• 제목, 요약, 키워드: history of medicine

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A review on disease records of King-Injo of Chosun Dynasty - based on the records from The Daily Records of Royal Secretariat of Chosun Dynasty - (조선 인조(仁祖)의 질병기록에 대한 고찰 - 승정원일기 기록을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Hyuk-Kyu;Kim, Nam-Il;Kang, Do-Hyun;Cha, Wung-Seok
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.23-41
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    • 2012
  • 'The Daily Records of Royal Secretariat of Chosun Dynasty' is a record created in Seung-jeong-won, a secretariat for kings of Chosun, and is a government record which holds conversations between kings and their vassals as it is. General affairs in terms of the royal family and national administration are recorded, but what is more important is the records on diseases of kings and how they were treated. This study is to look into diseases from which King Injo(1959-1649) had suffered based on the records written during the time of his reign, which was from 1623 to 1649. Also, the "curse incident" and the death of prince Sohyeon, son of King Injo, both of which had significant influence on the health of the king, were reviewed in relation to the disease records.

A Study on Tests of Inspection Drawings in (『동의보감(東醫寶鑑)』의 망진도상(望診圖像)에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Bongjae;Cha, Wung-Seok;Kim, Nam-Il
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.81-89
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    • 2009
  • Drawings are images or shapes of objects expressed on a flat surface using lines and colors. They not only make literal interpretations whole, supplement their meaning, but also expand them as well. Within the texts of , a total of 19 drawings can be found. Considering the position of in the history of oriental medicine, research on these drawings hold much importance. There are 19 diverse drawings in . As a result of thorough examination on these drawings, several characteristics could be found. First, out of the 19 drawings in , six are about diagnostics, which are 明堂部位 觀形察色圖 三關 圖 五輪之圖 八廓之圖 六部脉圖. Next, 身形臟腑圖 and 五臟圖 have to do with the viscera and bowel theory. 五行盛衰圖 十干 起運圖 十二支司天訣 are about the five circuits and six qi, while 催生符 and 安産方位圖 are drawings related to obstetrics and gynecology. Lastly, 九宮圖 and 九宮尻神圖 can be found in the acupuncture and moxibustion chapter. As a result, we can roughly categorize the drawings of into diagnostics, viscera and bowel, five circuits and six qi, obstetrics and gynecology and acupuncture and moxibustion. This research is on two drawings of 明堂部位와 觀形察色圖.

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Research on Alimentotherapy in "Sikui-simgam" (식의심감(食醫心鑑)에 담긴 식치의학 연구)

  • Oh, Jun-Ho;Ku, Hyun-Hee;Beak, Ju-Hyun;Ahn, Sang-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.734-745
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    • 2010
  • "Sikui-simgam ("食醫心鑑", Book for Alimentotherapist)" written by Jameun, a doctor of Tang (唐) in the 9th century, propagated alimentotherapy in Korea, China, and Japan for a long time. In this study, Sikui-simgam medical theories were studied and the medicinal ingredients and types of food therapy were analyzed to understand alimentotherapy characteristics. "Sikui-simgam" is the first food therapy formulary diverged from herbal therapy forms. Various ingredients from "Sikui-simgam" show the food culture of the Tang age and report much about cooking and cultural history. Many prescriptions in the books are the origins of present-day food culture; thus, they are important clues to understand the present food culture. This book also describes actual prescriptions in detail. Various types of prescriptions with different ingredients are unique characteristics of food therapy and show the various possibilities for food therapy prescriptions. The food therapy prescriptions of "Sikui-simgam" were designed for medical specialists, as the book contains doses and incompatibilities for food therapy. Such food therapy prescriptions were used to treat diseases, so they were used with strict standards.

BRIEF HISTORY OF TRANSLATION IN UNANI MEDICINE WITH MAJOR MILESTONES: A GLIMPSE

  • Ansari, Shabnam
    • CELLMED
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.1.1-1.6
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    • 2019
  • Unani medicine has been used extensively as preventive and therapeutic healthcare in India. It mostly utilizes herbal drugs for the treatment of various conditions and ailments. It is based upon the humoural and temperament theory of Buqrat (Hippocrates). Unani medicine is one of the oldest traditional system rooted within the Greek, Iranian, Arabic, and Islamic medical knowledge and has developed as a scientific healthcare system. It is highly practiced and popular in certain parts of the world, and the World Heritage Centre, part of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), and the United Nations Foundation list it as an authentic and still-living form of traditional medicine. But in the past, its survival required utmost efforts from different dynasties, scholars and organization around the world. The efforts of promotion, preservation, translation, upgradation and publication of medical knowledge has crucially given new life to Unani medicine in each era. This letter will enlighten the efforts of translations of medical knowledge in Unani medicine from its arising need in the past till present.

