• Title/Summary/Keyword: duality

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Processing of Ready-to-Cook Food Materials with Dark Fleshed Fish 1, Processing of Ready-to-Cook Sardine Meat "Surimi" (일시다획성 적색육어류를 이용한 중간식품소재 개발에 관한 연구 1. 정어리 연육의 가공)

  • LEE Byeong-Ho;LEE Kang-Ho;YOU Byeong-Jin;SUH Jae-Soo;JEONG In-Hak;JUNG Woo-Jin;KANG Jeong-Oak
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.401-408
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    • 1985
  • In order to develop new types of product which can offer a sanitary and preservative duality, and convenience to consumers in marketing and cooking particularly in urban area, two processing methods of ready-to-cook food materials with dark fleshed fishes like sardine and mackerel were investigated. A method applied, in this work, is processing of ready-to-cook sardine meat "surimi" in which sardine meat is treated with alkaline solution to stabilize myofibrillar proteins, washed thoroughly with water to remove soluble components, and added with a proper amount of polyphosphate and sorbitol to enforce the functional property of meat such as water holding capasity, elasticity, and gel strength. The textural properties of fish meat paste made from the "surimi" meat were greatly dependent upon the stability of myofibrillar proteins and the elimination of water soluble components. The salt soluble proteins of sardine meat were so unstable in post-mortem stage that the gel forming ability was lost within 3 days at $5^{\circ}C$ storage and 2 to 3 weeks even at $-20^{\circ}C$ although the freshness was well kept for a week at $5^{\circ}C$ and several months of storage at $-20^{\circ}C$. A proper way of treatment to keep the proteins stable was that fish meat must be washed with $0.4\%$ sodium bicarbonate solution followed by 3 to 4 times washing with water. This resulted in removal of $80\%$ water soluble proteins and 50 to $60\%$ lipids. The addition of polyphosphate and sorbitol affected the stability of proteins during the storage of "surimi" meat. When phosphate and sorbitol were added in the ratio of $0.3\%:\;0.3\%,\;0.6\%:\;3\%,\;0.6\%:\;6\%,\;0:\,0.3\%\;and\;0.3\%:\;0$, the gel forming ability terminated in 35 days, 21 days, 14 days, 14 days, and 14 days of storage at $-30^{\circ}C$, respectively, while that of the control was 7 days. And it was also noteworthy that at least 8.0 mg/g of salt soluble protein nitrogen content was required for gel formation.

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Quality Comparison of Canned ana Retort Pouched Sardine (정어리 통조림 및 레토르트파우치 제품의 품질 비교)

  • AHN Chang-Bum;LEE Eung-Ho;LEE Tae-Hun;OH Kwang-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.187-194
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    • 1986
  • For the purpose of obtaining basic data which can be applied to evaluate the quality of the retortable pouch and tin-plated canned product, the canned sardine and the retort pouched sardine were prepared and compared in terms of thermal sterilization times required and product duality during storage. Retort pouched sardine required $20\%$ less thermal sterilization time than the canned sardine. Volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) and amino nitrogen ($NH_2-N$) contents in both canned and retort pouched sardine showed little difference during processing and storage. During storage, peroxide value (POV) and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) value of the canned sardine had a slightly higher value compared to the retort pouched sardine, but acid value (AV) revealed little difference between both canned and retort pouched sardine. Trimethylamine (TMA) content of the both canned and retort pouched sardine showed little difference during processing and storage. The inosinic acid (IMP) content in canned and retort pouched sardine was $8.39{\sim}9.80{\mu}mole/g$ range, and had no significant change during processing and storage. The retort ponched sardine revealed a smaller reduction in polyenoic acid than the canned sardine during processing and storage. Among the TPA (texture profile analysis) parameters, hardness maintained a slightly higher value in the retort pouched sardine than in the canned sardine. Color values showed that the retort pouched sardine was generally lighter than the canned sardine. In sensory evaluation, the retort pouched sardine was scored slightly higher, in most cases, for color, flavor, texture, taste and overall acceptance than the canned sardine. It was concluded from the results that the retort pouched sardine was at least equal to the canned sardine in product quality.

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Processing of Fish Meat Paste Products with Dark-Fleshed Fishes (1) Processing of Meat Paste Product with Sardine (적색육 어류를 원료로 한 연제품의 제조 (1) 정어리 어묵의 제조)

  • PARK Yeung-Ho;KIM Dong-Soo;CHUN Seok-Jo;KANG Jin-Hoon;PARK Jin-Woo
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.339-351
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    • 1985
  • This study was carried out to investigate the optimal conditions for meat paste production with sardine. To improve the gel forming ability of meat paste, washing time and condition with alkaline solution, setting time and temperature, and heating temperature before pasteurization were controlled, and the influences of the freshness of raw sardine and the mixing ratios of ordinary and dark muscles on the duality of the meat paste product were discussed. The frozen storage showed a predominant effect on keeping freshness of raw sardine at different storage conditions and gel forming ability was maintained for 1 day at ice storage, for 3 days at $-3^{\circ}C$ and for 4 days at frozen condition, but there was no effect on keeping freshness of raw sardine in the storage at $25^{\circ}C$. Gel strength of meat paste product tended to decrease with washing time of raw meat, and in case of washing 3 times the meat appeared excellent in gel strength, but in case of seven and nine times the meat showed lower water holding capacity and decreased organoleptic test score in the quality of meat paste prtoduct. Raw meat washed with alkaline solution showed a desirable effect on gel forming ability compared with that washed with tap water, and in the case of washed with $0.5\%$ sodium bicarbonate solution exhibited the most favorable effect on gel forming. The gel strength of the meat paste product decreased with the increase of mixing ratios of dark muscle in the raw meat. Setting time and temperature for the gel forming ability of meat paste were good at $5^{\circ}C$ for 20 hours and at $20^{\circ}C$ for 2 hours. In the heating temperature of meat paste, heating treatment at $90^{\circ}C$ was desirable for gel forming.

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