• Title, Summary, Keyword: incineration

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Polymer Waste Incineration by Oxygen Enriched Combustion (사업장폐기물의 순산소 소각기술)

  • Han, In-Ho;Choi, Kwang-Ho;Choung, Jin-Woo
    • 한국연소학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.132-139
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    • 2000
  • Oxygen enriched incineration can increase the incineration capacity for wastes and dramatically reduce air pollutant emissions such as CO and dioxine by the allowing complete combustion of wastes in incinerator. Furthermore, this technology is proven to have many benefits including an energy-saving, cost-effective, and versatile application for diverse wastes compared with the conventional air incineration technology. The reduced pollutant emissions in flue gas and higher incineration efficiency are also available when the oxygen enriched air is used for the high temperature incineration systems. On the basis of the experimental results the oxygen enrichment system is successfully applied to the rotary kiln incinerator for industrial wastes. The oxygen enriched incineration system could be allowed more compact design of incinerator and flue gas treatment system due to both increasing incineration capacity and reducing flue gas volume. Therefore, oxygen enriched incineration technology is becoming highlighted in the waste incinerator which strongly require more stable efficiency and environmentally friendly and safe operationPut Abstract text here.

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A Pilot Study on Emissions of Air Pollutants Produced from Incineration of Some Municipal Solid Wastes

  • Kim, Haen-Gah;Lee, Byeong-Kyu;Cho, Jung-Bum
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.22 no.E2
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    • pp.49-56
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    • 2006
  • This pilot study focuses on emissions characterization of air pollutants produced from incineration of some municipal solid wastes (MSWs). The MSWs incinerated by an electric furnace maintained up to $600^{\circ}C$ included food, paper, and plastic wastes. The pollutants analyzed in this study included concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), bottom ash contents, and heavy metals extracted from the bottom ash of each waste. The VOCs identified were classified based on their chemical structure. The total emissions of VOCs produced from incineration of the papers were identified as the highest followed by those from the plastics and the food wastes. Aliphatic alkenes were major VOC compounds produced from incineration of plastic or food wastes, while furans were major VOCs produced from incineration of papers. The second major VOCs produced from incineration of food, plastics, and papers were aromatics. In particular, hazardous air pollutants such as benzene were produced with considerable amount of emission concentration. The bottom ash contents of papers were usually much higher than those of food or plastic wastes. The bottom ash contents produced from incineration of food and plastics were much lower than those of other MSWs. In analysis of heavy metals extracted by an ultrasonic method from the bottom ashes of the papers, high concentrations of heavy metals were identified from incineration of newspapers and box (cardboard). In addition, it was identified that the general public might be exposed to considerable amounts of lead concentrations during incineration processes and uses of paper cup and from ashes.

Study on the Measurement of GHG Emissions and Error Analysis in Form the MSW Incineration Plant Equipment with the Recovery Heat System (2009~2013) (폐열회수시설이 설비된 생활폐기물 소각자원화시설 온실가스 배출량 산정 시 오차분석 (2009~2013))

  • Choi, Won-Geun;Seo, Ran-Sug;Park, Seung-Chul
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.239-246
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    • 2016
  • This study aims to analyze region-specific trends in changing greenhouse gas emissions in incineration plants of local government where waste heat generated during incineration are reused for the recent five years (2009 to 2013). The greenhouse gas generated from the incineration plants is largely $CO_2$ with a small amount of $CH_4$ and $N_2O$. Most of the incineration plants operated by local government produce steam with waste heat generated from incineration to produce electricity or reuse it for hot water/heating and resident convenience. And steam in some industrial complexes is supplied to companies who require it for obtaining resources for local government or incineration plants. All incineration plants, research targets of this study, are using LNG or diesel fuel as auxiliary fuel for incinerating wastes and some of the facilities are using LFG(Landfill Gas). The calculation of greenhouse gas generated during waste incineration was according to the Local Government's Greenhouse Emissions Calculation Guideline. As a result of calculation, the total amount of greenhouse gas released from all incineration plants for five years was about $3,174,000tCO_2eq$. To look at it by year, the biggest amount was about $877,000tCO_2eq$ in 2013. To look at it by region, Gyeonggido showed the biggest amount (about $163,000tCO_2eq$ annually) and the greenhouse gas emissions per capita was the highest in Ulsan Metropolitan City(about $154kCO_2eq$ annually). As a result of greenhouse gas emissions calculation, some incineration plants showed more emissions by heat recovery than by incineration, which rather reduced the total amount of greenhouse gas emissions. For more accurate calculation of greenhouse gas emissions in the future, input data management system needs to be improved.

