• Title, Summary, Keyword: immigrant characteristics

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The Social Networks of Married Immigrant Women in Korea : With a focus on Individual, Family, and Migrant Characteristics (결혼이주여성의 사회적 관계와 관련요인 : 개인특성, 가족특성, 이주민특성을 중심으로)

  • Kang, Yoojean
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.47-64
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    • 2013
  • This study aimed to explore the social networks which married immigrant women have in Korea. Special attention was paid to factors such as individual, family, and migrant characteristics contributing to the different patterns of social networks. I drew upon the nationally representative data on 60,719 immigrant women married to Korean men from the '2009 Survey on Korean National Survey on Multicultural Families.' Results showed that the foreign wives tended to maintain a connection with our society through contact with their neighbors and participation in social gatherings. Findings also showed that the types of social networks by the number of trusted neighbors and meetings were diverse among the immigrant women. In addition, the factors differentiating the types were mostly associated with socioeconomic resources or Korean proficiency. More interestingly, the immigrant women's contacts with their family members in their homeland contributed to their maintenance of more active social networks. These results provided a useful outlook on the relationship between patterns of social networks and the characteristics of the married immigrant women, which eventually showed a heterogeneous nature among them. At the societal level, supportive systems for enriching immigrant women's social networks should be developed particularly in terms of not their dependency, but their potential contributions to our society.

North Korean Immigrant Elementary Students' Cognitive and Affective Characteristics Related to Science Education (탈북 초등학생의 과학 교육 관련 인지적.정의적 특성)

  • Noh, Suk Goo;Oh, Phil Seok
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.495-502
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to explore North Korean immigrant elementary students' cognitive and affective characteristics related to science education. A total of 68 North Korean immigrant students enrolled in 3 to 6 grades and 133 South Korean students in 4 and 6 grades in 3 South Korean elementary schools participated in the study. A short version of Group Assessment of Logical Thinking(GALT) was used to investigate the students' levels of logical thinking, and the Enjoyment of Science Lessons Scale(ESLS) of the Test of Science Related Attitudes(TOSRA) was administrated to examine their attitudes towards science lessons. The statistical analysis of data revealed that the level of logical thinking of the North Korean immigrant elementary students was very low and that this was also the case for the South Korean students. Especially, the mean score of logical thinking of the North Korean immigrant 6 graders was much lower when compared with that of the South Korean counterparts. For both the North Korean immigrant students and South Korean students, the enjoyment of science lessons decreased as they progressed through higher grades. This decreasing trend, however, turned out to be more serious in the South Korean elementary students. Based on these results, suggestions were presented to help successful science learning of North Korean immigrant elementary students.

Comparison of Needs for Pregnancy and Postpartum Adaptation of Chinese Immigrant Women and Vietnamese Immigrant Women in South Korea (중국과 베트남 결혼이주여성의 임신과 산후적응 요구 비교)

  • Jeong, Geum Hee;Kim, Kyung Won;Baik, Sunghee
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.19-30
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: To identify needs for pregnancy and postpartum adaptation of Chinese immigrant women and Vietnamese immigrant women in South Korea. Methods: A descriptive research design was employed. Data were collected from 244 Chinese immigrant women and Vietnamese immigrant women from 3 provinces, 20 health care centers, and multi-cultural family support centers. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-test and ANOVA. Results: An average score for needs perceived by Chinese immigrant women was significantly higher than that perceived by Vietnamese immigrant women. There were significantly differences in physical and emotional adaptation after childbirth, nutrition during pregnancy, cross cultural understanding and personal respect, and adaptation daily activity during pregnancy between the 2 groups. The highest score of needs in Chinese immigrant women was for nutrition during pregnancy and that in Vietnamese immigrant women was for baby rearing and family support. Conclusion: Based on needs of pregnancy and postpartum adaption, nursing intervention program in consideration of cultural characteristics of Chinese immigrant women and Vietnam immigrant women need to be developed for their pregnancy and postpartum health care.

