• Title, Summary, Keyword: flow separation

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Flow Field Change before Onset of Flow Separation

  • Hasegawa, Hiroaki;Sugawara, Takeru
    • International Journal of Fluid Machinery and Systems
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.215-222
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    • 2009
  • Jets issuing through small holes in a wall into a freestream has proven effective in the control of flow separation. This technique is known as the vortex generator jet (VGJs) method. If a precursor signal of separation is found, the separation control system using VGJs can be operated just before the onset of separation and the flow field with no separation is always attained. In this study, we measured the flow field and the wall static pressure in a two-dimensional diffuser to find a precursor signal of flow separation. The streamwise velocity measurements were carried out in the separated shear layer and spectral analysis was applied to the velocity fluctuations at some angles with respect to the diffuser. The pattern of peaks in the spectral analysis changes as the divergence angle increases over the angle of which the whole separation occurs. This change in the spectral pattern is related to the enhancement of the growth of shear layer vortices and appears just before the onset of separation. Therefore, the growth of shear layer vortices can be regarded as a precursor signal to flow separation.

Vortices within a Three-Dimensional Separation in an Axial Flow Stator of a Diagonal Flow Fan

  • Kinoue, Yoichi;Shiomi, Norimasa;Setoguchi, Toshiaki
    • International Journal of Fluid Machinery and Systems
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.262-270
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    • 2011
  • Experimental and numerical investigations were conducted for an internal flow in an axial flow stator of a diagonal flow fan. A corner separation near the hub surface and the suction surface of a stator blade was focused on, and further, three-dimensional vortices in separated flow were investigated by the numerical analysis. At low flow rate of 80% of the design flow rate, a corner separation of the stator between the suction surface and the hub surface can be found in both experimental and calculated results. Separation vortices are observed in the limiting streamline patterns both on the blade suction and on the hub surfaces at 80% of the design flow rate in the calculated results. It also can be observed in the streamline pattern that both vortices from the blade suction surface and from the hub surface keep vortex structures up to far locations from these wall surfaces. An attempt to explain the vortices within a three-dimensional separation is introduced by using vortex filaments.

Frit-Inlet Asymmetrical Flow Field-Flow Fractionation (FI-ARIFF): A Stopless Separation Technique for Macromlecules and Nanopariticles

  • Mun, Myeong Hui
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.337-348
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    • 2001
  • This article gives an overview of a recently developed channel system, frit-inlet asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation (FI-AFlFFF), which can be applied for the separation of nanoparticles, proteins, and water soluble polymers. A conventiona l asymmetrical flow FFF channel has been modified into a frit-inlet asymmetrical type by introducing a small inlet frit near the injection point and the system operation of the FI-AFlFFF channel can be made with a great convenience. Since sample components injected into the FI-AFlFFF channel are hydrodynamically relaxed, sample injection and separation processes proceed without interruption of the migration flow. Therefore in FI-AFlFFF, there is no requirement for a valve operation to switch the direction of the migration flow that is normally achieved during the focusing/relaxation process in a conventional asymmetrical channel. In this report, principles of the hydrodynamic relaxation in FI-AFlFFF channel are described with equations to predict the retention time and to calculate the complicated flow variations in the developed channel. The retention and resolving power of FI-AFlFFF system are demonstrated with standard nanospheres and protreins. An attempt to elucidate the capability of FI-AFlFFF system for the separation and size characterization of nanoparticles is made with a fumed silica particle sample. In FI-AFlFFF, field programming can be easily applied to improve separation speed and resolution for a highly retaining component (very large MW) by using flow circulation method. Programmed FI-AFlFFF separations are demonstrated with polystyrene sulfonate standards and pululans and the dynamic separation range of molecular weight is successfully expanded.

