• Title, Summary, Keyword: history of medicine

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Creating Amnesia Synonyms in Traditional Korean Medicine : Database Utilization (한의학 고전 문헌 데이터베이스에서 활용할 건망 유의어 연구)

  • Kim, Wu-Young;Kwon, Oh-Min
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.5-10
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    • 2012
  • The aim of this study is to create a catalogue of amnesia synonyms in Traditional Korean Medicine for database utilization. A two-staged literature search was carried out. First, two databases(China National Knowledge Infrastructure:CNKI, Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System:OASIS) were searched for eligible articles, and a set of candidate words was identified from the articles. Second, the candidate words were searched in 30 medical classics to check the frequency of use. As a result, 9 candidate words including 喜忘(huimang), 善忘(seonmang), 多忘(damang), 好忘(homang), 健忘(geonmang), 遂忘(sumang), 遺忘(yumang), 忘事(mangsa), and 易忘(imang) were identified from the 10 eligible articles. Among the 9 candidate words, 健忘(geonmang) was a descriptor and 7 other words including 喜忘(huimang), 善忘(seonmang), 多忘(damang), 好忘(homang), 遂忘(sumang), 遺忘(yumang), 忘事(mangsa) were non-descriptors. 易忘(imang) was not an adequate synonym for amnesia.

A Study of Medical Record about Delegation Dispatched to Japan in Chosun Dynasty (조선통신사 사행원과 기록 연구 -18세기 사행록과 의학문답 기록을 중심으로-)

  • Ham, Jeong Sik;Cha, Wung Seok;Yoo, Won Joon;Kim, Nam Il
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.41-61
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    • 2007
  • In 1607 a delegation was dispatched from Chosun to Japan (under the condition that prisoners of war were returned) to restore the destroyed relationship between the nations due to a war and to restore economic profits. This delegation later on became a delegation representing faith in each other. It contributed greatly to the Korea-Japan cultural exchanges in the 17th and 18th centuries. It was also a cornerstone for the exchange of Korea's distinguished studies as well as medical technology and Japan's results of international trade such as sweet potatoes, pepper, and tobacco. This thesis is one that discusses the study of documents produced during this process.

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Composition and Contents of the Monograph on Theory of Cold Damage - "Sanghankyeongheombangyochal"(傷寒經驗方要撮) in the Late Joseon Dynasty (조선후기(朝鮮後期) 상한(傷寒) 연구(硏究)의 일면(一面) - 조선후기(朝鮮後期) 상한(傷寒) 연구서(硏究書) "상한경험방요촬(傷寒經驗方要撮)"의 구성과 내용 -)

  • Oh, Jun-Ho;Park, Sang-Young;Kim, Hyun-Koo;Kwon, Oh-Min
    • Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.25-34
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    • 2012
  • Objective : This study was carried out with focus on written by Joh, Taek-seung (曺澤承) and Joh, Byeong-who(曺秉矦) in the relation of father and son in 1933. This book is a medical book including rare data, which has never been reported to academic circles all this while. Method : First, this study looked into the authors of this book and its history of publication. Further, this study analyzed the composition and contents of this book. Lastly, this study summed up the meaning of this book from the standpoint of medical history. Result : The authors were Confucian doctors who were active in the latter era of the Joseon Dynasty and also in the period of Japanese colonial rule. They lived in Haenam district of Jeonlanam-do, and cured its neighboring local residents while studying. They published the book of by putting together their own medical experiences. The authors suggested their remedial prescription according to gender and age whereas Zhang Zhongjing(張仲景) suggested the remedial prescription according to Six-Meridian Pattern Identification & Syndrome Differentiation(六經辨證). In addition, the authors of gave weight to the relationship with internal damage. Additionally, the authors not only thought much of the relationship between internal damage and external damage but also thought of the weakness and strength of the healthy qi, and the new and the old of a disease as an important clue to medical treatment. It seems that such contents was influenced by (東醫寶鑑). Conclusion : shows the results of the research on which was spontaneously conducted in Joseon.

The Need and Meaning of Studying Medical Records in the Korean Medical History (한국의학사(韓國醫學史)에서의 의안연구(醫案硏究)의 필요성(必要性)과 의의(意義))

  • Kim, Nam Il
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.189-195
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    • 2005
  • Medical Records are the clinical chronicles of Korean Medicine. It not only has value as historical documentation, but also has value in clinical use. If studies of medical records that contain specific methods for tackling diseases are accompanied, it will be easier to clearly see the internal development process of Korean Medical History. This paper was written in order to achieve these goals by reporting the thoughts on the necessity and meaning of studying Medical Records.

