• Title, Summary, Keyword: history of medicine

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North Korea's Perception of Korean Traditional Medicine in Joseonbogeonsa[History of Public Health in Joseon Korea] - Focusing on Premodern Medical History - (『조선보건사』를 통해 살펴본 북한의 전통의학 인식 - 근대 이전 의학사를 중심으로 -)

  • Shin, Sang-won;Kim, Jong-hyun
    • Journal of Korean Medical classics
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.67-87
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    • 2021
  • Objectives :The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the significance of the 『Joseonbogeonsa』 by examining North Korea's perspective in its documentation of the history of medicine, and to further understand North Korea's perception of Korean Traditional Medicine. Methods : The focus of examination was on the perspective of historical description as shown in the first chapter of the 『Joseonbogeonsa』. Its unique features were made clear through comparison with historical texts of medicine of South Korea such as the 『History of Medicine in Korea』, and the 『History of Korean Medicine』. In order to grasp the current of historical research in North Korea, various Traditional Medicine related dictionaries and academic journals of North Korea along with the 『Joseontongsa』 were examined. Results & Conclusions : The historical views of the 『Joseonbogeonsa』 could be categorized as nation-focused, materialistic, and nationalistic. These are core elements that make up North Korea's self-reliance ideology, which influenced the interpretation of medical facts. While the text is valuable in that it introduced new historical material along with its interpretation, and argued for a more independent development of Traditional Medicine, its limitation of interpreting historical material from a conclusive, pre-determined standpoint cannot be overlooked. The North Korean 'Goryeo Medicine' is defined by its historical nature rather than academic characteristics, and its significance is determined by its clinical efficacy rather than theoretical value.

A Study of 救急方 from a Historical Perspective (의사학적으로 살펴본 『구급방(救急方)』)

  • Jung, Soon Duk;Kim, Nam Il;Cha, Wung-Seok
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.67-77
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    • 2008
  • 救急醫學 was initiated with the emergence of mankind. 救急方 was written in the federal government and published in the state government taking orders from 世祖 to meet various needs; stabilization of public welfare, reinforcement of the royal authority, a need for a book for common use in the medical field, as well as pure interest in medicine coming from the king himself. 救急 includes not only emergencies but also rapid transitions of diseases encountered in everyday life. 救急方 successes the tradition of 鄕藥救急方 in that it helps anyone to appropriately treat emergencies. 救急簡易方, 救急易解方, and 諺解救急方 of later generations all were directly influenced by 救急方 and carried on the tradition of 救急.

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A study about WangHaogu's medical stuffs and theory of Shanghan (왕호고(王好古)의 약물(藥物) 및 상한이론(傷寒理論)에 대한 연구(硏究))

  • Jo, Byoung Il;Kim, Yong Jin
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.7-12
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    • 2007
  • Wang Hao Gu is a famous Chinese medical scientist of the 13 century. He studied the oldest classic in China, Huangjaenaekyung, and also studied Zhangzhongjing's medical documents. He was influenced by contemporary medical scientists Zhang Yuan Su and Li Dong Yuan, and came up with an original medical theory Yinzheng. Although he is of considerable importance in the history of medicine, not many studies on him were done in Korea although Korean medicine was influenced by Chinese medicine. This study focuses on the study of his insight on medical stuffs and theory of Shanghan.

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"This long heritage" : Byun Sang-hun (변상훈) and the Transformation of Korean Traditional Medicine (hanŭihak / 한의학), under the USAMGIK (United States Army Military Government in Korea (mikǔnjǒng / 미군정), 1945~1948

  • DiMoia, John
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.67-98
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    • 2009
  • This paper initiates an effort to look at "South Korean" medicine as perhaps distinct from "Korean" medicine, focusing specifically on the possibility of offering a post-colonial history of medicine. As such, the paper looks at the formation of the NMC (National Medical Center) in Seoul in 1958 (1958-1963, 1963-1968, 1968-1971) by a consortium of European actors--Denmark, Sweden, and Norway--invested in developing new forms of international assistance after the Korean War. Rather than take a firm stance, the paper ultimately suggests that the role of these actors in formative South Korean institutions was constitutive, and perhaps requires much more examination in the future.

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Historical research of the Chi Jong Cheong, - korean ancient tumor medical center (치종청(治腫廳)에 대한 의사학적 고찰)

  • Seo, Ji Youn;Kim, Nam Il;Ahn, Sang Woo
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.13-21
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    • 2007
  • In Korea tumors occurred frequently, and the tumor medicine used to treat them developed. Because tumors due to Koreans' physical constitution and environment and there has always been an impeding need for a cure, traces of such efforts can be found throughout Korean medical history. During the mid-Chosun dynasty, the government founded a government office that specialized in curing tumors. This study observes the establishment and operation of this institution.

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The Historical Research of Korean Traditional Chuna Therapy (한국 전통추나의학에 대한 의사학적 고찰)

  • Lim, Jin Kang;Kim, Nam Il
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.111-115
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    • 2007
  • Since the beginning of mankind humans labored to survive, and during this process damages and illnesses developed and jeopardized their lives. Through this, the people came to know that touching seats of disease and wounds reduces or relieves the pain. Based on this, the people started to understand the technical process of stimulating the body with the hands and began to systemize it to use it for medical purposes. Chuna medicine was completed that way and this study is one that organizes information related to its history.