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A PIV Study of Flow Patterns Over Stationary and Pitch-Oscillating Airfoils with Blowing Jet

  • Lee, Ki-Young;Chung, Hyoung-Seog;Cho, Dong-Hyun
    • International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.111-120
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    • 2008
  • A particle image velocimetry (PIV) technique was employed to investigate the effects of blowing jet on the flow characteristics over stationary and pitch-oscillating airfoils. The Reynolds number was $7.84{\times}10^5$ based on the chord length. It was found that for stationary airfoil cases, continuous and pulsating blowing jets successfully reduced separated wake region at high angles of attack. A comparison study of two different types of jet blowing indicated that pulsating jet is more effective than continuous jet for flow separation control. Pulsating leading-edge blowing postpones flow separation and increased stall angle of attack by $2^{\circ}{\sim}3^{\circ}$. For pitch-oscillating airfoil cases, the PIV results showed that blowing jet efficiently delays the separation onset point during pitch-up stroke, whereas it does not prevent flow separation during pitch-down stroke, even at angles of attack smaller than static ones.

SEPARATION CONTROL MECHANISM USING SYNTHETIC JET ON AIRFOIL (익형에서의 synthetic jet을 이용한 박리제어 mechanism)

  • Kim, S.H.;Kim, W.;Hong, W.;Kim, C.
    • 한국전산유체공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.60-66
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    • 2007
  • Separation control has been performed using synthetic jets on airfoil at high angle of attack. Computed results demonstrated that stall characteristics and control surface performance could be substantially improved by resizing separation vortices. It was observed that the actual flow control mechanism and flow structure is fundamentally different depending on the range of synthetic jet frequency. For low frequency range, small vortices due to synthetic jet penetrated to the large leading edge separation vortex, and as a result, the size of the leading edge vortex was remarkably reduced. For high frequency range, however, small vortex did not grow up enough to penetrate into the leading edge separation vortex. Instead, synthetic jet firmly attached the local flow and influenced the circulation of the virtual airfoil shape which is the combined shape of the main airfoil with the separation vortex. Theses results show the characteristic of unsteady flow of single synthetic jet. Beside, we researched on multi-array synthetic jet to obtain applicable synthetic jet velocity. Multi-location synthetic jet is proposed to eliminate small vortex on suction surface of airfoil. With the results, we concluded that the flow around airfoil is stable by high frequency synthetic jet with elimination of small vortex and confirmation of stable flow. Moreover, performance of multi-array/multi-location synthetic jet can be improved by changing phase angle of multi-location synthetic jet.

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Staging Flow Analysis with forward Ejector (전방 분출이 있는 단분리 유동해석)

  • Kwon K. B.;Yoon Y. H.;Hong S. K.
    • 한국전산유체공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.145-150
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    • 2004
  • In this study the numerical analysis on staging flow with forward ejector is conducted. The forward ejector plays a vital role in staging, which jets out from aftbody. This staging environment needs careful flow analysis for securing staging safety Present study investigates the steady inviscid staging flow phenomena with variation of separation distance. The performance index is forebody base pressure coefficients. The three dominant flow phenomena are observed according to separation distance which could be told as impinging stage, cavity vortex dominancy stage, and pure base flow characteristics stage. Impinging stage shows high thrust for forebody as one might think. However, important point is that cavity vortex dominancy stage can be more favorable for separation than impinging stage as one simply think in certain separation distance.

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Analysis of Low Reynolds Number Flow in Nozzle and Diffuser (노즐-디류저 내에서의 저 Reynolds수 해독특성 해석)

  • Song, Gwi-Eun;Lee, Joon-Sik
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.2672-2677
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    • 2007
  • An investigation of low Reynolds number flow in nozzles and diffusers which are widely used in the valveless micropump is presented. Flow characteristics in the nozzle and diffuser are explained in view of viscous effect and flow oscillation induced by pumping membrane. These calculation results show that the rectification property of valveless micropump is due to a flow separation in the diffuser and the separation is largely originated from the flow oscillation. Under the assumptions of steady flow velocity profile and flow separation in the diffuser, simplified analytical models are provided to see the dependency of rectification on the micropump geometry. Geometric parameters of channel length, nozzle throat, chamber size, and converging/diverging angle are depicted through the analytical models in low Reynolds number flow, and the prediction and experimental results are compared. This theoretical study can be used to determine the optimum geometry of valveless micropump.