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A Study on the Contents of State-sponsored Medical Texts Published in the Joseon Dynasty Korea (조선의 주요 국가간행의학서의 편제구성과 질병분류인식에 대한 개설적 연구)

  • CHA, Wungseok;KIM, Dongryul
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.79-90
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    • 2019
  • In many periods of Korean history, state-sponsored medical books played a crucial role in terms of distributing medical knowledge as well as systemizing medical information. This study uses comparative analysis to examine the tables on contents of state-sponsored medical publications in Korea. These tables of contents reveal the placement and categorization of medical knowledge, which implicates the ways in which diseases were classified. Historically, Korean medicine has been influenced by Chinese medicine, and at the same time, it has made steady efforts to localize Chinese medicine. This paper argues that Korean medicine adopted the Chinese styles of categorizing medical knowledge in the middle of 15th century for the first time and shows the tendency to Koreanize medical knowledge through the early 17th century. In the 18th century the Complete Records of Medicine (醫部全錄) shows the trace of referring the style of Korean medical book, the Treasured Mirror of Eastern Medicine (東醫寶鑑) in terms of categorizing medical knowledge.

A Study on Five Viscera Figures of Uibang-yuchwi and five viscera spirit meditation (『의방유취(醫方類聚)』의 장부도(臟腑圖)와 오장존사법(五臟存思法)에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hag-Dong;Koo, In-Mo;Park, Seong-Bum;Lee, Byung-Wook;Kim, Ki-Wook
    • Journal of Korean Medical classics
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.11-40
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    • 2015
  • Objectives : With Taoist medicine, there is a way of improving one's health by adopting a unique discipline called 'Five viscera spirit meditation'. The method was reintroduced in traditional Korean medicine when it was finalized. The viscera figures in the Uibang-yuchwi is one of the good examples in which the photos influenced by the five viscera spirit meditation appeared in medical literature. This research is aimed to study the process and the result of how medical knowledge influenced the formation of the five viscera spirit meditation, an important health theory of Taoist medicine, and how Korean medicine was affected by Taoist medicine. Methods : We will compare and study the information included in the following publications: the Taipingjing from the Dong-Han Period when the concepts of five viscera spirit were conceived; the huangtingjing from the Wei-Jin-Nan-Bei-Chao Period when the five viscera spirit meditation was finalized; the Yuanshenjing, the Yuzhoujing and the Buxietu based on Taoist medicine; and the Uibang-yuchwi based on traditional Korean medicine. Results & Conclusions : SThe medical knowledge at the initial stage made its way into Taoist medicine, forming the foundation of health theories and contributing to the creation of the five viscera spirit meditation. After some exchanges of medical knowledge and practices between Taoist medicine and other existing medicines, the five viscera spirit meditation reappeared in medical literature in the form of drawings and was used to cure diseases.

The Definition of Past Tuberculosis Affects the Magnitude of Association between Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Respiratory Dysfunction: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2008-2012

  • Choi, Chang-Jin;Choi, Whan-Seok;Lee, Sook-Young;Kim, Kyung-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Medical Science
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.789-795
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    • 2017
  • Tuberculosis (TB) is associated with an increased risk of chronic lung impairment. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical characteristics and lung functions according to definition of past TB. We used the population-based, Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) (2008-2012) to analyze 13,522 subjects age 40 years or older who underwent spirometry and chest X-ray (CXR). Subjects with TB lesions on CXR (with or without a history of TB) were older, more likely to be male, ever smokers, and of low socioeconomic status than subjects with only a history of TB or without evidence of TB. Airflow obstruction (AFO) was associated with only a history of TB (odds ratio [OR] 1.53, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.95-2.46), only TB lesion on CXR (OR 2.37, 95% CI 1.80-3.12), and both a history and TB lesions on CXR (OR 4.47, 95% CI 3.07-6.51) after adjustment for gender, age, body mass index, education, income, and smoking amount (P for trend < 0.001). Spirometric restriction was associated with only a history of TB (OR 1.29, 95% CI 0.80-2.08), only TB lesions on CXR (OR 2.03, 95% CI 1.49-2.76), and both a history and TB lesions on CXR (OR 2.65, 95% CI 1.74-4.05) after adjustment for the above variables (P for trend < 0.001). How to define past TB in population study affects the magnitude of association between past TB and respiratory dysfunction. Without considering TB lesions on CXR, the association between TB and respiratory dysfunction could be underestimated.

