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Flowing Ability and Mechanical Properties of Polypropylene Fiber Reinforced High Performance Concrete

  • Kim, Young-Ik;Sung, Chan-Yong
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.45 no.7
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    • pp.27-37
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    • 2003
  • This study was performed to examine the flowing ability and filling ability of polypropylene fiber reinforced high performance concrete. The slump flow was decreased with increasing the polypropylene fiber content, rapidly. At the box-type filling ability, the difference of box height was increased with increasing the fiber content and the box-type passing ability was closed in fiber content 1 %. The final flowing distance of L-type was decreased with increasing the fiber content. Also, it was decreased above 0.75% of polypropylene fiber content, rapidly. The filling ability of L-type was badly showed above polypropylene fiber content 0.75%. Also, the compressive strength was decreased with increasing the fiber content, but the flexural strength was shown higher than that of the concrete without fiber. At the impact resistance, drop numbers for reaching in final fracture were increased with increasing the fiber content. Also, the drop numbers for reaching initial fracture of 1mm were increased with increasing the fiber content. At the acid resistance, the percent of original mass was decreased with increasing the fiber content.

A Study of Fiber Content Effect on the Fracture Behavior of Glass/Polypropylene Composites (유리섬유/폴리프로필렌 복합재에서 섬유 함유비가 파괴특성에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구)

  • 이경엽;신동혁;이중희
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.173-178
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    • 2001
  • This study investigates the effect of fiber content on the fracture behavior of thermoplastic composites (glass fiber/polypropylene). The fiber contents used were 20%, 30%, and 40% by weight. Fracture tests were performed using compact tension (CT) specimens made of composite sheets of three fiber contents (20%, 30%, 40%). The results showed that compliance, fracture load, and fracture toughness were affected by the fiber content. The compliance decreased with fiber content while the fracture load increased as the fiber content increased. The fracture toughness also increased as fiber content increased. Specifically, the fracture toughness increased 14% as the fiber content increased from 20% to 40%.

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The Beating Properties of High Yield Pulp Treated Ozone(I) - Fiber Length Distribution of Ozonenation Pulp for Beating - (오존처리(處理) 고수율(高收率)펄프의 고해(叩解) 특성(特性)(I) - 오존처리(處理) 펄프 고해후(叩解後) 섬유장(纖維長) 분포(分布) -)

  • Yoon, Seung-Lak;Kojima, Yasuo
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.75-80
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    • 1997
  • This research has been examined to measure the degree of the fiber damage of ozonenation high yield pulp in the beating process. Ozone treated the TMP(Thermomechanical Pulp) and CTMP(Chemithermomechanical Pulp) of spruce and the CTMP of birch has been beaten to be reached 200ml(freeness) of its content. It had been studied the forming of fiber distribution by treatment for long fiber, short fiber, fine with the above method. As ozone treatment time gets longer, the pulp has showed the tendency of increasing the fiber content of 28, 48mesh. Ozone treated fiber has been increased long fiber content by being added softness. By given longer ozone treatment time, the TMP and CTMP of spruce has showed the decreasing of fiber content. On the contrary, CTMP of birch has showed the increasing its fiber content. It had proved that the results of difference are rather closer to the species of tree than closer to the kinds of pulp. The fiber content of over 200mesh which has created in beating process demonstrates the decreasing of its fiber content by getting longer ozone treatment time. The softness of fiber can be extracted by the lignin of fiber surface that had been formed by ozone treatment. Thus we assume that the fiber in the process of beating obtains less physical damage.

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Effects of Fiber Aspect Ratio, Fiber Content, and Bonding Agent on Tensile and Tear Properties of Short-Fiber Reinforced Rubber

  • Lee, Dong-Joo;Ryu, Sang-Ryeoul
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 2001
  • Both tensile and tear properties of short-fiber reinforced Chloroprene rubber have been studied as functions of the fiber aspect ratio and fiber content. Both properties increased when both the fiber aspect ratio and fiber content were increased. The fiber reinforced rubbers exhibited maximum values of these properties at a fiber aspect ratio of about 300. When the fiber aspect ratio exceeds 400, the mechanical properties decreased with the fiber content because of the non-uniform dispersion of fibers. The tensile modulus was compared with the prediction by the Halpin-Tsai equations for randomly oriented cases. A bonding agent was used in the fiber treating process. It was found that the ultimate tensile strength, torque, tearing energy and tensile modulus of the rubbers with treated fibers were much higher than those with untreated ones.

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Effect of Fiber Content and Fiber Orientation on the Tensile Strength in Glass Mat Reinforced Thermoplastic Sheet (GMT Sheet에서 섬유함유율 및 섬유배향이 인장강도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jung-Ju;Lee, Dong-Gi;Sim, Jae-Ki;Jo, Seon-Hyung;Kim, Jin-Woo
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.186-191
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    • 2004
  • we can say that the increasing range of the value of GMT Sheet's tensile strength in the direction of fiber orientation is getting wider as the fiber content increases. It shows that the value of GMT Sheet's tensile strength in the direction of fiber orientation 90 is similar with the value of pp's intensity when fiber orientation function is J= 0.7, regardless of the fiber content. Tensile strength of GMT Sheet is affected by the fiber orientation distribution more than by the fiber content.