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A study on the flow characteristics of non-Newtonian fluid flows in dividing tubes (분기관에서 비뉴턴 유체의 유동특성에 관한 연구)

  • 이행남;하옥남;전운학
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.118-127
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    • 1996
  • Flow patterns of fluid flow in dividing trbe were visualized, and the energy losses due to dividing were measured in laminar dividing flow of the viscoelastic fluid and its solution in tube junctions with dividing angles of $90^{\circ}$, $60^{\circ}$, $65^{\circ}$ and $15^{\circ}$. Two separation zones were observed. swelling of the streamline to the main tube or to lateral tube was observed. The sizes of the separation zones depend on the Reynolds number, the dividing angle and the dividing flow rate. The energy loss coefficients decrease with increasing Reynolds number, but their decreasing rate decreases with increasing Reynolds number as the sizes of the separation zone increase. The effect of dividing angle on the energy loss coefficients and separation is greater for main tube than for the lateral tube.

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A CFD study on the Supersonic Flow through a Dual Bell Nozzle

  • Gopalapillai, Rajesh;Kim, Heuy-Dong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers Conference
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    • pp.324-330
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    • 2012
  • Dual bell nozzle is one of the most promising choices among the altitude adaptation nozzles. This facilitates having a forced, steady and symmetrical separation at lower altitudes and a controlled flow separation at the wall inflection point which prevents the generation of dangerous side loads. In order to ensure the attached flow in the second bell, a clear understanding of the flow transition is required. Hence the motivation of our study is to arrive at an optimum profile for the second bell, which allows a sudden and controlled transition. In this work, we designed the first bell using the conventional MoC and the second bell using an inverse MoC, imposing a pressure gradient constraint. A CFD analysis is also carried out. It is found that the separation point is near the inflection point within one fourth of the extension length or it is near the exit.

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Research on Master Recession Curve (MRC) Considering Seasonality and Flow Condition (계절별 기후요건과 유황을 고려한 주지하수감수곡선에 대한 연구)

  • Yang, Dong-Seok;Lee, Seo-Ro;Geum, Dong-Hyeok;Im, Gyeong-Jae
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.317-317
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    • 2018
  • Baseflow which is one of the unmeasurable components of streamflow and slowly flows through underground is important for water resource management. Despite various separation methods from researches preceded, it is difficult to find a significant separation method for baseflow separation. This study applied the MRC method and developed the improved approach to separate baseflow from total streamflow hydrograph. Previous researchers utilized the whole streamflow data of study period at once to derive synthetic MRCs causing unreliable results. This study has been proceeded with total nine areas with gauging stations. Each three areas are selected from 3 domestic major watersheds. Tool for drawing MRC had been used to draw MRCs of each area. First, synthetic MRC for whole period and two other MRCs were drawn following two different criteria. Two criteria were set by different conditions, one is flow condition and the other is seasonality. The whole streamflow was classified according to seasonality and flow conditions, and MRCs had been drawn with a specialized program. The MRCs for flow conditions had low R2 and similar trend to recession segments. On the other hand, the seasonal MRCs were eligible for the baseflow separation that properly reflects the seasonal variability of baseflow. Comparing two methods of assuming MRC for baseflow separation, seasonal MRC was more effective for relieving overestimating tendency of synthetic MRC. Flow condition MRCs had large distribution of the flow and this means accurate MRC could not be found. Baseflow separation using seasonal MRC is showing more reliability than the other one however, if certain technique added up to the flow condition MRC method to stabilize distribution of the streamflow, the flow conditions method could secure reliability as much as seasonal MRC method.

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