• Title, Summary, Keyword: history of medicine

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The Transition of Theory on the Outbreak and Transmission of Wasting-Thirst (소갈병(消渴病) 기전(機轉)에 관한 이론의 변천)

  • Cho, Sun Young;Yoo, Won Joon;Gang, YeonSeok
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.95-113
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    • 2008
  • Unsatisfied with the modern medicine's treatment of diabetes, patients diagnosed with the disease turn to alternative medicine for treatment. A look at the percentage of people using alternative medicine marked 72.8% in the United States and more than 60% in Korea in 2006. The most preferred form of alternative medicine turned out to be usage of dietary supplements and herbal medicine. Most of the dietary supplements and herbs that diabetic patients use largely originated from their usage in East Asian Traditional Medicine. As Western Medicine made its way into East Asia in late 18th century, excessive efforts were made to translate Western medical terminology into traditional medical terminology equivalents. In the process of doing so, wasting-thirst became a concept equivalent to diabetes. Theories regarding the pathogenic outbreak and transmission of wasting-thirst has been supplemented and progressed according to needs and even showed new tendencies. Profound understanding of wasting-thirst achieved through historical research is expected to lead to proper application of wasting-thirst treatment methods in treating modern diabetes.

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A Study on the Educational Utilization of Eui'an (醫案) - the Possibility of Combination between PBL (Problem Based Learning) and Eui'an - (의안(醫案)의 교육적 활용 방안에 대한 고찰 - PBL(Problem Based Learning)과의 접목 가능성을 중심으로 -)

  • Ku, Minseok;Cha, Wung-Seok;Kim, Namil
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.83-90
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    • 2018
  • This study tries to review the possibility of combination between PBL (Problem Based Learning) and Eui'an (醫案). Recently in the field of Korean Medicine, people have been raising issues related to education of Korean Medicine. The point of issue is 'competence centered education of Korean Medicine' which has set the goal of education of Korean Medicine. To achieve the goal, PBL is considered as a very useful tool. But it is considered that there are limitations to direct application of PBL to Korean Medicine. This study aims to lay out the specific reason for the limitations and to search for solutions to overcome the limitations when applying PBL to Korean Medicine. This study suggests that the combination between PBL and Eui'an might be a sound solution to the aforementioned problem.

A Study of heathy condition in Hunagdineijing (『황제내경(黃帝內經)』에서의 몸과 건강(健康)에 대한 연구(硏究))

  • Oh, Chae Kun;Kim, Yong Jin
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.3-17
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    • 2007
  • The term '健康(heathy condition)' does not appear in East Asian medical classics. Its root comes from the ancient word 'hal' which can be translated as 'hale', 'whole', 'sound in wind and limb', and it means 'the physical state is flawless, whole, satisfactory, and strong'. The Japanese translated it into the Chinese letters 건강 in the 19th century and this was spread during the Japanese occupation era. This study is an attempt to explore what "huangdineijing" (the most representative medical documents of East Asian medicine) mentions about healthy condition, which is as a term to express the body's ideal state and what other concepts exist that correspond to 健康.

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A Report on a Crosstabulation Analysis of a Body Composition Test of Workers (건강검진을 받은 근로자들의 체성분검사 교차분석 보고)

  • Choi, Bin-Hye;Byun, Joon-Seok;Kim, Seong-Mo
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.16-25
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    • 2009
  • Objectives: This study was designed to analyze the results of body composition test by Oriental medical examination. The subjects were workers in the automobile manufacturing industry. Methods: The subjects consisted of 24,077 industrial workers who had received Oriental medical examination and completed questionnaires about drinking history and smoking history, during 9 months from March to November. They were categorized by sex, age, job class, drinking history and smoking history. The percentage of body fat(%BF) and abdominal obesity(AO) were measured by using bioelectrical impedance analysis (Jawon Medical, Seoul, Korea). We analyzed the relationship between sex, age, job class, drinking history, smoking history and %BF and AO using x$^2$-test of the SPSS Ver. 14.0. Results: Regarding the relationship between sex and %BF, AO, there was statistically significant difference as men had a significant higher level of %BF and AO than women. There was a positive correlation between age and both %BF and AO. Workers in their 40s especially showed a high level of AO. In job class, office workers and sales personnel were apt to have a higher level of %BF and AO than factory workers. %BF and AO of the drinker group showed a higher level than the non-drinker group. On the other hand, %BF and AO of the non-smoker group were higher than those of the smoker group. Conclusions: Companies should manage obesity closely and educate the workers to quit smoking for their health promotion. Furthermore, continuous health checkups need to be done systematically.

