• 제목/요약/키워드: hazards assessment

검색결과 11건 처리시간 0.304초

Study on Theoretical Models of Regional Humanity Lung Cancer Hazards Assessment

  • Zhang, Chuan;Gao, Xing
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.1759-1764
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: To establish the concept of lung cancer hazard assessment theoretical models, evaluating the degree of lung cancer risk of Beijing for regional population lung cancer hazard assessment to provide a basis for technical support. Materials and Methods: ISO standards were used to classify stratified analysis for the entire population, life cycle, processes and socioeconomic management. Associated risk factors were evaluated as lung cancer hazard risk assessment first class indicators. Study design: Using the above materials, indicators were given the weight coefficients, building lung cancer risk assessment theoretical models. Regional data for Beijing were entered into the theoretical model to calculate the parameters of each indicator and evaluate the degree of local lung cancer risk. Results: Adopting the concept of lung cancer hazard assessment and theoretical models for regional populations, we established a lung cancer hazard risk assessment system, including 2 first indicators, 8 secondary indicators and 18 third indicators. All indicators were given weight coefficients and used as information sources. Score of hazard for lung cancer was 84.4 in Beijing. Conclusions: Comprehensively and systematically building a lung cancer risk assessment theoretical model for regional populations in conceivable, evaluating the degree of lung cancer risk of Beijing, providing technical support and scientific basis for interventions for prevention.

위험관리시스템 구축을 위한 정량적 안전평가 절차 (Procedure of Quantitative Safety Assessment for Risk Management System)

  • 정원
    • 한국신뢰성학회지:신뢰성응용연구
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.165-176
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    • 2009
  • The risk management case is an organization's formal arrangement to ensure the safety of its work activity within risk management system. It allows an organization to demonstrate its capability in achieving its safety objectives and in meeting regulatory requirements. This paper presents how the safety assessments are described, prepared and maintained to meet the criteria specified by the upcoming safety regulations. We propose the elements of risk management system that include arrangements for the ongoing identification of hazards, assessment of risks and the implementation of necessary control measures.

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철도 Safety Case 작성을 위한 위험도평가 가이드라인 (Guideline on the Risk Assessment for Railway Safety Case)

  • 정원;왕종배;박찬우
    • 한국철도학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1255-1263
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    • 2008
  • A Safety Case is an railway organization's formal arrangement, through the provision of policies, resources and processes, to ensure the safety of its work activity within safety management system. An effective system helps the organization to identify and manage risks effectively. It allows an organization to demonstrate its capability in achieving its safety objectives and in meeting regulatory requirements. The purpose of this research is to give how to the risk assessments are described within Railway Safety Cases can be prepared and maintained to meet the criteria specified by the upcoming railway regulations. Through this research, we propose the elements of safety management system that include arrangements for the ongoing identification of hazards, assessment of risks and the implementation of necessary control measures.

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위험도 기반에 의한 사업계획수립과 경영관리 -런던지하철 사례연구 (Risk Based Approach to Business Planning and Management Control -Case Study on London Underground)

  • 정원;임승수;왕종배;박찬우
    • 한국철도학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.577-583
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    • 2007
  • In railway business plan, operations require a strategic and sustained level of planned investment to ensure assets are fit for purpose over the whole of their planned life. Therefore it is essential that operator can confidently plan and predict capital investment requirements over a number of years. This research addresses that how the London Underground apply a systematic risk based approach to their health and safety planning and investment decision making. Through this case study, we investigate the elements of management system that includes arrangements for the ongoing identification of hazards, assessment of risks and the implementation necessary control measures. Risk based business planning processes are also addressed.

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Urban geology of Tabriz City: Environmental and geological constraints

  • Azarafza, Mohammad;Ghazifard, Akbar
    • Advances in environmental research
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.95-108
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    • 2016
  • Urban geology is the study of urban geologic environments to provide a scientific basis for rational land use planning and urban development and provides information on geologic environments as a basis for city planners. Based on AEG recommendations, urban geological studies covered the urbanism and historical backgrounds, geological setting, engineering geological constraints and environmental assessments of understudied cities. The aim of this study is to provide a good view of urban geology of Tabriz city the capital of East Azerbaijan province in Iran. The topics of discussions about Tabriz city urban geology are included geologic (geomorphology, geology, climatology and hydrogeology), engineering geological (earthquake, landslide and geotechnical hazards investigations) and environmental characteristics (air, soil and water hazards assessment).The results of the urban geologic studies indicated that Tabriz city in terms of engineering geological and environmental constraints is at high risk potential and in terms of seismic activity and landslide instability is highly potential. In terms of air, soil and water pollution there are many important environmental concern in this city.

