• Title, Summary, Keyword: history of medicine

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The Dispute on the Modernization of Korean Medicine after the Restoration of Independence -Based on the 1950s and from the 1990s to the Present- (해방 이후 한의학의 현대화 논쟁 - 1950년대와 1990년대 이후의 논의를 바탕으로 -)

  • Lee, Tae-Hyung;Jung, Yoo-Ong;Lee, Duk-Ho;Kim, Nam-Il
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.53-73
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : The inclusion of Korean Medicine in the national health care system led to the need of a serious discussion on its modernization. This paper looked at how these discussions were progressed. Especially, a difference in the meaning of 'science' in the 1950s and the 1990s was observed. Methods : Articles related to the medical dispute between Korean and Western Medicine in "EE LIM", especially the ones from the 1950s, were selected, classified and analyzed. Research papers on Evidence-Based Medicine were also analyzed. Evidence-Based Medicine was a new medical research methodology in the 1990s. Articles on Evidence-Based Medicine were searched and selected from journal databases: DBpia, KISS, RISS, and OASIS. Results : The problem of establishment of modernity of Korean Medicine in the recent times was addressed in the context of scientification and systematization. Accordingly, the academic societies of Korean Medicine aimed for scientification. But efforts to secure the identity of Korean Medicine opposed to western science were also made. Meanwhile, Evidence-Based Medicine established in 1992 presented a different concept of science. This led to a new means of acknowledgement of Korean Medicine in the modern society. Conclusions : The modernization process of Korean Medicine up to now was a course of scientification. But as this process did not fully reflect its characteristics, the modernization of Korean Medicine still remains a pending question. A modern study methodology that fully reflects the identity of Korean Medicine needs to be established.

Historical Review of Acupuncture & Moxibustion in Korea from under the control of imperialized Japan to '1970s (일제치하(日帝治下)부터 1970년대까지의 한국(韓國) 침구학사(鍼灸學史)에 대한 고찰)

  • Seo, Jung-Chul;Nam, Sang-Soo;Ahn, Byung-Cheol
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.178-187
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    • 2001
  • Objective ; This Study was carried out to review the history of acupuncture & moxibustion in Korea under the control of imperialized Japan and to compare the history among Korea, China and Japan. Results ; Under the control of imperialized Japan the science of acupuncture & moxibustion in Korea has experienced the dark ages because of the momentary disordered medical laws made by Japan. As we compare the history of acupuncture & moxibustion among Korea, China and Japan, Korea was simple but systemic, China was complicate but complex and Japan was nearly surgical. Conclusion ; The science of acupuncture & moxibustion of Korea was mostly advanced in the late Chosun and did not just imitate that of China and has advanced uniquely.

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A Study on Medical Records of Jeon Suk-hee, Dalseong's Uisaeng of Japanese Occupation (일제강점기 달성의생 전석희의 진료기록 연구)

  • Park, Hun-Pyeong
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 2019
  • Jeon Suk-hee worked as permanent licensed Uisaeng (medical cadet) in Dalseong the Japanese occupation. The his newly discovered medical records were analyzed for the actual medical aspects of local Uisaeng. This article examined the medical view and treatment method of Jeon Suk-hee through the analysis of medical records, reveals facts which include : 1) The medical treatment was based on korean medical classification and treatment. This, along with the case of Cheongkang Kim Young-hoon, is an example of the preservation of traditional Korean medicine during the Japanese colonial period. 2) There is little effect of Shanghanlun (Treatise on Cold Damage). One side of Joseon medicine, which had a weak tradition of Shanghan, is revealed. 3) It did not simply follow the existing prescription of korean medicine's book. Examples include use of Cheongsin-san and Jeongjin-tang, which cannot be found in existing prescriptions.

Study of Ancient traditional medical text Lisangsokdanbang through the Uibangyuchwi (『의방유취(醫方類聚)』에 인용된 『이상속단방(理傷續斷方)』의 서지연구)

  • Kim, Young Gon;Kim, Nam Il;Ahn, Sang Woo
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.22-29
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    • 2007
  • Lisangsokdanbang is the oldest known medical document in existence. It is, however lost-its original copy could not be traced. But the contents of Lisangsokdanbang quoted in Uibangyuchwi, a document published in Chosun in 1447. Thus this study aims to restore the contents of Lisangsokdanbang based on Uibangyuchwi and present the synthesis of facts on Lisangsokdanbang extracted from the reference books.

