive attitudes toward breast-feeding than female students had. 54.8% of students answered to practice breast-feeding longer than 3 months. Nutrition knowledge scores and attitude scores were significantly higher in the breast-feeding decision group than in the formula-feeding decision group. The students residing in a rural community decided breast-feeding significantly more than the students residing in an urban community. It was concluded that nutrition knowledge about the breast-feeding played a significant role in deciding infant feeding method. In order to increase breast-feeding decision rates among college students, the education program may need to focus on understanding of correct nutrition knowledge about the benefits of breast-feeding. Also it would be important to have male students participated in education program.

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인천지역 수유부의 수유실태와 수유방법에 영향을 주는 요인 (A Study on Factor Affecting status and Method of Infant Feeding in Incheon)

  • 전희순;홍성야
    • 대한지역사회영양학회지
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.433-440
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    • 1996
  • This study was carried out using a questionnaire in order to investigate factors affecting the status and the method of infant feeding in Incheon area. The subjects were 126 monthers of infants ranging from 3 months to 18 months. The results are : the percentages of those feeding colostrum and breast milk has decreased in comparison with the previous results. But the percentage of breast-feeding gets higher in a case where colostrum or breast milk is first fed after delivery. Also frequency and birth order of child plays a part : the more frequently monthers try to feed breast milk in the earliest period of feeding, the more they keep breast-feeding, and the latter-born(the second-born or the third born) children get more chances to be breast-fed than the first-born. Another noticeable factor is what babies feed on during hospitalization. if they get fed more breast milk than infant formula while they are in hospital, they tend to keep feeding on breast milk after they come back home. Breast-feeding group have good knowledge and information abut the importance of breast-feeding. The data shows that they believe the superiority of breast milk.

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대전지역 영유아의 수유 및 이유실태 조사 (A Study on Infant Feeding and Weaning Practice in Taejon)

  • 왕수경;김지현
    • 대한지역사회영양학회지
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.489-495
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    • 1999
  • This study was conducted to investigate the weaning practice of 198 infants in Taejon city in October, 1998. Information on infant feeding and weaning practices were obtained by interviewing mothers in gynecologist and pediatric clinics located in Taejon. The results obtained were as follows : In the survey 37.4% of the infants were breast-feeding, while 31.3% of them were bottle-feeding and 29.3% of them were mixed-feeding. The reason for bottled-feeding was due either to the lack of breast-milk secretion or motner’s job. The educational level of the mother and maternal job affected the feeding methods before weaning. Lower rates of breast-feeding were found among mothers witn a lover level of education. The breast-feeding rate was lower in full-time and part-time job worker groups than in housewife. There was no significant difference in the feeding methods according to family income. Among the subjects, 71.5% of infants began to be weaned within 7 months. The onset of weaning was delayed in the full-time worker group. There was no significant difference in the onset time of weaning according to feeding method, the educational level of the mother, and family income. 60.6% of infants received fruit juice and 29.6% of them received cereals for first-given-supplementary food. ‘For baby’s nutritional status’ was the most common motivation for the onset of weaning. Commercially prepared foods were used more than home-made food for supplementary food.

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