• Title/Summary/Keyword: cooking characteristics

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Physicochemical and Cooking Characteristics of Non-waxy Soft Brown Rice (연질현미의 이화학적 및 취반 특성)

  • Park, Jihye;Shin, Malshick
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.531-540
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: To improve the cooking quality of brown rice, newly inbred soft rice cultivars were investigated. Methods: The physicochemical properties of brown rice flour and water absorption patterns and cooking characteristics of brown rice grain were compared to Ilmi white and brown rice. Results: General composition and total dietary fiber contents of five rices were significantly different with higher ash, protein, and total dietary fiber contents in soft brown rice than white rice. The hardness of raw rice grain was higher in Ilmi brown rice than in soft brown rice. The water absorption increased rapidly in 30 min of white rice and in 4-6 h of brown rices. The apparent amylose content of soft brown rice was lower than that of Ilmi rice. The initial pasting temperature and all viscosities were significantly different, but the trend was not similar. The textural properties of hardness and roughness were higher, but adhesiveness, cohesiveness, and stickiness were lower in Ilmi brown rice than white and soft brown rices. In sensory preference test, not only textural properties, hardness, adhesiveness, cohesiveness, stickiness, and roughness, but also color, glossiness, and roasted flavor were higher in soft brown rices. Especially soft brown rice B showed the best cooking quality among all rices. Conclusion: The results of the study suggested that soft brown rice is developed for cooking with high nutritional and functional quality.

Study on Resistant Starch Contents and Cooking Characteristics of Commercial Extrusion-Cooked Noodles (시판 압출숙면류의 저항전분 함량과 조리특성)

  • Ryu, Bog-Mi;Kim, Chang-Soon
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.248-254
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    • 2015
  • We conducted this study to investigate the amount of RS and cooking characteristics of the commercial extrusion-cooked noodles. Ten kinds of noodles were selected and grouped according to the storage conditions; dry noodles (3), refrigerated noodles (2), freeze noodles (4), and dry noodle made from wheat flour as a control (not extrusion-cooked). The total starch of commercial noodles ranged from 62.50% to 84.13%, Refrigerated Naengmyeon and dry Dangmyun had high proportions of total starch (respectively 84.13% and 80.13%, respectively). The amounts of apparent amylose ranged from 25.01% to 42.93% and RS ranged from 0.61% to 5.99%. A high proportion of the total starch was rendered digestible by extrusion cooking, and a small amount of RS remained in the samples. Dry Dangmyun had the highest percentages of RS (5.99%), followed by refrigerated Naengmyeon C (2.41%) and dry Jjolmyeon (1.94%), and those of the other noodles were lower than that of the control (1.86%). Cooking properties and texture measurements were evaluated. Cooking loss and turbidity of cooking water were highest in dry Jjolmyeon and dry Naengmyeon. There was little cooking loss in dry Dangmyun and freeze rice noodles. In particular, dry Dangmyun and refrigerated Naengmyeon C containing high amounts of RS and amylose had relatively high measurements of hardness and tensile strength.

Comparison of Korean and Japanese Rice Cultivars in Terms of Physicochemical Properties (II) The Comparison of Korean and Japanese Rice by Amylose Content and Cooking Characteristics (한국 쌀과 일본 쌀의 물리화학적 특성 연구 (II) 아밀로즈 함량과 조리특성의 차이에 의한 품질비교)

  • 김혁일
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.145-155
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    • 2004
  • From the cooking data, Japanese rice showed higher water uptake but lower expansion volume, pH and iodine blue value than those of Korean rice. Japanese rice had higher maximum viscosity, breakdown viscosity and pasting temperature but lower final viscosity and setback viscosity than those of Korean rice by RVA analysis. Japanese rice had higher LC (low compression) hardness, U stickiness and HC (high compression) stickiness, LC balance and HC balance, but had lower HC hardness and thickness in the tensipresser data. Also Japanese rice had higher stickiness and balance, and lower hardness from the texturometer analysis. Japanese rice showed higher a cooked taste score than that of the Satake cooked taste machine. The various mean values of Japanese rice after cooking showed better cooking characteristics than the Korean rice. These results might be caused because Japanese rice had a little lower amylose and protein content, but higher tat acidity content.

