• Title/Summary/Keyword: ice cream

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Preparation and Characteristics of Ice Cream from Mix Added with Nutmeats (견과육 첨가 아이스크림의 제조 및 특성)

  • Kim, Jong Woo
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.176-180
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    • 1998
  • Ice cream were made with chestnut meat and walnut meat which are special agricultural products in Chungnam area. The nut meat powders were added in the concentration of 1~5% in the ice cream mix. The over run characteristic, chemical composition and sensory test were examined. The results obtained were as follows. 1. The score of over run was lower for chestnut ice cream(35.75~38.81%) and walnut ice cream (36.31~40.38%) than for control ice cream (41.28%). 2. The concentration of solid-non-fat and crude protein were higher for chestnut ice cream 31.05~31.73% and 4.48~4.78% than for control ice cream. The walnut ice cream contained more fat and protein (12.21~16.29% and 4.63~5.27%) than for control ice cream did. 3. The scores of tastes and odor were higher for chestnut ice cream than for control ice cream, and the scores of odor were higher significantly (P<0.05%) for walnut ice cream.

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Oligosaccharide-Supplemented Soy Ice Cream for Diabetic Patients : Quality Characteristics and Effects on Blood Sugar and Lipids in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats (당뇨환자를 위한 올리고당 첨가 콩 아이스크림 : 품질특성과 당뇨 흰쥐에서의 혈당 및 지질 개선에 미치는 효과)

  • Her Bo-Young;Sung Hye-Young;Choi Young-Sun
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.38 no.8
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    • pp.663-671
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate not only quality characteristics such as overrun, meltdown and sensory evaluation of oligosaccharide-supplemented soy ice cream but also physiological effects of ice cream with soy and/or oligosaccharide on blood sugar and lipid profile in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Powder of parched soybean was added at $7.6\%$ replacing skimmed milk and cream, soybean oil at $7.6\%$ replacing milk oil in cream, and fructooli-gosaccharide at $9.5\%$ replacing sucrose on weight basis. Five kinds of ice cream were prepared: MMS (skimmed milk, milk oil, sucrose), MMO (skimmed milk, milk oil, oligosaccharide), SSS (soybean, soybean oil, sucrose), SSO (soybean, soybean oil, oligosaccharide), and BSO (black soybean, soybean oil, oligosaccharide). Overrun and meltdown of soy ice cream were significantly lower than those of milk ice cream. Scores of sensory evaluation especially in mouth feel and melting feel in mouth were lower in soy ice cream. Freeze-dried ice cream was supplemented to AIN93-based diets at $30\%$(w/w). Sprague-Dawley male rats with diabetes induced by injecting streptozotocin were fed experimental diets for 4 weeks. Plasma glucose level was significantly lowered in SSO group compared with MMS group. Plasma insulin levels of MMO and SSO groups were not significantly different from that of normal group, while those of MMS and SSO group were significantly lower than normal group. Plasma cholesterol was decreased in groups fed ice cream supplemented either soybean or fructooligosaccharide compared to MMS group. HDL-cholesterol level was elevated and triglyceride was decreased significantly in MMO group compared to MMS group. LDL-cholesterol levels of SSS and BSO groups and liver triglyceride level of SSO group were significantly lower compared to MMS group. In conclusion, oligosaccharide-supplemented soy ice cream lowered blood sugar, and ice cream supplemented with soybean and/or oligosaccharide improved lipid profile in diabetic rats.

Effect of Fatty Acid Compositions by Monoglyceride on Rheological Properties of Ice Cream (Monoglyceride의 지방산(脂肪酸) 조성(組成)이 Ice Cream 물성(物性)에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Young-Koo
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.236-244
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    • 1988
  • The characteristics of ice cream, such as type-keeping viscosity, turbidity and stability of emulsion, were studied with the different composition of fatty acid of monoglyceride. The effect of saturated fatty acid of monoglycerides such as monolaurin, monomyristin, monopalmitin and monostearin on the characteristics of ice cream did not show any difference. The unsaturated fatty acid of monoglycerides, however, such as monocaprin and monoolein, was drastically enhanced the viscosity and easily happened the overrun of ice cream mixture which were resulted in the condensation of the fat droplet. Also the condensed fat droplet had the sterical network-structure. When the ratio of monostearin and monoolein becomed about 30:70, especially, it was confirmed the curdling of fat sphere increase to a maximun so that type-keeping and heat stability of ice cream were improved.