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Engineering Properties of Steel Fiber Reinforced High Performance Concrete

  • Kim Young Ik;Sung Chan Yong
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.46 no.7
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    • pp.55-67
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, the flowability, strengths, impact resistance and sulfuric acid resistance of steel fiber reinforced high performance concrete (SFHPC) for the steel fiber content and fly ash and blast furnace slag as admixtures were presented. For evaluating flowability particularly, tests of slump flow, box-type passing ability and L-type filling ability were performed. The slump flow of SFHPC was some decreased with increase of the steel fiber content. At the box-type passing ability, the difference of box height of SFHPC is greatly increased with increasing the fiber content. The L-type filling ability of SFHPC was not excellent above $0.75\% of the steel fiber content. Also, the compressive strength of SFHPC was decreased with increase of the steel fiber content, but the flexural strength of SFHPC was much higher than that of the concrete without the steel fiber. At the impact resistance, drop number of SFHPC for reaching final fracture was increased with increase of the fiber content. Also, the drop number for reaching initial fracture of lmm was increased with increase of the fiber content. At the sulfuric acid resistance, 4-week weight change of SFHPC with the steel fiber was almost similarity that of HPC without the steel fiber and was in the range of 73.6 to 81.5.

Correlating the Fineness and Residual Gum Content of Degummed Hemp Fibres

  • Beltran, Rafael;Hurren, Christopher J.;Kaynak, Akif;Wang, Xungai
    • Fibers and Polymers
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.129-133
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    • 2002
  • It is well known residual gum exists in degummed or rotted hemp fibers. Gum removal results in improvement in fiber fineness and the properties of the resultant hemp yams. However, it is not known what correlation if any exists between the residual gum content in retted hemp fibers and the fiber fineness, described in terms of fiber width in this paper. This study examined the mean width and coefficient of variation (CV) of fiber width of seventeen chemically rotted hemp samples with reference to residual gum content. The mean and CV of fiber width were obtained from an Optical fiber diameter analyser (OFDA 100). The linear regression analysis results show that the mean fiber width is directly proportional to the residual gum content. A slightly weaker linear correlation also exists between the coefficient of variation of fiber width and the residual gum content. The strong linear co-relation between the mean of fiber width and the residual gum content is a significant outcome, since testing for fiber width using the OFDA is a much simpler and quicker process than testing the residual gum content. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) reinforces the OFDA findings. SEM micrographs show a flat ribbon like fiber cross-section hence the term \"fiber width\" is used instead of fiber diameter. Spectral differences in the untreated dry decorticated skin samples and chemically treated and subsequently carded samples indicate delignification. The peaks at $1370cm^{-1}$, $1325cm^{-1}$, $1733cm^{-1}$, and $1600cm^{-1}$ attributed to lignin in the untreated samples are missing from the spectra of the treated samples. The spectra of the treated samples are more amine-dominated with some of the OH character lost.cter lost.

Studies on the variation of diet fiber content according to pearling ratio of barley (보리의 도정율에 따른 식이섬유 함량 변이에 관한 연구)

  • 조미자
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.181-186
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    • 1995
  • This study was carried out to know the proper pearling ratio for maximum utilizatio of barley diet fiber, especially bata-glucan. Beta-glucan content were 2.35%, 2.72% and 3.24% in pearling ratio of 75%, 70% and 65%, respectively, which means the lower of pearling ratio, the more chance for use of beta-glucan. The embryo was completely removed from barley grain in 65% pearling but it was partially removed or not removed in pearling ratio of 70% and 75%, respectively. Total diet fiber content was higher at 75% pearling ratio while beta-glucan content was the lowest. The higher level of total diet fiber in lower pearling ratio was due to relatively higher content of insoluble diet fiber. The difference of soluble fiber due to pearling ratio was negligible diet fiber. The difference of soluble fiber due to pearling ratio was negligible, however, bata-glucan content was higher in higher pearling ratio. The results implied that it is better way to lowering perling ratio for miximum use of bata-glucan in barley.

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A Study on the Fiber Orientation and Fiber Content Ratio Distribution during the Injection Molding for FRP (FRP의 사출성형에 있어서 섬유배향상태와 섬유함유율분포에 관한 연구)

  • Kim J. W.;Lee D. G.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers Conference
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    • pp.252-257
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    • 2005
  • Injection molding is a very important industrial process for the manufacturing of plastics objects. During an injection molding process of composites, the fiber-matrix separation and fiber orientation are caused by the flow of molten polymer/fiber mixture. As a result, the product tends to be nonhomogeneous and anisotropic. Hence, it is very important to clarify the relations between separation' orientation and injection molding conditions. So far, there is no research on the measurement of fiber orientation using image processing. In this study, the effects of fiber content ratio and molding condition on the fiber orientation-angle distributions are studied experimentally. Using the image processing method, the fiber orientation distribution of weld-line in injection-molded products is assessed. And the effects of fiber content and injection mold-gate conditions on the fiber orientation are also discussed.

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Effect of Fiber Orientation on the Tensile Strength in Twisted Yarn Composites (Twisted Yarn 복합재료에서 인장강도에 미치는 섬유배향의 영향)

  • Lee, Dong-Ki;Sim, Jae-Ki;Kim, Hyuk;Kim, Jin-Woo;Lee, Jung-Ju;Lee, Ha-Wook
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.422-425
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    • 2003
  • Investigated whether fiber orientation distribution of twisted yarn composites and the fiber content are 0$^{\circ}$ and 90$^{\circ}$ direction tensile strength and some correlation. Tensile strength of 0$^{\circ}$ directions of twisted yarn composites increased changelessly being proportional the fiber content and fiber orientation function get into anisotropic in isotropic. But, tensile strength ratio by separation of fiber filament of 90$^{\circ}$ directions tensile strength decreased when tensile load is imposed for width direction of reinforcement fiber. 0$^{\circ}$ and 90$^{\circ}$ direction tensile strength ratio value of a twisted yarn composites not receive almost effect of the fiber content of fiber orientation function J = 0.4 lows. Although do, 20 wt% of the fiber content is high about 0$^{\circ}$ and 90$^{\circ}$ direction tensile strength ratio about 1.6~2 than 10 wt% from J = 0.4. Therefore. could know that effect of the fiber content is dominate.

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