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Quality Characteristics and Shelf-life of Red Ginseng Wet Noodles Prepared with Gums (Gums 물질을 첨가한 홍삼생면의 품질특성과 저장성)

  • Kim, Eun-Mi
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.160-169
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    • 2009
  • This study was performed to examine the quality characteristics of red ginseng wet noodles prepared with additions of carrageenan, xanthan gum, or guar gum. The quality characteristics of the samples were estimated in terms of their general composition, color differences, cooking characteristics, textural attributes, sensory qualities, and microbial growth during storage. The results were as follows. Protein content was significantly decreased in the guar gum added group and ash content was significantly increased in the carrageenan added group (p<0.05). Lipid, water, and Na contents were not significant different among the groups. However, water binding capacity was significantly increased in the group with added xanthan gum. Over 10 weeks of storage, water contents did not differ significantly between the xanthan gum and guar gum added groups. In all the added gum groups, L- and a- values were significantly increased whereas b- values decreased (p<0.05). In texture profile analyses, chewiness, cohesiveness, hardness, and springiness were significantly increased in the carrageenan and xanthan gum added groups (p<0.05). According to sensory evaluations, surface color, red ginseng flavor, red ginseng taste, softness, chewiness, and overall acceptability were considered very good in the xanthan gum and guar gum added groups (p<0.05). Therefore, the red ginseng noodles containing xanthan gum and guar gum were deemed most preferable and presented the safest shelf-life during 10 weeks at -$10^{\circ}C$.

Cooking Characteristics of Noodle containing Konjac Powder and Capsosiphon fulvescens (매생이 농도를 달리한 곤약국수의 조리 특성)

  • Choi, Hee-Eun;Park, Hwa-Young;Kim, Na-Yul;Jang, Hyeock-Soon;Lee, Nan-Hee;Choi, Ung-Kyu
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.847-851
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    • 2017
  • This purpose of this study was to investigate cooking characteristics of noodles prepared by adding 0, 2, 4 or 6 percent of Capsosiphon fulvescens to wheat flour containing konjac powder. Water binding capacity was significantly increased with increasing amounts of Capsosiphon fulvescens. Weight and volume of cooked noodles increased significantly in proportion with the amount of Capsosiphon fulvescens. Turbidity of the soup after cooking also increased with the addition of Capsosiphon fulvescens. Brightness(L) and redness(a) were decreased with addition of Capsosiphon fulvescens. Yellowness(b) increased. The color value of cooked noodles was decreased compared with that of wet noodles. Sensory evaluation scores revealed that cooked noodles with 4 percent addition group were highest in terms of color, flavor and overall acceptability. This study validates that addition of Amorphophallus konjac and 4 percent Capsosiphon fulvescens may improve functionality and preference of noodles.

Cooking Characteristics of Emulsifier-containing Oil -Degree of Oil Absorption and Spattering During Cooking, and Standard Recipe for Fried Foods- (일반 식용유와 기능성 식용유의 조리 특성 비교 -흡유율, 조리시 튀는 정도, 표준 조리법 작성을 중심으로-)

  • 문수재;오혜숙;이명희
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.99-107
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    • 1996
  • The cooking characteristics of Hicook with lecithin and GMS as emulsifier were examined for effect on the reduction of oil levels in fried foods. Hicook and soybean oil were used in stir-frying and pan-frying, and in case of Hicook the weight of oil absorbed and spattered during cooking were significantly lower than in case of soybean oil. Next this study attempt to standardize the recipe for preparation of selected Korean foods, especially in regards of the amount of oil used during cooking. The foods studied were all used frequently in Korea, they inculded stir-fried vegetables, stir-fried rice, and pan-fried fish and soybean curd. The results showed that Hicook, even in a half amount, made it possible cooking food with good properties, and calorie content of cooked foods could be lowered considerably. The trained panelists evaluated sensory characteristics of foods, flavor, appearance, and overall acceptability. Sensory qualities of food prepared with Hicook were highly acceptable, and rated better than controls in flavor and overall acceptability. But because stir-fried food was accepted greasy and oily in customarily, the appearance was rated lower than comtrol. In summary, application of hicook offers means of lowering fat levels while keeping sensory quality good. The emulsifier in Hicook is responsible for reduction of oil content and improvement of quality of fried foods.

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Effects of Beef Fat Replacement with Gelled Emulsion Prepared with Olive Oil on Quality Parameters of Chicken Patties

  • Meltem, Serdaroglu;Berker, Nacak;Merve, Karabiylkoglu
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.376-384
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    • 2017
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of using gelled emulsion (olive oil 46%, inulin 9%, gelatin 3%) as fat replacer on some quality parameters of chicken patties. For this purpose GE, prepared with olive oil, gelatin and inulin was replaced with beef fat at a level of 0%, 25%, 50%, 100% (C, G25, G50, G100). In this study syneresis, thermal stability, centrifuge and creaming stability of gelled emulsion were analyzed. Chemical composition, technological paramerers (cooking yield, water holding capacity, diameter reduction, fat and moisture retention) and textural and sensory properites were evaluated in comparision to control patties. High thermal stability was recorded in GE (93%), also creaming stability results showed that GE protected its stability without any turbidity and separation of the layer. The complete replacement of beef fat with GE showed detrimental effect on all investigated cooking characteristics except fat retention. Replacement of beef fat with GE at a level of 50% resulted similar cooking characteristics with C samples. Color parameters of samples were affected by GE addition, higher CIE $b^*$ values observed with respect to GE concentration. The presence of GE significantly affected textural behaviors of samples (p<0.05). Our results showed that GE prepared with inulin and olive oil is a viable fat replacer for the manufacture of chicken patty.

