• Title, Summary, Keyword: household wastes

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Characteristics of Household Wastes from Fishing Village in Small Island (소규모 도서지역 어촌의 생활계 쓰레기 발생특성에 관한 연구)

  • Jeong, Byung-Gon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.181-186
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    • 2010
  • Characteristics of household wastes production from fishing village in small island was investigated. Investigation was conducted in August and December to represent seasonal characteristics of summer and winter, respectively. Amount of household wastes production was 0.65 kg/capita·day and this is relatively low value compared with nationwide average. Food wastes, papers, vinyl and plastics are major part of combustible portion in household wastes. Composting is inappropriate method as a final disposal method in terms of C/N ratio calculated from elemental analysis. It is recommended that incineration can be appropriate way as a final disposal method of household wastes because low heating value of household wastes is equivalent to that of crude oil. The fraction of food wastes in household is considerably higher than the values obtained from other residential areas in nationwide. Thus, it is evaluated that household composting devices and vermicomposting facilities are necessary to reduce the amount of food wastes. It also can be evaluated that incineration is optimal method as disposal method of household wastes from fishing village except food wastes.

Effect of Vermiculite Addition on Composting of Compostable Household Wastes in a Small Bin (가정용 소형 발효용기에 의한 음식물쓰레기 퇴비화과정 중 질석의 첨가효과)

  • Seo, Jeoung-Yoon;Heo, Jong-Soo;Han, Jong-phil;Park, Ju-Won;Hwang, Myun-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.131-140
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    • 2000
  • Compostable household wastes(mainly food residues) were composted in a small bin for 30 days, in which compostable household wastes were fed every day and mixed thoroughly under aerobic conditions. Three small bins were employed. In the first bin only recycled compost was composted, in the second, compostable household wastes with recycled compost, and in the third compostable household wastes with recycled compost and vermiculture. The correct decomposition rate of each composting material was calculated during composting. Total reduced rate of the weight after 30 days was 57.32% when composting the compostable household wastes with recycled compost, and 64.71% when composting them with recycled compost and vermiculite. In the case of composting the compostable household wastes with the recycled compost, the total weight reduction rate for a day was 6.81% and the total decomposition rate 6.81%. Their difference was not great. But in the case calculated with only compostable household wastes the total weight reduction rate was 56.34% and the decomposition 6.79%. When compostable household wastes were composted with the recycled compost and vermiculite, the total weight reduction rate was 64.99% and the decomposition rate 1.48%, but the total weight reduction 4.36% and the decomposition rate 35.46% when calculated with only compostable household wastes. MgO, $K_2O$ and Cr concentrations in the composting mixture during the early composting time were higher when composted with vermiculite than without it, but organic matter, CaO, NaCl, and $P_2O_5$ concentrations were contrarily diluted because of their lower concentration of vermiculite when compostable household wastes were composted with vermiculite.

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Effect of Ground Compostable Household Wastes on a Small Bin Composting (소형용기에 의한 퇴비화에 있어서 퇴비화 가능한 가정 폐기물의 분쇄 효과)

  • Seo, Jeoung-Yoon;Han, Jong-Phil;Hwang, Myun-Hoon
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.135-142
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    • 2001
  • Compostable household wastes(mainly food wastes), after waste papers and cardboard being removed, were daily fed into small bins and mixed thoroughly while the air was supplied into the bin. Three small bins were employed: in case I, only recycled compost was composted, after being once fed at the beginning of composting, in case II, compostable household wastes(less than 50 mm) torn roughly by the hands with recycled compost, and in case III, compostable household wastes(less than 2 mm) ground by a kitchen mixer for vegetables with recycled compost. The straight-line was maintained between the wet or the dry residual mass of composting mixture versus composting time date(the coefficient of determination $R^2{\geq}0.98$ for the wet and $R^2{\geq}0.90$ for the dry). The decomposition rate of each composted material was estimated during composting. The total weight reduction rate after 30 days was 67.86% and 66.14% for case II and III, respectively. For case II, the daily weight reduction 6.82% and the daily decomposition rate 8.81% with the composting mixture, but the daily weight reduction rate was 56.43% and the daily decomposition rate 19.26% with only compostable household wastes. For case III, the daily reduction rate was 6.93% and the daily decomposition rate 7.70% with the composting mixture, but the daily weight reduction rate was 53.30% and the daily decomposition rate 22.95% with only compostable household wastes. The physicochemical characteristics of composting mixture did not show much difference between case II and III as was expected.