A Study on the Improvement Method of Forest Fire Caused by Waste Incineration at the Farming Residential Area (농촌 주거지역 쓰레기소각으로 인한 산불화재 개선방안에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Young-Sam
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2016
  • Currently the forest area is 6,370,000 hectare (ha) which occupies 63.7% in Korea. The forest has good functions such as production of forest products, conservation of national land, prevention of disasters, etc. However constructing houses near the forest area make bad situation like illegal waste incineration by resident. So research subject is forest fire caused by waste incineration place including facility. And this study was conducted about statistical analysis and research analysis of the 100 waste incineration places including facilities at the country town. Statistical analysis shows that March is 27% which percentage is the highest number of forest fire in 10 years' average. The number of forest fire caused by waste incineration is 45 which is the third highest number in the fire statistic. The distance between waste incineration place including facility and forest area is 30m, 40m and 50m. That 40m (36%) is the most common distance from forest area. The types of waste incineration are ground (62%), the temporary facility made with oil drum can (35%) and other made with steel sheet, concrete, etc. The result of this study is that government and local government must conduct the improvement measure to reduce illegal incineration such as waste pickup area made with rain and wind proof type installed near residence, expenses for waste treatment, enlightenment and training, etc. Also considering their age and income are needed for realistic improvement.

Korea Recycling Situation and Policy for Municipal Solid Waste Ash

  • Kim, Hyung-Seok;Ahn, Ji-Whan;Kim, Hwan
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.650-654
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    • 2001
  • To utilize municipal solid waste incineration ash as useful resources in Korea, studies on the present state of production and management of incineration ash and its effects on environment were made. And, it was intended to analyze the management conditions of incineration ash in many foreign countries and reflect them in domestic incineration ash policy. Korean incineration ash policy is based on the control of waste production, considering the difficulties in securing landfills and the small size of national land, and will be changed into recycling- and incineration-centered one. Furthermore, studies on the stabilization and recycling of incineration ash should be continuously conducted to overcome the concerns about environmental pollution.

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Development of Metal Recovery Process for Municipal Incineration Bottom Ash (MIBA)

  • Kuroki, Ryota;Ohya, Hitoshi;Ishida, Kazumasa;Yamazaki, Kenichi
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.21-25
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    • 2019
  • The utilization of incineration ash from municipal waste must be promoted to solve the social problem on the shortage of final disposal site. In this research, metals should be recovered to avoid the damage of the crushing machine during the utilization of incineration ash in cement industry. In fact, incineration bottom ash from municipal waste contains iron in 3-5%. Nonferrous metal and stainless steel in 1% is also included. The research and development on the physical recovery process was performed not only to remove the metals but also to recover high grade products. Metals were separated from incineration ash in Maruya Co. Ltd.. In fact, iron scrap recovered by magnetic separation can be selled. After that, mixed metal was separated from incineration ash using screen. In this research, mixed metal tried to divided copper, aluminum, brass and stainless steel using drum type magnetic separation, eddy current separation and high magnetic separation. As a result, recovered iron had an 80% for the grade. Aluminum was recovered by eddy current separation without copper and brass.

A Study on Using Incineration Heat of Municipal Solid Wastes - Case Study of Taegu metropolitan city - (생활(生活)쓰레기 소각열(燒却熱) 이용실태(利用實態)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) - 대구광역시(大邱廣域市)를 중심(中心)으로 -)

  • Hong, Won-Hwa;Yi, Gang-Kook;Lee, Ji-Hee
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 2001
  • This study aims to make a fundamental data for a policy-making decision in treatment and disposal of municipal solid wastes and presents a research data on the discharge properties of municipal solid wastes and making a unit of them in the Taegu metropolitan city. The results can be summarized as follows; survey the discharge properties of municipal solid wastes, calorific values and to present a research-data in supplying incineration-heat of wastes with the area of Sung-seo in Taegu. So, using fundamental data for planning and running wastes-incineration plants as well as trying to make better Urban Environmental Infra-structure. The results are obtained from the study. 1) The proportion of combustible wastes in Taegu increased from 89.6% to 94.47% during 1993~2000. However, the proportion of incombustibles decreased from 10.4% to 5.53% during 1993~2000. 2) The value of representative properties is about 1500~2000kcal/kg. So we can expect that it should be made use of energy-resources positively. 3) The heat from Sung-seo wastes-incineration plants is used to produce electronic-energy for wastes-incineration plants in summer season. The heat from Sung-sea wastes-incineration plants is in charge of 27% which of supplying the area of Sung-seo with district heating energy in winter season.