Cooking Characteristics of Rice Coated with Prickly Pear Water Extracts (손바닥 선인장 물추출물로 가공한 유색미의 취반 특성)

  • 서성수;김미영;노홍균;김순동
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.733-737
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    • 2002
  • Cooking characteristics of rice uncoated and coated with prickly pear water extracts (4% v/w for rice) were investigated. Prickly pear contained 83.22 mg% of $\alpha$-aminoadipic acid and 75.61 mg% of tyrosine as major free amino acids. After cooking, the coated rice contained 1.66 mg% of $\alpha$-aminoadipic acid which was not found in the uncoated rice. The free amino acid composition of the coated rice revealed significantly higher contents (about 2.0 to 4.2 times) of arginine, histidine, leucine, lysine and tyrosine compared with those of the uncoated rice. The major minerals in the prickly pear were Ca, K and Mg accounting for 95% of the total minerals present. After cooking, the mineral contents in the coated rice were higher by 10~45% than those in the uncoated rice. The coated rice showed lower hardness, gumminess and brittleness, and higher cohesiveness than the uncoated rice. In sensory evaluation, there were no differences in sweet taste, and overall and color acceptability between the uncoated and coated rice. However, tile coated rice showed higher scores for savory and sticky taste than the uncoated rice.

Cooking Characteristics of Coated Rice with Water Homogenate of Citrus Fruits Peel (감귤과피 물 균질액으로 가공한 유색미의 취반 특성)

  • 서성수;김미향;노홍균;김순동
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.318-325
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    • 2002
  • Cooking characteristics of coated rice with water homogenate of citrus fruit peels (1% for rice) were investigated. The color of the coated rice both before and after cooking was dark yellow. The total content of carotenoids, hesperidin and naringin were 10.74, 2173.12 and 1468.40 mg% for citrus fruit peels, 0.46, 108.65 and 73.35 % for its water homogenate, 0.12, 21.73 and 14.62 mg% for coated rin, and 0.05, 8.67 and 5.87 mg% fur cooked coated rice, respectively. Citrus fruits peel contained 94.22 mg% of asparagine, 24.88 mg% of methionine, 19.64 mg% of alanine, and 15.37 mg% of ${\gamma}$-aminoisobutyric acid as the majority free amino acids, accounting for 70% of the total free amino acids present. Total free amino acid content of the cooked coated rice increased by 15% compared to those of cooked uncoated rice. The majority of minerals in the citrus fruit peels were K and Ca, accounting for 56% of total minerals present. The mineral content of cooked coated rice was generally higher than that of the cooked uncoated rice. The cooked coated rice showed comparable hardness, gumminess and brittleness, but higher cohesiveness and springiness than the cooked uncoated rice. There were no differences in sweet and bitter taste between the cooked uncoated and coated rice. However, the cooked coated rice showed higher sensory scores fur color acceptability, savory taste and overall acceptability than the cooked uncoated rice.

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Varietal Variation of Gelatinization and Cooking Properties in Rice having Different Amylose Contents (쌀 품종의 아밀로오스 함량에 따른 호화 및 취반 특성 비교)

  • Yoon, Mi-Ra;Oh, Sea-Kwan;Lee, Jeong-Heui;Kim, Dae-Jung;Choi, Im-Soo;Lee, Jeom-Sig;Kim, Chung-Kon
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.762-769
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    • 2012
  • In order to study the cooking characteristics of four rice cultivars of Seolhyangchal, Baegjinju, Ilpum and Haiami, we investigated the relationship between the textures of cooked rice and their physicochemical properties. Different levels in grain weight. length/width ratio and amylose content were observed among the four rice cultivars. There was no significant difference in the amylopectin chain length distribution among the cultivars. Water absorptions of rice grains during soaking were completed between 30 and 40 min, with Haiami showing the slowest absorption. Significant differences in the viscosity properties of rice flour were found by a Rapid Visco Analyser. Baegjinju with low amylose content had the highest viscosity in paste breakdown. According to the DSC results of rice starches, there were significant differences in the onset, peak and conclusion temperatures of the endothermic peak. Gelatinization enthalpy showed energy content changes between 4.20 and 6.97 J/g, with the lowest change in Haiami. Texture properties of cooked rice were assessed using a Texture Analyzer, which showed that the hardness of cooked rice was decreased with soaking than without soaking. However, this finding was not applicable for Haiami rice.