• Title/Summary/Keyword: happiness

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Classification of Consumer Types by Moderation and Simplicity, Autonomy, and Income Level, and Comparison of Happiness Accordingly (절제와 간소, 자율성, 소득 수준에 따른 성인소비자 유형분류와 유형별 행복 비교)

  • Kim, Melean;Hong, Eunsil
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.31-47
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    • 2016
  • This research examines the effects of consumers' moderation and simplicity, autonomy, and income level on happiness, and based on this, classifies consumer types and examines the differences in consumer happiness and life happiness in accordance with this classification. The questionnaire survey was conducted on adults in their 20's through 60's. Moreover, hierarchical regression analysis, cluster analysis, and the analysis of variance were conducted. The results of this research are as follows. First, on consumer happiness, moderation and simplicity, income level, autonomy, education level, and gender had significant effects; on life happiness, moderation and simplicity, income level, autonomy, and education level had significant effects. Second, consumers were classified into three types according to moderation and simplicity, autonomy, and income level, and when making a comparison based on these factors between consumer happiness and life happiness, both consumer happiness and life happiness showed significant differences, but the detailed aspects were different. In the case of consumer happiness, non-autonomous moderation and simplicity type were reported to have the highest sense of happiness, followed by autonomous moderation and simplicity type, and passive moderation and simplicity type, but in the case of life happiness, autonomous moderation and simplicity type were reported to have the highest sense of happiness, followed by non-autonomous moderation and simplicity type, and passive moderation and simplicity type.

Survey of Korean Elementary School Children's Happiness (한국 초등학교 아동의 행복감 실태조사)

  • Cho, Song-Yon;Shin, Hae-Young;Choi, Mi-Sook;Choi, Hye-Young
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.129-144
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    • 2009
  • This study investigated Korean elementary school children's happiness by gender and grade and by attendance in after-school programs during weekdays and weekends. Participants were 3,608 children in Korean provincial areas except Jeju-do; they responded to the Happiness Scale developed by the researchers. Data were analyzed by frequency, percent, and t-test. Results were (1) children's happiness level was high; girls' happiness level was higher than boys'. As they moved up in school grade, happiness level decreased. (2) Their attendance in after-school programs during weekdays and weekends decreased their happiness level in leisure and extra academic activity, but it increased happiness in school/community life and sibling relations. Conclusions were that reduction in the amount of children's after-school programming would increase children's happiness.

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The Effect of Young Children's Happiness Program Linked with Nuri Curriculum on Young Children's Happiness and Self-esteem (누리과정과 연계한 유아행복 프로그램이 유아행복과 자아존중감에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Jihye
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.17-45
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    • 2016
  • This study aimed to investigate the effect of a young children's happiness program in relation with the Nuri curriculum on young children's happiness and self-esteem. Study subjects included 37 children aged 5 (experimental group 20, comparative group 17) enrolled in A day care center and D day care center located in K district, Seoul. As for the research procedure, an experiment was conducted 48 times in 18 weeks, and the experimental group carried out the children's happiness program linked with the Nuri curriculum. In contrast, the comparative group conducted general activities focusing on the subjects according to the Nuri curriculum. Study results show that there was a significant difference amongst 9 sub-domains related to young children's happiness (health, emotion, immersion, recognition and achievement, parent-child relationship, teacher-child relationship, peer relationship, spirituality, life satisfaction) and 3 sub-domains related to self-esteem (start and spirit of independence, sociality emotionality, academic achievement). Results of this study prove that the children's happiness program in relation with the Nuri curriculum is effective for increasing young children's happiness and self-esteem, and could be used as preliminary data for the possibility of a happiness program in early childhood education settings and happiness education in the future.