컨테이너 터미널 안전관리 개선방안에 관한 연구 - 위험성 평가 및 보우타이기법이용 - (A Study on the Improvement of Safety Management on Container Terminal -Using Hazard Identification and Bow-tie Method-)

  • 박성훈;유지원;김율성
    • 한국항해항만학회지
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.57-63
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    • 2019
  • 부산항 'A' 터미널에서 발생한 지난 3년간의 사고 데이터를 분석하여 어떤 장비가 가장 많이 사고를 발생하였고 어떤 위험점이 가장 높은지를 위험성 평가기법으로 알아보고, 이러한 사고를 미연에 방지하기 위한 방안을 보우타이 기법을 활용하여 제시하고자 한다. 실증자료를 분석한 결과 터미널 내의 이동장비 중 야드 트랙터의 충돌사고가 가장 높은 것으로 나타났다. 안전한 부산항을 만들기 위하여 우리는 가장 먼저 야드 트랙터의 충돌사고 예방법 (Control measure)과 사고 발생 시 대처방안 (Recovery measure)을 철저히 준비하여 사고를 미연에 방지하여야 할 것이다. 본 연구의 결과는 관련 실무에 다양한 시사점을 제공하였다.

Epichlorohydrin의 유해성과 작업환경 관리 (Hazards Assessment and Workplace Management of Epichlorohydrin)

  • 김현영;황양인;국원근
    • 한국산업보건학회지
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.164-173
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: Epichlorohydrin is a material that has been predicted to have high volatility and strong toxicity and is used normally in working area. Therefore, the hazardous and dangerous level and the foreign management system about epichlorohydrin should be invested at home and abroad and through hazard assessment for occupational environment measurement and exposure status of industrial workers in domestic working area. Methods: To assess risk and to suggest Development and Adoption to prevent health damage of workers owing to the epichlorohydrin exposure, the hazardousness and dangerousness of epichlorohydrin and its practical examples and regulation level for domestic and abroad health impairment are researched on the base of various references. Results: The epichlorohydrin caused skin and mucus membrane irritation, respiratory paralysis, kidney and live damage under the influence of acute toxicity and in animal study, it was confirmed as a doubtful carcinogenic substance to trigger reducement of sperm number and reproduction ability, abnormal spermatogenesis, mutagen, increase of forestomach epithelium and occurrence of papilloma and so on, as well as it induced stimulus asthma and allergic contact dermatitis for exposure workers. Conclusions: Epichlorohydrin was found to occur allergic contact dermatitis, carcinogenesis doubt and reproduction toxicity and was verified as a material which would be established reinforcement of management level to care health of handlers, such as denotement dangerousness of skin absorption.

Analysis of radioactivity levels and hazard assessment of black sand samples from Rashid area, Egypt