A Study on the Externally Applicable Formula of Eminent Doctor Heo Im ("사의경험방(四醫經驗方)"중 허임(許任) 경험방(經驗方)의 추출과 외치법(外治法) 분석)

  • Oh, Jun-Ho;Park, Sang-Young;Ahn, Samuel;Kwon, Oh-Min;Ahn, Sang-Woo
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.79-95
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    • 2010
  • Objective : In this study, we try to identify the herbal formulated by Heo Im from Kyeongheombang(經驗方), and investigate its medical property. Method : Those articles referenced from Heo Im's herbal formulas in "Sauikyeongheombang(四醫經驗方)" were extracted and results were quantitatively analyzed. From extracted empirical formulas, those categorized as externally applicable formulas were grouped by several standards and their medical significance was analyzed. Results and Conclusions : 85 and 66 articles were designated to be referred from Heo(許) in "Sauikyeongheombang" and "Uibanghapbu(醫方合部)" in each category, and 263 and 155 were identified to be Heo Im formulas, respectively. Externally applicable formulas in Heo Im's empirical recipes have following characteristics. First, various methods were used by Heo Im. Second, Heo Im's empirical formulas suggest useful clinical information maximizing therapeutic effect, which is of much value, originated from his practical experiences as a clinician. Third, Heo Im's therapy favorably succeeds the tradition of Hyangyak-medicine and Empirical -medicine. From this information, Heo Im is thought to have had rich insight and experience, not only in acupuncture but also in the prescription of herbal formulas at those days.

A Study on the Clinical Records of 『The Daily Records of Royal Secretariat of Chosun Dynasty』 (『승정원일기(承政院日記)』의 진료기록 연구)

  • Hong, Se Young;Cha, Ung-Seok;Kim, Nam Il
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2008
  • "承政院日記" is a journal written by the scribes belonging to the Royal Secretariat and consists of objective and detailed records about events, dialogs, and actions that happened in the presence of the king and also collections of all the documents output by the Royal Secretariat. The medicine-related records in "承政院日記" are mainly records of the medical examination and treatment of the king and the royal family and related documents of operation. Of the many different entries involved with clinical practices, this study focuses on the medical examination and treatment of the king. Through the case studies displayed in the clinical records of "承政院日記", trial and error of its time as well as clinical results can be verified. Sorting out of affirmative tradition that could not be handed down due to institutional interruption is also made possible through comparison of effective treatment methods of late Chosun dynasty including patterns or distinctive methods of treating specific diseases against their counterparts in Traditional Korean Medicine of today.

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Family History of Cancer and Head and Neck Cancer Risk in a Chinese Population

  • Huang, Yu-Hui Jenny;Lee, Yuan-Chin Amy;Li, Qian;Chen, Chien-Jen;Hsu, Wan-Lun;Lou, Pen-Jen;Zhu, Cairong;Pan, Jian;Shen, Hongbing;Ma, Hongxia;Cai, Lin;He, Baochang;Wang, Yu;Zhou, Xiaoyan;Ji, Qinghai;Zhou, Baosen;Wu, Wei;Ma, Jie;Boffetta, Paolo;Zhang, Zuo-Feng;Dai, Min;Hashibe, Mia
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.17
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    • pp.8003-8008
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    • 2015
  • Background: The aim of this study was to investigate whether family history of cancer is associated with head and neck cancer risk in a Chinese population. Materials and Methods: This case-control study included 921 cases and 806 controls. Recruitment was from December 2010 to January 2015 in eight centers in East Asia. Controls were matched to cases with reference to sex, 5-year age group, ethnicity, and residence area at each of the centers. Results: We observed an increased risk of head and neck cancer due to first degree family history of head and neck cancer, but after adjustment for tobacco smoking, alcohol drinking and betel quid chewing the association was no longer apparent. The adjusted OR were 1.10 (95% CI=0.80-1.50) for family history of tobacco-related cancer and 0.96 (95%CI=0.75-1.24) for family history of any cancer with adjustment for tobacco, betel quid and alcohol habits. The ORs for having a first-degree relative with HNC were higher in all tobacco/alcohol subgroups. Conclusions: We did not observe a strong association between family history of head and neck cancer and head and neck cancer risk after taking into account lifestyle factors. Our study suggests that an increased risk due to family history of head and neck cancer may be due to shared risk factors. Further studies may be needed to assess the lifestyle factors of the relatives.