• Title/Summary/Keyword: hybrid

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Characteristics of Hybrid Expression in Fashion Illustration (패션 일러스트레이션의 혼성적 표현 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Soon-Ja
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.59-74
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    • 2013
  • Post-modern society leads us to accept diversity and variability instead of pursuit of the absolute truth, beauty or classical value systems, thus leading to hybrid phenomena. The purpose of this study is to analyze characteristics and expressive effects of hybrid expressions through which to provide conceptual bases for interpreting expanded meanings of fashion illustrations that express aesthetic concepts of hybrid culture. Hybrid refers to a condition on which diverse elements are mixed with each other, so any one element can not dominate others. It is often used to create something unique and new by a combination of unprecedented things. Hybrid can be classified into four categories: temporal hybrid, spatial hybrid, morphological hybrid and hybrid of different genres. Temporal hybrid from a combination of past and present in fashion illustration includes temporal blending by repetition and juxtaposition. Spatial hybrid shows itself in the form of inter-penetration and interrelationship by means of projection, overlapping, juxtaposition and multiple space. Morphological hybrid expresses itself through combination of heterogenous forms and restructuring of deformed forms. Hybrid of different genres in fashion illustration applies various graphic elements or photos within the space, and represents blending of arts and daily living. Such hybrid expressions in fashion illustrations reflect the phenomena of diversity and variability of post-modern society. Hybrid expressions in fashion illustrations predict endless possibility of expressing new images through combining various forms or casual elements and can develop toward a new creative technique.

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A Study on Expression of Hybrid Fashion and Make-up in Multiculturalism in Fashion (다문화시대 하이브리드 패션과 메이크업에 관한 연구)

  • Kim Gyung-Ran;Yang Chieu-Kyung
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.13 no.3 s.56
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    • pp.361-379
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to find how hybrid fashion and make-up responses to multiculturalism condition and how expression of hybrid. Today, every culture has taken on the compromise form by means of the cultural difference, variety, and pluralism according to the internationalization and the advance. In accordance with this current of the times, this study observed the hybrid found in the multiculturalism of the 21th century. The expression of hybrid in multiculturalism of contemporary fashion and make up combination of difference. Second, the society development and a generalized knowledge of multiculturalism and hybrid and history of make up. Third, characteristic of fashion about multiculturalism and characteristic of fashion about hybrid classify a divide into five according to fashion trend. Oriental and western of hybrid, the past and the present of hybrid, high society and the lower classes of hybrid, the main current and non mainstreamers of hybrid, the present and the future of hybrid. Fourth, characteristic of make up about multiculturalism and characteristic of make up about hybrid classify a divide into five according to fashion trend. Oriental and western of hybrid, the past and the present of hybrid, high society and the lower classes of hybrid, the main current and non mainstreamers of hybrid, the present and the future of hybrid take measures too.

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Progeny Analysis of Hybrid Lilies Crossed Between Several Genotypes and Tetraploid Oriental-Asiatic Hybrids (체세포 염색체가 배가된 4배체 Oriental-Asiatic(OA) hybrid 유래 종간잡종 백합의 후대검정)

  • Chung, Mi-Young;Chung, Jae-Dong;Van Tuyl, Jaap M.;Lim, Ki-Byung
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.100-108
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    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to confirm the chromosome constitution and homoeologous recombination of progenies derived from various cross combination using tetraploid OA interspecific hybrid originated from mitotic chromosome doubling. Based on the chromosome analysis of progenies crossed reciprocally, there were only triploid progenies when crossed with diploid Asiatics as male or female parent. While only tetraploid progenies were produced when crossed tetraploid Asiatics or tetraploid OA hybrid with tetraploid OA hybrid, respectively. However, two types of progenies, that is, diploid and triploid plants, were produced from cross combinations between diploid Oriental hybrid and tetraploid OA hybrid. From the GISH analysis of OA hybrid, it was confirmed that diploid $F_1$ OA hybrid was consisted of 24 chromosomes (12 Oriental and 12 Asiatics) showing authentic OA hybrid. On the other hand, it was notified that triploid plants (3x=36) were consisted of 24 Asiatics lily chromosomes and 12 Oriental lily chromosomes by analysis of backcross progenies derived from either $A{\times}OA$ or $OA{\times}A$ crosses. In cross between tetraploid OA and OA, all the progenies were tetraploid with equal number of chromosomes without any homoeologous recombination, i.e. each 24 chromosomes of Oriental and Asiatics. In 2x-4x ($O{\times}OA$) cross combination, some progenies had 2x=24 chromosomes originated from only Oriental hybrid, and other progenies had 3x=36 chromosomes derived from 24 chromosomes of Oriental hybrid and 12 chromosomes of Asiatic hybrid. Only tetraploid Asiatics chromosomes without any Oriental one were produced in all the progenies from 4x-4x ($AA{\times}OA$) cross combination.