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A Study on Modeling Index Literatures and Index Techniques for Establishing DB of Korean Acupuncture, Moxibustion and Surgical Techniques (한국 침구외과 지표기술 및 지표문헌 DB 구축을 위한 범위 설정과 모델링 연구 - 침구기법과 외과적 수기법을 중심으로 -)

  • Cha, Wung-Seok;Kim, Min-Seon;Kim, Dong-Ryul;Ahn, Sang-Woo
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.73-85
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    • 2015
  • This paper is the result of a research conducted for "Knowledge Resource Development by Excavation and preservation and DB Establishment of Traditional Home Remedy", a part of Korean Medicine knowledge infrastructure establishment and Korean Medicine therapy development project executed by Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine. This paper is a part of the plans to standardize Korean acupuncture and moxibustion and surgical techniques in order to make new techniques derived from Korean traditional medicine patentable, as presented in the Nagoya Protocol. By first reviewing traditional text sources and classifying them into index literature and index techniques, we can see a mutual relationship between these two categories. Based on current research papers, this study has established a total of 121 pieces of index literature as well as extracted 64 types of index techniques in acupuncture and surgery technique. Both index literature and index technique have been concurrently visualized in this paper in the "Korean Acupuncture & Moxibustion Technique and Surgical Manipulation Base Map".

A Study of the Education and Licensure System of California Regarding East Asian Medicine and Acupuncture (캘리포니아 침구 및 동양의학 교육과 면허관리 체계 연구)

  • Hong, Jiseong;Han, Raeun;Han, Changhyun;Kang, Yeonseok
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.43-50
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    • 2017
  • In the United States, California is well known for its rigorous education and licensing system regarding East Asian Medicine and acupuncture. As in most other states in America, the State government controls the practice of acupuncture, massage, acupressure therapy, food therapy, and natural therapy using a board established to set, maintain, and uphold licensing credentials for acupuncturists and practitioners of East Asian medicine. In California the system started in the 1970s when the State Legislature passed a bill to measure competency, and license acupuncturists. This study briefly describes the California Acupuncture Board (CAB), which is authorized to control the related education, examination, continuing education, and management of licenses already awarded. This study addresses the essential and minimum educational requirement established by the CAB for licensure, that is mandate classroom lecture with additional 950 hours clinic training, and the 50 hours of continuing education credits earned every two years, for maintaining the license.

Meeting of the West with the Far East Asia medicine in Fance : Insufficiency of principle (프랑스와 동아시아의학과의 만남 - 18세기, 19세기, 20세기 대표적 인물과 저서의 관점 비평 -)

  • Gavart, Marie;Kim, Namil;Lile, Pierre C.
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.97-106
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    • 2013
  • What is the fundamental cause of the broader gap between East and West medicine? This is a very long story that began in the late Renaissance and still continues today. Why it took so long time from the end of the XIIth century when acupuncture was firt imported to Europe to XX century when it was finally settled in France? We present three cases which caused the delayed establishment : A "blisters" article from Diderot and D'Alembert in the eighteenth century, the practice of acupuncture by Dr. Berlioz in Paris in early 19th century, and the reception of the works of Georges Soulie de Morant in France in the 1930's. We attempt to show the misunderstanding that has always prevailed between the East and West medicines because of different viewpoint : the West has not understood the richness and subtlety of the approach of East asian thought and wanted to "align" the Asian medical modality to west medicine with inappropriate and insufficient "experiments" without enough explanation of the principles and philosophical backgrounds. It was not the matter of technology but the mutual incomprehension of history and culture.

Maternal Characteristics, Short Mid-Trimester Cervical Length, and Preterm Delivery

  • Cho, Soo-Hyun;Park, Kyo Hoon;Jung, Eun Young;Joo, Jung Kyung;Jang, Ji Ae;Yoo, Ha-Na
    • Journal of Korean Medical Science
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.488-494
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    • 2017
  • We aimed to determine the maternal characteristics (demographics, an obstetric history, and prior cervical excisional procedure) associated with a short mid-trimester cervical length (CL, defined as a CL of ${\leq}25mm$) and whether having a short cervix explains the association between these maternal characteristics and spontaneous preterm delivery (SPTD, defined as a delivery before 34 weeks). This is a single-center retrospective cohort study of 3,296 consecutive women with a singleton pregnancy who underwent routine CL measurement between 20 and 24 weeks. Data were collected on maternal age, weight, height, parity, obstetric history (nulliparity; a history of at least 1 SPTD; and at least 1 term birth and no preterm birth [low-risk history group]), and prior cervical excisional procedure. In the multivariate regression analysis, an obstetric history, prior cervical excisional procedure, and gestational age at measurement were the variables significantly associated with short CL. In contrast, maternal weight, height, age, and parity were not significantly associated with short CL. By using the likelihood of SPTD as an outcome variable, logistic regression indicated that short CL and obstetric history, but not prior cervical excisional procedure, were significantly associated with SPTD after adjustment for potential confounders. A history of SPTD and prior cervical excisional procedure were associated with an increased risk of a short mid-trimester CL. A history of SPTD, but not prior cervical excisional procedure, is associated with an increased risk of SPTD, independent of a short CL.