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Analysis of Citizen's Attitude to the Incineration (소각장에 대한 시민의식 조사분석)

  • Kim, Joong-Kee;Park, Chang-Hee;Chung, Jae-Chun;Lee, Sung-Taik;Heo, Seok
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.87-95
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    • 1996
  • A questionary survey was performed to invetigate the citizen's attitude concerning the waste incineration facility. People disliked most cremetorim followed by waste transfer station, chmical factory, waste incineration facility and sanitary landfill. Most people favored 1km minimum distance of incineration facilities from the residence. Most people think that we need most composting facilities in the future followed by sanitary landfill and incineration facilities. Majority of people was willing to accept the perfect incineration facilities near their residence. However, 37.6% answered no. Most people accepted complusory measures by the goverment in the location of incineration facilites. One incineration facility per one city or Gun was slightly favored than multy-city or Gun incineration facility. People think that perfect thchnology most important to overcome Nimby's.

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A Study on Improvement Measures of Energy Recovery Efficiency through Analysis of Operational Status of Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Facilities (생활폐기물 소각시설의 운영 실태 분석을 통한 에너지회수 효율 개선방안 검토)

  • Park, Sang-Jin;Phae, Chae-gun
    • Journal of Korea Society of Waste Management
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    • v.35 no.8
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    • pp.762-769
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    • 2018
  • This study was carried out to examine the improvement plan by analyzing the characteristics of imported wastes, operation rate, and benefits of energy recovery for incineration facilities with a treatment capacity greater than 50 ton/day. The incineration facility capacity increased by 3,280 tons over 15 years, and the actual incineration rate increased to 2,783 ton/day. The operation rate dropped to 76% in 2010 and then rose again to 81% in 2016. The actual calorific value compared to the design calorific value increased by 33.8% from 94.6% in 2002 to 128.4% in 2016. The recovery efficiency decreased by 29% over 16 years from 110.7% to 81.7% in 2002. Recovery and sales of thermal energy from the incinerator (capacity 200 ton/day) dominated the operation cost, and operating income was generated by energy sales (such as power generation and steam). The treatment capacity increased by 11% to 18% after the recalculation of the incineration capacity and has remained consistently above 90% in most facilities to date. In order to solve the problem of high calorific value waste, wastewater, leachate, and clean water should be mixed and incinerated, and heat recovery should be performed through a water-cooled grate and water cooling wall installation. Twenty-five of the 38 incineration facilities (about 70%) are due for a major repair. After the main repair of the facility, the operation rate is expected to increase and the operating cost is expected to decline due to energy recovery. Inspection and repair should be carried out in a timely manner to increase incineration and heat energy recovery efficiencies.

Analysis of VOCs Produced from Incineration of Plastic Wastes Using a Small- Electric Furnace (소형전기로를 이용한 플라스틱류 소각시 발생하는 VOCs 농도분석)

  • Lee Byeong-Kyu;Kim Haengah
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.759-771
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    • 2004
  • This study analyzed concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) produced from incineration of plastic wastes at $600^{\circ}C$. The plastic wastes used in this study included polyethyleneterephthlate (PETE), high density polyethylene (HOPE), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), low density polyethylene (LOPE), polypropylene (PP), polystyrene (PS) and other. Plastic wastes were heated from room temperature upto $600^{\circ}C$ providing the compressed air inside of a small-scale electric furnace for 90 minutes and then they were oxidized (incinerated) for 60 minutes at $600^{\circ}C$ maintaining the same air supply. VOCs emitted from the incineration process were sampled using an air sampling pump and Tedlar air bags for 150 minutes and then the components and concentrations of the VOCs were analyzed by a GC-MS. The most prominent chemical structure of the VOCs obtained from the incineration process of the HOPE, LOPE and PP, which include ethylene groups in their main chains, was identified as aliphatic hydrocarbons such as 1-hexene. However, aromatics such as benzene were major chemical structure from the incineration of PETE, PVC and PS which include benzene rings in their main chains. This study estimated the total VOC production from the incineration of the plastic wastes based on the real plastic waste production and the emission factors. 64% and 27% of the total VOC emissions consisted of aliphatic hydrocarbons and aromatics, respectively, which have double bonds within their molecular structure and thus a high ground level ozone formation potential.