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A Study on Activities of Doctors in King Sejong Period - Based on The Annals of the Joseon Dynasty - (세종대 의원 활동 연구 - 『조선왕조실록(朝鮮王朝實錄)』을 중심으로 -)

  • Song, Jichung;Eom, Dongmyung
    • Journal of Korean Medical classics
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.55-63
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : Doctors are obviously one of the most interesting subject in medical history. Doctors are who treat patients and disease and the authors for medical records or books. Especially doctors in traditional medicine mostly tried to write medical books for new idea or their esperiences or leave their medical records for treatments, medication, prescription and so on. Therefore, many researchers have explained Korean or Chinese medical history of traditional society through those books or documents rather than doctors themselves. The Annals of the Joseon Dynasty has massive records for history, politics, society, culture, etc. Relating to medical history in traditional Korean medicine, there are ceveral researches about disease of King, disease itself, the methods of treatment and so on, through The Annals of the Joseon Dynasty. However, there are few on activities of many doctors in The Annals of the Joseon Dynasty. Methods : I tried to find out the names who had some roles of medicine in The Annals of King Sejong out of The Annals of the Joseon Dynasty. I could get 35 doctors and browsed 35 doctors in The Annals of the Joseon Dynasty again. Finally, I could have lots of articles from The Annals of the Joseon Dynasty related to 33 doctors(2 dontors had no records about medicine even they were doctors). Results : I categorized 2 ways of those articles; medical activities, non-medical activities. For medical activities, I got subcategories for medical activities; medical maltreatment, treatment for King, royal family, bureaucrat, ambassador. I also got subcategories for non-medical activities; publishing medical books, ambassador as a doctor, medical training, things related to hot spring, food therapist, veterinarian. Conclusions : Medical history of Joseon Dynasty in Korean medical history has somehow been recorded by medical books such as Hyangyakjipseongbang, Euibangyuchwi, Euilimchwalyo, Dongeuibogam, Jejungsinpyeon, Dongeuisusebowon, etc. So I have concerned that there are massive records on doctors activities in The Annals of the Joseon Dynasty and tried to focus on their various activities through this research.

The history of oriental medicine at certain point of internal-external and Eumyang (내외(內外).음양(陰陽)의 관점에서 본 한의학(韓醫學)의 역사(歷史))

  • Jeong, Chang-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Medical classics
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.161-177
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    • 2008
  • The oriental medicine is not static knowledge. Since the publication of "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)", it has unceasingly changed and developed, that changes and developments ate the reflex of culture and civil progression, and they also are active acceptance of the time's demand. when we look back into the history of the Oriental medicine, angle of understanding disease can be classified into two concepts ; internal-external and Eumyang. Internal-external is whether we find the source of disease internal or external. Eumyang is deciding which is more important between yin-essence and yang-gi which are components of the essence-gi of body. This thesis view course of development of theory of the oriental medicine since publication of "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)" at certain point of internal-external and Eumyang and with those as background, will inquire into sameness and difference between the Korean medicine and the Chinese medicine, and provide an advanced course for the oriental medicine.

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A Study on The Applicatin of IChing to Medicine - From Trigram to Myeongmun Theory (역학(易學)의 의학적(醫學的) 적용(適用)에 대한 소고(小考) - 괘상(卦象)에서 명문학설(命門學說)까지 -)

  • Baik, You-Sang
    • Journal of Korean Medical classics
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.87-100
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    • 2014
  • Objectives : In this article, an analysis of some documents about medical thought of change in medical history explains how the concept of it has been established and expanded, and through that, we can find the fusion of tradition between medicine and the study of IChing. Methods : Through investigation and analyses of the texts about medical thought of change in important medical books, the contexts of the history will be drawn. Results : Although the study of IChing and medicine have been developed separately in the early period of medical history, it has been started to fuse explanations for symptoms and mechanisms of diseases using trigram images. Yin-yang and wuxing changes(陰陽五行) of human body have been explained with 12 changing trigram(消息卦) and eight trigram(八卦). In the Ming dynasty, the establishment of Myeongmun(命門) theory was influenced largely from IChing, but it was followed by a scathing criticism of some doctors in the Qing dynasty. Conclusions : Developing of the study about Iching and medicine, thought of change has been an important foundation of new theories in traditional medicine like as the issue of Myeongmun theory, as a result, it has contributed to the development of clinical medicine.