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Estimation of Particulate Matter Emission Factors from Open Burning (노천소각에서 배출되는 먼지 배출계수 산정에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, No-El;Jo, Myeong-Ran;Heo, Sun-Hwa;Kim, Hyung-Chun;Park, Jung-Min;Lee, Dae-Gyun;Hong, Ji-Hyung;Lee, Suk-Jo;Lee, Yeong-Jae
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.348-356
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    • 2012
  • It is very important to investigate air pollutants and emissions emitted from open burning in order to control nonpoint sources effectively. In this study, we utilized incineration simulator proposed by U.S. EPA and investigated concentrations of TSP, PM10, PM2.5 from woods and household wastes burning to calculate emission factors and build emission inventories. The results of experiment with 15 kg of woods and 3 kg of household wastes using the incineration simulator were as follows: in case of woods burning, TSP concentration was $66.4mg/m^3$, PM10 concentration was $28.4mg/m^3$, PM2.5 concentration was $17.9mg/m^3$, respectively; in case of household wastes burning, TSP concentration was $118.4mg/m^3$, PM10 concentration was $66.8mg/m^3$, PM2.5 concentration was $55.2mg/m^3$, respectively. Concentrations from household burning, as stated above, were higher than those from woods burning. Emission factors (EFs) for woods and household wastes burning were calculated as 2.45 and 6.75 g/kg for TSP, 0.86 and 5.45 g/kg for PM10, 0.78 and 4.81 g/kg for PM2.5, respectively. EFs of TSP, PM10, PM2.5 calculated from household wastes burning were higher than those of woods burning. When we added PM emissions from woods burning and household wastes burning to Korean National Emission Inventory named as Clean Air Policy Support System (CAPSS), CAPSS annual emissions of TSP, PM10, PM2.5 were increased by 0.08~0.26% (An increase rate for TSP, PM10, PM2.5 were 0.08~0.10%, 0.16~0.20% and 0.18~0.26%, respectively). Note that we assumed that the 1% of household wastes is emitted by open burning.

A Study on the discharging behavior of food wastes in household (가정의 음식폐기물 배출행동 및 관련 변인에 관한 연구)

  • 최남숙;임창희
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.87-98
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    • 2001
  • The study was to examine the effect on the thinking of environmental preservation and behavior of dietary life control on discharging behavior of food wastes in household. The data were obtained from 443 homemakers living in Seoul. The statistical techniques used for this study included descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and Multiple Regression Analysis. As the result of analyzing relative effects of factors on discharging behavior of food wastes, for the degree of separation and discharge of food wastes and general wastes, they further actively separated and discharged them when they lived in public house(apartment, villa, tenement house), they had direct charge of dietary life, they had further serious thinking of environmental preservation, and they lived further diligent lives.

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Anaerobic Digestion of Agricultural Wastes and 1ts Benefits (농산폐기물(農産廢棄物)의 메탄발효(醱酵)와 그 이점(利點))

  • Park, Young-Dae
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.27
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    • pp.3-17
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    • 1984
  • Anaerobic digestion has recently attracted all over the world and Korea also shows no exception. The major benefits of anaerobic digestion are energy production, water pollution control, pathogen reduction and effective manure production. In Korea it was recognized in late sixties that there was a positive need to find alternative energy for farmers household. The main traditional energy sources in rural area were crop residues and forestry products. Therefore Office of Rural Development through its Rural Guidance Bureau disseminated about 29,000 household biogas units from 1969 to 1975 to provide cooking fuel for farmers household and to improve the mode of farmers living standards. The units were welcomed by farmers at that time. Now, however, most of them are not using due to a number of reasons associated with cold winter and some techno-economical problems (in those day, fossil fuel was quite expensive to compare with other prices and since then farmers income was quickly increased). The author studied on bag type household biogas plant to solve some technical problems of existing household biogas plants, but this also has little appeal for the farmers. From 1977 author studied on village scale biogas plant with two pilot plants. From the viewpoint of energy production, COD removal, kill rate of pathogen and fertilizer value, the results obtained from the experiments were quite promising, but the construction cost of the village scale biogas plant was too high for the farmers in Korea. To find most suitable biogas plant for farmers in Korea through the simplifying the biogas digester, the author developed batch-load biogas plant. By feeding coarse crop residues and manures, total solids concentrations of the batch-load biogas plant are about 28 percent which is much higher than continous digester of 5-8 percent. The batch-load biogas plant was welcomed by many farmers in Korea when it was reported on TV and newspapers. The plant was disseminated 154 units in 1982, 766 units in 1983 and 812 units in 1984 as a promissing project. Besides these biogas plant experiments, studies were also conducted 1) to determine gas production rate with agricultural wastes, 2) to evaluate the effect of loading rate, dilution, retention time on biogas production, 3) to project the amount of potencial energy from agricultural wastes.