Structural Analysis of Factors Influencing University Students' Happiness (대학생의 행복에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 구조분석)

  • Choi, Min-soo;Cho, Seung-hyun
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.49-63
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to investigate a correlation of factors that have an influence on the happiness of college students, and to investigate the effect of factors on happiness of college students by analyzing the structure of influencing factors of happiness. To this end, 430 freshmen in college were selected and tested on character, self-esteem, self-leadership, and happiness. The measurement tools used in this study were the 30 questions of Character Scale that Choi Min-Soo and Im Eun-Young(2013) developed and modified by Im Eun-Young(2015), a Self-Leadership Scale of Manz(1998) classified into behavioral strategy and cognitive strategy that Wang Ji-Seon(2011) translated and modified. a Self-Esteem Scale(SES) of Rosenberg(1986) that the researcher modified and used, and The Oxford Happiness Questionnaire of Hills and Argyle(2002) that Choi Yo-Won(2002) translated and the researcher modified. According to the research result, for correlation with happiness, self-esteem was .86, self-leadership was .74, and character was .66, and for correlation with self-leadership, character was .70, self-esteem was .66, and correlation between character and self-esteem was .57. Secondly, for direct effect on happiness, self-esteem was .62, character as .20, self-leadership was .19, and for direct effect on self-leadership, character was .49 and self-esteem was .38. Thirdly, indirect effect of character on happiness through self-leadership was .94 and indirect effect of self-esteem on happiness through self-leadership was .73. Through these research results, it was identified that character, self-esteem, and self-leadership of college students are the influencing factors on happiness, and that self-esteem is the biggest influencing factor on happiness of college students among the three variables. The results of this study suggested that university students' personality had a positive relationship with self-esteem and that university students' personality, self-esteem, and self-leadership altogether had a direct influence on happiness. Moreover, both personality and self-esteem of university students had an indirect influence on happiness through their self-leadership.

The Relationships among Happiness, Happiness promotion activities and Self-reflection in the Convergence Society (융복합 사회에서 간호학과 학생의 행복감, 행복감 증진활동 및 자기성찰의 관계)

  • Cho, Mee-Kyung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.7
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    • pp.305-313
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    • 2015
  • This study was conducted to investigate the relationship of happiness, happiness promoting activities and self-reflection. Need of happiness is as important as right of life and freedom in the convergence society and heating up according to appearance of positive psychology. Subjects were 366 nursing students. Data were collected Oct. 2-8(2014), and analyzed using t-test/ANOVA and correlation by SPSS. Self-reflection showed statistically significant differences according to grade, and experience of practice. Happiness and happiness promotion activities showed statistically significant difference according to economic state. Happiness promotion activities were positively correlated with self-reflection and happiness. The factors affecting happiness were happiness promotion, economic state, and self-reflection which accounted for 26.3%. Repeated research which include various variables of happiness and self-reflection is needed, and suggest qualitative research about happiness.

The Relationship between Yangsaeng and Happiness among Nurses in the Small and Medium-sized Hospitals (중소병원 간호사의 양생과 행복에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Hye Sook;Kim, Ae Jung
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.85-93
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was designed to assess the degree of Yangsaeng (oriental health care regimen) and happiness of nurses who work in small and medium-sized of hospitals and to identify correlations of between variables in Korea. Methods: Participants were 131 nurses in hospitals in Seoul and Gyeonggido. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficients, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe's test, multiple regression and Cronbach's ${\alpha}$. Results: Mean scores were 2.99 (5 point scale) for Yangsaeng and 4.64 (7 point scale) for happiness. Yangseang positively correlated with happiness (r=.463, p<.001). Job satisfaction was a significantly correlated with Yangsaeng and happiness. Yangsaeng, job satisfaction and age explained 28.0% of happiness. Conclusion: We found Yangsaeng could improve happiness. Therefore, Yangsaeng could be recommended as a way of promoting health and happiness.

Effects of Economic Factors on Happiness: Moderating Effects of Financial Management (경제적 요인이 행복에 미치는 영향: 재무관리 요인의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Park, Jooyung;Song, Kyechung;Oh, Segu
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.177-189
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    • 2015
  • This study investigates the effects of economic factors on happiness in terms of life satisfaction, one of the most important goals in human life, and examines the moderating role of financial management in the effect of financial stress. Data were collected total 341 individuals in Daejeon, Korea(235 college students and 105 women). The factors influencing life satisfaction were analyzed multiple regression analysis. Effects of moderating variables were tested hierarchical regression analysis. Subjective financial stress was related to both individualistic happiness and collectivistic happiness, whereas objective financial stress had a negative effect only on collectivistic happiness. Financial management (specifically control of expenditure behaviors) had positive effects on both individualistic happiness and collectivistic happiness. Financial management moderated the relationship between financial stress and happiness. The results have important implications.