Medical Historical Studies on various parties of Sa-am acupuncture (일제시대 사암침법에 관한 의사학적 고찰 - 문헌중심으로 -)

  • Jung, Yu-ong;Cha, Wung-Seok;Kim, Nam-Il
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.47-55
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    • 2009
  • The Sa-am acupuncture is the acupuncture method created during Chosun Dynasty. It is a unique acupuncture method that was created solely in Korea. Its theories are based on the 69th article of "Classic of Difficult Issues", or Nanjing (難經), which says "tonify its mother when deficiency occurs, and purgate its son when excess occurs" (虛則補其母, 實則瀉其子); the concept of "controlling the viscera which restrains the target" "抑其官" was added to this theory to form the principle of Sa-am acupuncture. It is significant that it turns to the basic principles of the Five Viscera and Six Bowels rather than the 體針 or 阿是針 of the existing acupuncure. Sa-am acupuncture was established in the middle of Chosun Dynasty and was popularized to the practitioners of Korean Medicine through transcripts and printed books. The medical books of at the time of Japanese imperialism that introduced Sa-am acupuncture are "經絡學總論", "舍岩鍼灸訣", "經濟要訣", "靑囊訣", "察病要訣", "濟世寶鑑", "經驗寢具編", and "舍岩 靑囊訣". The magazine that mentions the Sa-am acupuncture is "韓方醫藥". The books on Traditional Medicine that is related to Sa-am acupuncture were of great help in reconstruction of Sa-am acupuncture after the liberation of Korea and explaining the principle of Sa-am acupunture in various angles.

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Gyeongheombang : a Recently Discovered Book of Medical Records Kept in Korea University (발굴(發掘) 의안(醫案) 고려대학교 소장 『경험방(經驗方)』에 대하여)

  • Park, Sang-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.103-109
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    • 2015
  • We have summarized a large part of the history of Korean medicine from a macroscopic perspective. However, many aspects still remain incomplete from a microscopic perspective. This is partly because the society under the Chosun dynasty was dominated by the gentry class and they were not active in the field of medicine. However, another reason is that, unlike the Chinese, these people left behind few medical case records (醫案, eui-an) that vividly describe the treatment methods prevalent during those times. This may be attributed to the fact that during those times, the focus of medical doctors was not on recording their knowledge and experiences, but on simplification of diagnosis and treatments for practical use. However, since medical case records of any era provide an insight into the state of medical provision at that time, they could play an important role in providing concrete knowledge regarding the state of medicine under the Chosun dynasty, and in understanding the uniqueness of Korean medicine in detail. Therefore, in this article we discuss the recently discovered Gyeongheombang (經驗方), which is archived at the Korea University, and through this we aim to add a new source of detailed information on Korean medicine, and to identify the potential of Korean medicine by demonstrating its uniqueness.

Interactions of Family History of Breast Cancer with Radiotherapy in Relation to the Risk of Breast Cancer Recurrence

  • Li, Danmeng;Mai, Volker;Gerke, Travis;Pinney, Susan Mengel;Yaghjyan, Lusine
    • Journal of Breast Cancer
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.333-339
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: We examined associations between a family history of breast cancer and the risk of breast cancer recurrence in women who received or did not receive radiotherapy. Methods: Our study included 2,440 women enrolled in the Breast Cancer Registry of Greater Cincinnati. Information on breast cancer risk factors, including detailed family history of breast cancer, characteristics of the primary tumor, treatment received, and recurrence status was collected at baseline and via updates. Associations between a family history of breast cancer and the risk of breast cancer recurrence were examined separately in women treated with and without radiotherapy using survival analysis. Results: Over an average follow-up time of 8.78 years, we found no associations between a family history of breast cancer and the risk of breast cancer recurrence among women with a history of radiotherapy (hazard ratio [HR], 0.96; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.75-1.23). Among women who did not receive radiotherapy, the total number of relatives with breast cancer was positively associated with the risk of breast cancer recurrence (HR, 1.21; 95% CI, 1.00-1.47). We found no interactions of radiotherapy with family history (p-interaction >0.05). Conclusion: Radiotherapy for a primary breast cancer in women with a family history of breast cancer does not increase risk of breast cancer recurrence. If these findings are replicated in future studies, the results may translate into an important health message for breast cancer survivors with a family history of breast cancer.