Beauty Shop Owner's Employment of Immigrant Women (미용산업고용주의 다문화이주여성에 대한 고용 연구)

  • Kim, Soon Sim
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.415-426
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    • 2015
  • This study examines the employment experience of beauty shop owners with respect to immigrant women. A quantitative analysis was conducted through a survey of beauty shop employers. Total 400 beauty shop owners were given a questionnaire and 380 responses were obtained. IBM SPSS 21.0 was used for frequency analysis, chi-square test, t-test using obtained data. Most of the respondents reported rare immigrant women employment. In addition, they were not likely to have experienced benefits from government support system and had little knowledge of such systems. According to an the employment analysis, there were differences in business areas, locations, regions, business type, and the number of employees according to characteristics of beauty shops. Immigrant women were more likely to be employed in Gyeonggi than in Seoul and Chungcheong Province and in skincareshops than in hairshops, nailshops and make-up shops. Shops with fewer than six employees were more likely to employ immigrant women. Those shop owners has employed immigrant women were more likely to hire immigrant women. Employment intentions of employers included mitigation services for auxiliary and sharing purposes, government benefits, and solutions for employment difficulties. Government support had a positive effect on employment intentions of beauty shop employers. Employers with knowledge of government support programs were more likely to hire immigrant women. The results suggest that the government should make more efforts to promote relevant policies. Future research should identify the reasons why few immigrant women are employed.

A Study on Acculturation Stress among Married Immigrant Women in the Jeonbuk Area (전북지역 결혼이주여성의 문화적응 스트레스에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, In Ju
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.889-901
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    • 2012
  • This study examined acculturation stress resulting from socio-demographic characteristics and psychological and social status of married immigrant women residing in the Jeonbuk region. Data were gathered from married immigrant women who were participating in non-profit agencies offering multi-cultural services and those who worked for business offices and stores in the Jeonbuk area. A structured self-administered questionnaire was used. A total of 280 questionnaires were distributed, and 210 were returned. Twenty three questionnaires were excluded from the study because of invalid responses, providing a final data pool of 187 responses. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses revealed that Korean language ability and levels of depression were significantly associated with acculturation stress among married immigrant women. Based on the findings of this study, interventions for reducing acculturation stress among married immigrant women and implications for future studies are discussed.

Health Behaviors and Related Factors among Asian Immigrant Women in Korea by Ethnicity (국내 여성결혼이민자의 출신국별 건강행위와 관련 요인)

  • Yang, Sook-Ja
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.66-74
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity and diet and to identify sociodemographic factors related with health behaviors among Asian immigrant women in Korea by ethnicity. Methods: A cross-sectional study using structured questionnaires was conducted in 396 immigrant women from China, Vietnam, and the Philippines to Korea through international marriage. The associations between health behaviors and sociodemographic characteristics were assessed using multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results: The prevalence of current smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and abnormal diet were 4.2%, 7.6%, 49.3%, and 31.9%, respectively. The prevalence of current smoking (7.6%) and physical inactivity (56.7%) was highest in Chinese immigrant women. However, the prevalence of current smoking (2.7%) and alcohol consumption (3.8%) were lowest in Vietnamese immigrant women. Immigrant women who had been living in Korea for a long time since immigration (${\geq}$ 5 years) had a higher prevalence of alcohol consumption compared to those of who had been living in Korea for a short time since immigration (< 5 years) (OR=2.95, 95% CI=1.74-5.01). Conclusion: Health promotion programs for immigrant women should be differentiated based on health behaviors and their related factors by ethnicity.