Medical and Pharmaceutical exchange among Korea, China and Japan in ancient times-indicated in ${\ulcorner}$Ilbonseogi${\lrcorner}$ (고대(古代)의 한(韓).중(中).일(日) 의약교류(醫藥交流) -"일본서기(日本書紀)"를 중심으로)

  • Shin, Soon-Shik;Choi, Hwan-Soo;Yang, Young-Jun;Hong, Won-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.407-416
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    • 1996
  • ${\ulcorner}$Ilbonseogi${\lrcorner}$(edited A.D. 720) )was studied to investagate the medical and pharmaceutical exchange among ancient Korea, China and Japan. It seemed that Korean and Chinese traditional medicine was introduced to Japan through Korea. It was also shown in ${\ulcorner}$Ilbonseogi${\lrcorner}$ that Koreans who lived in china and Japan during that time seemed to hove active medical idea exchange. From various facts indicated in ${\ulcorner}$Ilbonseogi${\lrcorner}$, it was believed that Korean and Chinese traditional medicine was the basis for the foundation of Japanese traditional medicine.

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Standard Translation of Terms of Korean Medicine through Consideration of Chinese-Korean Collated Medical Classics - With focus on 『Eonhaegugeupbang』, 『Eonhaetaesanjipyo』 and 『Eonhaetaesanjipyo』 - (언해의서 비교고찰을 통한 한의학용어의 번역표준안 - 『언해두창집요』, 『언해구급방』, 『언해태산집요』를 중심으로)

  • Ku, Hyunhee;Kim, Hyunkoo;Lee, JungHyun;Oh, Junho;Kwon, Ohmin
    • Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.49-61
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    • 2012
  • This article set out to develop an old Chinese - modern Korean collated terminology by analyzing and paralleling Chinese-Korean translational terms relevant to Korean medicine at a minimum meaning unit from "Eonhaegugeupbang", "Eonhaetaesanjipyo" and "Eonhaetaesanjipyo". Those are composed of original Chinese texts and their subsequent corresponding Korean translations. It tries to make a list of translational standards of Korean medicine terms by classifying the cases of translational ambiguity in terms of disease, body position, thumbnail-pressing acupuncture method, and disease-curing method. The above-mentioned ancient books are medical classics written by Huh Jun, the representative medical physician, and published by the Joseon government. Thus, they are appropriate enough as historically legitimate medical documents, from which are drawn out words and terms to form an old Chinese - modern Korean collation dictionary. This collation glossary will contribute to the increased relevance of data ming, or information retrieval. in a database system and information search engine of massive Korean medical records, by means of providing a novel way to obtaining synchronized results between the original writings of old Chinese and the secondary translated ones of modern Korean. The glossary will promote the collective but consistent translation of numerous old archives of Korean medicine and in other related fields as well.

An introduction to the recently excavated Chunggang Medical Records and research on their medical value

  • Kim, Nam-Il;Yun, Seng-Yick;Hong, Sae-Young;Ahn, Sang-Woo;Cha, Wung-Seok
    • Advances in Traditional Medicine
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.103-113
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    • 2007
  • This study is a report on recently discovered medical records based on traditional medicine in the 1900s. First, the contents of the records and their significance are described in detail. Next, a simple example of the research follows, in order to explain the medical and historical significance the records contain and to answer the question of how this historical document can contribute to future medical and historical studies. The documents dealt with in this study, the Chunggang Medical Records, are medical records compiled by a Korean doctor of oriental medicine by the name of Younghun Kim who practiced in the center of Seoul for a period of over 60 years. The records, which eventually amounted to over 1,500 books, were made known to the academic world when the descendents recently donated them to Kyunghee University. The reason these medical records attract so much attention from academic circles, even though they are the work of one individual, is that they contain abundant information on general public medical health at the time, in addition to the fact that Kim Younghun was a well known figure among Oriental Medicine doctors in Korea. The medical records start in 1915 and continue until Kim Younhun's death in 1974, though they have some damaged or missing parts. Kim's medical records are a gold mine not only for scholars studying the medical history of the early 1900s, but also for doctors trying to emulate the techniques embedded in a great predecessor's medical practice.