The Observation on the Five Vicera's A Study of External Treatment on the 『Chuan-Ya-Wai-Bian(串雅外編)』 -part of internal medicine- (『관아외편(串雅外編)』의 외치료법(外治療法)에 관한 연구 - 내과질환을 중심으로 -)

  • Jeong, Gil Chae;Kim, Eun Ha;Lee, Byung Wook
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.49-66
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    • 2006
  • 1) Objective External treatments have various curative effects. So it had been used to cure various patients. But, it has a limited sphere of application in the present South Korea. And treatments of wander doctors had been disregarded by general doctors and the public. But Zhao-Xue-Min(趙學敏) had thought that there are useful treatments in it. So, the "Chuan-Ya(串雅)" had been written by Zhao-Xue-min in 1759. The book had included treatments of wander doctors. Especially, it had included various external treatments. Therefore we would like to bring out it's external treatments theory 2) Conclusions We have researched external treatments of "Chuan-Ya", and then we have arrived at following conclusions. "Chuan-Ya" has 48 sentences that have related to external treatments in internal medicine. And it had recorded fire conducting method(引火法) to explain process of external teratment principle.

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A Study of External Treatment on the obstetric and gynecologic diseases(1) -The part of complicating childbirth and the puerperium- (부인과질환(婦人科疾患)의 외치료법(外治療法)에 관한 연구(2) -산시병(産時病)과 산후병(産後病)을 중심으로-)

  • Heo, Kyung Ja;Kim, Eun Ha;Lee, Byung Wook
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.88-95
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    • 2007
  • External treatments have various curative effects. According to the existing researches, We have read that many external treatments have been related to obstertic and gynecologic diseases. But systemic description is very rare about external treatment of obstertic and gynecologic diseases. Therefore we would like to describe that. We have found out many sentences that have been related to external treatments about complicating childbirth and the puerperium. Comparatively often had been refered diseases are Hard Labor(難産), Dizziness(血暈) and Metroptosis(玉門不斂).

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A Comparative Study on the Urinalysis of the Tibetan Medicine and the Traditional Korean Medicine (티베트 의학과 한의학의 요진법에 대한 비교 고찰)

  • Kim, Hyun-Koo;Ahn, Sang-Woo;Han, Chang-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.53-66
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    • 2010
  • This study focuses on the contents about the Urinalysis which is the most representative one of the Tibetan medicine. Also, this study compares it with the Urinalysis of Traditional Korean medicine. This study focuses on the simple history, the theoretical system, the diagnosis and the urinalysis mainly based on the documents related to the Tibetan medicine. Also, through the comparison with the contents of textbook of Traditional Korean Medicine and the urinalysis shown in the Dongeuibogam(東醫寶鑑) which is the representative Korean medical book, the difference between Tibetan Medicine and Traditional Korean Medicine will be observed. The contents related about the urinalysis of the Tibetan medicine are more specific than those of Traditional Korean Medicine. By observing the color, scent, vapor and sediment of one's urine together with periodic changes more thoroughly, it is possible to find out the cause of a certain disease. However, Traditional Korean Medicine examines the medical conditions mainly based on the state of discharge and fever, showing a clear difference. The Tibetan medicine has an extremely specific type of urinalysis in comparison with that of Traditional Korean Medicine. It is the only characteristic of the Tibet medicine, which cannot be found in any other traditional medicine. By applying the viewpoint of the doctor who diagnoses the patient by measuring his or her pulse, it is possible to make the diagnosing process more specific and accurate. It is expected that the follow-up study will be continuously executed with the introduction of the system for the urinalysis of the Tibetan medicine to Traditional Korean medicine.