A Study on the Performance of the Hybrid Ventilation System for Apartment Houses (공동주택의 하이브리드 환기시스템 성능평가 연구)

  • Chun, Chu-Young;Kim, Gil-Tae;Kim, Sang-Hee
    • LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.89-96
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the applicability of hybrid ventilation system in apartment housings and present a design method to improve the performance of hybrid ventilation system using the CFD simulation. As the object of CFD simulation, a small apartment houses with area of $51m^2$ and $81m^2$ were selected and evaluated. The test hybrid ventilation system are window frame natural air supply & duct exhaust hybrid system(Hybrid 1) and window frame natural air supply & bathroom and livingroom exhaust hybrid ventilation system(Hybrid 2). To evaluate the ventilation efficiency, we used the locations of diffuser installed for each system as the variables through the CFD simulation. In the case of Hybrid 1, the ventilation efficiency of the exhaust duct diffuser located on the inside room was higher rather than the exhaust duct diffuser located on the entrance. In the case of Hybrid 2, the most efficient system was the system that the diffuser connecting the bathroom static pressure fan is installed on the center of the living room. The ventilation efficiency of the Hybrid 2 in the case of $51m^2$ type was more than 20% of the Hybrid 1. But, The ventilation efficiency of the Hybrid 2 in the case of $84m^2$ type was more than 14% of the Hybrid 1. Therefore, to apply the Hybrid ventilation, a study that considers various variable should be conducted.

Evaluation of Tension Behavior in FRP Hybrid Bar Affected by UV Exposure and Freezing/Thawing Tests (UV 폭로 및 동결융해 시험을 거친 FRP Hybrid Bar의 인장거동 평가)

  • Yoon, Yong-Sik;Park, Jae-Sung;Park, Ki-Tae;Kwon, Seung-Jun
    • Journal of the Korean Recycled Construction Resources Institute
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.130-136
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    • 2017
  • The present work is for an evaluation of tension behavior and surface deterioration of FRP Hybrid Bar due to UV exposure and freezing/thawing(F/T) actions. For the work, FRP Hybrid Bar is subjected to UV exposure test, then F/T test is performed successively to 180 cycles. In FRP Hybrid Bar, no significant surface deterioration is evaluated after UV exposure. Tension hardening performance, a unique engineering advantage of FRP Hybrid Bar, is still maintained after F/T test. The performance in FRP Hybrid Bar exposed to UV is still effective. FRP Hybrid Bar exposed to UV have almost similar tension behavior of FRP Hybrid Bar without UV exposure. Although F/T cycles increase to 180, steel rebar, FRP Hybrid Bar, and FRP Hybrid Bar exposed to UV show no significant changes in tension behavior. In the work, UV exposure and F/T actions are evaluated to have little negative effect on surface deterioration and tensile performance in FRP Hybrid Bar, however spalling of silica coating due to impact should be considered since it affects bonding strength to outer concrete.