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Assessment of the Characteristics of Temple Wastes in Natural Parks (자연공원지역 사찰쓰레기의 특성평가)

  • Yi, Pyong In
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.263-270
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of the temple wastes and suggest the waste management guidelines for temples in natural parks. Study results revealed four important findings. First, it was found that the average quantity of the total temple wastes was 85,786g/day which was composed of general wastes(44,617g/day), food wastes(20,292g/day), recycling wastes(20.825g/day), and buddhist service wastes(60g/day). The average generation per capita of the temple wastes was 1,511g/capita day and the average bulk density was 0.102kg/l. Second, the food scrap was of small quantity(72.5g/day) because the traditional buddhist eating method, "Baru meal(鉢盂供養)" prohibits food abuse. This amount is very little compared to that produced in the general household in Korea. Third, the average quantity of the buddhist service wastes was 300-1,650g/one time. This wastes occupied 0.07% of the total temple wastes. Fourth, the average waste generated by visitors was 182.8g/person, which occupied 87.1% of the total temple wastes and costed 52,100,000 Wons to treat.

Household's main activities for decreasing food wastes (가정내 음식물 쓰레기 감량을 위한 소비자 특성별 행위와 요인분석)

  • Han, Jae-Hwan;Hwang, Yun-Jae
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.299-306
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    • 2012
  • This study conducted an internet survey to explore consumers' behaviors for reducing food wastes and to examine factors affecting their actions. Consumer survey demonstrates that food preparers at home purchase foods two or three times a week on average and most of food wastes are generated in the process of cooking preparation. Results show that consumers who purchase foods at supermarket reduce food wastes by frequently buying a small amount of foods and checking the expiration date. Consumers with higher income diminish food wastes by purchasing appropriate amount of foods. Interestingly, if husband and wife work together for a living, they are more active for decreasing food wastes compared to a single worker.

Composting of Compostable Household Wastes in a Home Composter without Additives (소형 퇴비화용기에 의한 가정쓰레기의 무첨가 퇴비화)

  • Seo, Jeoung-Yoon;Lee, Geun-Sun;Choi, Hyoung-Sub
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.160-163
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    • 1998
  • In this study, the compostable household wastes from a house were composted in a home composter without adding any bulking agent and microorganisms. Every day wastes of 1kg were added to the composter during the experimental period. The following results were obtained : 1. Each component of the compostable household wastes generated every day showed very difference. 2. While composting proceeded at room temperature by suppling 1,1322 l air per hour, the composting material maintained the water content of 74.36 ${\sim}$ 85.14%, whereas while composting proceeded at $45^{\circ}C$ by suppling 427 l air per hour, the compost had optimal water content. The electric power of 132kwh a month was required by operating the composting unit at $45^{\circ}C$. 3. During 20 day, decomposition of 28% at room temperature and 44% at $45^{\circ}C$ were obtained respectively. 4. The accumulation of inorganic compound contents were not shown during the composting period, However, the content of salt and Cd was very high. Therefore, using the compost for agriculture has to be careful. 5. The biofilter removed the odorous substants efficiently at the room temperature due to increasing surface loading.

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Effects of Operating Temperatures on Decomposition and Physicho-chemical Properties of Food Wastes in a Fermentation Dryer (발효건조장치의 가동온도가 음식물쓰레기의 분해 및 이·화학성에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, Jeoung-Yoon;Park, Ju-Won;Lee, Young-Hyeung
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.97-102
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of operating temperatures on decomposition and physicho-chemical properties of household food wastes in a fermentation dryer, which was manufactured by Samwoo Co. Ltd. The household food wastes of 100 kg can be put and dried in this dryer at once. The experiments were performed at each temperature of $35^{\circ}C$, $45^{\circ}C$, $55^{\circ}C$ and $70^{\circ}C$ for two days respectively. The samples taken at the fixed time were dried at $105^{\circ}C$ and analyzed to find the decomposition rate and the concentration of each substance. The results obtained were as follows: The decomposition rate at 35 and $70^{\circ}C$ was the highest and showed the similar tendency during the experimental period. The higher the operating temperature was, the faster the water content of the composting material reduced. pH value increased at the operating temperature of 55 and $70^{\circ}C$ and was higher than at the other operating temperatures. Nitrogen content did not show any tendency during the experimental period. $P_2O_5$ and CaO content increased during the experimental period but MgO, $K_2O$ and NaCl were not accumulated. Cu content based on dry matter was in the range of ND~100.4 mg/kg and Cd, Pb and Cr were not detected.

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