A Study on Mental Health and Marital Happiness of Intermarried Korean Men -Mediating Effects on Marital Conflict and Communication (국제결혼한 한국남성의 정신건강과 결혼행복에 대한 연구 -부부갈등과 의사소통의 매개효과를 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Min-Kyeong
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.41-57
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    • 2012
  • This study uncovers the relationships between mental health, couple relationships and marital happiness. The sample included 180 inter-married Korean men. The data were analyzed by means of frequency, Pearson correlation and multiple regression analysis using the SPSS. Mental health is positively correlated with marital conflict, but is negatively correlated with efficient communication and marital happiness. Furthermore, marital conflict is negatively correlated with communication and marital happiness. Second, mental health has a positive influence on marital conflict and a negative influence on marital happiness. Depression and social mal-adaptation have a negative effect on communication and marital happiness. Marital conflict does not have a mediating effect on mental health and marital happiness. Third, depression and social mal-adaptation have a negative influence on communication and marital happiness. Communication has a mediating effect on mental health and marital happiness. In conclusion, to reduce marital conflict, it is important to intervene in inter-married Korean men's marital happiness through special education programs and counseling.

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Child's Happiness: Effects of Emotionality, Mother's Depression and Parenting Behaviors (유아의 행복에 대한 유아의 정서성과 어머니의 우울 및 양육행동의 영향)

  • Kwon, Yeon Hee
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.525-537
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    • 2013
  • This study investigated the relations among a child's emotionality, mother's depression and parenting behaviors in predicting a child's happiness. Participants were 384 children(175 boys, 209 girls) and their mothers. The teachers completed the rating scale to measure a child's happiness. A child's emotionality, mother's depression and parenting behaviors were assessed by a mother-reported questionnaire. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlations, and hierarchical multiple regressions. Results showed that child's emotionality was negatively related to their happiness. Mother's depression had a negative relation to child's happiness. Mother's warmth-encouragement, overprotection-permission, and reject-nonintervention was significantly related to a child's happiness. Hierarchical regression analysis indicated that the interaction of child's emotionality and mother's reject-nonintervention predicted child's happiness. Child's emotionality, whose mother demonstrated a higher level of reject-nonintervention, was associated significantly with happiness. In addition, the association between mother's depression and child's happiness was mediated by mother's warmth-encouragement and reject-nonintervention. Results suggest the importance of mother's role in the context of intervention planning for child's happiness.

Factors Influencing Subjective Happiness Index of Health Behavior, Suicidal Ideation among College Professor and Staff (대학교 교직원의 건강행태, 자살생각지수가 주관적 행복지수에 미치는 영향)

  • Nam, Mun-Hee;Min, Kyeong-Ha
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Health Science
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.79-89
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    • 2014
  • Purpose. This study was conducted to provide basic data on the subjective happiness index and identify factors influencing college professor and staff by describing their perception of general characteristics, health behavior, suicidal ideation, and subjective happiness index. Methods. A survey was conducted with 198 professor and staff who were working University on K city. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression with SPSS window 18.0 program. Result. The Mean scores of Subjective happiness in college professor and staff was 4.66 on a scale of 7. There were significant differences on the subjective happiness Index for the followings: age, breakfast for 2 day, blood pressure (Lt systolic), health status index (EQ-VAS). There was a negative correlation between the subjective happiness Index and suicidal ideation. Factors influencing of subjective happiness in college professor and staff were identified as age (${\beta}=.201$), breakfast for 2 day (${\beta}=-.180$), blood pressure (Lt systolic) (${\beta}=-.244$), health status index (EQ-VAS) (${\beta}=.408$). These factors explained 35.1% of variance in subjective happiness in college professor and staff. Conclusion. Results indicate that factors influencing subjective happiness are suggesting the need to establish policies of health behavior. health behavior program for a life of happiness among college professor and staff.