• Title, Summary, Keyword: family child-care

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Prospect of Family Day-care with regard to the National Policy of Child-rearing Support (육아지원정책에 따른 가정보육시설의 운영방향)

  • Han You-Me
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.23-37
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    • 2006
  • As the fertility rate of Korea has recently decreased to the lowest level in the world, the recognition of the needs for social support for the child-care has been increased. This resulted in the announcement of National Policy of Child-Rearing Support in 2004. This study attempted to propose the activation of the family child-care for the preparation of the introduction of the National Policy of Child-Rearing Support. Using literature review and interview, the following research questions were addressed. Firstly, the actual situation of the family child-care was compared with that of the other types of child-care. Secondly, the policies of child-rearing support and the family child-care systems in other countries such as United Kingdom, Sweden and Japan were introduced. Finally, activations of the family child-care were discussed in terms of the introduction of the National Policy of Child-Rearing Support. The results of this study implies that the family child-care in Korea is different from that of other countries as well as other types of child-care in Korea. Also, it suggests that key factors of the activation of the family child-care in Korea are to identify as the small, informal and family-like child-care, to differentiate as the infant-care and non-standard time child-care from other types of child-care, and to increase the level of professionalization. In conclusion, family child-care should become an alternative for the low fertility problem.

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Health Care Providers' Perceptions of Family-centered Care in Pediatrics (소아청소년과 의료진의 가족중심돌봄 인식)

  • Jung, So Young
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.465-474
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify and describe health care providers' perceptions of family-centered care in pediatrics. Methods: A qualitative descriptive study was designed. Data were collected from individual interviews using open-ended questions. Fifty-six pediatric health care providers participated in the study from January to April 2015. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis to identify the major perceptions of pediatric health care providers. Results: The providers perceived that the concept of family-centered care has been incompletely implemented. Five themes (respecting a child's family, taking care of a child with the child's family, sharing information about children, supporting a child's family, a child's family participating in child care) with 11 sub-themes were identified in the providers' experiences with families. To achieve the goal of family-centered care in pediatrics, medical and nursing conditions must be improved, education about family-centered care must be provided, and improvements should be made in the mindset of health care providers regarding patients and in families' willingness to participate in care. Conclusion: The findings from this study provide insight into pediatric health care providers' perceptions of family-centered care. It will contribute to the establishment of a foundation for implementing family-centered care in pediatric nursing.

A Study on the child care system in Sweden (스웨덴의 아동보육제도 연구)

  • Lee, Ok
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.187-202
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    • 1996
  • This study is to describl the child care system in Sweden and to understand how the progressive child care system has been developed. The sex categories of the child care issues were studied based on a review of the literature related to the Swedish child care, family welfare system and the socio-economic information on Sweden. Six categories were : (1) historical and socio-economic background of child care system, (2) supply of and demand for the child care service and the types of public and private child care, (3) child care program activities, (4) child care staff training system, (5) administration and financial support system for the child care, and (6) the family policy and the family support programs in Sweden. For the Korean child care system, this study on the Swedish child care implied that : (1) To provide a progressive system of the child care system in Korea will require serious discussion about concentration of the child care administration system which is currently distributed to Ministry of Education and Ministry of Health and Welfare. (2) The extensive family support programs such as the parental leave and flexible work conditions for women are needed for the infant care by parents at home. (3) to expand the child care services in Korea, public support should be primarily focused on the supply of the public day care centers even though the demands for the various child care services are to be met by public financial support. (4) Most of all, societal recognition that all children are the resposiblity of our society is needed to develop a progressive child care system in Korea.

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The Policy Demand of the Family Sector for Work-Family Balance (맞벌이 가정의 일-가정 균형을 위한 가정생활 영역의 정책적 요구 : 자녀돌봄 및 가사노동을 중심으로)

  • Cho, Hee-Keum;Seo, Ji-Won
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.61-81
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the policy demands of the family sector for work-family balance, with a focus on the child care and household labor provisions. For empirical analysis, data were collected from 197 dual-income families with at least one young child under age 10 in the metropolitan area via self-administered questionnaires. The major findings of this study were as follows. First, child care provisions for working mothers and fathers were insufficient and unfair, and the ratio of child care provisions offered by familial child care network was high. The characteristics of child care provisions for working parents were associated with family structure, working conditions, and demographic variables. Second, household labor provisions for working mothers and fathers were also insufficient and unfair, and the ratio of socialization was high. Third, the level of family satisfaction varied by the level of child care and household labor provisions, respectively, controlling family structure, working conditions, and demographic variables. The empirical results of the study provided policy implications for work-family balance.

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A Case Study on Communal Child Care in Healthy Family Support Centers (건강가정지원센터의 육아품앗이 사업 실천사례)

  • Cha, Sung-Lan
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.189-201
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the potential development of a communal child care project that would lead towards a more family friendly community. By reviewing the case of the Daejeon Health Family Support Center, the study revealed that many child care providers showed an interest in communal child care. But the providers also had problems seeking both partners for communal child care and a communal place to gather. The Daejeon Health Family Support Center had several elements of strength in communal child care project. First, they provided educational programs for care providers to promote the professional knowledge and skills needed for child care and education. The participants' responses to the program were satisfactory, in that they showed the relative effectiveness of such programs in improving attitudes towards Pumasi, along with customized services and other programs provided by the Healthy Family Support Center. In addition, the availability of professional child care services in the attached gym, the Saturday classes for dual earner families, and the prompt response by the center to requests that more space be provided, also contributed to the success of Pumasi program.