A Study on the Effects of Intrinsic Motivation, Extrinsic Motivation and Pre-knowledge of Office Workers on the Hybrid Start-up Intention (직장인의 내재적 동기, 외재적 동기와 사전지식이 Hybrid 창업의도에 미치는 영향 연구)

  • Yun, Kyung-Ho;You, Yen-Yoo;Park, In-Chae;Park, Hyun-Sung
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.83-98
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    • 2021
  • This study identified the influence of employees' hybrid start-up intention (intention to start a business while maintaining a job) on the employees' self-determination motivation (intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation) and prior knowledge through the Model of Goal-directed Behavior (MGB). We used a PLS-SEM called SmartPLS 3.0 for 126 valid samples collected by judgement extraction for office workers throughout June 13, 2020 to July 3, 2020, and empirically evaluated the measurement model (internal consistency reliability, convergent and discriminant validity) and the structural model (multicollinearity, determination coefficient, effect size, predictive relevance, etc.). Only the intrinsic motivation for realizing the hybrid start-up goal of office workers had a significant impact on the hybrid start-up attitude and subjective norms, and the prior knowledge of hybrid start-up had a significant impact on the hybrid start-up desire and the hybrid start-up intention. In order to induce hybrid start-ups for workers with unstable employment, we need systems and programs that can inspire employees with intrinsic motivation and knowledge about hybrid start-up, so follow-up researches are necessary to analyze about government systems and consulting support that can promote hybrid start-up.

Equivalent modal damping ratios for non-classically damped hybrid steel concrete buildings with transitional storey

  • Sivandi-Pour, Abbas;Gerami, Mohsen;Khodayarnezhad, Daryush
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.50 no.3
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    • pp.383-401
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    • 2014
  • Over the past years, hybrid building systems, consisting of reinforced concrete frames in bottom and steel frames in top are used as a cost-effective alternative to traditional structural steel or reinforced concrete constructions. Dynamic analysis of hybrid structures is usually a complex procedure due to various dynamic characteristics of each part, i.e. stiffness, mass and especially damping. In hybrid structures, one or more transitional stories with composite sections are used for better transition of lateral and gravity forces. The effect of transitional storey has been considered in no one of the studies in the field of hybrid structures damping. In this study, a method has been proposed to determining the equivalent modal damping ratios for hybrid steel-concrete buildings with transitional storey. In the proposed method, hybrid buildings are considered to have three structural systems, reinforced concrete, composite steel and concrete (transitional storey) and steel system. In this method, hybrid buildings are substituted appropriately with 3-DOF system.

Fabrication of Graphene/Silver Nanowire Hybrid Electrodes via Transfer Printing of Graphene (그래핀 트랜스퍼 프린팅 공정을 이용한 그래핀/은 나노와이어 하이브리드 전극 제작)

  • Ha, Bonhee;Jo, Sungjin
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.30 no.9
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    • pp.572-576
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    • 2017
  • A hybrid transparent electrode was fabricated with graphene and silver nanowires (Ag NWs). Three different processes were used to fabricate the hybrid electrode. Measurements of the sheet resistances, transmittances, and surface roughnesses of the hybrid electrodes were used to identify the optimal fabrication process. The surface roughness of the hybrid electrodes with Ag NWs embedded in a transparent polymer matrix was significantly lower than that of the other hybrid electrodes. A hybrid electrode fabricated by transferring graphene onto Ag NWs after spin-coating the Ag NWs onto the substrate showed the lowest sheet resistance. The transmittance of the hybrid electrodes was comparable to that of Ag NW electrodes.

Environmental Friendly Construction Process of Composite Beam and its Application (친환경 층고 절감형 합성보의 시공 Process 및 시공사례)

  • Hong, Won-Kee;Park, Seon-Chee;Lee, Kyoung-Hun;Kim, Jeom-Han;Lee, Ho-Chan;Hwang, Yun-Ha
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.107-112
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    • 2007
  • Recently hybrid beam system is widely used because it has many structural advantages such as short construction period and low story height etc. Generally steel wide flange beam exposure type and embedded type hybrid beams are constructed. Even though exposure hybrid beam is easily constructed, the fire proofing protection process is necessary because steel wide flange beam cannot resist to fire itself. Story height reduction type hybrid beam, which is introduced hybrid beam in this paper, does not need fire proofing protection process because it is constructed as a fully embedded type hybrid beam. Developed construction process and actual construction cases of story height reduction type hybrid beam were introduced in this study.