  • Abdel-Rahman, Mohamed A.E.;El-Mongy, Sayed A.
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.49 no.8
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    • pp.1752-1757
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    • 2017
  • The aim of this study is to evaluate the radioactivity levels and radiological impacts of representative black sand samples collected from different locations in the Rashid area, Egypt. These samples were prepared and then analyzed using the high-resolution gamma ray spectroscopy technique with a high-purity germanium detector. The activity concentration ($A_c$), minimum detectable activity, absorbed gamma dose rate, external hazard index ($H_{ex}$), annual effective dose rate equivalent, radium equivalent, as well as external and internal hazard index ($H_{ex}$ and $H_{in}$, respectively) were estimated based on the measured radionuclide concentration of the $^{238}U$($^{226}Ra$) and $^{232}Th$ decay chains and $^{40}K$. The activity concentrations of the $^{238}U$, $^{232}Th$ decay series and $^{40}K$ of these samples varied from $45.11{\pm}3.1Bq/kg$ to $252.38{\pm}34.3Bq/kg$, from $64.65{\pm}6.1Bq/kg$ to $579.84{\pm}53.1Bq/kg$, and from $403.36{\pm}20.8Bq/kg$ to $527.47{\pm}23.1Bq/kg$, respectively. The activity concentration of $^{232}Th$ in Sample 1 has the highest value compared to the other samples; this value is also higher than the worldwide mean range as reported by UNSCEAR 2000. The total absorbed gamma dose rate and the annual effective dose for these samples were found to vary from 81.19 nGy/h to 497.81 nGy/h and from $99.86{\mu}Sv/y$ to $612.31{\mu}Sv/y$, which are higher than the world average values of 59 nGy/h and $70{\mu}Sv/y$, respectively. The $H_{ex}$ values were also calculated to be 3.02, 0.47, 0.63, 0.87, 0.87, 0.51 and 0.91. It was found that the calculated value of $H_{ex}$ for Sample 1 is significantly higher than the international acceptable limit of <1. The results are tabulated, depicted, and discussed within national and international frameworks, levels, and approaches.

화산위험지도의 역사 (The History of Volcanic Hazard Map)

  • 윤성효;장철우
    • 암석학회지
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.49-66
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    • 2018
  • 화산위험지도 작성은 1960년대 과학 탐구의 초점이 되었다. Dwight Crandell과 Don Mullineau는 '과거는 미래의 열쇠이다'라는 관점으로 재해위험 매핑에 대한 지질학적 접근 방법을 개척했다. 세인트 헬렌즈산의 위험도 평가와 가까운 미래의 분출 예측에 대한 1978년 발간물, 그리고 1980년 대규모 분화로 화산위험 평가의 유용성이 입증되었고 화산 과학의 이 영역에서 거대한 성장이 시작되었다. 1980년대의 위험한 지역을 식별하기 위해 위험지역 이해 프로세스의 수치 모델을 개발하고 사용하기 시작했으며, 1990년대 후반부터 확산되었다. 수치모의 모델 산출물은 화산의 지질학적 지식에 의해 강조될 때 가장 유용하고 정확하다. 화산위험지도는 장기간의 무조건적인 화산 재해 위험을 묘사하는지, 어느 정도의 위험을 가진 모든 지역을 보여주는지, 화산이 불안정 또는 분화 위기 시에 개발되어 현재의 감시, 관찰 및 예보 정보를 고려한 지도로 크게 분류할 수 있다.

생산직 근로자의 근골격계질환 위험성 평가를 위한 작업특성의 수량화 비교 (Quantified Comparison of Work Characteristics for Musculoskeletal Hazards Assessment of Industrial Workers)

  • 임현교;윤종훈;나미령
    • 한국안전학회지
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.131-140
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    • 2012
  • Though there might exist not a few differences between cyclic works and atypical works, many researchers have applied the same assessment techniques that used for repetitive works, which may result introduce bias in their conclusions. This research aimed to verify whether there exist non-negligible work characteristics and/or dissimilarity among works with different work nature and whether one of the most prevalent assessment techniques for assessing ergonomic hazards of musculoskeletal disorders, REBA, can be applied to atypical works. For a general hospital, an automobile repair shop, and two auto-part assembly plants which manufactures quite different parts, a questionnaire survey and field investigation and ergonomic assessment were carried out and analyzed statistically with reference to the 3rd Quantification technique. The results showed that there exist remarkable difference between physical factors in cyclic works and atypical non-cyclic works. As for repetitive work, body posture was significant factors affecting on musculoskeletal disorders while atypical works seemed to have none which implied that the necessity of taking psychosocial factors into account for assessment of hazards. Complain rate in repetitive works was highest shoulder, back, and neck or wrist in sequence. However, there existed no consistent trend in complain rate in atypical works. And, though weight of manufacturing objects was a common factor that can partly explain musculoskeletal complain, time duration was significant in atypical work whereas repeatability and body posture were significant in repetitive works. As being the results, to summarize, it could be said that application of conventional ergonomic assessment techniques regardless of repetitiveness would be fruitless, and that the necessity of a unique methodology focused on atypical non-cyclic works should not be neglected.