A Study on The Quality of Family Child Care (가정보육시설의 질적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Joe, Sun Young;Lee, Young
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.129-144
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the current status of family child care. The status of family child care was explored in terms of general characteristics, program quality, and child behavior. The subjects were 17 family child care and their 102 children and 60 parents. Harms & Clifford's (1989) FDCRS(Family Day Care Rating Scale) was used to measure program quality. Child behavior was recorded by time sampling in two 30 min observations during the free play session in each facility. A questionnaire for caregiver and parents was used to investigate general characteristics. The data were analysed by frequency, percentage, and Pearson's r. Results showed that (1) a wide range of variable accounted for the general characteristics of family child care, (2) the level of program quality as rated by the FDCRS was below mid-point, (3) children engaged in solitary behavior much more than in peer interactions or caregiver-child interactions.

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A Case Study on the Co-Child Care Sharing Space of the Healthy Family Support Center: Focusing on the Physical Environment of Interior Space in Incheon (건강가정지원센터의 공동육아나눔터에 관한 사례연구: 인천소재 공동육아나눔터의 물리적 실내공간환경을 중심으로)

  • Choi, Jae-Soon;Cho, Jeong-Hyun;Kong, Eun-Hee
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.54 no.3
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    • pp.263-278
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    • 2016
  • Recently in South Korea, family-friendly living environment in resident communities have emerged as an important issue in addressing problems created by personalized and fragmented family in urban areas. Since their foundation in 2005, Healthy Family Support Centers provided a variety of community activities for both parents and children through the Co-Child Care Sharing Programs. That being said, it is certain that the Healthy Family Support Centers play a central role in making a family-friendly environment. This study surveyed the physical environment of the co-child care sharing space and suggested further improvement. The content of this survey represents the characteristics of co-child care sharing space in Incheon such as operation status, physical space, prepared facilities, and preference for facilities. This study also explored the field of two co-child sharing spaces (Bupyung-gu and Seo-gu) as an example case. The subject of this study was 14 co-child sharing spaces of nine Healthy Family Support Centers in Incheon investigated from July 2014 to October 2014. This study indicated three results: first, the size of the co-child care spaces, their composition and facilities are very different from each center and require standards and guidelines for the co-child sharing space in regards to physical space, composition, and facilities. Second, co-child sharing space should be provided with individual special programs and diversified activities in addition to playing activities. Third, many healthy family support centers operate over two co-child sharing spaces along with an out-located co-child sharing space that require mutual organizing and operational networking between each co-child sharing space to effectively share programs.

Factors that Influence the Type of Child Care Services and Child Care Expenses (보육서비스 유형 선택과 비용의 결정요인)

  • Park, Sun-Wook
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.831-847
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    • 2011
  • This study investigated the factors that influence child care expenses and the type of child care services used by preschool children. Data for this study was obtained from a questionnaire completed by mothers of preschool children during the spring of 2009. The data was analyzed by the following methods: $X^2$, ANOVA, multinominal logit analysis, and multiple regression analysis. The results of this study showed the significant factors that affected the types of child care services used by preschool children. These factors were the child's age, child's sex, mother's age, mother's educational level, mother's employment status, family income, type of residence, residential area, and family type. Monthly child care expenses for one child was an average of 374,000 won and it accounted for about 9 percent of their family income. The significant factors that affect child care expenses were the mother's educational level, the mother's employment status, the number of preschool children, family income, residential area, family type and the type of child care services.

A Qualitative Study on the Process of Child Care Leave (육아휴직과정에 관한 질적 사례 연구)

  • Kim, Seon-Mi;Koo, Hye-Ryoung;Lee, Seung-Mie
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.21-40
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    • 2014
  • This qualitative study focused on the motives and patterns of child care leave by analyzing its facilitating and constraining factors. Fourteen participants were interviewed in-depth using non-structured interview questions. Motives for child care leave include mothers' active choice, mothers' inevitable secondary choice, and mothers' instrumental choice. The patterns of child care leave in terms of total period, time, and distribution vary according to individual circumstances and occupational culture surrounding child care leave for female workers. Female workers will occasionally use this child care leave as a rare opportunity to take a rest during their labor lifecycle and to achieve work-family balance.

Development of a Comprehensive and Integrated Child-Care Services Model (포괄적인 장애아 통합보육 서비스 모형 개발)

  • Choi Bo Ga;Jeon Gwee Yeon;Chung Chung Hee;Kim Soo Young
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.79-95
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    • 2005
  • The Purpose of this study was to develop a comprehensive and integrated child-care services model for children both with and without disabilities. The comprehensive perspective included several dimensions such as education, child welfare, family welfare, and community welfare. Survey research based on theories and models regarding the integrated child-care services was carried out to determine the overall needs of child-care institutions, parents, and community members. The results revealed the need for development in the following three areas: (1) edu-care curriculums for integrated programs, (2) programs for supporting family members who have disabilities children, and (3) improved community members' perception about integrated child-care services. A model was developed for fulfil these identified needs.