Discriminant Factors Influencing the Community Integration of Immigrant Women on Marriage: Comparison of Regional Traits (도시화 정도에 따른 결혼이주여성의 지역사회통합에 미치는 차별적 영향 분석: 특별·광역시 지역과 도지역 거주자의 비교)

  • Kim, Kyung-Bum;Park, Cheol-Min
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.214-222
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the role of individualistic, family, and social characteristics of immigrant women on marriage on community integration. It is focused on exploring how the immigrant women on marriages' residential district differentiate community integration. The study adopts a questionnaire method in research of immigrant women on marriage in all parts of Korea. Data are collected from 163(Metropolitan Government & City), 182(Provincial Government) immigrant women on marriage for empirical analysis respectively. Technique used in analyzing data is Binary Logit Model primarily. In conclusion, on the results of test, it turned out to be strong significant influence on provincial regions than the metropolitan city regions statistically excepting family, and social characteristics.

Making Ethnicity for Immigrant Children: Focusing on a case of a Korean school in Paris

  • Kim, Myeong-Hee
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.13-18
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    • 2009
  • The existence of Korean schools is one of the salient characteristics of Overseas Koreans. How do such schools for Korean immigrants' children try to construct Korean ethnic identity? Also, how is immigrant children's ethnic identity developed and reinforced by the education at those schools? This paper explores these questions based on an ethnographic research at a Korean school in Paris from September 2005 to December 2007. The cultural education for immigrant children at the Korean school has a tendency to emphasize the most exotic traits of Korean culture. And this emphasis on the unfamiliar elements of Korean culture doesn't seem to help to form the ethnic identity of Korean immigrants' children. Instead, the students appear to get the sense of being a member of Koreans more from the education outside of classroom such as scholastic events than in a classroom of a Korean school. That's because scholastic events allow them to play out some of the Korean culture in more inter-ethnic settings. Therefore, it can be concluded that ethnicity of immigrant children is rather developed in inter-ethnic social contexts than born with or taught in class.

Study on the Changes of Prenatal and Labor Characteristics of Married Immigrant Women Referred to a University Hospital for 10 years (일 대학병원에 의뢰된 결혼이주 임산부의 10년간 산전, 분만 특성 변화 연구)

  • Park, Kyung-mi;Moon, Hee;Lee, Eun-sook
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.317-324
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    • 2018
  • This study was performed to investigate changes in prenatal and delivery characteristics of married immigrant women and to provide basic data for developing maternal health care programs. Data collection was carried out for 6 weeks from September 7, 2016 through medical records, and it was divided into 5-year intervals (5 years before and after 2011 were compared). The survey records consisted of demographic, prenatal, and obstetrics characteristics, and the data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, Independent Sample T-test, and Chi-square test using the SPSS 23.0 program. The results were as follows. The prenatal and delivery characteristics of married immigrant women showed significantly increased inadequate weight gain during pregnancy, pregnancy complications, premature birth, low birth weight infants, and low apgar score. Therefore, based on these changes in married immigrant women, prenatal and postnatal health care programs are needed to prevent maternal and childbirth complications.

Factors Associated with Physical Activity among Chinese Immigrant Women (중국 이민여성의 신체활동 관련 요인)

  • Cho, Sung-Hye;Lee, Hyeonkyeong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.760-769
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was done to assess the level of physical activity among Chinese immigrant women and to determine the relationships of physical activity with individual characteristics and behavior-specific cognition. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted with 161 Chinese immigrant women living in Busan. A health promotion model of physical activity adapted from Pender's Health Promotion Model was used. Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data during the period from September 25 to November 20, 2012. Using SPSS 18.0 program, descriptive statistics, t-test, analysis of variance, correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis were done. Results: The average level of physical activity of the Chinese immigrant women was $1,050.06{\pm}686.47$ MET-min/week and the minimum activity among types of physical activity was most dominant (59.6%). As a result of multiple regression analysis, it was confirmed that self-efficacy and acculturation were statistically significant variables in the model (p<.001), with an explanatory power of 23.7%. Conclusion: The results indicate that the development and application of intervention strategies to increase acculturation and self-efficacy for immigrant women will aid in increasing the physical activity in Chinese immigrant women.