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The Influence of Food Hydrocolloids on Changes in the Physical Properties of Ice Cream

  • Park, Sung-Hee;Hong, Guen-Pyo;Kim, Jee-Yeon;Choi, Mi-Jung;Min, Sang-Gi
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.721-727
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    • 2006
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effect of hydrocolloids on the changes in physical properties of a model ice cream. The model ice cream contained water, sugar, skin milk powder, com oil, and 4 different hydrocolloid stabilizers (gelatin, pectin, hydroxyethylstarch, locust bean gum), was manufactured in a batch type freezer. The following physical characteristics of ice cream were examined: flow behavior, overrun, air cell size, ice crystal size, and melt resistance. With regard to flow behavior, all of aged mixes had a lower apparent viscosity relative to the mix before aging, and ice cream mix containing locust bean gum had the highest viscosity. Air cell size was observed to range from 20 to $38\;{\mu}m$, and ice cream with locust bean gum showed the largest size. There was an inverse correlation between overrun and air cell size. The ice crystal sizes of all samples ranged from 25 to $35\;{\mu}m$. Ice cream with added pectin contained the smallest ice crystal size, which was significantly difference from other stabilizers (p<0.05), and resulted in superior melt resistance with increased melting time compared to other samples.

A Study on Determinant Factors and Choice Intentions Ice Cream Stores (아이스크림 전문점의 고객 선택 요인과 만족에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ha-Yun;Youn, Su-Kyung;Kim, Myung-Hee
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.425-431
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    • 2007
  • This study focused on the attribution factors affecting customers' satisfaction and revisit behaviors related to ice cream stores. For this study, 180 ice cream consumers who were patrons of ice cream franchise stores were randomly selected. Among them, 31 did not completed the survey. Therefore, a total of 149 survey questionnaires were analyzed for the results. All results were carried out using the frequency, factor analysis, cross tabs, and regression procedure of the SPSS 10.0 package. The results indicated that customers who visit ice cream stores $2{\sim}3$ times per month have a preference for a particular ice cream store. Determinant factors for ice cream specialty stores were summarized as the extensiveness of the menu, advertisements and familiarity, economical benefits, convenience inside the store, location and accessibility, and kindness. Among these, four factors (extensiveness of menu, advertisement and reputation, economical benefits, location and accessibility) significantly affected the level of customer satisfaction.

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Sensory Characteristics and Blood Glucose Lowering Effect of Ice-cream containing Mulberry Leaf Powder (뽕잎 아이스크림의 관능적 특성 및 혈당 상승 억제효과)

  • 김현복;정운영;류강선
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.129-134
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of the ice-cream containing mulberry leaves on glucose levels in blood and on sensory characteristics. Mulberry leaves were treated with sodium hydrogencarbonate (NaHCO3) to remove the fresh green note out of dried mulberry powder with ball mill. The recovery rate of dried mulberry leaf powder was 28.9% from fresh mulberry leaves. The points of ice-cream with (treatment 2 : milk-fatty 23%) and without (treatment 7 : coconut butter 9.5%) milk-fatty in the sensory characteristics were 8.31 and 8.47, respectively, of 9.00 as a full point. The range of age of volunteers taken part in the glucose level test were 21∼25 years old. The glucose levels in blood were measured before and after taking up ice-cream. In case of ice-cream with vanilla, the glucose levels increased 27.8%, while those in the up take of ice-cream with mulberry powder decreased 1.6%. In conclusion, the present study has demonstrated that ice-cream containing mulberry leaf powder has an effect to decrease blood glucose levels after the application.

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Purchasing Type and Sale Strategies for High Quality Ice Creams of University Students in Seoul.Kyonggi Area (수도권 대학생들의 고급 아이스크림에 대한 구매 성향과 이에 따른 판매 전략)

  • Jung, Bu-Won;Lee, Hyun-Ja;Kang, Kun-Og
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.451-458
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    • 2009
  • This study surveyed university students in the Seoul and Kyonggi areas about their purchasing types and sale strategies for high quality ice cream products. The desire to buy new high quality ice cream was "moderate" (35.4%) followed by "quite a lot" (29.4%), showing that the students' interests and their desires for new high quality ice cream items were high. Among things to consider when buying ice cream, 39.2% answered that "taste" was most important, When the subjects were asked if they planned on revisiting an ice cream shop chain. 38.6% answered "quite a lot" or "very much" reflecting that their opinion on the image and service of the ice cream shop chain were very good. As for the influence of seasons on their purchasing of ice cream products, three times more students responded "quite a lot" or "very much" at 51.6% compared to "somewhat little" or "very much" (17.8%), showing that the subjects were responsive to seasonal influences, The subjects were also three times more likely (73.0%) to visit a cafe-type high quality ice cream store chain, Therefore such cafe-type chains are a way to increase sales and to overcome seasonal influences on purchasing. Finally the favorite food to eat with ice cream was cookies (51.3%).