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The effect of Yim Eon Kook's medical theroy on his future generations (임언국(任彦國)의 의론이 후대에 미친 영향 - 『치종비방(治腫秘方)』과 『의림촬요(醫林撮要)』 『동의보감(東醫寶鑑)』 『전원필고(田園必考)』 『침구경험방(鍼灸經驗方)』 『의휘(宜彙)』 『치종방』 『침구집성(鍼灸集成)』을 중심으로-)

  • Seo, Ji Youn;Kim, Nam Il
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.34-41
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    • 2007
  • Yim Eon Kook was deeply involved in founding Chijongcheong(national tumor medical clinic), a government branch in charge of treating tumors mid-Chosun dynasty. He came to be famous nationwide for curing tumors well and when the royal family was notified of this, they founded the Chijongcheong to supply professional health care. He wrote books on treating tumors such as "chijongjinam" and contributed significantly to the advancement of the tumor treating during his times. He also influenced the development and advancement of tumor-related treatments in late-Chosun as well.

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Study on the Factors that Have Correlation with Improvement of Cerebrovascular Accidents (중풍 환자의 호전도와 연관성이 있는 인자들에 대한 연구 - 제천 세명대 부속 한방병원 입원 환자를 중심으로 -)

  • Cha, Ji-Hye;Lee, Hyung-Kwon;Ko, Heong
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.925-932
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate factors that have correlation with improvement of Cerebrovascular accidents(C.V.A) and to decide ranking of influence about improvement of C.V.A. This observation was made on 153 subjects of C.V.A. that were diagnosed through brain MRI or brain CT. They were hospitalized in the Semyung University Oriental Medicine Hospital from the January 1st 2006 to December 31th 2007. The subjects of this study are divided into two groups. The one group has slight motor disturbance, and the other group has severer motor disturbance. Based on medical treatment chart, we analyze differences of many factors like past history, family history, drinking, smoking, several symptoms with C.V.A., etc between two groups. As a result, The past history of cerebrovascular disease and past history of hypertension are the most influencing factors in improvement of C.V.A.

Clinical Application of Sasang Constitutional Medicine and the Spread of Its Use : Focusing on Dongui sasang sinpyeon (東醫四象新編) (사상의학의 임상 응용과 저변 확대 - 원지상의 『동의사상신편』을 중심으로 -)

  • Ahn, Sang-Woo;Kim, Hyun-Koo
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.97-103
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    • 2012
  • Introduction : Sasang Constitutional Medicine (SCM) is one of the most popular specialty in Korean traditional medicine. After Donguisusebowon (東醫壽世保元), the book initiated SCM at first, there have been several books related with SCM. Through this study on Donguisasangsinpyeon (東醫四象新編), we intend to present clinical application of SCM and the spread of its use. Methods and Discussion : Firstly, we will examine the author's life and philosophy, and consider various editions of Donguisasangsinpyeon. And we will attempt content analysis to the preface, foreword, afterword, and main text. Using these methods, we will show that Donguisasangsinpyeon not only succeed the theory of Donguisusebowon faithfully, but also expand the clinical use of SCM. Conclusions : Donguisasangsinpyeon is the first SCM-based clinical book after Donguisusebowon. And the book can also be valued for its adoption of explanatory diagrams that help people select customized prescriptions conveniently and easily.

A Study of King Kyung-jong's Medical History I - According to 『The Daily Records of Royal Secretariat of Chosun Dynasty』 Yak-Bang(藥房) Records - (경종(景宗)의 병력(病歷)에 대한 연구 I - 『승정원일기(承政院日記)』 약방(藥房) 기록을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Dong-Ryul;Kim, Tae-Woo;Cha, Wung-Seok
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.11-22
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    • 2012
  • This study is about King Kyung-jong's medical history written on "The Daily Records of Royal Secretariat of Chosun Dynasty". Kyung-jong, the 20th King of Chosun was born in 1688 as a prince and passed away in 1725. When he was prince, his main diseases were some infectious things; for example, smallpox, measles, a sort of malaria, a sort of mumps etc. But the time he was king, his main diseases were related unenergetic(虛證). According to "The Daily Records of Royal Secretariat of Chosun Dynasty" yak-bang(藥房) records, some informations about his health are different from general knowledges. At first, His father's dead is more related his health than his mother's dead. Second, he was fat, not thin(or desiccate). Third, his infertility was not caused his mother when she died. Fourth, he was regarded as one of psychological healthy person. And not exactly related Kyung-jong's health, in "The Daily Records of Royal Secretariat of Chosun Dynasty" at Kyung=jong's era, there are some meaningful informations at medical history. One is a doctor who was smallpox specialist. His name is Yoo-Sang, he treated three of Chosun's King very perfectly and his family worked for the royal family's health for 150 years, especially treating smallpox. the other is prescription Gamijojungtang(加味調中湯), Kyung-jong's favorite prescription. This prescription is considered royal special prescription at Chosun.

Clinical Characteristics of Smoking Asthmatics

  • Ha, Eun Sil;Kim, Hye Ok;Lee, Kyoung Ju;Lee, Eun Joo;Hur, Gyu Young;Jung, Ki Hwan;Lee, Sung Yong;Kim, Je Hyeong;Lee, Sang Yeub;Shin, Chol;Shim, Jae Jeong;Kang, Kyung Ho;Yoo, Se Hwa;In, Kwang Ho
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.67 no.6
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    • pp.506-511
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    • 2009
  • Background: The smoking prevalence in asthma patients are similar to those in the general population. Asthma and active cigarette smoking can interact to create more severe symptoms, an accelerated decline in lung function and impaired therapeutic responses. Accordingly, asthmatics with a history of smoking were examined to define the clinical characteristics and lung function of smoking asthmatics. Methods: The medical records of 142 asthmatics with a known smoking history were reviewed. The patients were divided into three groups according to their smoking history - current smokers, former smokers and non-smokers. The clinical characteristics, lung function, and annual declines of the forced expiratory volume in one second ($FEV_1$) were compared. Results: Fifty-three of the 142 patients (37%) were current smokers, 24 were former smokers (17%) and 65 were non-smokers (45%). The patients with a hospital admission history during the previous year included 16 current smokers (30%), 4 former smokers (17%) and 7 non-smokers (11%) (p=0.02). The mean $FEV_1$ (% predicted) was 76.8${\pm}$19.8%, 71.6${\pm}$21.1% and 87.9${\pm}$18.7% for current smokers, former smokers and non-smokers, respectively (p< 0.001). The $FEV_1$/forced vital capacity (FVC) (ratio, %) values were 63.6${\pm}$12.6%, 59.3${\pm}$14.9% and 72.1${\pm}$11.8% in current smokers, former smokers and non-smokers, respectively (p<0.001). The corresponding mean values for the individual $FEV_1$ slopes were not significant (p=0.33). Conclusion: Asthmatic smokers demonstrated higher hospital admission rates and lower lung function. These findings suggest that the smoking history is an important predictor of a poor clinical outcome in asthma patients.

A Study on the TaeYiKukZieKuaZungMunKyuk (A Collection of Imperial Medical Service Examination Questions and Answers 太醫局諸科程文格) (『태의국제과정문격(太醫局諸科程文格)』의 내용상 특징에 관한 소고)

  • Kug, Sooho;Kim, Namil;Cha, Wung-Seok
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.21-31
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    • 2019
  • This study examines a Song-dynasty book entitled TaeYiKukZieKuaZungMun Kyuk (A Collection of Imperial Medical Service Examination Questions and Answers 太醫局諸科程文格), which is the collection of questions and answers in the state examinations on medicine. This book was compiled by Hah Dae-yim (何大任) who was the vice-principal of the TaeYiKuk (The Imperial Medical Service 太醫局). The book consists of nine chapters. The present study reviewed all the chapters and found a number of significant issues. First, test-takers were required to be highly proficient in the fundamental knowledge of canonic texts of East Asian medicine. Second, pulse diagnosis was emphasized among the four diagnostic methods (四診). Third, herbal medicine formulas are organized according to the fixed structures of Ki Bang (奇方), which contained an odd number of herbs and Wu Bang (偶方), which contained an even numbered herbs), and fixed ratios for mixing various herbs. Fourth, there is a theory for division of therapies in which acupuncture is used for meridian diseases and herbal medicine for organ diseases. Fifth, herbal medicine formulas based on Unki theory (運氣學) are simpler than those of the previous generations. Sixth, the knowledge on the place of origin of herbs was emphasized. Seventh, knowledge of the relationship between herbs was also emphasized. Eighth, Tang (湯) and San (散) were used most frequently as forms of medicine.