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Effects of Oligosaccharide-Supplemented Soy Ice Cream on Oxidative Stress and Fecal Microflora in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats (당뇨쥐에서 올리고당 첨가 콩아이스크림이 산화스트레스와 장생태에 미치는 효과)

  • Her, Bo-Young;Sung, Hye-Young;Choi, Young-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.34 no.10
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    • pp.1536-1544
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    • 2005
  • We have investigated physiological effects of soy ice cream with oligosaccharide on oxidative stress and fecal microflora in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Parched soybean powder (7.6$\%$, w/w) substituted skimmed milk and cream, soybean oil (7.6$\%$, w/w) for milk oil, and fructooligosaccharide (9.5$\%$, w/w) for sucrose. Five types of ice cream were prepared: regular, oligosaccharide-supplemented regular, soy, oligosaccharide - supplemented soy, and oligosaccharide - supplemented black soybean ice cream . Freeze - dried ice cream was supplemented to AIN93-based diets at 30$\%$ (w/w) containing 6.5$\%$ soy and 4.5$\%$ fructooligosaccharide. Diabetes was induced by intramuscular administration of streptozotocin, and experimental diets were given for 4 weeks. Plasma concentration of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) was significantly increased in the diabetic rats compared with the normal rats, then was significantly decreased with feeding soy ice cream containing diet compared with regular ice cream containing diet among the diabetic groups. The levels of TBARS in liver were decreased in the rats that were fed either soy or oligosaccharide ice cream compared with the rats that were fed regular ice cream. Erythrocyte superoxide dismutase activity was significantly increased in the rats fed soy ice cream compared with the rats fed regular ice cream. Erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase and catalase activities were significantly increased in the rats fed black soybean ice cream. Fecal concentrations of Lactobacilli were significantly higher in the rats fed soy ice cream and oligosaccharide- supplemented soy ice cream than that of the rats fed regular ice cream. Fecal concentrations of Bifidobacteria were significantly higher in the rats fed oligosaccharide- supplemented soy ice cream than that of the rats fed regular ice cream. In conclusion, oligosaccharide- supplemented soy ice cream suppressed lipid peroxidation and improved the got microbiota in diabetic rats compared with milk-based regular ice cream.

Effect of Frozen Storage Temperature on the Quality of Premium Ice Cream

  • Park, Sung Hee;Jo, Yeon-Ji;Chun, Ji-Yeon;Hong, Geun-Pyo;Davaatseren, Munkhtugs;Choi, Mi-Jung
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.793-799
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    • 2015
  • The market sales of premium ice cream have paralleled the growth in consumer desire for rich flavor and taste. Storage temperature is a major consideration in preserving the quality attributes of premium ice cream products for both the manufacturer and retailers during prolonged storage. We investigated the effect of storage temperature (−18℃, −30℃, −50℃, and −70℃) and storage times, up to 52 wk, on the quality attributes of premium ice cream. Quality attributes tested included ice crystal size, air cell size, melting resistance, and color. Ice crystal size increased from 40.3 µm to 100.1 µm after 52 wk of storage at −18℃. When ice cream samples were stored at −50℃ or −70℃, ice crystal size slightly increased from 40.3 µm to 57-58 µm. Initial air cell size increased from 37.1 µm to 87.7 µm after storage at −18℃ for 52 wk. However, for storage temperatures of −50℃ and −70℃, air cell size increased only slightly from 37.1 µm to 46-47 µm. Low storage temperature (−50℃ and −70℃) resulted in better melt resistance and minimized color changes in comparison to high temperature storage (−18℃ and −30℃). In our study, quality changes in premium ice cream were gradually minimized according to decrease in storage temperature up to−50℃. No significant beneficial effect of −70℃ storage was found in quality attributes. In the scope of our experiment, we recommend a storage temperature of −50℃ to preserve the quality attributes of premium ice cream.

The comparison of microbiological control level between HACCP-accredited ice cream manufacturers and non-accredited ones in the southern part of Gyeonggi province, Korea (경기 남부지역 HACCP 인증 아이스크림 업체와 미인증 업체의 미생물 관리 수준 비교)

  • Bae, Jin-Gyu;Jeon, Oh-Sook;Park, Hye-Won;Bok, Min-Soon;Yang, Ho-Yul;Bark, Jun-Jo;Ko, Tae-Oh
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.95-103
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    • 2013
  • The hazard analysis critical control point (HACCP) system was introduced to the Korean livestock slaughter and product processing business in 1997. Ice cream manufacturers focus on the sterilization process in order to reduce microorganism, so the HACCP-accredited ice cream manufacturers particularly set the sterilization process as critical control point (CCP). Therefore, the microbiological test results on the finished products can be considered as one of the indicators which show the level of microbiological control in the ice cream manufacturers. Accordingly, this study was carried out to examine if there is a meaningful difference in terms of the microbiological control level between the HACCP-accredited and non-accredited ice cream manufacturer groups by comparing aerobic plate count (APC) of ice creams. The mean of APC was 1.68 Log CFU/g in the HACCP-accredited ice cream manufacturer group and 2.59 Log CFU/g in the non-accredited ones respectively and there was a statistically significant difference (P<0.05). The test results suggest that the level of microbiological control in the HACCP-accredited ice cream manufactures is much higher than that of non-accredited ones.